【完全版】GRE英単語例文集①｜1. abandon～100. antidote
本サイトはGRE General Test 攻略のための必須英単語 2163に掲載されている英単語の例文集①（1. abandon～100. antidote）です。
GRE General Test攻略のための必須英単語2163｜1. abandon～100. antidote
1. abandon [verb]
to leave a place, thing, or person, usually for ever:
During the snow storm, many people made the decision to abandon their cars on the highway.
2. abase [verb]
to make yourself seem to be less important or to not deserve respect:
My jealous sister tried to abase me by making fun of my reading glasses.
3. abate [verb]
to become less strong:
I hope this medicine will abate the pain in my leg.
4. abdicate [verb]
to give up a position as king, or to fail to take responsibility for something:
The young prince became king after his older brother decided to abdicate the throne.
5. aberrant [adjective]
different from what is typical or usual, especially in an unacceptable way:
When the astronomer looked into the telescope, he was shocked by the sight of a star moving in an aberrant path.
6. abet [verb]
to help or encourage someone to do something wrong or illegal:
He abetted the thief in robbing the bank.
7. abeyance [noun]
a state of not happening or being used at present:
Hostilities between the two groups have been in abeyance since last June.
8. abhor [verb]
to hate a way of behaving or thinking, often because you think it is not moral:
They abhor all forms of racial discrimination.
9. abhorrent [adjective]
morally very bad:
He spoke of the abhorrent crimes that had been committed under the regime.
10. abject [adjective]
the state of being extremely unhappy, poor, unsuccessful, etc.:
This policy has turned out to be an abject failure.
11. abjure [verb]
to say formally or publicly that you no longer agree with a belief or way of behaving:
They were compelled to abjure their faith.
12. abound [verb]
to exist in large numbers:
The forests abound with deer, birds and squirrels.
13. abreast [adjective]
used to say that two or more people are next to each other and moving in the same direction:
The boat came abreast of us and signalled us to stop.
14. abridge [verb]
to make a book, play, or piece of writing shorter by removing details and information that is not important:
His agent told him that he needed to abridge some of the content of his novel so that it would be under 400 pages.
15. abrogate [verb]
to end a law, agreement, or custom formally:
You cannot abrogate anyone's right to free speech.
16. abscission [noun]
the separation or falling off of part of a plant:
Abscission of leaves occurs during autumn, before winter sets in.
17. abscond [verb]
to go away suddenly and secretly in order to escape from somewhere:
Do you think he has plans to abscond with the stolen money?
18. abstemious [adjective]
not doing things that give you pleasure, especially not eating good food or drinking alcohol:
Gerald was abstemious at dinner and only ate a little of the food on his plate.
19. abstruse [adjective]
not known or understood by many people:
Some of the classic novels are too abstruse for beginning readers to understand.
20. absurd [adjective]
ridiculous or completely unreasonable:
It seems quite absurd to expect anyone to drive for 3 hours just for a 20-minute meeting.
21. abusive [adjective]
using rude and offensive words:
Children with an abusive parent have a higher chance of growing up to be as equally violent and cruel to their own children.
22. abysmal [adjective]
He was fired because of his abysmal job performance.
23. accede [verb]
to agree to do what people have asked you to do:
At your insistence and to avoid a prolonged argument, I will accede to your contract terms.
24. accolade [noun]
praise and approval:
During the monthly meeting, the company president will present an accolade to the employee of the month.
25. accord [verb]
to treat someone specially, usually by showing respect:
The entire table was in accord that mozzarella sticks would be the appetizer.
26. accretion [noun]
a gradual increase or growth by the addition of new layers or parts:
The accretion of traffic accidents and drunk driving was attributed to the opening of the new downtown mall.
27. accrue [verb]
to increase in number or amount over a period of time:
Interest will accrue on the account at a rate of 7%.
28. acculturate [verb]
to change so that you become more like people from a different culture, or to make someone change in this way:
How did Hispanics acculturate to life in America?
29. acerbic [adjective]
used to describe something that is spoken or written in a way that is direct, clever, and cruel:
After John heard his teacher’s acerbic comments, he was not motivated to complete his project.
30. acidulous [adjective]
sour or sharp in taste:
The acidulous drink burned my tongue.
31. acquit [verb]
to decide officially in a law court that someone is not guilty of a particular crime:
Even though the judge believed the defendant was guilty, he could say nothing when the jury acquitted the man of all charges.
32. acrimony [noun]
anger, argument, and bad feeling:
This book review was written with acrimony.
33. actuarial [adjective]
relating to the work of an actuary, or to the job of being an actuary:
The company's actuarial report is available on demand.
