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GRE英単語例文集|GRE General Test攻略のための必須英単語2163

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GRE英単語例文集|GRE General Test攻略のための必須英単語2163

本サイトはGRE General Test 攻略のための必須英単語 2163に掲載されている英単語の例文集です。英単語を覚える際にご利用頂ければと思います。

本サイト以外にも例文を検索したい方は、以下の2つのサイトが便利です。いずれも複数の例文が掲載されているため、自分が単語の意味をイメージしやすい例文を見つけ、GRE General Test 攻略のための必須英単語 2163に書き込んでいくこともできます。

 

1. abandon [verb]

見捨てる、放棄する

Since the young girl was unable to care for the newborn, she decided to abandon the child at a fire station.

 

2. abase [verb]

(地位を)落とす、下げる

My stepmother is an evil woman who likes to abase little children because she had a miserable childhood herself.

 

3. abate [verb]

減ずる、和らげる

I hope this medicine will abate the pain in my leg.

 

4. abdicate [verb]

放棄する、退位する

The young prince became king after his older brother decided to abdicate the throne.

 

5. aberrant [adjective]

常軌を逸した、異常な

John’s aberrant behavior is going to get him in a lot of trouble one of these days.

 

6. abet [verb]

扇動する、そそのかす

The photo editing software is sure to abet my odds of winning the photo competition.

 

7. abeyance [noun]

一時休止、一時中断

Immediately following the terrorist attack, pilots had to observe a period of abeyance where they could not depart from the airport.

 

8. abhor [verb]

嫌悪する、憎む

We abhor violence against others and respect everyone, regardless of a person's race, color and creed.

 

9. abhorrent [adjective]

大嫌いな、嫌悪する

As I looked around the filthy apartment, I had to wonder who could live in such abhorrent conditions.

 

10. abject [adjective]

惨めな、卑屈な

After his wife died, he was an abject man.

 

11. abjure [verb]

(公式に)破棄する、放棄する

After the tyrant took over the country, the citizens had to abjure their political beliefs.

 

12. abound [verb]

満ちている、いっぱいいる

At the beginning of the school year, computer deals abound on the Internet.

 

13. abreast [adjective]

並行した、横並びの

To stay relevant in the field of computer programming, Kurt must stay abreast of the latest programming languages.

 

14. abridge [verb]

要約する、縮小する

His agent told him that he needed to abridge some of the content of his novel so that it would be under 400 pages.

 

15. abrogate [verb]

廃止する、取り消す

You cannot abrogate anyone's right to free speech!

 

16. abscission [noun]

切断、脱落

Abscission of leaves occurs during autumn, before winter sets in.

 

17. abscond [verb]

逃亡する、脱走する

Do you think he has plans to abscond with the stolen money?

 

18. abstemious [adjective]

禁欲的な、節制する

Gerald was abstemious at dinner and only ate a little of the food on his plate.

 

19. abstruse [adjective]

難解な、深遠な

Some of the classic novels are too abstruse for beginning readers to understand.

 

20. absurd [adjective]

不合理な、ばかげた

Spending the week in jail for stealing a loaf of bread is an absurd punishment for such a minor crime.

 

21. abusive [adjective]

無礼な、ののしりの

It is sad to think that many animals suffer at the hands of an abusive owner every day, being physically beaten or deprived of nutrition on a regular basis.

 

22. abysmal [adjective]

底知れぬ、極端な

The movie’s plot was so abysmal the critic left the theater after five minutes.

 

23. accede [verb]

同意する、継承する

At your insistence and to avoid a prolonged argument, I will accede to your contract terms.

 

24. accolade [noun]

敬意、賞賛

When the police officer was offered the plaque, he refused to accept an accolade for doing his job.

 

25. accord [verb]

一致する、調和する

The entire table was in accord that mozzarella sticks would be the appetizer.

 

26. accretion [noun]

増加、付加

The accretion of traffic accidents and drunk driving was attributed to the opening of the new downtown mall.

 

27. accrue [verb]

増える、生じる

Even though a traditional savings count will accrue a small amount of interest every year, other types of investments are better hedges against inflation.

 

28. acculturate [verb]

文化変容させる、同化する

any immigrants have forgotten their native cultures because of acculturation in their new countries.

 

29. acerbic [adjective]

(性格が)厳しい、(味が)苦い

After John heard his teacher’s acerbic comments, he was not motivated to complete his project.

 

30. acidulous [adjective]

酸味のある、辛辣な

The acidulous drink burned my tongue.

 

31. acquit [verb]

無罪にする、放免する

Although the teacher was acquitted of child molestation charges, she still lost her educator’s license.

 

32. acrimony [noun]

とげとげしさ、辛辣さ

Her acrimony for her neighbors manifests itself with shouting and stomping.

 

33. actuarial [adjective]

保険計理人の、保険統計の

The company's actuarial report is available on demand.

 

34. acumen [noun]

鋭さ、洞察

John’s business acumen, along with his computer skills, made him an asset to the software company.

 

35. adamant [adjective]

頑固な、不屈の

Robert, a first year physics student, is adamant in his decision to peruse a career in engineering.

 

36. adjunct [noun]

付属物、助手

My math teacher was adjunct faculty and did not work for the school full time.

 

37. admonish [verb]

忠告する、警告する

Cops can admonish anyone who goes over the speed limit.

 

38. adolescence [noun]

青年期、思春期

When children reach the period of adolescence, they crave freedom to make their own choices.

 

39. adore [verb]

敬愛する、崇拝する

My mother loves to adore me in public even though I find it embarrassing, praising me in front of everyone as if I were still a child.

 

40. adroit [adjective]

器用な、抜け目のない

The child was an adroit pianist at an early age.

 

41. adulation [noun]

お世辞、へつらい

Although Jason was a famous celebrity, he was very uncomfortable with the adulation from his fans.

 

42. adulterate [verb]

不純にする、品質を下げる

If you want to adulterate your alcoholic drink, you should add some water to it.

 

43. adumbrate [verb]

概略を示す、部分的に見せる

With assistance from the victim, the sketch artist will adumbrate a picture of the robbery suspect.

