元バックパッカーが海外の大学院で博士号を目指すブログ

大学院留学、海外旅行、英語学習について紹介します

【完全版】GRE英単語例文集①|GRE General Test攻略のための必須英単語2163

f:id:TraProak:20210208165603p:plain

【完全版】GRE英単語例文集①|1. abandon~100. antidote

 

本サイトはGRE General Test 攻略のための必須英単語 2163に掲載されている英単語の例文集①(1. abandon~100. antidote)です。

 

英単語を覚える際にご利用頂ければと思います。

 

 

英単語の暗記を助ける音声教材をYouTubeで提供しております。

  

よろしければご利用ください。

 

www.youtube.com

 

GRE General Test攻略のための必須英単語2163|1. abandon~100. antidote

 

1. abandon [verb]

見捨てる、放棄する

to leave a place, thing, or person, usually for ever:

During the snow storm, many people made the decision to abandon their cars on the highway.

 

2. abase [verb]

(地位を)落とす、下げる

to make yourself seem to be less important or to not deserve respect:

My jealous sister tried to abase me by making fun of my reading glasses.

 

3. abate [verb]

減ずる、和らげる

to become less strong:

I hope this medicine will abate the pain in my leg.

 

4. abdicate [verb]

放棄する、退位する

to give up a position as king, or to fail to take responsibility for something:

The young prince became king after his older brother decided to abdicate the throne.

 

5. aberrant [adjective]

常軌を逸した、異常な

different from what is typical or usual, especially in an unacceptable way:

When the astronomer looked into the telescope, he was shocked by the sight of a star moving in an aberrant path.

 

6. abet [verb]

扇動する、そそのかす

to help or encourage someone to do something wrong or illegal:

He abetted the thief in robbing the bank.

 

7. abeyance [noun]

一時休止、一時中断

a state of not happening or being used at present:

Hostilities between the two groups have been in abeyance since last June.

 

8. abhor [verb]

嫌悪する、憎む

to hate a way of behaving or thinking, often because you think it is not moral:

They abhor all forms of racial discrimination.

 

9. abhorrent [adjective]

大嫌いな、嫌悪する

morally very bad:

He spoke of the abhorrent crimes that had been committed under the regime.

 

10. abject [adjective]

惨めな、卑屈な

the state of being extremely unhappy, poor, unsuccessful, etc.:

This policy has turned out to be an abject failure.

 

英語のアウトプットを学ぶならここ:

オンライン英会話とは違う英語学習サービス HiNative Trek

 

11. abjure [verb]

(公式に)破棄する、放棄する

to say formally or publicly that you no longer agree with a belief or way of behaving:

They were compelled to abjure their faith.

 

12. abound [verb]

満ちている、いっぱいいる

to exist in large numbers:

The forests abound with deer, birds and squirrels.

 

13. abreast [adjective]

並行した、横並びの

used to say that two or more people are next to each other and moving in the same direction:

The boat came abreast of us and signalled us to stop.

 

14. abridge [verb]

要約する、縮小する

to make a book, play, or piece of writing shorter by removing details and information that is not important:

His agent told him that he needed to abridge some of the content of his novel so that it would be under 400 pages.

 

15. abrogate [verb]

廃止する、取り消す

to end a law, agreement, or custom formally:

You cannot abrogate anyone's right to free speech.

 

16. abscission [noun]

切断、脱落

the separation or falling off of part of a plant:

Abscission of leaves occurs during autumn, before winter sets in.

 

17. abscond [verb]

逃亡する、脱走する

to go away suddenly and secretly in order to escape from somewhere:

Do you think he has plans to abscond with the stolen money?

 

18. abstemious [adjective]

禁欲的な、節制する

not doing things that give you pleasure, especially not eating good food or drinking alcohol:

Gerald was abstemious at dinner and only ate a little of the food on his plate.

 

19. abstruse [adjective]

難解な、深遠な

not known or understood by many people:

Some of the classic novels are too abstruse for beginning readers to understand.

 

20. absurd [adjective]

不合理な、ばかげた

ridiculous or completely unreasonable:

It seems quite absurd to expect anyone to drive for 3 hours just for a 20 minute meeting.

 

オンライン英会話でTOEFL対策をするならここ:

DMM英会話

 

 

21. abusive [adjective]

無礼な、ののしりの

using rude and offensive words:

Children with an abusive parent have a higher chance of growing up to be as equally violent and cruel to their own children.

 

22. abysmal [adjective]

底知れぬ、極端な

very bad:

He was fired because of his abysmal job performance.

 

23. accede [verb]

同意する、継承する

to agree to do what people have asked you to do:

At your insistence and to avoid a prolonged argument, I will accede to your contract terms.

