【完全版】GRE英単語例文集⑯|GRE General Test攻略のための必須英単語2163


【完全版】GRE英単語例文集⑯|1501. plasticity~1600. prudent


本サイトはGRE General Test 攻略のための必須英単語 2163に掲載されている英単語の例文集⑯(1501. plasticity~1600. prudent)です。







GRE General Test攻略のための必須英単語2163|1501. plasticity~1600. prudent


1501. plasticity [noun]


the quality of being soft enough to be changed into a new shape:

The neurosurgeon explained that blain plasticity refers to the brain's ability to change and grow over time.


1502. platitude [noun]


a remark or statement that may be true but is boring and has no meaning because it has been said so many times before:

The politician ended his speech with a platitude about every man’s right to vote.


1503. plaudit [noun]



The quality of his photography earned him plaudits from the experts.


1504. plausible [adjective]


seeming likely to be true, or able to be believed:

When Jason forgot to do his homework, he tried to come up with a plausible excuse his teacher would believe.


1505. plea [noun]


an urgent and emotional request:

He made a plea for help.


1506. plebeian [noun]


one of the common people:

The millionaire called the hotel a plebeian accommodation because it did not offer room service.


1507. plethora [noun]


a very large amount of something, especially a larger amount than you need, want, or can deal with:

The plethora of regulations is both contradictory and confusing.


1508. pliant [adjective]


being able and willing to accept change or new ideas:

These toys are made of pliant rubber, so they won't break.


1509. plod [verb]


to walk taking slow steps, as if your feet are heavy:

We plodded through the mud.


1510. plucky [adjective]



The plucky preschooler stood up to the bully who was taking his friend’s lunch.



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1511. plumb [verb]


to measure how deep something is, especially water:

Researchers plumb oceans for biological insights.


1512. plummet [verb]


to fall very quickly and suddenly:

When the housing bubble burst, many people saw their property values plummet.


1513. plunder [verb]


to steal or remove something precious from something, in a way that does not consider moral laws or is more severe than it need be:

During the protest riots, angry citizens began to plunder goods from closed stores.


1514. plutocracy [noun]


a system of government in which the richest people in a country rule or have power:

Ancient Greece was once a plutocracy, but its wealthiest residents no longer regulate the country.


1515. poignant [adjective]


causing or having a very sharp feeling of sadness:

Because the poignant movie reminded me of my painful childhood, it made me cry.


1516. polarity [noun]


the quality of being opposite:

The film is based on the polarity of the two main characters.


1517. polemic [noun]


a piece of writing or a speech in which a person argues forcefully for or against someone or something:

The political candidate posted a polemic on his blog that mocked his rival’s lack of community service.


1518. politic [adjective]


wise and showing the ability to make the right decisions:

When the fight began, he thought it politic to leave.


1519. polyglot [noun]


speaking or using several different languages:

Because my sister is a polyglot, she was hired as a language translator for the United Nations.


1520. populace [noun]


the ordinary people who live in a particular country or place:

The populace became angry when the government failed to lower taxes.






1521. populism [noun]


political ideas and activities that are intended to get the support of ordinary people by giving them what they want:

The basis of populism is the belief that giving power to the people will protect individuals from exploitation.


1522. porous [adjective]


allowing liquid or air to pass through:

Porous polymer membranes have a thin layer of semi-permeable material that is used for solute separation as transmembrane pressure is applied across the membrane.


1523. poseur [noun]


someone who pretends to be something they are not, or to have qualities that they do not have:

Security was shocked that a poseur was able to sneak into the VIP room.


1524. posit [verb]


to suggest something as a basic fact or principle from which a further idea is formed or developed:

Since no other venue is available, I will posit my condominium as a place for the company holiday party.


1525. posthumous [adjective]


happening after a person's death:

He received a posthumous award for bravery.


1526. postulate [verb]


to suggest or accept that a theory or idea is true as a starting point for reasoning or discussion:

It was the Greek astronomer who postulated that the earth was at the center of the universe.


1527. pounce [verb]


to jump or move quickly in order to catch or take hold of something:

The cat sat in the tree ready to pounce on the ducks below.


1528. practitioner [noun]


someone involved in a skilled job or activity:

She was a medical practitioner before she entered politics.


1529. pragmatic [adjective]


based on practical judgments rather than principles:

The scientist had a pragmatic approach to dealing with the water crisis.


1530. prate [verb]


to talk stupidly, or about things that are not important, for a long time:

Even when the intoxicated woman was placed in the police car, she continued to prate until one of the officers yelled for her to be silent.






1531. prattle [verb]


to talk in a silly way or like a child for a long time about things that are not important or without saying anything important:

At every party, there is always one lady who has to prattle on about her cute kids.


