【完全版】GRE英単語例文集②|GRE General Test攻略のための必須英単語2163



【完全版】GRE英単語例文集②|101. antimicrobial~200. bay


本サイトはGRE General Test 攻略のための必須英単語 2163に掲載されている英単語の例文集②(101. antimicrobial~200. bay)です。







GRE General Test攻略のための必須英単語2163|101. antimicrobial~200. bay


101. antimicrobial [adjective]


able to destroy harmful microbes:

For example, the true magnitude of the antimicrobial drug resistance crisis is unknown because of the absence of systematic monitoring.


102. antipathy [noun]


a feeling of strong dislike, opposition, or anger:

Despite his personal antipathy to me, he was still able to be polite.


103. antiquity [noun]


the past, esp. before the Middle Ages, or something of great age:

While many females got married in their teens in antiquity, today women tend to marry in their later years.


104. antithetical [adjective]


exactly the opposite of someone or something or of each other:

The bill has not passed parliament because the conservative party is antithetical to the liberal party’s proposal.


105. anything but


used to mean the opposite of the stated quality:

The problem is anything but easy.


106. apathetic [adjective]


showing no interest or energy and unwilling to take action, especially over something important:

The employee’s apathetic attitude was apparent in the rude way he greeted customers.


107. apex [noun]


the highest point or top of a shape or object:

Janice was at the apex of her music career when she sold over a million copies of her second album.


108. aphorism [noun]


a short clever saying that is intended to express a general truth:

Bill began his speech with a humorous aphorism from one of his favorite authors.


109. apocryphal [adjective]


of doubtful authenticity:

Scientists claim that the apocryphal story about creation is not true.


110. apogee [noun]


the most successful, popular, or powerful point:

The hikers reached the apogee of the mountain at sunset and were glad to start descent the following day.



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111. apostate [adjective]


of or characterized by apostasy:

We must punish this apostate priest.


112. apostle [noun]


someone who strongly supports a particular belief or political movement:

He might have been, like Gandhi, an apostle of passive resistance.


113. apothegm [noun]


a short clever saying that is intended to express a general truth:

One of my mother's favorite apothegms was that “you can’t buy happiness.”


114. appease [verb]


to prevent further disagreement by giving to the other side something that they have demanded:

When I reported the cashier’s poor customer service, the manager tried to appease me with the offer of a free pizza.


115. appellation [noun]


a name or title:

Because there is no appellation on the product, consumers are confused about the brand's name.


116. apportion [verb]


to give or share something among several people or things:

At the center, we apportion afternoon snacks so that all children get at least one juice and one snack.


117. apposite [adjective]


suitable and right for the occasion:

During the debate, the candidate implied his opponent’s employment plan was not apposite for the country.


118. apprehensive [adjective]


feeling worried about something that you are going to do or that is going to happen:

With recent job cuts, Kate is apprehensive about losing her job.


119. apprentice [noun]


someone who has agreed to work for a skilled person for a particular period of time and often for low payment, in order to learn that person's skills:

My son is an apprentice in a furniture maker's workshop.


120. apprise [verb]


to tell someone about something:

He came to apprise us that the work had been successfully completed.






121. approbation [noun]


approval or agreement, often given by an official group:

I need to write a powerful resume to gain approbation from an employer.


122. appropriate [verb]


to set apart for or assign to a particular purpose or use:

There can be problems in appropriating funds for legal expenses.


123. apropos [adjective]


suitable in a particular situation or at a particular time:

Justine’s apropos comment fit in perfectly with our discussion.


124. aptitude [noun]


a natural ability or skill:

The aptitude test will identify your strongest areas in math.


125. aquiline [adjective]


of or like an eagle:

He had a thin aquiline nose and deep-set brown eyes.


126. arabesque [noun]


of, done in, or like arabesque; fantastic and elaborate:

The arabesque stone monument was crafted with graceful, intricate designs.


127. arbiter [noun]


a person who acts as a judge in an argument or of a subject of interest:

An arbiter will help the divorcing couple come to terms on a settlement.


128. arboreal [adjective]


of or living in trees:

It is easy for the deer to hide in the fallen leaves of its arboreal habitat.


129. arcane [adjective]


mysterious and known only by a few people:

Because it is no longer taught in schools, people are concerned that cursive writing will become arcane.


130. archaic [adjective]


of or belonging to an ancient period in history:

Because my archaic computer is no longer useful to me, I am giving it away for free.






131. archipelago [noun]


a group of small islands or an area of sea in which there are many small islands:

Many cruises sail to an archipelago in order to allow tourists to visit many island nations in just a short period of time.


132. ardent [adjective]


showing strong feelings:

He's an ardent supporter of the local football team.


