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【完全版】GRE英単語例文集②|GRE General Test攻略のための必須英単語2163

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【完全版】GRE英単語例文集②|101. antimicrobial~200. bay

 

本サイトはGRE General Test 攻略のための必須英単語 2163に掲載されている英単語の例文集②(101. antimicrobial~200. bay)です。

 

英単語を覚える際にご利用頂ければと思います。

 

 

英単語の暗記を助ける音声教材をYouTubeで提供しております。

 

よろしければご利用ください。

 

youtu.be

 

GRE General Test攻略のための必須英単語2163|101. antimicrobial~200. bay

 

101. antimicrobial [adjective]

抗菌性の

able to destroy harmful microbes:

For example, the true magnitude of the antimicrobial drug resistance crisis is unknown because of the absence of systematic monitoring.

 

102. antipathy [noun]

反感、嫌悪

a feeling of strong dislike, opposition, or anger:

Despite his personal antipathy to me, he was still able to be polite.

 

103. antiquity [noun]

古代、古風

the past, esp. before the Middle Ages, or something of great age:

While many females got married in their teens in antiquity, today women tend to marry in their later years.

 

104. antithetical [adjective]

正反対の、相反する

exactly the opposite of someone or something or of each other:

The bill has not passed parliament because the conservative party is antithetical to the liberal party’s proposal.

 

105. anything but

決して~でない

used to mean the opposite of the stated quality:

The problem is anything but easy.

 

106. apathetic [adjective]

無関心な、冷淡な

showing no interest or energy and unwilling to take action, especially over something important:

The employee’s apathetic attitude was apparent in the rude way he greeted customers.

 

107. apex [noun]

頂点、先端

the highest point or top of a shape or object:

Janice was at the apex of her music career when she sold over a million copies of her second album.

 

108. aphorism [noun]

格言、警句

a short clever saying that is intended to express a general truth:

Bill began his speech with a humorous aphorism from one of his favorite authors.

 

109. apocryphal [adjective]

出所の疑わしい、不確かな

of doubtful authenticity:

Scientists claim that the apocryphal story about creation is not true.

 

110. apogee [noun]

最高点、頂点

the most successful, popular, or powerful point:

The hikers reached the apogee of the mountain at sunset and were glad to start descent the following day.

 

英語のアウトプットを学ぶならここ:

オンライン英会話とは違う英語学習サービス HiNative Trek

 

111. apostate [adjective]

背教した、棄教した

of or characterized by apostasy:

We must punish this apostate priest.

 

112. apostle [noun]

使徒、宣教者

someone who strongly supports a particular belief or political movement:

He might have been, like Gandhi, an apostle of passive resistance.

 

113. apothegm [noun]

警句、格言

a short clever saying that is intended to express a general truth:

One of my mother's favorite apothegms was that “you can’t buy happiness.”

 

114. appease [verb]

なだめる、和らげる

to prevent further disagreement by giving to the other side something that they have demanded:

When I reported the cashier’s poor customer service, the manager tried to appease me with the offer of a free pizza.

 

115. appellation [noun]

名称、称号

a name or title:

Because there is no appellation on the product, consumers are confused about the brand's name.

 

116. apportion [verb]

配分する、割り当てる

to give or share something among several people or things:

At the center, we apportion afternoon snacks so that all children get at least one juice and one snack.

 

117. apposite [adjective]

適切な、ぴったりの

suitable and right for the occasion:

During the debate, the candidate implied his opponent’s employment plan was not apposite for the country.

 

118. apprehensive [adjective]

気づかって、懸念して

feeling worried about something that you are going to do or that is going to happen:

With recent job cuts, Kate is apprehensive about losing her job.

 

119. apprentice [noun]

初心者、見習い

someone who has agreed to work for a skilled person for a particular period of time and often for low payment, in order to learn that person's skills:

My son is an apprentice in a furniture maker's workshop.

 

120. apprise [verb]

通告する、知らせる

to tell someone about something:

He came to apprise us that the work had been successfully completed.

 

オンライン英会話でTOEFL対策をするならここ:

DMM英会話

 

 

121. approbation [noun]

承認、賞賛

approval or agreement, often given by an official group:

I need to write a powerful resume to gain approbation from an employer.

 

122. appropriate [verb]

割り当てる、着服する

to set apart for or assign to a particular purpose or use:

There can be problems in appropriating funds for legal expenses.

 

123. apropos [adjective]

適切な、時機を得た

suitable in a particular situation or at a particular time:

Justine’s apropos comment fit in perfectly with our discussion.