 

44. adversarial [adjective]

敵の、反対者の

In our country there is an adversarial relationship between government and business.

 

45. aerie [noun]

巣、高巣

While hiking in the hills, we spotted a hawk leave it’s aerie on the cliff.

 

46. affable [adjective]

愛想のいい、感じの良い

Instead of being such a jerk, you should try being more affable!

 

47. affected [adjective]

見せかけの、気取った

The gesture appeared both affected and stagy.

 

48. affiliate [verb]

加入する、提携する

After being fired, the doctor was no longer affiliated with the hospital.

 

49. affinity [noun]

親近感、相性

Although Adam is very different than me, I have an affinity for him which I cannot describe.

 

50. affirm [verb]

断言する、確約する

Tonight, the police will affirm the suspect’s identity on national television.

 

51. affluent [adjective]

裕福な、豊富な

Only affluent families could afford the top-dollar price tags attached to the homes in that neighborhood.

 

52. aggrandize [verb]

強める、増大させる

I attempted to aggrandize the CEO’s high status in the company to sweet talk him into signing off on the deal.

 

53. aggravate [verb]

悪化させる、怒らせる

I left the party early so the noise would not aggravate my headache.

 

54. aggregate [verb]

集める、統合する

Schools often use test scores to aggregate students into classes based on intelligence.

 

55. aggrieve [verb]

悩ます、苦しめる

If the boy insults my mother and continues to tease and taunt me, he would prove he knows how to aggrieve me.

 

56. aghast [adjective]

仰天して、怖がって

The teacher was aghast at the large number of students who failed the easy test.

 

57. akimbo [adjective]

腰に手を当てて

Mom looked at the mess in my room, arms akimbo, and began yelling at the top of her lungs.

 

58. alacrity [noun]

積極性、活発

Having studied really hard last night, the student took the exam with alacrity.

 

59. albatross [noun]

制約、悩みの種

An albatross has a significantly larger wingspan than a seagull, but personally I think they’re nearly the same bird.

 

60. albeit [conjunction]

にもかかわらず、だけれども

I am a huge fan of Madonna’s music, albeit I do not own any of her albums.

 

61. alienate [verb]

疎遠にする、遠ざける

Teachers will alienate their students if they talk down to them.

 

62. allay [verb]

静める、和らげる

A good teacher will work hard to allay the concerns of a new student.

 

63. allegation [noun]

申し立て、主張

The professor made an allegation of cheating against his student.

 

64. allege [verb]

断言する、申し立てる

In the lawsuit, the parents allege the school system failed to protect their daughter from bullies.

 

65. allegory [noun]

寓話、象徴

Santa Claus is an allegory that illustrates how one person can change the world by giving.

 

66. alleviate [verb]

緩和する、軽減する

To alleviate hunger in our town, each employee of our company donated five cans of food.

 

67. alloy [verb]

組み合わせる、合金にする

Alloying tin with copper to make bronze.

 

68. allure [verb]

誘惑する、魅惑する

Because I love the allure of the ocean waters, I enjoy spending time at the beach.

 

69. aloof [adjective]

遠く離れた、無関心な

The aloof princess stood in a corner alone.

 

70. amalgamate [verb]

合併する、融合する

The two companies will amalgamate in a mutually beneficial merger next week.

 

71. ambivalent [adjective]

両面価値の、矛盾する

When it comes to the election, I am ambivalent about the candidates.


72. ambrosia [noun]

神の食べ物、おいしい食べ物

I watched him as he poured the red ambrosia into the lovely clear glass.

 

73. ameliorate [verb]

改良する、改善する

Scratching your eye will not ameliorate the itching.

 

74. amenable [adjective]

従順な、影響されやすい

My husband never complains about anything and is amenable to all my vacation suggestions.

 

75. amend [verb]

修正する、改訂する

Chris said that he would amend the bill before the year’s end due to the public outcry.

 

76. amiable [adjective]

愛想の良い、社交的な

Because she was nice to all her fellow students, my cousin Sally was voted the most amiable female at her school.

 

77. amicable [adjective]

友好的な、平和的な

If you were a bit more amicable, people would not be afraid to approach you.

 

78. amity [noun]

親睦、友好

Because of the amity in our subdivision, everyone looks out for each other.

 

79. amoral [adjective]

道徳観念のない

Hugh grew up to be an amoral man because his parents never told him the difference between right and wrong.

 

80. amortize [verb]

返済する、償却する

The businessman was able to amortize his building loan by paying monthly payments on the first and the 15th.

 

81. ample [adjective]

豊富な、広大な

Please feel free to invite friends because there will be ample food and drinks at the party.

 

82. amulet [noun]

お守り、魔除け

Dressed in the traditional religious garb, the young woman threw the amulet around her neck in order to be cautious of the hexes.

 

83. anachronism [noun]

時代錯誤、時代遅れ

something that doesn't fit its time period, like if you say you'll "dial" your smartphone.

 

84. analgesic [adjective]

鎮痛性の、無感覚の

Some women prefer to avoid analgesic medication during childbirth.

 

85. anathema [noun]

呪い、タブー

After the world learned of his heinous crimes, the dictator was considered an anathema.

 

86. anecdotal [adjective]

逸話的な、不確かな

The anecdotal nature of the interview will never be considered proof enough in a court of law.

 

87. anechoic [adjective]

反響のない、無響の

Noise is measured in anechoic room.

 

88. anemic [adjective]

無気力な、元気のない

Although the woman was anemic, she made one final push in order to deliver her baby.

 

89. anesthetize [verb]

麻酔をかける、麻痺させる

The doctor will anesthetize the patient using Propofol so that he feels no pain during surgery.

 

90. anew [adverb]

改めて、再び

After divorcing her husband last year, she married anew to a man she only knew for about three months.

 

91. angel [noun]

援助者、出資者

They now have a leading role investing alongside other venture fund managers, business angels, banks, and other finance providers.

 

92. annihilate [verb]

全滅させる、絶滅させる

During the war, our soldiers will annihilate the enemy and secure our land.

 

93. annotate [verb]

注釈を付ける

The student is free to annotate the textbook with notes, as well as to highlight any text that they choose.