34. acumen [noun]
skill in making correct decisions and judgments in a particular subject, such as business or politics:
John’s business acumen, along with his computer skills, made him an asset to the software company.
35. adamant [adjective]
impossible to persuade, or unwilling to change an opinion or decision:
Robert, a first-year physics student, is adamant in his decision to peruse a career in engineering.
36. adjunct [noun]
something added or connected to a larger or more important thing:
My math teacher was adjunct faculty and did not work for the school full time.
37. admonish [verb]
to tell someone that they have done something wrong:
Cops can admonish anyone who goes over the speed limit.
38. adolescence [noun]
the period of time in a person's life when they are developing into an adult:
When children reach the period of adolescence, they crave freedom to make their own choices.
39. adore [verb]
to love and respect someone very much, or to like something very much:
Because the older gentleman saved her from a terrible fate, the young girl chose to adore him with all of her heart, believing him to be a hero.
40. adroit [adjective]
very skillful and quick in the way you think or move:
She is a remarkably adroit and determined politician.
41. adulation [noun]
very great admiration or praise for someone, especially when it is more than is deserved:
Although Jason was a famous celebrity, he was very uncomfortable with the adulation from his fans.
42. adulterate [verb]
to make food or drink weaker or to lower its quality, by adding something else:
The restaurant was fined for trying to adulterate the beef with cheap meats.
43. adumbrate [verb]
to give only the main facts and not the details about something, especially something that will happen in the future:
The project's objectives were adumbrated in the report.
44. adversarial [adjective]
involving people opposing or disagreeing with each other:
Relations in the industry between labor and management remained adversarial and often inflexible.
45. aerie [noun]
the nest of an eagle or other large bird that eats meat, usually built in a high place that cannot be easily reached:
While hiking in the hills, we spotted a hawk leave its aerie on the cliff.
46. affable [adjective]
friendly and easy to talk to:
People enjoy eating at that restaurant because the waitresses are always so affable.
47. affected [adjective]
artificial and not sincere:
The gesture appeared both affected and stagy.
48. affiliate [verb]
to cause a group to become part of or form a close relationship with another, usually larger, group, or organization:
All youth groups will have to affiliate to the National Youth Agency.
49. affinity [noun]
a liking or sympathy for someone or something, especially because of shared characteristics:
Although Adam is very different than me, I have an affinity for him which I cannot describe.
50. affirm [verb]
to state something as true:
I can't affirm that no one will lose their job.
51. affluent [adjective]
having a lot of money or owning a lot of things:
Only affluent families could afford the top-dollar price tags attached to the homes in that neighborhood.
52. aggrandize [verb]
to make someone more powerful or important:
She often aggrandizes herself and disparages her colleagues.
53. aggravate [verb]
to make a bad situation worse:
Stress and lack of sleep can aggravate the situation.
54. aggregate [verb]
to combine into a single group or total:
Schools often use test scores to aggregate students into classes based on intelligence.
55. aggrieve [verb]
to make someone unhappy and angry:
The villagers felt deeply aggrieved by the closing of the railway station.
56. aghast [adjective]
suddenly filled with strong feelings of shock and worry:
She was aghast at the extent of the damage to her car.
57. akimbo [adjective]
If a person's arms are akimbo, they are bent at the elbows with the hands on the hips:
The police ordered Jason to keep his arms akimbo and his feet spread apart while they performed a body search.
58. alacrity [noun]
speed and eagerness:
He accepted her offer with alacrity.
59. albatross [noun]
something or someone you want to be free from because that thing or person is causing you problems:
The issue has become a political albatross for the government.
60. albeit [conjunction]
I am a huge fan of Madonna’s music, albeit I do not own any of her albums.
61. alienate [verb]
to make someone feel that they are different and not part of a group:
The restaurant owner hesitates to change his menu because he does not want to alienate his regular customers.
62. allay [verb]
If you allay a strong emotion felt by someone, such as fear or worry, you cause them to feel it less or to feel calm again:
A good teacher will work hard to allay the concerns of a new student.
63. allegation [noun]
a statement, made without giving proof, that someone has done something wrong or illegal:
The professor made an allegation of cheating against his student.
64. allege [verb]
to say that someone has done something illegal or wrong without giving proof:
In the lawsuit, the parents allege the school system failed to protect their daughter from bullies.
65. allegory [noun]
a story, play, poem, picture, or other work in which the characters and events represent particular qualities or ideas that relate to morals, religion, or politics:
Santa Claus is an allegory that illustrates how one person can change the world by giving.
66. alleviate [verb]
to make something bad such as pain or problems less severe:
To alleviate hunger in our town, each employee of our company donated five cans of food.