 

24. accolade [noun]

敬意、賞賛

praise and approval:

During the monthly meeting, the company president will present an accolade to the employee of the month.

 

25. accord [verb]

一致する、調和する

to treat someone specially, usually by showing respect:

The entire table was in accord that mozzarella sticks would be the appetizer.

 

26. accretion [noun]

増加、付加

a gradual increase or growth by the addition of new layers or parts:

The accretion of traffic accidents and drunk driving was attributed to the opening of the new downtown mall.

 

27. accrue [verb]

増える、生じる

to increase in number or amount over a period of time:

Interest will accrue on the account at a rate of 7%.

 

28. acculturate [verb]

文化変容させる、同化する

to change so that you become more like people from a different culture, or to make someone change in this way:

How did Hispanics acculturate to life in America?

 

29. acerbic [adjective]

(性格が)厳しい、(味が)苦い

used to describe something that is spoken or written in a way that is direct, clever, and cruel:

After John heard his teacher’s acerbic comments, he was not motivated to complete his project.

 

30. acidulous [adjective]

酸味のある、辛辣な

sour or sharp in taste:

The acidulous drink burned my tongue.

 

英会話力と英文ライティング力をつけるeラーニングならここ:

カナンアカデミー英語eラーニング講座

 

 

31. acquit [verb]

無罪にする、放免する

to decide officially in a law court that someone is not guilty of a particular crime:

Even though the judge believed the defendant was guilty, he could say nothing when the jury acquitted the man of all charges.

 

32. acrimony [noun]

とげとげしさ、辛辣さ

anger, argument, and bad feeling:

This book review was written with acrimony.

 

33. actuarial [adjective]

保険計理人の、保険統計の

relating to the work of an actuary, or to the job of being an actuary:

The company's actuarial report is available on demand.

 

34. acumen [noun]

鋭さ、洞察

skill in making correct decisions and judgments in a particular subject, such as business or politics:

John’s business acumen, along with his computer skills, made him an asset to the software company.

 

35. adamant [adjective]

頑固な、不屈の

impossible to persuade, or unwilling to change an opinion or decision:

Robert, a first year physics student, is adamant in his decision to peruse a career in engineering.

 

36. adjunct [noun]

付属物、助手

something added or connected to a larger or more important thing:

My math teacher was adjunct faculty and did not work for the school full time.

 

37. admonish [verb]

忠告する、警告する

to tell someone that they have done something wrong:

Cops can admonish anyone who goes over the speed limit.

 

38. adolescence [noun]

青年期、思春期

the period of time in a person's life when they are developing into an adult:

When children reach the period of adolescence, they crave freedom to make their own choices.

 

39. adore [verb]

敬愛する、崇拝する

to love and respect someone very much, or to like something very much:

Because the older gentleman saved her from a terrible fate, the young girl chose to adore him with all of her heart, believing him to be a hero.

 

40. adroit [adjective]

器用な、抜け目のない

very skillful and quick in the way you think or move:

She is a remarkably adroit and determined politician.

 

海外ドラマで英語を勉強するならここ:

Huluで今すぐ視聴!2週間無料トライアル実施中!

 

 

41. adulation [noun]

お世辞、へつらい

very great admiration or praise for someone, especially when it is more than is deserved:

Although Jason was a famous celebrity, he was very uncomfortable with the adulation from his fans.

 

42. adulterate [verb]

不純にする、品質を下げる

to make food or drink weaker or to lower its quality, by adding something else:

The restaurant was fined for trying to adulterate the beef with cheap meats.

 

43. adumbrate [verb]

概略を示す、部分的に見せる

to give only the main facts and not the details about something, especially something that will happen in the future:

The project's objectives were adumbrated in the report.

 

44. adversarial [adjective]

敵の、反対者の

involving people opposing or disagreeing with each other:

Relations in the industry between labor and management remained adversarial and often inflexible.

 

45. aerie [noun]

巣、高巣

the nest of an eagle or other large bird that eats meat, usually built in a high place that cannot be easily reached:

While hiking in the hills, we spotted a hawk leave it’s aerie on the cliff.

 

46. affable [adjective]

愛想のいい、感じの良い

friendly and easy to talk to:

People enjoy eating at that restaurant because the waitresses are always so affable.

 

47. affected [adjective]

見せかけの、気取った

artificial and not sincere:

The gesture appeared both affected and stagy.

 

48. affiliate [verb]

加入する、提携する

to cause a group to become part of or form a close relationship with another, usually larger, group, or organization:

All youth groups will have to affiliate to the National Youth Agency.

 

49. affinity [noun]

親近感、相性

a liking or sympathy for someone or something, especially because of shared characteristics:

Although Adam is very different than me, I have an affinity for him which I cannot describe.