 

124. aptitude [noun]

適正、素質

a natural ability or skill:

The aptitude test will identify your strongest areas in math.

 

125. aquiline [adjective]

鷲のような、鷲のくちばしのような

of or like an eagle:

He had a thin aquiline nose and deep-set brown eyes.

 

126. arabesque [noun]

手の込んだ、奇抜な

of, done in, or like arabesque; fantastic and elaborate:

The arabesque stone monument was crafted with graceful, intricate designs.

 

127. arbiter [noun]

仲介者、調停者

a person who acts as a judge in an argument or of a subject of interest:

An arbiter will help the divorcing couple come to terms on a settlement.

 

128. arboreal [adjective]

樹木の、樹上に住む

of or living in trees:

It is easy for the deer to hide in the fallen leaves of its arboreal habitat.

 

129. arcane [adjective]

不可解な、難解な

mysterious and known only by a few people:

Because it is no longer taught in schools, people are concerned that cursive writing will become arcane.

 

130. archaic [adjective]

古風な、古代の

of or belonging to an ancient period in history:

Because my archaic computer is no longer useful to me, I am giving it away for free.

 

英会話力と英文ライティング力をつけるeラーニングならここ:

カナンアカデミー英語eラーニング講座

 

 

131. archipelago [noun]

群島、諸島

a group of small islands or an area of sea in which there are many small islands:

Many cruises sail to an archipelago in order to allow tourists to visit many island nations in just a short period of time.

 

132. ardent [adjective]

熱心な、熱烈な

showing strong feelings:

He's an ardent supporter of the local football team.

 

133. arduous [adjective]

困難な、厳しい

difficult, needing a lot of effort and energy:

Playing the piano may seem arduous at first, but it gets easier with practice.

 

134. argot [noun]

隠語、俗語

words and expressions that are used by small groups of people and that are not easily understood by other people:

The old woman could not understand the argot her granddaughter used to communicate with her friends.

 

135. argumentative [adjective]

論争好きな、理屈っぽい

often arguing or wanting to argue:

An argumentative student will often disagree with the teacher just for the sake of doing so rather than having a good reason.

 

136. arid [adjective]

不毛の、乾燥した

very dry and without enough rain for plants:

The crops will not grow in the arid ground because the soil is too dry.

 

137. aristocratic [adjective]

貴族政治の、上流階級の

belonging to a class of people who hold high social rank:

The man’s aristocratic background caused him to crave fine dining and lavish parties.

 

138. arrest [verb]

阻止する、引き止める

to stop or interrupt the development of something:

It is sometimes possible to arrest or reverse the disease.

 

139. arrogance [noun]

横柄、傲慢

the quality of being unpleasantly proud and behaving as if you are more important than, or know more than, other people:

Fred is so full of arrogance to think that anyone cares about what he has to say simply because he attended Harvard.

 

140. arrogate [verb]

横領する、偽って名乗る

to take something without having the right to do so:

The gang is trying to arrogate the public park and turn it into their private meeting space.

 

海外ドラマで英語を勉強するならここ:

Huluで今すぐ視聴!2週間無料トライアル実施中!

 

 

141. articulate [verb]

はっきり述べる、関連付ける

able to express thoughts and feelings easily and clearly, or showing this quality:

A polished speaker, Jenna was able to articulate her points during any discussion.

 

142. artifice [noun]

策略、技巧

a clever trick or something intended to deceive:

Because the bank robber knew he needed an artifice to distract the security guard, he decided to blow up a car in the parking lot.

 

143. artisan [noun]

職人、熟練工

someone who does skilled work with their hands:

The artisan cheesemakers specialized in making cheeses on their small dairy farm.

 

144. artless [adjective]

飾りのない、雑な

simple and not wanting to deceive:

Her countenance and a few artless words fully conveyed all her gratitude and delight.

 

145. as to

~については

about:

We had different views as to how a political interviewer should go about his job.

 

146. ascent [noun]

上昇、向上

the act of climbing or moving upwards:

My legs were tired after I took the ascent to the cabin on the ridge.

 

147. ascertain [verb]

確かめる、突き止める

to make certain of something:

In order to ascertain which applicant was most qualified for the position, the hiring manager spent a long time reviewing the resumes.

 

148. ascetic [adjective]

苦行中の、禁欲的な

avoiding physical pleasures and living a simple life, often for religious reasons:

Jacob chose to live an ascetic life because of his strict religious beliefs.

 

149. ascribe [verb]

~に帰する、~のせいにする

to consider something to be caused, created, or owned by someone or something:

While you can sometimes ascribe these symptoms to allergies, I’m pretty sure you have a full-fledged cold.