 

94. annul [verb]

無効にする、取り消す

After the actress tied the knot with a stranger in Mexico, she was persuaded by her manager to annul the marriage.

 

95. anodyne [noun]

痛み止め、鎮痛剤

The doctor promised to give me a strong anodyne to relieve the throbbing in my neck.

 

96. anomaly [noun]

異常、変則

In order to find the anomaly, scientists had to repeat the experiment over a hundred times.

 

97. antagonism [noun]

対立、反対

After deciding to become a cheerleader, the teenage boy had to deal with the antagonism of his peers.

 

98. antecedent [adjective]

先立つ、先行する

Those were events antecedent to the revolution.

 

99. antediluvian [adjective]

大昔の、時代遅れの

My daughter often tells me I wear antediluvian clothes that are way out of style.

 

100. antidote [noun]

解毒剤、解決手段

Because he was bit by a snake, they had to give him the antidote so he would survive.

 

101. antimicrobial [adjective]

抗菌性の

For example, the true magnitude of the antimicrobial drug resistance crisis is unknown because of the absence of systematic monitoring.

 

102. antipathy [noun]

反感、嫌悪

The source of my antipathy is my ex-husband’s new wife!

 

103. antiquity [noun]

古代、古風

While many females got married in their teens in antiquity, today women tend to marry in their later years.

 

104. antithetical [adjective]

正反対の、相反する

The bill has not passed parliament because the conservative party is antithetical to the liberal party’s proposal.

 

105. anything but

決して~でない

The problem is anything but easy.

 

106. apathetic [adjective]

無関心な、冷淡な

The employee’s apathetic attitude was apparent in the rude way he greeted customers.

 

107. apex [noun]

頂点、先端

At the apex of our country sits the president of our nation.

 

108. aphorism [noun]

格言、警句

While Ted’s aphorism was short and funny, it was enough to make us briefly forget our father was having life-saving surgery.

 

109. apocryphal [adjective]

出所の疑わしい、不確かな

Scientists claim the apocryphal story about creation is not true.

 

110. apogee [noun]

最高点、頂点

The hikers reached the apogee of the mountain at sunset and were glad to start descent the following day.

 

111. apostate [adjective]

背教した、棄教した

When John challenged his church’s views, the leaders began to see him as an apostate.

 

112. apostle [noun]

使徒、宣教者

He might have been, like Gandhi, an apostle of passive resistance.

 

113. apothegm [noun]

警句、格言

Don’t cry over spilled milk is an apothegm which has become worn from overuse, but which will forever remain true and relevant.

 

114. appease [verb]

なだめる、和らげる

When I reported the cashier’s poor customer service, the manager tried to appease me with the offer of a free pizza.

 

115. appellation [noun]

名称、称号

Because there is no appellation on the product, consumers are confused about the brand's name.

 

116. apportion [verb]

配分する、割り当てる

At the center, we apportion afternoon snacks so that all children get at least one juice and one snack.

 

117. apposite [adjective]

適切な、ぴったりの

My daughter and I usually disagree about which clothing items are apposite for school.

 

118. apprehensive [adjective]

気づかって、懸念して

With recent job cuts, Kate is apprehensive about losing her job.

 

119. apprentice [noun]

初心者、見習い

Before he became a professional, he worked as an apprentice in the industry.

 

120. apprise [verb]

通告する、知らせる

The scouts went back to apprise their commanding officer of the enemy’s location.

 

121. approbation [noun]

承認、賞賛

I need to write a powerful resume to gain approbation from an employor.

 

122. appropriate [verb]

割り当てる、着服する

There can be problems in appropriating funds for legal expenses.

 

123. apropos [adjective]

適切な、時機を得た

Justine’s apropos comment fit in perfectly with our discussion.

 

124. aptitude [noun]

適正、素質

The aptitude test will identify your strongest areas in math.

 

125. aquiline [adjective]

鷲のような、鷲のくちばしのような

He had a thin aquiline nose and deep-set brown eyes.

 

126. arabesque [noun]

手の込んだ、奇抜な

Arabesque gates with curving iron doors guarded the entrance into the garden.

 

127. arbiter [noun]

仲介者、調停者

An arbiter will help the divorcing couple come to terms on a settlement.

 

128. arboreal [adjective]

樹木の、樹上に住む

It is easy for the deer to hide in the fallen leaves of its arboreal habitat.

 

129. arcane [adjective]

不可解な、難解な

Because it is no longer taught in schools, people are concerned that cursive writing will become arcane.

 

130. archaic [adjective]

古風な、古代の

Because my archaic computer is no longer useful to me, I am giving it away for free.

 

131. archipelago [noun]

群島、諸島

After island-hopping in the Aegean Sea, the tourists slept for a couple days due to previous excessive boating and walking to the different islands on the archipelago.

 

132. ardent [adjective]

熱心な、熱烈な

When the rock star checks his mail, he almost always finds one or two bizarre gifts from some of his ardent fans.

 

133. arduous [adjective]

困難な、厳しい

Last semester was a piece of cake, but taking seven classes along with an internship this semester is going to be arduous!

 

134. argot [noun]

隠語、俗語

The old woman could not understand the argot her granddaughter used to communicate with her friends.

 

135. argumentative [adjective]

論争好きな、理屈っぽい

An argumentative student will often disagree with the teacher just for the sake of doing so rather than having a good reason.

 

136. arid [adjective]

不毛の、乾燥した

The crops will not grow in the arid ground because the soil is too dry.

 

137. aristocratic [adjective]

貴族政治の、上流階級の

The man’s aristocratic background caused him to crave fine dining and lavish parties.

 

138. arrest [verb]

阻止する、引き止める

It is sometimes possible to arrest or reverse the disease.

 

139. arrogance [noun]

横柄、傲慢

The sheer arrogance of Hitler to think that he could dominate the world was shattered when he assassinated himself in his bunker.

 

140. arrogate [verb]

横領する、偽って名乗る

The gang is trying to arrogate the public park and turn it into their private meeting space.

 

141. articulate [verb]

はっきり述べる、関連付ける

A polished speaker, Jenna was able to articulate her points during any discussion.