67. alloy [verb]
to reduce the purity of by mixing with a less valuable metal:
By alloying tin with copper to make bronze, we obtain a metal which is much tougher than copper alone.
68. allure [verb]
to entice by charm or attraction:
Enticed by the possibility of making a lot of money, the investor saw the start-up as an alluring business opportunity.
69. aloof [adjective]
not friendly or willing to take part in things:
In mythology, the Gods are generally aloof from mankind.
70. amalgamate [verb]
to join or unite to form a larger organization or group, or to make separate organizations do this:
The two companies will amalgamate in a mutually beneficial merger next week.
71. ambivalent [adjective]
having two opposing feelings at the same time, or being uncertain about how you feel:
He has an ambivalent attitude towards her.
72. ambrosia [noun]
a very pleasant food:
After their diet of the last few days, anything would taste like ambrosia.
73. ameliorate [verb]
to make a bad or unpleasant situation better:
Scratching your eye will not ameliorate the itching.
74. amenable [adjective]
willing to accept or be influenced by a suggestion:
My husband never complains about anything and is amenable to all my vacation suggestions.
75. amend [verb]
to change the words of a text, especially a law or a legal document:
Chris said that he would amend the bill before the year’s end due to the public outcry.
76. amiable [adjective]
pleasant and friendly:
Because she was nice to all her fellow students, my cousin Sally was voted the most amiable female at her school.
77. amicable [adjective]
relating to behavior between people that is pleasant and friendly, often despite a difficult situation:
If you were a bit more amicable, people would not be afraid to approach you.
78. amity [noun]
a good relationship:
The purpose of the treaty is to help the two countries develop amity so they can live in cooperation instead of in war.
79. amoral [adjective]
without moral principles:
He grew up to be an amoral man because his parents never told him the difference between right and wrong.
80. amortize [verb]
to reduce a debt or cost by paying small regular amounts:
The businessman was able to amortize his building loan by paying monthly payments on the first and the 15th.
81. ample [adjective]
more than enough:
Please feel free to invite friends because there will be ample food and drinks at the party.
82. amulet [noun]
an object worn because it is believed to protect against evil, disease, or unhappiness:
One of the skeletons has an amulet of coal about its neck.
83. anachronism [noun]
someone or something placed in the wrong period in history, or something that belongs to the past rather than the present:
These days the habit of introducing yourself to a new neighbor with a welcome gift has become an anachronism.
84. analgesic [adjective]
used to stop people from feeling pain, or relating to the stopping of pain:
Some women prefer to avoid analgesic medication during childbirth.
85. anathema [noun]
something that is strongly disliked or disapproved of:
The epidemic which killed dozens of small children was an anathema to the residents of the town.
86. anecdotal [adjective]
based on reports or things someone saw rather than on proven facts:
Their research was based largely on anecdotal evidence.
87. anechoic [adjective]
free from echoes and reverberations:
Noise is measured in anechoic room.
88. anemic [adjective]
without any energy and effort:
Although the woman was anemic, she made one final push in order to deliver her baby.
89. anesthetize [verb]
to give anesthetic to a person or animal:
The doctor will anesthetize the patient using Propofol so that he feels no pain during surgery.
90. anew [adverb]
again or one more time, especially in a different way:
After divorcing her husband last year, she married anew to a man she only knew for about three months.
91. angel [noun]
a rich person who invests in a new company:
They now have a leading role investing alongside other venture fund managers, business angels, banks, and other finance providers.
92. annihilate [verb]
to destroy something completely so that nothing is left:
During the war, our soldiers will annihilate the enemy and secure our land.
93. annotate [verb]
to add a short explanation or opinion to a text or drawing:
The student is free to annotate the textbook with notes, as well as to highlight any text that they choose.
94. annul [verb]
to officially announce that something such as a law, agreement, or marriage no longer exists:
The results of the homecoming election were so controversial that the principal decided to annul the count and have a new vote.
95. anodyne [noun]
a drug that allays pain:
The doctor promised to give me a strong anodyne to relieve the throbbing in my neck.
96. anomaly [noun]
something that is unusual enough to be noticeable or seem strange:
In order to find the anomaly, scientists had to repeat the experiment over a hundred times.
97. antagonism [noun]
hate, extreme unfriendliness, or active opposition to someone:
After deciding to become a cheerleader, the teenage boy had to deal with the antagonism of his peers.
98. antecedent [adjective]
Those were the events antecedent to the revolution.
99. antediluvian [adjective]
To most teenagers, phones connected to wall outlets are antediluvian in nature.
100. antidote [noun]
a chemical, especially a drug, that limits the effects of a poison:
Because he was bit by a snake, they had to give him the antidote so he would survive.