 

50. affirm [verb]

断言する、確約する

to state something as true:

I cann't affirm that no one will lose their job.

 

TOEFLの4技能を伸ばすならここ:

無料体験レッスン実施中! 目標のTOEFLスコアを取得

 

 

51. affluent [adjective]

裕福な、豊富な

having a lot of money or owning a lot of things:

Only affluent families could afford the top-dollar price tags attached to the homes in that neighborhood.

 

52. aggrandize [verb]

強める、増大させる

to make someone more powerful or important:

She often aggrandizes herself and disparages her colleagues.

 

53. aggravate [verb]

悪化させる、怒らせる

to make a bad situation worse:

Stress and lack of sleep can aggravate the situation.

 

54. aggregate [verb]

集める、統合する

to combine into a single group or total:

Schools often use test scores to aggregate students into classes based on intelligence.

 

55. aggrieve [verb]

悩ます、苦しめる

to make someone unhappy and angry:

The villagers felt deeply aggrieved by the closing of the railway station.

 

56. aghast [adjective]

仰天して、怖がって

suddenly filled with strong feelings of shock and worry:

She was aghast at the extent of the damage to her car.

 

57. akimbo [adjective]

腰に手を当てて

If a person's arms are akimbo, they are bent at the elbows with the hands on the hips:

The police ordered Jason to keep his arms akimbo and his feet spread apart while they performed a body search.

 

58. alacrity [noun]

積極性、活発

speed and eagerness:

He accepted her offer with alacrity.

 

59. albatross [noun]

制約、悩みの種

something or someone you want to be free from because that thing or person is causing you problems:

The issue has become a political albatross for the government.

 

60. albeit [conjunction]

にもかかわらず、だけれども

although:

I am a huge fan of Madonna’s music, albeit I do not own any of her albums.

 

毎日英語を話す練習をするならここ:

毎日話せる「レアジョブ英会話」

 

オンライン英会話「レアジョブ」

 

61. alienate [verb]

疎遠にする、遠ざける

to make someone feel that they are different and not part of a group:

The restaurant owner hesitates to change his menu because he does not want to alienate his regular customers.

 

62. allay [verb]

静める、和らげる

If you allay a strong emotion felt by someone, such as fear or worry, you cause them to feel it less or to feel calm again:

A good teacher will work hard to allay the concerns of a new student.

 

63. allegation [noun]

申し立て、主張

a statement, made without giving proof, that someone has done something wrong or illegal:

The professor made an allegation of cheating against his student.

 

64. allege [verb]

断言する、申し立てる

to say that someone has done something illegal or wrong without giving proof:

In the lawsuit, the parents allege the school system failed to protect their daughter from bullies.

 

65. allegory [noun]

寓話、象徴

a story, play, poem, picture, or other work in which the characters and events represent particular qualities or ideas that relate to morals, religion, or politics:

Santa Claus is an allegory that illustrates how one person can change the world by giving.

 

66. alleviate [verb]

緩和する、軽減する

to make something bad such as pain or problems less severe:

To alleviate hunger in our town, each employee of our company donated five cans of food.

 

67. alloy [verb]

組み合わせる、合金にする

to reduce the purity of by mixing with a less valuable metal:

By alloying tin with copper to make bronze, we obtain a metal which is much tougher than copper alone.

 

68. allure [verb]

誘惑する、魅惑する

to entice by charm or attraction:

Enticed by the possibility of making a lot of money, the investor saw the start-up as an alluring business opportunity.

 

69. aloof [adjective]

遠く離れた、無関心な

not friendly or willing to take part in things:

In mythology, the Gods are generally aloof from mankind.

 

70. amalgamate [verb]

合併する、融合する

to join or unite to form a larger organization or group, or to make separate organizations do this:

The two companies will amalgamate in a mutually beneficial merger next week.

 

大手の英会話教室に通うならここ:

35年の実績、安心の月謝制。英会話スクール・教室なら、シェーン英会話。

 

シェーン英会話 無料体験レッスン申込み

 

71. ambivalent [adjective]

両面価値の、矛盾する

having two opposing feelings at the same time, or being uncertain about how you feel:

He has an ambivalent attitude towards her.


72. ambrosia [noun]

神の食べ物、おいしい食べ物

a very pleasant food:

After their diet of the last few days, anything would taste like ambrosia.

 

73. ameliorate [verb]

改良する、改善する

to make a bad or unpleasant situation better:

Scratching your eye will not ameliorate the itching.

 

74. amenable [adjective]

従順な、影響されやすい

willing to accept or be influenced by a suggestion:

My husband never complains about anything and is amenable to all my vacation suggestions.