 

142. artifice [noun]

策略、技巧

The company’s artifice centers on lowering their prices to the point that no other company can compete.

 

143. artisan [noun] 職人、熟練工 The artisan cheesemakers specialized in making cheeses on their small dairy farm.

 

144. artless [adjective]

飾りのない、雑な

With her artless look, the girl next door looked beautiful even though she had no make-up on and didn’t style her hair.

 

145. as to

~については

We had different views as to how a political interviewer should go about his job.

 

146. ascent [noun]

上昇、向上

My legs were tired after I took the ascent to the cabin on the ridge.

 

147. ascertain [verb]

確かめる、突き止める

Detective Jimmy was able to quickly ascertain the suspect was not being honest with him.

 

148. ascetic [adjective]

苦行中の、禁欲的な

Jacob chose to live an ascetic life because of his strict religious beliefs.

 

149. ascribe [verb]

~に帰する、~のせいにする

While you can sometimes ascribe these symptoms to allergies, I’m pretty sure you have a full-fledged cold.

 

150. aseptic [adjective]

無菌の、防腐の

After undergoing extensive surgery, Karen’s bloodstream became aseptic which would label her as healthy.

 

151. askance [adverb]

疑って、不審の目で The wealthy man looked askance as the gang members approached him.

 

152. asperity [noun]

荒々しさ、厳しさ

The police officer’s dislike of me was obvious from the asperity with which he demanded my driver’s license.

 

153. aspersion [noun]

中傷、悪口

Jack’s political rival cast an aspersion against him right before the election.

 

154. assail [verb]

襲撃する、攻撃する

If anyone ever talks negatively about Alex’s father, his response is to assail the person with insults.

 

155. assassinate [verb]

暗殺する、名誉を傷つける

The murder only spent a few hours planning the killing, but was able to assassinate the politician right outside his home.

 

156. assemblage [noun]

集団、寄せ集め

An assemblage of rust-colored antiques lined the tables of the thrift store.

 

157. assent [verb]

同意する、賛成する

Once the directors have given their assent to the proposal, we can begin.

 

158. assiduous [adjective]

根気強い、勤勉な

That was very assiduous of you to finish those financial reports weeks ahead of schedule.

 

159. assimilate [verb]

同化する、吸収する

Jane had to assimilate a great deal of information on the first day of her new job.

 

160. assuage [verb]

和らげる、軽減する

In an effort to assuage angry customers, the store issued everyone a full refund.

 

161. astigmatic [adjective]

乱視の

The astigmatic cavities bounded by crossed cylindrical mirrors with a piece of medium is studied by using matrix optics method.

 

162. astringent [adjective]

厳しい、辛辣な

The sauce was way too astringent for my taste, as I dislike bitter flavors.

 

163. asylum [noun]

収容所、施設

Clara’s lifelong dream is to start a program that grants asylum to persecuted citizens from other countries.

 

164. atavism [noun]

隔世遺伝、先祖返り

Ruby’s red locks were viewed as atavism since her great-grandmother had the red hue.

 

165. atrocious [adjective]

残虐な、極悪な

After receiving atrocious reviews, the play closed the day after opening.

 

166. atrophy [verb]

退化する、衰退する

It was hard to watch my mother atrophy as she experienced the weakening disease of Alzheimer’s.

 

167. attenuate [verb]

弱める、減ずる

Doctors claim taking the flu vaccine will attenuate the effects of the illness.

 

168. attest [verb]

証明する、証言する

As any police officer can attest, driving while texting is not safe.

 

169. attune [verb]

調律する、適合する

The radio transmitter wasn’t picking up what we needed, so I had to attune it to the right frequency.

 

170. audacious [adjective]

大胆な、無謀な

Cooper was an audacious soldier who never ran from a battle.

 

171. augment [verb]

増加させる、拡大する

Because I want to augment my income, I am thinking about getting a second job.

 

172. augury [noun]

占い、予兆

There are those who view the virus as an augury of the world coming to an end.

 

173. august [adjective]

尊い、威厳のある

Everyone wanted the chance to dine with the august president.

 

174. auspicious [adjective]

幸運な、幸先の良い

His brilliant acceptance speech was an auspicious start to his political career.

 

175. austere [adjective]

厳しい、簡素な

Even though she appeared austere, my teacher was a very kind woman.

 

176. autism [noun]

自閉症

Autism is four times more common in boys than in girls.

 

177. autonomy [noun]

自治権、自治体

Teenagers should have the autonomy to make their own decisions in preparation for their lives as adults.

 

178. auxiliary [adjective]

補助的な、予備の

When my grandmother retired, she joined the hospital auxiliary team that visited lonely patients.

 

179. avant-garde [adjective]

前衛的な、最先端の

The elderly poet was confused by the youth’s avant-garde style of writing.

 

180. avarice [noun]

強欲、貪欲

Mr. Krab’s avarice for money caused him to work his employees to the bone for little pay.

 

181. aver [verb]

断言する、主張する

Even though the country is in an economic crisis, its leader will aver the nation is doing well during his monthly address.

 

182. averse [adjective]

反対して、嫌って

My teenager daughter is averse to chores and usually has to be forced to complete her cleaning duties.

 

183. avian [adjective]

鳥類の

The avian part of the animal kingdom includes every type of bird there is, from the flightless penguin to the majestic eagle.

 

184. avocation [noun]

副業、趣味

Recently, Sherman discovered woodworking is the type of avocation he enjoys in his spare time.

 

185. avuncular [adjective]

叔父の、優しい

My father’s best friend Joe treats me in an avuncular manner and even calls me his niece.

 

186. axiom [noun]

原理、原則

Although you keep using that axiom as the basis for your paper, the concept itself is not true.

 

187. bacchanalian [adjective]

どんちゃん騒ぎの

By the time the bacchanalian party ended, everyone was vomiting up their alcohol.

 

188. bald [adjective]

つまらない、味気ない

The bald statistics tell us nothing about the underlying trends.

 

189. baleful [adjective]

害のある、不吉な

With a baleful stare, the gang member pointed his gun at the unarmed police officer.

