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【完全版】GRE英単語例文集⑯|GRE General Test攻略のための必須英単語2163

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【完全版】GRE英単語例文集⑯|1501. plasticity~1600. prudent

 

本サイトはGRE General Test 攻略のための必須英単語 2163に掲載されている英単語の例文集⑯(1501. plasticity~1600. prudent)です。

 

英単語を覚える際にご利用頂ければと思います。

また英単語の暗記を助ける音声教材をYouTubeで提供しております。

 

よろしければご利用ください。

 

youtu.be

 

GRE General Test攻略のための必須英単語2163|1501. plasticity~1600. prudent

 

1501. plasticity [noun]

可塑性、柔軟性

the quality of being soft enough to be changed into a new shape:

The neurosurgeon explained that blain plasticity refers to the brain's ability to change and grow over time.

 

1502. platitude [noun]

決まり文句、平凡

a remark or statement that may be true but is boring and has no meaning because it has been said so many times before:

The politician ended his speech with a platitude about every man’s right to vote.

 

1503. plaudit [noun]

喝采、賞賛

praise:

The quality of his photography earned him plaudits from the experts.

 

1504. plausible [adjective]

もっともらしい、妥当な

seeming likely to be true, or able to be believed:

When Jason forgot to do his homework, he tried to come up with a plausible excuse his teacher would believe.

 

1505. plea [noun]

嘆願、答弁

an urgent and emotional request:

He made a plea for help.

 

1506. plebeian [noun]

平民、大衆

one of the common people:

The millionaire called the hotel a plebeian accommodation because it did not offer room service.

 

1507. plethora [noun]

過多、過剰

a very large amount of something, especially a larger amount than you need, want, or can deal with:

The plethora of regulations is both contradictory and confusing.

 

1508. pliant [adjective]

柔軟な、変形しやすい

being able and willing to accept change or new ideas:

These toys are made of pliant rubber, so they won't break.

 

1509. plod [verb]

とぼとぼ歩く、こつこつ働く

to walk taking slow steps, as if your feet are heavy:

We plodded through the mud.

 

1510. plucky [adjective]

勇気のある、元気のいい

brave:

The plucky preschooler stood up to the bully who was taking his friend’s lunch.

 

英語のアウトプットを学ぶならここ:

オンライン英会話とは違う英語学習サービス HiNative Trek

 

1511. plumb [verb]

深さを測る、測量する

to measure how deep something is, especially water:

Researchers plumb oceans for biological insights.

 

1512. plummet [verb]

垂直に落ちる、急落する

to fall very quickly and suddenly:

When the housing bubble burst, many people saw their property values plummet.

 

1513. plunder [verb]

略奪する、盗む

to steal or remove something precious from something, in a way that does not consider moral laws or is more severe than it need be:

During the protest riots, angry citizens began to plunder goods from closed stores.

 

1514. plutocracy [noun]

金権政治、富豪階級

a system of government in which the richest people in a country rule or have power:

Ancient Greece was once a plutocracy, but its wealthiest residents no longer regulate the country.

 

1515. poignant [adjective]

痛切な、感動的な

causing or having a very sharp feeling of sadness:

Because the poignant movie reminded me of my painful childhood, it made me cry.

 

1516. polarity [noun]

対立、正反対

the quality of being opposite:

The film is based on the polarity of the two main characters.

 

1517. polemic [noun]

議論、論争

a piece of writing or a speech in which a person argues forcefully for or against someone or something:

The political candidate posted a polemic on his blog that mocked his rival’s lack of community service.

 

1518. politic [adjective]

賢い、抜け目のない

wise and showing the ability to make the right decisions:

When the fight began, he thought it politic to leave.

 

1519. polyglot [noun]

多言語の、数か国語からなる

speaking or using several different languages:

Because my sister is a polyglot, she was hired as a language translator for the United Nations.

 

1520. populace [noun]

大衆、民衆

the ordinary people who live in a particular country or place:

The populace became angry when the government failed to lower taxes.

 

オンライン英会話でTOEFL対策をするならここ:

圧倒的な低価格と世界117ヵ国以上の講師からなるDMM英会話

 

 

1521. populism [noun]

人民主義、民衆主義

political ideas and activities that are intended to get the support of ordinary people by giving them what they want:

The basis of populism is the belief that giving power to the people will protect individuals from exploitation.

 

1522. porous [adjective]

多孔性の、浸透性の

allowing liquid or air to pass through:

Porous polymer membranes have a thin layer of semi-permeable material that is used for solute separation as transmembrane pressure is applied across the membrane.