1532. preamble [noun]


something that happens before or leads to something else:

At the start, the article’s preamble informs readers about the topics the author will discuss during his interview.


1533. precarious [adjective]


in a dangerous state because of not being safe or not being held in place firmly:

Many borrowers now find themselves caught in a precarious financial position.


1534. precept [noun]


a rule for action or behavior, especially obtained from moral thought:

Lawyers are supposed to follow a strict precept of ethics.


1535. precipitate [verb]


to make something happen suddenly or sooner than expected:

Fear of losing her job precipitated her into action.


1536. precis [noun]


a short form of a text that gives only the important parts:

The newspaper printed a subjective precis of the damning report.


1537. precocious [adjective]


showing mental development or achievement much earlier than usual:

I was a precocious child who at the age of four was already discussing the daily news with my parents.


1538. precursor [noun]


something that comes before another and may lead to it or influence its development:

Biological research has often been a precursor to medical breakthroughs.


1539. predicament [noun]


an unpleasant situation that is difficult to get out of:

Because I do not want to end up in a financial predicament, I pay my bills regularly.


1540. predilection [noun]


a strong liking or preference:

Although she loves all types of music, she has a predilection for country tunes.






1541. predisposition [noun]


the state of being likely to behave in a particular way or to suffer from a particular disease:

She has an annoying predisposition to find fault.


1542. preferential [adjective]


better than that given to others:

Bank employees usually get preferential rates of interest.


1543. prehensile [adjective]


able to hold on to things, especially by curling around them:

A large opossum used its prehensile tail to gather and carry nesting materials.


1544. premeditate [verb]


to think about and revolve in the mind beforehand:

The assault was premeditated and particularly brutal.


1545. premonition [noun]


a feeling that something, especially something unpleasant, is going to happen:

Before the accident, he had a premonition something bad was going to happen.


1546. preordain [verb]


to decide or fix what will happen in a way that cannot be changed or controlled:

Some people believe that fate has been preordained whether they will be happy or not.


1547. preposterous [adjective]


completely unreasonable and ridiculous:

The new laws are preposterous and will not solve the real crime issue.


1548. presage [verb]


to show or suggest that something, often something unpleasant, will happen:

Higher fuel prices will presage an increase in airfares.


1549. prescience [noun]


the ability to know or correctly suggest what will happen in the future:

Because Janet was amazed by the psychic’s prescience, she visited him on a regular basis.


1550. prescient [adjective]


knowing or suggesting correctly what will happen in the future:

The psychic's predictions were uncannily prescient and ended up proving true a few weeks later.



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1551. presumptuous [adjective]


rude because of doing something although you know you do not have a right to do it:

It would be presumptuous of me to comment on the matter.


1552. pretension [noun]


a claim or belief that you can succeed or that you are important or have serious value:

The Chronicle has pretensions to being a serious newspaper.


1553. pretentious [adjective]


trying to appear or sound more important or clever than you are, especially in matters of art and literature:

Even though Jake was a millionaire, he avoided hanging out with pretentious people who liked to flaunt their wealth.


1554. preternatural [adjective]


more than is usual or natural:

Anger gave me preternatural strength, and I managed to force the door open.


1555. prevalence [noun]


the fact that something is very common or happens often:

The prevalence of diabetes and obesity in adults continues to rise as junk food portion sizes get bigger and bigger.


1556. prevaricate [verb]


to avoid telling the truth or saying exactly what you think:

Even after she had been sworn in for her testimony, the witness continued to prevaricate about her relationship with the defendant.


1557. priggish [adjective]


marked by excessive concern for propriety and good form:

After working for a priggish boss who was never satisfied with my work, I decided to quit the job and work somewhere else.


1558. prim [adjective]


very formal and correct in behavior and easily shocked by anything rude:

The prudish princess has a reputation for being overly prim and proper.


1559. primacy [noun]


the state of being the most important thing:

The primacy of our mealtimes is that everyone eats together as a family.


1560. primal [adjective]


basic and relating to an early stage of development:

The dog’s primal instincts allow it to hunt out prey easily.







1561. primordial [adjective]


existing at or since the beginning of the world or the universe:

The planet Jupiter contains large amounts of the primordial gas and dust out of which the solar system was formed.


1562. pristine [adjective]


new or almost new, and in very good condition:

Because there were few tourists on the island, the beaches were still pristine and beautiful.


1563. probation [noun]


a period of time when a criminal must behave well and not commit any more crimes in order to avoid being sent to prison:

The prisoner was put on probation.


1564. probity [noun]


complete honesty:

Banks only hire people with reputations of probity.


1565. proclivity [noun]


the fact that someone likes something or likes to do something, especially something considered morally wrong:

It is the proclivity of the gas companies to raise prices when demand is high.