 

190. balkanize [verb]

細分化する、分裂させる

The events in Sudan and Egypt are linked to one another and are part of the project to balkanize the Arab World and the Middle East.

 

191. balloon [verb]

急増する、ふくらむ

The company's debt has ballooned in the last five years.

 

192. banal [adjective]

平凡な、ありきたりな

Because the movie’s plot was banal, we knew exactly how the film would end.

 

193. bane [noun]

災難、災い

Distraction is the bane of productivity when I’m trying to get anything done.

 

194. baneful [adjective]

致命的な、有害な

If not cooked properly, the fish can be baneful to humans.

 

195. banter [verb]

ひやかす、からかう

The play’s foolish character banter kept the audience laughing for two and a half hours.

 

196. barbarous [adjective]

粗野な、残忍な

The killer’s barbarous acts disgusted the jury and landed him a lengthy prison sentence.

 

197. bard [noun]

詩人、吟遊

The bard was fair, but she must teach them some court dances.

 

198. bask [verb]

ひなたぼっこする、(恩恵などに)浴する

After a performance, the singer remains onstage for five minutes to bask in the audience’s adoration.

 

199. bawdy [adjective]

みだらな、卑猥な

With such bawdy language, it is not surprising the novel is not being carried in religious bookstores.

 

200. bay [verb]

吠える、叫ぶ

The police gogs are baying to be released as the newly arrived officers are gathered in for the briefing.

 

201. beatify [verb]

幸福にする、祝福する

The church was quick to beatify Mary for her role as the mother of Jesus.

 

202. bedazzle [verb]

当惑させる、目をくらませる

The stunning model seemed to bedazzle everyone she met with her megawatt smile and charming personality.

 

203. bedizen [verb]

飾り立てる、着飾らせる

Since the mother didn’t have any taste in fashion, she would frequently bedizen her young daughter in red and blue plaid pants with a yellow polka dot shirt.

 

204. bedlam [noun]

大騒ぎ、混乱

Bedlam appeared to reign in the overcrowded school cafeteria.

 

205. beguile [verb]

欺く、楽しませる

The car salesman tried to beguile the customer with an offer of free gas for a year.

 

206. behemoth [noun]

巨大な生物、巨大なもの

The monster truck rally showcased a behemoth whose tires were twice as tall as I am.

 

207. beholden [adjective]

恩義を受けて、ありがたいと思って

Stan refused to accept a college loan because he didn’t want to feel beholden to anyone.

 

208. beleaguer [verb]

包囲する、つきまとう

On Halloween, I know the little trick-or-treaters are going to beleaguer me all night long.

 

209. belie [verb]

誤りを伝える、正しく伝えない

Jason tried to belie the fact he was a lousy worker by showing up early at the office.

 

210. belletristic [adjective]

純文学的な、純文学者の

It's also that knowledge that an educated, sort of belletristic reader of The Saturday Review of Literature would be very familiar with.

 

211. bellicose [adjective]

好戦的な、けんか好きな

Don't cop that bellicose attitude with your mother!

 

212. belligerent [adjective]

交戦中の、けんか腰の

My brother was always belligerent and ready to fight.

 

213. bemuse [verb]

困惑させる、ぼんやりさせる

During the festival, I was a little bemused by all the noise at the park.

 

214. beneficent [adjective]

慈善的な、有益な

My beneficent neighbor gives out meals to the poor every Sunday.

 

215. beneficiary [noun]

受給者、受取人

As the billionaire’s only beneficiary, Cheryl will receive the entire estate.

 

216. benign [adjective]

親切な、穏やかな

When the doctor said my tumor was benign, I was so happy.

 

217. bent [noun]

好み、趣向

Molly was bent over, drinking from the water fountain.

 

218. bereave [verb]

奪う、失わせる

Because Ted was severely depressed, he chose to bereave himself of companionship so no one would comment upon his misery.

 

219. berserk [adjective]

凶暴な、興奮した

Jimmy went totally berserk when Sandra told him that she was breaking off their engagement.

 

220. beseech [verb]

懇願する、嘆願する

As soon as I reach the driving age, I will beseech my parents to buy me a car.

 

221. besiege [verb]

包囲する、殺到する

The journalists will besiege the police chief with questions about the prisoner’s escape.

 

222. besmirch [verb]

汚す、泥を塗る

The woman’s adultery accusation is sure to besmirch the married politician’s reputation.

 

223. besotted [verb]

酔う、夢中になる

The besotted mother treated her child like a princess, despite the fact that she risked spoiling her.

 

224. bestow [verb]

授ける、授与する

During the ceremony, the prime minister will bestow medals of honor to the brave soldiers who rescued their comrades.

 

225. bevy [noun]

群れ、集まり

In hopes of receiving a bevy of presents, Hank invited a lot of people to his birthday party.

 

226. bifurcate [verb]

二又に分かれる、分岐する

If citizens are worried about a government having too much power, a bifurcate government would allow one branch to check the other branch.

 

227. bigot [noun]

頑固者、偏狭者

The bigot was a lonely old man who thought everyone was inferior to him.

 

228. bilk [verb]

だます、欺く

Because he has always been so anti-government, he constantly accuses the President and Congress of trying to bilk tax-payers out of their hard-earned cash.

 

229. biosphere [noun]

生物圏、生活圏

Earth’s biosphere is made up of all living things, from the oceans to plants to the very atmosphere.

 

230. bizarre [adjective]

奇怪な、風変わりな

Everyone stared at the student who wore the bizarre outfit to school.

 

231. blandish [verb]

おだてる、機嫌をとる

Because he wanted to go to the game so badly, Joe tried to blandish his mother by complimenting her hair.

 

232. blasé [adjective]

無関心な、無感動な

The actor was so frequently in front of the camera that he simply looked upon his paparazzi followers with a blasé attitude.

 

233. blatant [adjective]

騒々しい、ずうずうしい

When the judge heard the defendant’s blatant lie, he became very angry.

 

234. blemish [noun]

汚れ、欠点

Oliver was worried that the small blemish on the tip of his nose would stand out in the wedding photographs.

 

235. blight [verb]

荒廃させる、破壊させる

The scandal blighted the careers of several leading politicians.