 

1523. poseur [noun]

気取りや、なりすまし屋

someone who pretends to be something they are not, or to have qualities that they do not have:

Security was shocked that a poseur was able to sneak into the VIP room.

 

1524. posit [verb]

仮定する、提案する

to suggest something as a basic fact or principle from which a further idea is formed or developed:

Since no other venue is available, I will posit my condominium as a place for the company holiday party.

 

1525. posthumous [adjective]

死後の

happening after a person's death:

He received a posthumous award for bravery.

 

1526. postulate [verb]

仮定する、前提とする

to suggest or accept that a theory or idea is true as a starting point for reasoning or discussion:

It was the Greek astronomer who postulated that the earth was at the center of the universe.

 

1527. pounce [verb]

急に飛びかかる、すばやく非難する

to jump or move quickly in order to catch or take hold of something:

The cat sat in the tree ready to pounce on the ducks below.

 

1528. practitioner [noun]

従業者、開業者

someone involved in a skilled job or activity:

She was a medical practitioner before she entered politics.

 

1529. pragmatic [adjective]

実用的な、プラグマティズムの

based on practical judgments rather than principles:

The scientist had a pragmatic approach to dealing with the water crisis.

 

1530. prate [verb]

しゃべる、むだ話をする

to talk stupidly, or about things that are not important, for a long time:

Even when the intoxicated woman was placed in the police car, she continued to prate until one of the officers yelled for her to be silent.

 

英会話力と英文ライティング力をつけるeラーニングならここ:

カナンアカデミー英語eラーニング講座

 

 

1531. prattle [verb]

おしゃべりをする、無駄話をする

to talk in a silly way or like a child for a long time about things that are not important or without saying anything important:

At every party, there is always one lady who has to prattle on about her cute kids.

 

1532. preamble [noun]

前置き、序文

something that happens before or leads to something else:

At the start, the article’s preamble informs readers about the topics the author will discuss during his interview.

 

1533. precarious [adjective]

不安定な、危険な

in a dangerous state because of not being safe or not being held in place firmly:

Many borrowers now find themselves caught in a precarious financial position.

 

1534. precept [noun]

教訓、規範

a rule for action or behavior, especially obtained from moral thought:

Lawyers are supposed to follow a strict precept of ethics.

 

1535. precipitate [verb]

促進する、早める

to make something happen suddenly or sooner than expected:

Fear of losing her job precipitated her into action.

 

1536. precis [noun]

大意、要約

a short form of a text that gives only the important parts:

The newspaper printed a subjective precis of the damning report.

 

1537. precocious [adjective]

早熟の、ませた

showing mental development or achievement much earlier than usual:

I was a precocious child who at the age of four was already discussing the daily news with my parents.

 

1538. precursor [noun]

先駆者、前兆

something that comes before another and may lead to it or influence its development:

Biological research has often been a precursor to medical breakthroughs.

 

1539. predicament [noun]

苦境、窮地

an unpleasant situation that is difficult to get out of:

Because I do not want to end up in a financial predicament, I pay my bills regularly.

 

1540. predilection [noun]

ひいき、偏好

a strong liking or preference:

Although she loves all types of music, she has a predilection for country tunes.

 

予約不要で自由に英会話レッスンを受けるならここ:

思い立った瞬間に英会話レッスンが可能【ネイティブキャンプ】

 

 

1541. predisposition [noun]

傾向、性質

the state of being likely to behave in a particular way or to suffer from a particular disease:

She has an annoying predisposition to find fault.

 

1542. preferential [adjective]

優先の、選択的な

better than that given to others:

Bank employees usually get preferential rates of interest.

 

1543. prehensile [adjective]

理解力のある、物をつかめる

able to hold on to things, especially by curling around them:

A large opossum used its prehensile tail to gather and carry nesting materials.

 

1544. premeditate [verb]

前もって計画する、予謀する

to think about and revolve in the mind beforehand:

The assault was premeditated and particularly brutal.

 

1545. premonition [noun]

予感、前兆

a feeling that something, especially something unpleasant, is going to happen:

Before the accident, he had a premonition something bad was going to happen.

 

1546. preordain [verb]

予定する、運命を定める

to decide or fix what will happen in a way that cannot be changed or controlled:

Some people believe that fate has been preordained whether they will be happy or not.

 

1547. preposterous [adjective]

途方もない、非常識な

completely unreasonable and ridiculous:

The new laws are preposterous and will not solve the real crime issue.

 

1548. presage [verb]

予言する、予知する

to show or suggest that something, often something unpleasant, will happen:

Higher fuel prices will presage an increase in airfares.

