【完全版】GRE英単語例文集⑫｜1101. inveterate～1200. lugubrious
本サイトはGRE General Test 攻略のための必須英単語 2163に掲載されている英単語の例文集⑫（1101. inveterate～1200. lugubrious）です。
GRE General Test攻略のための必須英単語2163｜1101. inveterate～1200. lugubrious
1101. inveterate [adjective]
done as a habit and not likely to change:
Inveterate smokers are going to have a hard time handling all of the new smoking laws that limit the places in which they can smoke.
1102. invidious [adjective]
likely to cause unhappiness or offense:
The dictator’s invidious acts caused the people to rise up against him.
1103. invincible [adjective]
impossible to defeat or prevent from doing what is intended:
The team proved it was not invincible when it lost the last game of the season.
1104. iota [noun]
an extremely small amount:
If there is even one iota of doubt, the jury should not find the defendant guilty.
1105. irascible [adjective]
made angry easily:
She's becoming more and more irascible as she grows older.
1106. irksome [adjective]
To avoid the irksome security lines at the airport, Rick has applied for a screening pass that will allow him to reach his gate more quickly.
1107. ironclad [adjective]
sheathed in iron armor, or so firm or secure as to be unbreakable:
During the American Civil War, two ironclad ships fought each other without causing much damage due to the strong metal shield of the ships’ outer material.
1108. irradiate [verb]
to treat with light or other types of radiation:
His little face was irradiated by happiness.
1109. irreconcilable [adjective]
impossible to find agreement between or with, or impossible to deal with:
Deciding to go on vacation together seemed like a good idea, but they quickly realized that their ideas about budget limitations were irreconcilable.
1110. irrefutable [adjective]
impossible to prove wrong:
Genetic testing supports the scientist's theory that the link between the two species is irrefutable.
1111. irresolute [adjective]
not able or willing to take decisions or actions:
That is probably a consequence of irresolute policy and too much bureaucracy.
1112. irrevocable [adjective]
impossible to change:
Once the president signs the treaty, it will be binding and irrevocable.
1113. isosceles [adjective]
having two equal sides:
The base angles of an isosceles triangle are equal.
1114. itinerant [adjective]
travelling from one place to another, usually to work for a short period:
Jim loves the itinerant lifestyle of a musician because of the opportunities he has to travel from city to city.
1115. itinerary [noun]
a detailed plan or route of a journey:
Your itinerary includes a visit to Stonehenge.
1116. jaundice [noun]
a state or attitude characterized by satiety, distaste, or hostility:
Jealousy is the jaundice of the soul.
1117. jejune [adjective]
boring and not interesting:
Although Evan behaved in a jejune manner at the dinner party, he actually teaches international customs at a school for diplomats.
1118. jeopardize [verb]
to put something such as a plan or system in danger of being harmed or damaged:
Do not jeopardize your good grade by failing to turn in your assignment.
1119. jettison [verb]
to throw goods, fuel, or equipment from a ship or aircraft to make it lighter:
The captain was forced to jettison the cargo and make an emergency landing.
1120. jibe [verb]
to agree with something else:
The findings of the court did not jibe with the testimony of the witness.
1121. jingoism [noun]
the extreme belief that your own country is always best, often shown in enthusiastic support for a war against another country:
Patriotism can turn into jingoism and intolerance very quickly.
1122. jocose [adjective]
humorous or liking to play:
Robert is well known for his jocose disposition and always makes everyone around him laugh.
1123. jocular [adjective]
funny or intended to make someone laugh:
The jocular man is known for his funny punchlines.
1124. joust [verb]
to compete, especially for power or control:
The two teams are jousting for position at the top of the league.
1125. jovial [adjective]
friendly and in a good mood, or enjoyable because of being friendly and pleasant:
Stories describe Santa Claus as a jovial man who gives toys to children.
1126. juggernaut [noun]
a very large and powerful company, organization, or industry:
With the reveal of its best-selling innovation, the software company has become a juggernaut in the tech industry.
1127. junta [noun]
a small group, especially of military officers, that rules a country after taking power by force:
A military junta took control of the country.
1128. jurisprudence [noun]
the study of law and the principles on which law is based:
Even in high school, Evan read a great deal on jurisprudence because he knew he wanted to become a lawyer.
1129. juror [noun]
a member of a jury:
The attorney for the defense challenged the juror.
1130. jut [verb]
to stick out, especially above or past the edge or surface of something:
The edge of the cliff seemed to jut out over the ocean and disappear into a blanket of clouds.