133. arduous [adjective]


difficult, needing a lot of effort and energy:

Playing the piano may seem arduous at first, but it gets easier with practice.


134. argot [noun]


words and expressions that are used by small groups of people and that are not easily understood by other people:

The old woman could not understand the argot her granddaughter used to communicate with her friends.


135. argumentative [adjective]


often arguing or wanting to argue:

An argumentative student will often disagree with the teacher just for the sake of doing so rather than having a good reason.


136. arid [adjective]


very dry and without enough rain for plants:

The crops will not grow in the arid ground because the soil is too dry.


137. aristocratic [adjective]


belonging to a class of people who hold high social rank:

The man’s aristocratic background caused him to crave fine dining and lavish parties.


138. arrest [verb]


to stop or interrupt the development of something:

It is sometimes possible to arrest or reverse the disease.


139. arrogance [noun]


the quality of being unpleasantly proud and behaving as if you are more important than, or know more than, other people:

Fred is so full of arrogance to think that anyone cares about what he has to say simply because he attended Harvard.


140. arrogate [verb]


to take something without having the right to do so:

The gang is trying to arrogate the public park and turn it into their private meeting space.






141. articulate [verb]


able to express thoughts and feelings easily and clearly, or showing this quality:

A polished speaker, Jenna was able to articulate her points during any discussion.


142. artifice [noun]


a clever trick or something intended to deceive:

Because the bank robber knew he needed an artifice to distract the security guard, he decided to blow up a car in the parking lot.


143. artisan [noun]


someone who does skilled work with their hands:

The artisan cheesemakers specialized in making cheeses on their small dairy farm.


144. artless [adjective]


simple and not wanting to deceive:

Her countenance and a few artless words fully conveyed all her gratitude and delight.


145. as to



We had different views as to how a political interviewer should go about his job.


146. ascent [noun]


the act of climbing or moving upwards:

My legs were tired after I took the ascent to the cabin on the ridge.


147. ascertain [verb]


to make certain of something:

In order to ascertain which applicant was most qualified for the position, the hiring manager spent a long time reviewing the resumes.


148. ascetic [adjective]


avoiding physical pleasures and living a simple life, often for religious reasons:

Jacob chose to live an ascetic life because of his strict religious beliefs.


149. ascribe [verb]


to consider something to be caused, created, or owned by someone or something:

While you can sometimes ascribe these symptoms to allergies, I’m pretty sure you have a full-fledged cold.


150. aseptic [adjective]


medically clean or without infection:

Aseptic boxes of fruit juices or plastic containers of prepared beverages can be frozen to serve double duty in the cooler.



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151. askance [adverb]


with disapproval or distrust:

Employers tend to look askance at people who change jobs often.


152. asperity [noun]


the quality of being severe in the way that you speak and behave:

She pointed out, with some asperity, that it had all been my fault.


153. aspersion [noun]


a false or misleading charge meant to harm someone's reputation:

Jack’s political rival cast an aspersion against him right before the election.


154. assail [verb]


to attack someone violently or criticize someone strongly:

The opposition's newspapers assail the government each day.


155. assassinate [verb]


to murder a famous or important person, esp. for political reasons or in exchange for money:

The president travels with lots of security so that no one is able to assassinate him from the crowd.


156. assemblage [noun]


a collection of things or a group of people or animals:

An assemblage of rust-colored antiques lined the tables of the thrift store.


157. assent [verb]


to agree to or give official approval to something:

He gave his assent to the proposed legislation.


158. assiduous [adjective]


showing hard work, care, and attention to detail:

That was very assiduous of you to finish those financial reports weeks ahead of schedule.


159. assimilate [verb]


to understand and remember new information and make it part of your basic knowledge so that you can use it as your own:

Jane had to assimilate a great deal of information on the first day of her new job.


160. assuage [verb]


to make unpleasant feelings less strong:

In an effort to assuage angry customers, the store issued everyone a full refund.







161. astigmatic [adjective]


having a fault in the lens of the eye that reduces the quality of sight, especially one that stops the eye from focusing:

We adapted visual information to astigmatic persons with due account of the degree of astigmatism.


162. astringent [adjective]


rigidly severe:

He uploaded some astringent comments on the paper for the international conference.


163. asylum [noun]


protection or safety, or a protected and safe place, given especially to someone who has left a country or place for political reasons:

Clara’s lifelong dream is to start a program that grants asylum to persecuted citizens from other countries.


164. atavism [noun]


a feeling or reaction that comes from long ago in human history, rather than being necessary or appropriate in modern times:

Ruby’s red hairs were viewed as atavism since her great-grandmother had the red hue.


165. atrocious [adjective]


violent and shocking:

The traders forced the slaves to live in an atrocious environment.