 

75. amend [verb]

修正する、改訂する

to change the words of a text, especially a law or a legal document:

Chris said that he would amend the bill before the year’s end due to the public outcry.

 

76. amiable [adjective]

愛想の良い、社交的な

pleasant and friendly:

Because she was nice to all her fellow students, my cousin Sally was voted the most amiable female at her school.

 

77. amicable [adjective]

友好的な、平和的な

relating to behavior between people that is pleasant and friendly, often despite a difficult situation:

If you were a bit more amicable, people would not be afraid to approach you.

 

78. amity [noun]

親睦、友好

a good relationship:

The purpose of the treaty is to help the two countries develop amity so they can live in cooperation instead of in war.

 

79. amoral [adjective]

道徳観念のない

without moral principles:

He grew up to be an amoral man because his parents never told him the difference between right and wrong.

 

80. amortize [verb]

返済する、償却する

to reduce a debt or cost by paying small regular amounts:

The businessman was able to amortize his building loan by paying monthly payments on the first and the 15th.

 

GRE対策の参考書をお探しならここ:

www.usaryuugakuandtravel.com

 

81. ample [adjective]

豊富な、広大な

more than enough:

Please feel free to invite friends because there will be ample food and drinks at the party.

 

82. amulet [noun]

お守り、魔除け

an object worn because it is believed to protect against evil, disease, or unhappiness:

One of the skeletons has an amulet of coal about its neck.

 

83. anachronism [noun]

時代錯誤、時代遅れ

someone or something placed in the wrong period in history, or something that belongs to the past rather than the present:

These days the habit of introducing yourself to a new neighbor with a welcome gift has become an anachronism.

 

84. analgesic [adjective]

鎮痛性の、無感覚の

used to stop people from feeling pain, or relating to the stopping of pain:

Some women prefer to avoid analgesic medication during childbirth.

 

85. anathema [noun]

呪い、タブー

something that is strongly disliked or disapproved of:

The epidemic which killed dozens of small children was an anathema to the residents of the town.

 

86. anecdotal [adjective]

逸話的な、不確かな

based on reports or things someone saw rather than on proven facts:

Their research was based largely on anecdotal evidence.

 

87. anechoic [adjective]

反響のない、無響の

free from echoes and reverberations:

Noise is measured in anechoic room.

 

88. anemic [adjective]

無気力な、元気のない

without any energy and effort:

Although the woman was anemic, she made one final push in order to deliver her baby.

 

89. anesthetize [verb]

麻酔をかける、麻痺させる

to give anesthetic to a person or animal:

The doctor will anesthetize the patient using Propofol so that he feels no pain during surgery.

 

90. anew [adverb]

改めて、再び

again or one more time, especially in a different way:

After divorcing her husband last year, she married anew to a man she only knew for about three months.

 

留学出願エッセイ・志望動機書の編集・添削・アドバイスサービスならここ:

エッセイ編集・添削・翻訳サービス【TopAdmit】

 

 

91. angel [noun]

援助者、出資者

a rich person who invests in a new company:

They now have a leading role investing alongside other venture fund managers, business angels, banks, and other finance providers.

 

92. annihilate [verb]

全滅させる、絶滅させる

to destroy something completely so that nothing is left:

During the war, our soldiers will annihilate the enemy and secure our land.

 

93. annotate [verb]

注釈を付ける

to add a short explanation or opinion to a text or drawing:

The student is free to annotate the textbook with notes, as well as to highlight any text that they choose.

 

94. annul [verb]

無効にする、取り消す

to officially announce that something such as a law, agreement, or marriage no longer exists:

The results of the homecoming election were so controversial that the principal decided to annul the count and have a new vote.

 

95. anodyne [noun]

痛み止め、鎮痛剤

a drug that allays pain:

The doctor promised to give me a strong anodyne to relieve the throbbing in my neck.

 

96. anomaly [noun]

異常、変則

something that is unusual enough to be noticeable or seem strange:

In order to find the anomaly, scientists had to repeat the experiment over a hundred times.

 

97. antagonism [noun]

対立、反対

hate, extreme unfriendliness, or active opposition to someone:

After deciding to become a cheerleader, the teenage boy had to deal with the antagonism of his peers.

 

98. antecedent [adjective]

先立つ、先行する

previous:

Those were the events antecedent to the revolution.

 

99. antediluvian [adjective]

大昔の、時代遅れの

extremely old-fashioned:

To most teenagers, phones connected to wall outlets are antediluvian in nature.

 

100. antidote [noun]

解毒剤、解決手段

a chemical, especially a drug, that limits the effects of a poison:

Because he was bit by a snake, they had to give him the antidote so he would survive.