1131. juxtapose [verb]
to put things that are not similar next to each other:
The interior designer likes to juxtapose light furniture against dark floors to create a dramatic contrast.
1132. keep at bay
to prevent someone or something from moving closer:
Ballista Towers provide the defenders with enough firepower to keep at bay.
1133. ken [noun]
not in your area of knowledge:
Financial matters are beyond my ken.
1134. kindle [verb]
to cause a fire to start burning:
This wood is too wet to kindle.
1135. kindred [noun]
a group of related individuals, or one's relatives:
Most of his kindred still live in Ireland.
1136. kinetic [adjective]
involving or producing movement:
A simple definition of kinetic energy is power in movement or motion.
1137. knell [noun]
a stroke or sound of a bell especially when rung slowly as for a death, funeral, or disaster:
Everyone took the company president’s resignation as the company’s knell of bankruptcy.
1138. kudos [noun]
praise, admiration, and fame received for an achievement:
Although the movie director received kudos from the critics, the public hated the film.
1139. labile [adjective]
changing often or easily:
Emotionally labile patients should not be given stimulants since they tend to cause moods to shift dramatically.
1140. laborious [adjective]
needing a lot of time and effort:
It may seem laborious when you just start exercising, but it gets easier over time.
1141. lace [verb]
to add alcohol or drugs to food or drink, often secretly:
She laced her coffee with brandy.
1142. lachrymose [adjective]
sad or likely to cry often and easily:
I do not enjoy watching sad movies with my lachrymose wife because she is way too sensitive.
1143. lackadaisical [adjective]
lacking enthusiasm and effort:
After the surgery, I was lackadaisical for several days.
1144. lackey [noun]
a servant or someone who behaves like one by obeying someone else's orders or by doing unpleasant work for them:
The wealthy gent’s lackey toted his luggage all over the resort.
1145. lackluster [adjective]
lacking energy and effort:
The U.S. number-one tennis player gave a disappointingly lackluster performance.
1146. laconic [adjective]
using very few words to express what you mean:
To save valuable time, give me a laconic explanation of what happened.
1147. lambaste [verb]
to criticize someone or something severely:
Even with its success, harsh party leaders continued to lambaste the plan for healthcare reform.
1148. landlord [noun]
a person or organization that owns a building or an area of land and is paid by other people for the use of it:
The landlord gave notice of the termination of tenancy.
1149. languid [adjective]
moving or speaking slowly with little energy, often in an attractive way:
He sat on the porch enjoying the delicious, languid warmth of a summer afternoon.
1150. larceny [noun]
stealing, especially the crime of taking something that does not belong to you, without illegally entering a building to do so:
He was arrested on a charge of larceny.
1151. largess [noun]
the fact of giving away money in a generous way:
Because of the millionaire’s largess, twenty underprivileged graduates now have college scholarships.
1152. lascivious [adjective]
feeling or expressing strong sexual desire:
After running naked through the field, he was arrested for lewd and lascivious behavior.
1153. lassitude [noun]
physical or mental tiredness:
After the long race, Jack experienced a feeling of lassitude.
1154. latent [adjective]
present, but not yet active, developed, or obvious:
The detective asked the lab technician to search the room for latent fingerprints.
1155. laud [verb]
to praise someone or something:
The company decided to laud his outstanding contributions to the firm.
1156. laudable [adjective]
deserving praise, even if there is little or no success:
While Jason did not win the contest, his efforts were laudable enough to be mentioned by the judges.
1157. laudatory [adjective]
The laudatory announcement praised the team’s efforts during the championship game.
1158. laurel [noun]
a recognition of achievement:
She has rightly won laurels for this brilliantly perceptive first novel.
1159. lavish [adjective]
large in quantity and expensive or impressive:
Every room in the five-star hotel was filled with lavish furnishings.
1160. lax [adjective]
without much care, attention, or control:
The lax security at the event allowed people to just slip in and out unnoticed.
1161. laxity [noun]
the quality of not being severe or strong enough:
The prevalent laxity toward marriage causes the divorce rate to rise.
1162. leery [adjective]
not trusting someone or something and usually avoiding him, her, or it if possible:
The dog was leery of the man with the large stick.
1163. legerdemain [noun]
skilful tricks done as part of a performance:
The psychic uses legerdemain to convince people that she is talking to their future.
1164. legitimacy [noun]
the quality of being legal:
The lawyers expressed serious doubts about the legitimacy of military action.
1165. lethargic [adjective]
having little energy; feeling unwilling and unable to do anything:
During the hottest days of summer, I felt so lethargic that all I wanted to do was drinking iced tea.