166. atrophy [verb]


to be reduced in size and therefore strength, or, more generally, to become weaker:

According to researchers, the lack of exercise causes muscles to atrophy and become feeble.


167. attenuate [verb]


to make something less or weaker:

Doctors claim taking the flu vaccine will attenuate the effects of the illness.


168. attest [verb]


to show something or to say or prove that something is true:

Driving while texting is not safe as any police officer can attest.


169. attune [verb]


to make someone able to understand or recognize something:

The radio transmitter wasn’t picking up what we needed, so I had to attune it to the right frequency.


170. audacious [adjective]


showing an unusual willingness to take risks:

The most successful people are those who are audacious and not afraid to take risks.





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171. augment [verb]


to increase the size or value of something by adding something to it:

Because I want to augment my income, I am thinking about getting a second job.


172. augury [noun]


a sign of what might happen in the future:

These sales figures are a good augury for another profitable year.


173. august [adjective]


having great importance and respect in society:

The august chef has been invited to cook dinner for the queen.


174. auspicious [adjective]


suggesting a positive and successful future:

His brilliant acceptance speech was an auspicious start to his political career.


175. austere [adjective]


very simple, with only the things that are absolutely necessary, especially because of severe limits on money or goods:

Even though she appeared austere, my teacher was a very kind woman.


176. autism [noun]


a condition in which people typically show repeated behavior and narrow interests, with limited development of social and communication skills:

Autism is four times more common in boys than in girls.


177. autonomy [noun]


the right of an organization, country, or region to be independent and govern itself:

Branch managers have full autonomy in their own areas.


178. auxiliary [adjective]


giving help or support, especially to a more important person or thing:

When my grandmother retired, she joined the hospital auxiliary team that visited lonely patients.


179. avant-garde [adjective]


very original or modern in comparison to the period in which they happen:

The elderly poet was confused by the youth’s avant-garde style of writing.


180. avarice [noun]


an extremely strong wish to get or keep money or possessions:

Avarice makes rich people want to become even richer.




181. aver [verb]


to say that something is certainly true:

Even though the country is in an economic crisis, its leader will aver the nation is doing well during his monthly address.


182. averse [adjective]


strongly disliking or opposed to:

My teenage daughter is averse to chores and usually has to be forced to complete her cleaning duties.


183. avian [adjective]


of or relating to birds:

The avian part of the animal kingdom includes every type of bird from the flightless penguin to the majestic eagle.


184. avocation [noun]


work you do in addition to your main job or profession, especially for enjoyment:

Recently, Sherman discovered that woodworking is the type of avocation he enjoys in his spare time.


185. avuncular [adjective]


friendly, kind, or helpful, like the expected behavior of an uncle:

My father’s best friend Joe treats me in an avuncular manner and even calls me his niece.


186. axiom [noun]


a statement or principle that is generally accepted to be true, but need not be so:

Although you keep using that axiom as the basis for your paper, the concept itself is not true.


187. bacchanalian [adjective]


involving a lot of drinking of alcohol, uncontrolled behavior, and possibly sexual activity:

The island is known for its bacchanalian parties that last well into the night.


188. bald [adjective]


basic and with no unnecessary words or detail:

The announcement came in a bald statement from the official news agency.


189. baleful [adjective]


threatening to do something bad or to hurt someone:

The witness was frightened when the defendant gave her a baleful glance filled with hatred.


190. balkanize [verb]


to break up into smaller and often hostile units:

The events in Sudan and Egypt are linked to one another and are part of the project to balkanize the Arab World and the Middle East.






191. balloon [verb]


to quickly increase in size or importance:

The company's debt has ballooned in the last five years.


192. banal [adjective]


boring, ordinary, and not original:

Because the movie’s plot was banal, we knew exactly how the film would end.


193. bane [noun]


something that is particularly effective in causing you trouble or worry:

Those noisy neighbors are the bane of my life.


194. baneful [adjective]


causing harm or trouble:

If not cooked properly, the fish can be baneful to humans.


195. banter [verb]


to talk to someone in a friendly and humorous way:

Don't banter her out of her temper during these challenging times.


196. barbarous [adjective]


extremely cruel or unpleasant, or failing to reach acceptable social standards:

The king committed many barbarous acts during his reign.


197. bard [noun]


a poet:

The bard was fair, but she must teach them some court dances.


198. bask [verb]


to lie or sit enjoying the warmth especially of the sun:

Crocodiles bask on the small sandy beaches.


199. bawdy [adjective]


containing humorous remarks about sex:

With such bawdy language, it is not surprising that the novel is not being carried in religious bookstores.


200. bay [verb]


to make a long, deep cry repeatedly:

The police dogs are baying to be released, as the newly arrived officers are gathered in for the briefing.