 

236. blithe [adjective]

楽しげな、軽率な

The rebellious teenager was blithe about her failing grades.

 

237. blunt [adjective]

鈍い、そっけない

My aunt is quite blunt so it was no surprise when she gave her opinions on the unsightly décor.

 

238. boast [verb]

自慢する、鼻にかける

I didn’t want to boast, but I did exceptionally well on my college entrance exam.

 

239. bode [verb]

前兆となる、予言する

The harsh reviews do not bode kindly on the playwright’s latest stage production.

 

240. bog [verb]

行き詰まる、沼にはまる

Scientists put on their wading boots so that they could march up the incline to test the plant life in the bog.

 

241. bogus [adjective]

偽の、いんちきの

The jewelry store owner was arrested for selling bogus diamonds as genuine gems.

 

242. boisterous [adjective]

荒々しい、乱暴な

Your boisterous actions at church cannot be tolerated.

 

243. bolster [verb]

支持する、支援する

Free tickets were given away to bolster attendance at the game.

 

244. bombastic [adjective]

大げさな、大言壮語の

Because he is a bit too bombastic for me, I will not be voting for that politician again!

 

245. bonhomie [noun]

気さくさ、温容

The life-long friends experienced a sense of bonhomie whenever they got together.

 

246. boon [noun]

恩恵、天恩

The donation from the billionaire was a nice boon for the homeless charity.

 

247. boondoggle [verb]

欺く、騙す

They were all boondoggled by her big talk.

 

248. boor [noun]

下品な男、無礼な男

Jack was such a boor he would not even hold a door for his mother.

 

249. boorish [adjective]

粗野な、無骨な

The comedian’s jokes were so vulgar and boorish that the only ones left in the audience were those who were too drunk to be offended.

 

250. botch [verb]

だめにする、やり損なう

You will botch the recipe if you leave the chicken in the marinade for too long.

 

251. bourgeois [noun]

中流階級の人、商工業者

After surviving the plane crash, Eric gave up his bourgeois life and joined the priesthood.

 

252. bovine [adjective]

鈍感な、鈍い

When my daughter does not want to do something, she always completes the task in a bovine manner.

 

253. braggart [noun]

自慢する人、ほら吹き

My rich uncle is a braggart who constantly boasts about his possessions.

 

254. brandish [verb]

振りまわす、振りかざす

When the crazed man decided to brandish a gun in the airport, he was immediately shot by a security guard.

 

255. brazen [adjective]

真鍮の、耳障りな

In a brazen assault, the gang fired their weapons at the policeman.

 

256. breach [noun]

違反、不和

Sarah was allowed to keep her job because the committee decided her efforts to save the patient were not a breach of any nursing laws or codes.

 

257. brilliance [noun]

輝き、すばらしい才能

The genius’s brilliance allowed him to come up with some life-changing surgical techniques.

 

258. broach [verb]

話題を切り出す、提唱する

Candace was afraid to broach the subject of divorce to her abusive husband.

 

259. brood [verb]

考え込む、くよくよする

Because my wife is pregnant, our brood will be increasing in February.

 

260. brook [verb]

耐える、忍ぶ

Oscar and I prefer to fish at the quiet brook because it is less crowded than the beach.

 

261. brunt [noun]

主力、矛先

As the task manager, my husband will bear the brunt of the client’s anger when the project is not finished on time.

 

262. brusque [adjective]

ぶっきらぼうな、無愛想な

What did I do to make you so brusque with me?

 

263. brutality [noun]

野蛮、残忍

The ASPCA joined forces with the local police to stop the brutality imposed on innocent dogs run by an abusive and neglectful owner of a puppy mill.

 

264. bucolic [adjective]

田舎の、牧歌的な

The postcard image was beautiful and featured a bucolic white house in a dark green pasture.

 

265. buoyant [adjective]

元気な、楽天的な

With a great deal of confidence, the buoyant model strolled down the runway.

 

266. burgeon [verb]

急速に成長する、芽ぐむ

As car prices go down, car dealers are expecting sales to burgeon.

 

267. burnish [verb]

磨く、つやを出す

Richard is forever attempting to burnish his reputation so that he can advance his position within our company.

 

268. buttress [noun]

支え、補強

Claudio’s professor told him he needed to do some more research to find data to be a buttress for his theory.

 

269. by far

はるかに、断然

It was by far the worst speech he had ever made.

 

270. bystander [noun]

見物人、傍観者

A bystander witnessed the wreck and called the police to assist.

 

271. byzantine [adjective]

入り組んだ、迷路のような

Because the plot was revealed in a byzantine manner, it was difficult to understand.

 

272. cabal [noun]

陰謀、徒党

Hundreds of workers formed a cabal to demonstrate their dissatisfaction with the firm’s healthcare plan.

 

273. cachinnate [verb]

大声で笑う、高笑いする

At one of the funniest parts of the film, the audience began to cachinnate with such force that guests in the other theaters could hear them.

 

274. cacophony [noun]

不協和音、不快な音調

Sometimes, it seems as though the dogs in our neighborhood bark together to create a cacophony that wakes me up every morning.

 

275. cadge [verb]

ねだる、たかる

By flirting with the bartender, the pretty girl was able to cadge free drinks.

 

276. cajole [verb]

おだてる、言いくるめる

Why did I ever let my friends cajole me into eating sushi?

 

277. callous [adjective]

無感覚な、冷淡な

There is so much crime in this country that many people have become callous about it and tend to look the other way.

 

278. callow [adjective]

未熟な、青二才の

Since the callow baker was new to cake decorating, she did not know how to properly frost the multi-layer cake.

 

279. calumniate [verb]

中傷する、誹謗する

In an attempt to prevent the mayor’s reelection, someone has been using the Internet to calumniate the city leader’s family.

 

280. canard [noun]

うわさ、虚報

The newspaper was sued for publishing a canard about a popular celebrity.

 

281. candor [noun]

率直さ、誠実さ

Because the realtor was an honest woman, she replied with candor about the damage to the house.

 

282. canny [adjective]

抜け目のない、慎重な

The canny man would not buy the used car until it passed his mechanic’s inspection.