 

1549. prescience [noun]

予知、洞察

the ability to know or correctly suggest what will happen in the future:

Because Janet was amazed by the psychic’s prescience, she visited him on a regular basis.

 

1550. prescient [adjective]

予知する、先見の明のある

knowing or suggesting correctly what will happen in the future:

The psychic's predictions were uncannily prescient and ended up proving true a few weeks later.

 

TOEFLの4技能を伸ばすならここ:

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1551. presumptuous [adjective]

生意気な、厚かましい

rude because of doing something although you know you do not have a right to do it:

It would be presumptuous of me to comment on the matter.

 

1552. pretension [noun]

要求、主張

a claim or belief that you can succeed or that you are important or have serious value:

The Chronicle has pretensions to being a serious newspaper.

 

1553. pretentious [adjective]

うぬぼれた、もったいぶった

trying to appear or sound more important or clever than you are, especially in matters of art and literature:

Even though Jake was a millionaire, he avoided hanging out with pretentious people who liked to flaunt their wealth.

 

1554. preternatural [adjective]

異常な、超自然的な

more than is usual or natural:

Anger gave me preternatural strength, and I managed to force the door open.

 

1555. prevalence [noun]

流行、普及

the fact that something is very common or happens often:

The prevalence of diabetes and obesity in adults continues to rise as junk food portion sizes get bigger and bigger.

 

1556. prevaricate [verb]

ごまかす

to avoid telling the truth or saying exactly what you think:

Even after she had been sworn in for her testimony, the witness continued to prevaricate about her relationship with the defendant.

 

1557. priggish [adjective]

堅苦しい、気難しい

marked by excessive concern for propriety and good form:

After working for a priggish boss who was never satisfied with my work, I decided to quit the job and work somewhere else.

 

1558. prim [adjective]

几帳面な、堅苦しい

very formal and correct in behavior and easily shocked by anything rude:

The prudish princess has a reputation for being overly prim and proper.

 

1559. primacy [noun]

第一、最優先

the state of being the most important thing:

The primacy of our mealtimes is that everyone eats together as a family.

 

1560. primal [adjective]

主要な、初期の

basic and relating to an early stage of development:

The dog’s primal instincts allow it to hunt out prey easily.

 

毎日英語を話す練習をするならここ:

毎日話せる「レアジョブ英会話」

 

オンライン英会話「レアジョブ」

 

1561. primordial [adjective]

原始の、根本的な

existing at or since the beginning of the world or the universe:

The planet Jupiter contains large amounts of the primordial gas and dust out of which the solar system was formed.

 

1562. pristine [adjective]

初期の、汚されていない

new or almost new, and in very good condition:

Because there were few tourists on the island, the beaches were still pristine and beautiful.

 

1563. probation [noun]

試験期間、保護観察

a period of time when a criminal must behave well and not commit any more crimes in order to avoid being sent to prison:

The prisoner was put on probation.

 

1564. probity [noun]

誠実、潔白

complete honesty:

Banks only hire people with reputations of probity.

 

1565. proclivity [noun]

傾向、性質

the fact that someone likes something or likes to do something, especially something considered morally wrong:

It is the proclivity of the gas companies to raise prices when demand is high.

 

1566. procure [verb]

獲得する、調達する

to get something, especially after an effort:

It remained very difficult to procure food, fuel and other daily necessities.

 

1567. prodigal [adjective]

金遣いの荒い、浪費癖のある

spending or using large amounts of money, time, energy, etc., especially in a way that is not very wise:

The prodigal landlord spends the money as fast as he receives it.

 

1568. prodigious [adjective]

巨大な、莫大な

extremely great in ability, amount, or strength:

She wrote a truly prodigious number of novels.

 

1569. prodigy [noun]

天才、驚異

someone with a very great ability that usually shows itself when that person is a young child:

The high school boy was considered a prodigy when he won the national chess championship.

 

1570. profligate [adjective]

浪費する、金遣いが荒い

spending money or using something in a way that wastes it and is not wise:

She is well-known for her profligate spending habits.

 

大手の英会話教室に通うならここ:

35年の実績、安心の月謝制。英会話スクール・教室なら、シェーン英会話。

 

シェーン英会話 無料体験レッスン申込み

 

1571. profound [adjective]

深みのある、深甚な

showing a clear and deep understanding of serious matters:

The speaker’s profound words made me think about my future.

 

1572. profundity [noun]

深み、奥深さ

the quality of showing a clear and deep understanding of serious matters:

He lacked profundity and analytical precision.

 

1573. profuse [adjective]

豊富な、おびただしい

produced or given in large amounts:

Last year, my garden was so profuse with vegetation that I had to give away food.