 

150. aseptic [adjective]

無菌の、防腐の

medically clean or without infection:

Aseptic boxes of fruit juices or plastic containers of prepared beverages can be frozen to serve double duty in the cooler.

 

TOEFLの4技能を伸ばすならここ:

無料体験レッスン実施中! 目標のTOEFLスコアを取得

 

 

151. askance [adverb]

疑って、不審の目で

with disapproval or distrust:

Employers tend to look askance at people who change jobs often.

 

152. asperity [noun]

荒々しさ、厳しさ

the quality of being severe in the way that you speak and behave:

She pointed out, with some asperity, that it had all been my fault.

 

153. aspersion [noun]

中傷、悪口

a false or misleading charge meant to harm someone's reputation:

Jack’s political rival cast an aspersion against him right before the election.

 

154. assail [verb]

襲撃する、攻撃する

to attack someone violently or criticize someone strongly:

The opposition's newspapers assail the government each day.

 

155. assassinate [verb]

暗殺する、名誉を傷つける

to murder a famous or important person, esp. for political reasons or in exchange for money:

The president travels with lots of security so that no one is able to assassinate him from the crowd.

 

156. assemblage [noun]

集団、寄せ集め

a collection of things or a group of people or animals:

An assemblage of rust-colored antiques lined the tables of the thrift store.

 

157. assent [verb]

同意する、賛成する

to agree to or give official approval to something:

He gave his assent to the proposed legislation.

 

158. assiduous [adjective]

根気強い、勤勉な

showing hard work, care, and attention to detail:

That was very assiduous of you to finish those financial reports weeks ahead of schedule.

 

159. assimilate [verb]

同化する、吸収する

to understand and remember new information and make it part of your basic knowledge so that you can use it as your own:

Jane had to assimilate a great deal of information on the first day of her new job.

 

160. assuage [verb]

和らげる、軽減する

to make unpleasant feelings less strong:

In an effort to assuage angry customers, the store issued everyone a full refund.

 

毎日英語を話す練習をするならここ:

毎日話せる「レアジョブ英会話」

 

オンライン英会話「レアジョブ」

 

161. astigmatic [adjective]

乱視の

having a fault in the lens of the eye that reduces the quality of sight, especially one that stops the eye from focusing:

We adapted visual information to astigmatic persons with due account of the degree of astigmatism.

 

162. astringent [adjective]

厳しい、辛辣な

rigidly severe:

He uploaded some astringent comments on the paper for the international conference.

 

163. asylum [noun]

収容所、施設

protection or safety, or a protected and safe place, given especially to someone who has left a country or place for political reasons:

Clara’s lifelong dream is to start a program that grants asylum to persecuted citizens from other countries.

 

164. atavism [noun]

隔世遺伝、先祖返り

a feeling or reaction that comes from long ago in human history, rather than being necessary or appropriate in modern times:

Ruby’s red hairs were viewed as atavism since her great-grandmother had the red hue.

 

165. atrocious [adjective]

残虐な、極悪な

violent and shocking:

The traders forced the slaves to live in an atrocious environment.

 

166. atrophy [verb]

退化する、衰退する

to be reduced in size and therefore strength, or, more generally, to become weaker:

According to researchers, the lack of exercise causes muscles to atrophy and become feeble.

 

167. attenuate [verb]

弱める、減ずる

to make something less or weaker:

Doctors claim taking the flu vaccine will attenuate the effects of the illness.

 

168. attest [verb]

証明する、証言する

to show something or to say or prove that something is true:

Driving while texting is not safe as any police officer can attest.

 

169. attune [verb]

調律する、適合する

to make someone able to understand or recognize something:

The radio transmitter wasn’t picking up what we needed, so I had to attune it to the right frequency.

 

170. audacious [adjective]

大胆な、無謀な

showing an unusual willingness to take risks:

The most successful people are those who are audacious and not afraid to take risks.

 

大手の英会話教室に通うならここ:

35年の実績、安心の月謝制。英会話スクール・教室なら、シェーン英会話。

 

シェーン英会話 無料体験レッスン申込み

 

171. augment [verb]

増加させる、拡大する

to increase the size or value of something by adding something to it:

Because I want to augment my income, I am thinking about getting a second job.

 

172. augury [noun]

占い、予兆

a sign of what might happen in the future:

These sales figures are a good augury for another profitable year.

 

173. august [adjective]

尊い、威厳のある

having great importance and respect in society:

The august chef has been invited to cook dinner for the queen.