 

283. canon [noun]

規範、標準

He had to read a canon of accepted literary texts.

 

284. canonize [verb]

列聖する、賛美する

In religion, people tend to canonize the words of their most significant religious figure, holding them as holy and indisputable.

 

285. cant [noun]

隠語、決まり文句

The older woman did not understand the modern cant spoken by her grandchildren.

 

286. cantankerous [adjective]

意地悪な、けんか腰の

The leading character in the movie was a cantankerous old man who hated the world.

 

287. caprice [noun]

気まぐれ、移り気

Because John did not think before acting, he could spend the next ten years in prison for a silly caprice.

 

288. capricious [adjective]

気まぐれな、予測できない

Because of his capricious nature, Jeremy found it hard to keep a steady job.

 

289. captious [adjective]

揚げ足取りの、(人を)惑わす

My captious father is never satisfied with anything I do.

 

290. cardinal [adjective]

主要な、重要な

The therapist addressed the cardinal rule of marriage which is to always compromise on issues and once that is accomplished everything else will fall into place.

 

291. carnal [adjective]

肉体の、現世的な

Minors are not invited to the art exhibit because the paintings display carnal nudity.

 

292. carping [adjective]

口やかましい、うるさく批判する

My carping mother-in-law is constantly criticizing my housekeeping skills.

 

293. cartography [noun]

地図学、作図法

Since Greg was an expert in cartography, he quickly located the inaccuracy in the map.

 

294. caste [noun]

カースト、階級制

In the tribe, there is a caste system based on skin color with the darker-skinned people comprising the lower class.

 

295. castigate [verb]

酷評する、懲罰する

My mother was a cruel woman who never missed an opportunity to castigate my father.

 

296. cataclysm [noun]

大洪水、大変動

A severe attack upon the Internet could cause a cataclysm in the financial world.

 

297. catalyst [noun]

触媒、触発する人

Jake’s termination from his job was the catalyst for his uncontrollable anger.

 

298. catastrophe [noun]

大災害、災難

My teenager needs to realize losing her lipstick is not a catastrophe.

 

299. categorical [adjective]

無条件の、絶対的な

My father’s categorical denial let me know there was no need to ask again.

 

300. catholic [adjective]

普遍的な、包容的な

As the busy young woman chose from the catholic events displayed, she could pick from sports to crafts to dancing and everything in between.

 

301. caucus [noun]

派閥、党員総会

When the legislative caucus meets, they will discuss a new proposal on gun control.

 

302. causal [adjective]

原因の、因果の

Is there a causal relationship between violence on television and violent behaviour?

 

303. causality [noun]

因果関係

Once the missionaries realized the causality of the child deaths in this third world country was malnutrition, they pleaded with their church to supply money for food.

 

304. caustic [adjective]

浸食性の、痛烈な

The comic’s caustic jokes offended quite a few people.

 

305. cauterize [verb]

焼灼する、麻痺させる

To stop the patient from bleeding, the doctor had to use a hot iron to cauterize the wound.

 

306. cavalier [adjective]

尊大な、横柄な

Bryan will regret his cavalier attitude about studying when he fails to graduate on time.

 

307. cede [verb]

譲渡する、割譲する

When Matt became terminally ill, he had no choice but to cede control of his company to his daughter.

 

308. celerity [noun]

敏捷、早さ

The slave will be punished if his celerity is not fast enough for his master.

 

309. celestial [adjective]

天の、神聖な

Since I am an atheist, I do not believe in a celestial afterlife.

 

310. censorship [noun]

検閲、検閲権

Censorship has allowed the government to prevent the media from airing criticisms of its leadership.

 

311. censure [verb]

非難する、酷評する

If Bart receives another censure from his boss, he will more than likely lose his job.

 

312. census [noun]

人口調査、国勢調査

According to last year’s census over five hundred thousand people live in our city.

 

313. centrifugal [adjective]

遠心性の、遠心力の

Kim had no idea she was doing an experiment about centrifugal force when she sucked her milk through a straw.

 

314. centripetal [adjective]

求心性の、求心力の

The centripetal star is slowly accelerating towards the middle of its solar system.

 

315. cerebral [adjective]

脳の、知的な

Because of Adam’s intellectual sense of humor, he is the only one who ever laughs at his cerebral jokes.

 

316. chagrin [noun]

無念、くやしさ

To her chagrin, Jill placed second in the beauty pageant.

 

317. champion [noun]

擁護する、支持する

He championed the struggle for the liberation of Palestine.

 

318. chary [adjective]

用心深い、慎重な

Because Vera was chary about going in the old house, I agreed to go in with her.

 

319. chasten [verb]

懲らしめる、反省させる

As a parent, I don’t feel spanking is a good way to chasten your kids.

 

320. chauvinist [noun]

狂信的愛国主義者

Some people consider my sister to be a chauvinist when it comes to feminism, as she gets both angry and irritated when someone opposes her point of view.

 

321. chicanery [noun]

ごまかし、詭弁

You can smell the chicanery from a dishonest politician.

 

322. chide [verb]

非難する、叱る

I don’t want the boss to chide me for being late again, so I’m setting the alarm for a half hour earlier.

 

323. chimera [noun]

妄想、怪物

Ron’s mental disorder caused him to believe there was a dangerous chimera out to get him.

 

324. chivalric [adjective]

騎士道の、騎士的な

Urban literature was influenced by church literature and chivalric literature on the representation of female's love.

 

325. churlish [adjective]

無作法な、がさつな

Although Ms. X is a beautiful and talented actress, she has a reputation for being churlish and difficult to get along with.

 

326. circuitous [adjective]

回り道の、遠回しの

Because the spy did not want to give away the location of his headquarters, he always took a long and circuitous route to his office.

 

327. circumscribe [verb]

制限する、取り囲む

When my husband drinks too much, I hide his car keys to circumscribe his capacity to drive.

 

328. circumspect [adjective]

用心深い、慎重な

In this day and age, you need to be circumspect about giving out too much personal information on the internet.

 

329. clairvoyant [adjective]

千里眼の、洞察力の

The psychic’s clairvoyant abilities allowed her to see into the future.