 

1574. progeny [noun]

子孫、後継者

the young or offspring of a person, animal, or plant:

His numerous progeny are scattered all over the country.

 

1575. prognostic [adjective]

前兆となる

foretelling or predicting:

The arterial-alveolar oxygen tension ratio is a useful prognostic indicator.

 

1576. prohibitive [adjective]

(税や価格が)極端に高い、禁制の

too expensive to pay:

Hotel prices in the major cities are high but not prohibitive.

 

1577. proliferate [verb]

急増する、繁殖する

to increase a lot and suddenly in number:

As cell phones become more and more multi-functional, their use continues to proliferate and you see them and hear them just about everywhere you go.

 

1578. prolific [adjective]

多産の、豊かな

producing a great number or amount of something:

Because the huge storm is expected to produce a prolific amount of snow, government offices and schools are being closed.

 

1579. prolix [adjective]

冗長な、くどい

using too many words and therefore boring or difficult to read or listen to:

The prolix professor had a habit of using complex words that most people could not comprehend.

 

1580. prominent [adjective]

顕著な、卓越した

very well known and important:

If you are a prominent member of society, you will surely get an invitation to the mayor’s fundraising gala.

 

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1581. prompt [verb]

刺激する、誘発する

to make something happen:

Recent worries over the president's health have prompted speculation over his political future.

 

1582. promulgate [verb]

公布する、普及させる

to spread beliefs or ideas among a lot of people:

The new law was finally promulgated in the autumn of last year.

 

1583. propagate [verb]

増殖する、普及する

to produce a new plant using a parent plant:

Most house plants can be propagated from stem cuttings.

 

1584. propensity [noun]

傾向、性質

the fact that someone is likely to behave in a particular way, especially a bad way:

My mother has a propensity to drink when she gets anxious.

 

1585. prophecy [noun]

予言、神のお告げ

a statement that tells what will happen in the future:

The minister suggested that the dire prophecies of certain leading environmentalists were somewhat exaggerated.

 

1586. propitiate [verb]

なだめる、和解させる

to please and make calm a god or person who is annoyed with you:

In those days people might sacrifice a goat or sheep to propitiate an angry god.

 

1587. propitious [adjective]

幸運な、幸先の良い

likely to result in success, or showing signs of success:

When the butterfly landed on her shoulder, Alicia took it as a propitious sign she would have a fantastic day.

 

1588. proponent [noun]

支持者、提案者

a person who supports an idea, plan, or cause:

Because Monica loves animals, she is a fierce proponent of the animal rights movement.

 

1589. propriety [noun]

礼儀正しさ、妥当

correct moral behavior or actions:

She was always careful to behave with propriety.

 

1590. prosaic [adjective]

単調な、面白みのない

without interest, imagination, and excitement:

Even though the film director described the movie as exciting, the film was actually prosaic and put most of the audience to sleep.

 

留学出願エッセイ・志望動機書の編集・添削・アドバイスサービスならここ:

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1591. proscribe [verb]

法律で禁止する、追放する

to forbid an action or practice officially:

In our country, there are laws which proscribe discrimination based on race and gender.

 

1592. protean [adjective]

変幻自在な、多様性のある

easily and continuously changing:

George is a protean actor who is capable of playing numerous characters.

 

1593. protract [verb]

長引かせる、引き延ばす

to make something last for a long time or last longer than necessary:

They tried to protract the discussion.

 

1594. provident [adjective]

先見の明のある、用心深い

making arrangements for future needs, especially by saving money:

The provident couple attended a seminar on how to budget their income.

 

1595. providential [adjective]

幸運な、摂理の

happening exactly when needed but without being planned:

Winning the lottery was a providential step towards paying off my mounting debt.

 

1596. provincial [adjective]

地方の、州の

in or from the parts of the country that are not the capital city:

The majority of young professionals in the capital have moved there from provincial towns.

 

1597. provocative [adjective]

刺激する、怒らせる

intended to cause a reaction, especially anger or annoyance, or to force you to think more carefully about something:

The minister's provocative remarks were widely reported in the press.

 

1598. prowess [noun]

優れた能力、勇敢

great ability or skill:

Christina used her hunting prowess to survive in the woods for a week.

 

1599. proxy [noun]

代理人、代用品

the agency, function, or office of a deputy who acts as a substitute for another:

When my husband and I are out of the country, my sister is the proxy who signs legal documents for our children.

 

1600. prudent [adjective]

分別のある、用心深い

careful and avoiding risks:

It is not prudent to go swimming during a hurricane.