 

174. auspicious [adjective]

幸運な、幸先の良い

suggesting a positive and successful future:

His brilliant acceptance speech was an auspicious start to his political career.

 

175. austere [adjective]

厳しい、簡素な

very simple, with only the things that are absolutely necessary, especially because of severe limits on money or goods:

Even though she appeared austere, my teacher was a very kind woman.

 

176. autism [noun]

自閉症

a condition in which people typically show repeated behavior and narrow interests, with limited development of social and communication skills:

Autism is four times more common in boys than in girls.

 

177. autonomy [noun]

自治権、自治体

the right of an organization, country, or region to be independent and govern itself:

Branch managers have full autonomy in their own areas.

 

178. auxiliary [adjective]

補助的な、予備の

giving help or support, especially to a more important person or thing:

When my grandmother retired, she joined the hospital auxiliary team that visited lonely patients.

 

179. avant-garde [adjective]

前衛的な、最先端の

very original or modern in comparison to the period in which they happen:

The elderly poet was confused by the youth’s avant-garde style of writing.

 

180. avarice [noun]

強欲、貪欲

an extremely strong wish to get or keep money or possessions:

Avarice makes rich people want to become even richer.

 

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181. aver [verb]

断言する、主張する

to say that something is certainly true:

Even though the country is in an economic crisis, its leader will aver the nation is doing well during his monthly address.

 

182. averse [adjective]

反対して、嫌って

strongly disliking or opposed to:

My teenager daughter is averse to chores and usually has to be forced to complete her cleaning duties.

 

183. avian [adjective]

鳥類の

of or relating to birds:

The avian part of the animal kingdom includes every type of bird from the flightless penguin to the majestic eagle.

 

184. avocation [noun]

副業、趣味

work you do in addition to your main job or profession, especially for enjoyment:

Recently, Sherman discovered that woodworking is the type of avocation he enjoys in his spare time.

 

185. avuncular [adjective]

叔父の、優しい

friendly, kind, or helpful, like the expected behavior of an uncle:

My father’s best friend Joe treats me in an avuncular manner and even calls me his niece.

 

186. axiom [noun]

原理、原則

a statement or principle that is generally accepted to be true, but need not be so:

Although you keep using that axiom as the basis for your paper, the concept itself is not true.

 

187. bacchanalian [adjective]

どんちゃん騒ぎの

involving a lot of drinking of alcohol, uncontrolled behavior, and possibly sexual activity:

The island is known for its bacchanalian parties that last well into the night.

 

188. bald [adjective]

つまらない、味気ない

basic and with no unnecessary words or detail:

The announcement came in a bald statement from the official news agency.

 

189. baleful [adjective]

害のある、不吉な

threatening to do something bad or to hurt someone:

The witness was frightened when the defendant gave her a baleful glance filled with hatred.

 

190. balkanize [verb]

細分化する、分裂させる

to break up into smaller and often hostile units:

The events in Sudan and Egypt are linked to one another and are part of the project to balkanize the Arab World and the Middle East.

 

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191. balloon [verb]

急増する、ふくらむ

to quickly increase in size or importance:

The company's debt has ballooned in the last five years.

 

192. banal [adjective]

平凡な、ありきたりな

boring, ordinary, and not original:

Because the movie’s plot was banal, we knew exactly how the film would end.

 

193. bane [noun]

災難、災い

something that is particularly effective in causing you trouble or worry:

Those noisy neighbours are the bane of my life.

 

194. baneful [adjective]

致命的な、有害な

causing harm or trouble:

If not cooked properly, the fish can be baneful to humans.

 

195. banter [verb]

ひやかす、からかう

to talk to someone in a friendly and humorous way:

Don't banter her out of her temper during these challenging times.

 

196. barbarous [adjective]

粗野な、残忍な

extremely cruel or unpleasant, or failing to reach acceptable social standards:

The king committed many barbarous acts during his reign.

 

197. bard [noun]

詩人、吟遊

a poet:

The bard was fair, but she must teach them some court dances.

 

198. bask [verb]

ひなたぼっこする、(恩恵などに)浴する

to lie or sit enjoying the warmth especially of the sun:

Crocodiles bask on the small sandy beaches.

 

199. bawdy [adjective]

みだらな、卑猥な

containing humorous remarks about sex:

With such bawdy language, it is not surprising that the novel is not being carried in religious bookstores.

 

200. bay [verb]

吠える、叫ぶ

to make a long, deep cry repeatedly:

The police dogs are baying to be released, as the newly arrived officers are gathered in for the briefing.