1166. levee [noun]
a wall made of soil or other materials that is built next to a river to stop the river from overflowing:
A levee was created out of dirt and sandbags to keep creeping river from flooding the fields.
1167. levity [noun]
humor or lack of seriousness, especially during a serious occasion:
Karen’s parents were serious people who did not appreciate her acts of levity during church service.
1168. levy [verb]
to demand an amount of money, such as a tax, from a person or organization:
The Presidential candidate promised to levy a tax on foreign production in an effort to stimulate American manufacturing.
1169. liberal [adjective]
respecting and allowing many different types of beliefs or behavior:
Although my grandfather has some liberal ideas, he still does not believe in the notion of female soldiers.
1170. liberate [verb]
to help someone or something to be free:
Because the dogs were experiencing maltreatment, the compassionate man decided to liberate his neighbor’s animals.
1171. libertine [noun]
a person who is unrestrained by convention or morality:
Because Warren is a drunken libertine, he often comes into work with a hangover.
1172. licentious [adjective]
lacking legal or moral restraints:
It is assumed that pagan festivals once involved many licentious activities, including a number of sexual games.
1173. light-hearted [adjective]
happy and not serious:
It was a fairly light-hearted discussion.
1174. Lilliputian [adjective]
The Lilliputian trees looked like tiny bushes next to the tall redwoods.
1175. limelight [noun]
public attention and interest:
She's been in the limelight recently, following the release of her controversial new film.
1176. limn [verb]
to draw or paint on a surface:
The painter is known to limn pictures of his lovers on oil canvases.
1177. limpid [adjective]
clear and transparent:
Because the sky was not limpid, we could not see the stars.
1178. lineage [noun]
the members of a person's family who are directly related to that person and who lived a long time before him or her:
She's very proud of her ancient royal lineage.
1179. lionize [verb]
to make someone famous, or to treat someone as if they were famous:
The press began to lionize the celebrity enthusiastically.
1180. lissome [adjective]
attractively thin and able to move quickly and smoothly:
The lissome figure skater moved effortlessly on the ice.
1181. listless [adjective]
having no energy and enthusiasm and unwilling to do anything needing effort:
The illness made me so listless that I rarely got out of bed.
1182. litany [noun]
a usually lengthy recitation or enumeration:
When I listened to my mother’s litany of criticisms about the nursing home staff, I was shocked by some of her accusations.
1183. literati [noun]
people with a good education who know a lot about literature:
He was underrated as a writer by the literati.
1184. lithe [adjective]
young, healthy, attractive, and able to move and bend smoothly:
While Corinne has the lithe, agile body that would be perfect for gymnastics, she is too tall to manage some of the events.
1185. litigate [verb]
to cause an argument between people or groups to be discussed in a law court so that a judgment can be made:
After not reaching an agreement, the two parties decided to go to court to litigate the settlement.
1186. litter [verb]
to spread across an area or place untidily:
The sitting room was littered with books.
1187. littoral [adjective]
the part of a river, lake, or sea close to the land:
The littoral zone covers the region between high and low tide.
1188. livid [adjective]
The taxpayers are livid about the proposed tax hike.
1189. loath [adjective]
to be unwilling to do something:
He is loath to get out of bed on cold mornings.
1190. lobby [verb]
to try to persuade an elected official to take a particular action or change a law:
Small businesses have lobbied hard for changes in the tax laws.
1191. lofty [adjective]
Although she has a lofty position as the vice-president of a billion dollar company, she still drives an economy car.
1192. long-winded [adjective]
tediously long in speaking or writing:
The student’s long-winded response was much more lengthy than the teacher required.
1193. loquacious [adjective]
having the habit of talking a lot:
After drinking four beers, my normally quiet wife becomes quite loquacious.
1194. lord [noun]
a man who has a lot of power in a particular area of activity:
The lord was in charge of ruling everyone in his district and used his power to his advantage.
1195. lounge [verb]
to pass time idly:
She often lounges on a beach after work.
1196. lubricious [adjective]
having or showing too great an interest in sex, especially in an unpleasant way:
The other sun-bathers admired the woman’s gleaming and lubricious skin.
1197. lucid [adjective]
clearly expressed and easy to understand, or thinking or reasoning clearly:
She gave a clear and lucid account of her plans for the company's future.
1198. lucrative [adjective]
producing much money or making a large profit:
The wealthy businessman was constantly on the lookout for lucrative ventures that would help him become even wealthier.
1199. lucre [noun]
money or profit:
He was blinded by the lust of lucre.
1200. lugubrious [adjective]
sad and serious:
In his first novel, the mysterious postman is the perfect example of a lugubrious character.