1566. procure [verb]


to get something, especially after an effort:

It remained very difficult to procure food, fuel and other daily necessities.


1567. prodigal [adjective]


spending or using large amounts of money, time, energy, etc., especially in a way that is not very wise:

The prodigal landlord spends the money as fast as he receives it.


1568. prodigious [adjective]


extremely great in ability, amount, or strength:

She wrote a truly prodigious number of novels.


1569. prodigy [noun]


someone with a very great ability that usually shows itself when that person is a young child:

The high school boy was considered a prodigy when he won the national chess championship.


1570. profligate [adjective]


spending money or using something in a way that wastes it and is not wise:

She is well-known for her profligate spending habits.





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1571. profound [adjective]


showing a clear and deep understanding of serious matters:

The speaker’s profound words made me think about my future.


1572. profundity [noun]


the quality of showing a clear and deep understanding of serious matters:

He lacked profundity and analytical precision.


1573. profuse [adjective]


produced or given in large amounts:

Last year, my garden was so profuse with vegetation that I had to give away food.


1574. progeny [noun]


the young or offspring of a person, animal, or plant:

His numerous progeny are scattered all over the country.


1575. prognostic [adjective]


foretelling or predicting:

The arterial-alveolar oxygen tension ratio is a useful prognostic indicator.


1576. prohibitive [adjective]


too expensive to pay:

Hotel prices in the major cities are high but not prohibitive.


1577. proliferate [verb]


to increase a lot and suddenly in number:

As cell phones become more and more multi-functional, their use continues to proliferate and you see them and hear them just about everywhere you go.


1578. prolific [adjective]


producing a great number or amount of something:

Because the huge storm is expected to produce a prolific amount of snow, government offices and schools are being closed.


1579. prolix [adjective]


using too many words and therefore boring or difficult to read or listen to:

The prolix professor had a habit of using complex words that most people could not comprehend.


1580. prominent [adjective]


very well-known and important:

If you are a prominent member of society, you will surely get an invitation to the mayor’s fundraising gala.




1581. prompt [verb]


to make something happen:

Recent worries over the president's health have prompted speculation over his political future.


1582. promulgate [verb]


to spread beliefs or ideas among a lot of people:

The new law was finally promulgated in the autumn of last year.


1583. propagate [verb]


to produce a new plant using a parent plant:

Most house plants can be propagated from stem cuttings.


1584. propensity [noun]


the fact that someone is likely to behave in a particular way, especially a bad way:

My mother has a propensity to drink when she gets anxious.


1585. prophecy [noun]


a statement that tells what will happen in the future:

The minister suggested that the dire prophecies of certain leading environmentalists were somewhat exaggerated.


1586. propitiate [verb]


to please and make calm a god or person who is annoyed with you:

In those days people might sacrifice a goat or sheep to propitiate an angry god.


1587. propitious [adjective]


likely to result in success, or showing signs of success:

When the butterfly landed on her shoulder, Alicia took it as a propitious sign she would have a fantastic day.


1588. proponent [noun]


a person who supports an idea, plan, or cause:

Because Monica loves animals, she is a fierce proponent of the animal rights movement.


1589. propriety [noun]


correct moral behavior or actions:

She was always careful to behave with propriety.


1590. prosaic [adjective]


without interest, imagination, and excitement:

Even though the film director described the movie as exciting, the film was actually prosaic and put most of the audience to sleep.






1591. proscribe [verb]


to forbid an action or practice officially:

In our country, there are laws which proscribe discrimination based on race and gender.


1592. protean [adjective]


easily and continuously changing:

George is a protean actor who is capable of playing numerous characters.


1593. protract [verb]


to make something last for a long time or last longer than necessary:

They tried to protract the discussion.


1594. provident [adjective]


making arrangements for future needs, especially by saving money:

The provident couple attended a seminar on how to budget their income.


1595. providential [adjective]


happening exactly when needed but without being planned:

Winning the lottery was a providential step towards paying off my mounting debt.


1596. provincial [adjective]


in or from the parts of the country that are not the capital city:

The majority of young professionals in the capital have moved there from provincial towns.


1597. provocative [adjective]


intended to cause a reaction, especially anger or annoyance, or to force you to think more carefully about something:

The minister's provocative remarks were widely reported in the press.


1598. prowess [noun]


great ability or skill:

Christina used her hunting prowess to survive in the woods for a week.


1599. proxy [noun]


the agency, function, or office of a deputy who acts as a substitute for another:

When my husband and I are out of the country, my sister is the proxy who signs legal documents for our children.


1600. prudent [adjective]


careful and avoiding risks:

It is not prudent to go swimming during a hurricane.