 

330. clamber [verb]

よじ登る、這い上がる

Fortunately, the baby fell back onto the soft carpet after trying to clamber up the steps.

 

331. clamor [noun]

騒ぎ、叫び声

As soon as the people learn about the little boy’s murder, they are going to clamor for justice.

 

332. clangorous [adjective]

鳴り響く、騒々しい

Pure tones transform themselves into distorted, clangorous metallic noises.

 

333. clearheaded [adjective]

頭のさえた、頭脳明晰な

The sheer quantity of detail would bemuse even the most clearheaded author.

 

334. cleave [verb]

執着する、付着する

You can use the axe to cleave the tree.

 

335. clique [noun]

派閥、党派

The cool kids’ clique always sits in the last row of the auditorium.

 

336. cloister [verb]

閉じ込める、引きこもらせる

Even though the young prince was supposed to cloister himself in the castle during the war, he escaped his guards and joined the battle.

 

337. cloying [adjective]

甘ったるい、うんざりする

Jill is no longer impressed by cloying lines of devotion after having her heart broken countless times.

 

338. clutter [noun]

散乱したもの

Clutter filled the elderly couple’s home as they refused to get rid of anything they had every bought.

 

339. coagulate [verb]

凝固する、固まる

The killer did not realize the blood would coagulate on the floor and form a huge blob.

 

340. coalesce [verb]

合体する、癒着する

Olivia stared into the distance and concentrated, hoping that all her random thoughts would somehow coalesce into one brilliant idea.

 

341. coda [noun]

結尾、締めくくり

The final section of the song was sealed with a coda that sounded like an entirely different melody.

 

342. codify [verb]

成文化する、体系化する

The interns will codify the financial receipts in chronological order.

 

343. coerce [verb]

強制する、威圧する

The bully tried to coerce the small kids into giving him their lunch money.

 

344. coffer [noun]

貴重品箱、金庫

After placing all his loot into the coffer, the pirate locked the chest.

 

345. cogent [adjective]

説得力のある、適切な

Because the child was so young, I worked hard to give her cogent answers to her questions.

 

346. cognizant [adjective]

認識している、知っている

Because I have been on a tight budget for two years, I am very cognizant of the importance of using coupons to get the best deals.

 

347. cohesive [adjective]

結合力のある、粘着性の

After six weeks of training together, our group bonded and became quite cohesive.

 

348. cohort [noun]

一団、仲間、同僚

The Millennial generation is the largest cohort in US history.

 

349. collude [verb]

共謀する、結託する

Breaking antitrust laws, company executives began to collude with one another to make sure their illegal doings were under wraps.

 

350. coltish [adjective]

未熟な、ふざける

He was a tall, coltish, bespectacled young man, curiously lovable.

 

351. comestible [adjective]

食べられる、食用の

An Italian based comestible, pizza is one of my all-time favorite foods.

 

352. commensurate [adjective]

比例した、同等の

You will get a salary increase commensurate with your additional responsibilities and work

 

353. commiserate [verb]

同情する、哀れむ

Until you have walked in his shoes, you cannot commiserate with him.

 

354. communism [noun]

共産主義、左翼

One of the benefits of communism is free healthcare for everyone.

 

355. compatriot [noun]

同胞、同僚

It put Juan at ease to be sitting next to a fellow compatriot on the plane trip from Spain to the United States.

 

356. compendium [noun]

概要、一覧

The book is nothing more than a compendium of the author’s rants against the government.

 

357. complacent [adjective]

自己満足の、ひとりよがりの

I am rightfully not complacent with low quality service.

 

358. complaisant [adjective]

丁寧な、親切な

Marsha’s complaisant character made her the perfect servant.

 

359. complement [noun]

補足、補完物

The painting is the complement that will bring everything together in my redesigned living room.

 

360. compliant [adjective]

従順な、素直な

The teacher was shocked when her normally rebellious class became compliant.

 

361. complicit [adjective]

共謀して、共犯の

Your complicity in the crime is probably going to earn you five years in prison.

 

362. comprehension [noun]

理解力、知識

Comprehension of the passage required the student to read the text several times.

 

363. compromise [verb]

(名声を)傷つける、秘密を漏洩する

In a monetary compromise, the debtor agreed to pay the bill in full if the lender gave him a payment plan.

 

364. compunction [noun]

ためらい、後悔

Even though the stock broker admitted his crime, he displayed very little compunction while standing in front of the judge.

 

365. con artist [noun]

詐欺師、ペテン師

The con artist bamboozled her out of $600.

 

366. concave [adjective]

凹状の、くぼんだ

While a convex lens turns outward, a concave lens bends inwardly.

 

367. concede [verb]

容認する、許す

Since he was trailing behind, the politician decided to concede the election to his opponent.

 

368. conceit [noun]

うねぼれ、思いつき

There was so much conceit in his voice I couldn’t help but wonder if he swooned over his own image in the mirror every morning.

 

369. conceive [verb]

思いつく、~だと考える

Our team leader is counting on us to conceive a fix for the server error before our client deadline.

 

370. concert [verb]

協調する、話し合いで解決する

If Russia was to be prevented from using the Treaty of Unkiar Skelessi for her own purposes, it was essential that the powers should concert measures to deal with the situation.

 

371. concession [noun]

譲渡、利権

Since the developer could not give the landowner his desired concession, he was not able to buy the land for the new subdivision.

 

372. conciliate [verb]

なだめる、調停する

Before mediating between the two parties, the judge attempted to conciliate the plaintiff to prevent unnecessary litigation.

 

373. concoct [verb]

仕組む、でっち上げる

My mother is a talented chef who can concoct a gourmet meal out of sandwich meats.

 

374. concomitant [adjective]

付随する、相伴う

Because the contractor and decorator agreed to concomitant work schedules in the final stages of construction, the house was ready to show well ahead of time.

 

375. condescending [adjective]

腰の低い、謙遜した

You make me feel worthless with your condescending attitude.

 

376. condone [verb]

大目に見る、容赦する

I cannot condone the use of violence under any circumstances.

 

377. confer [verb]

授与する、贈る

It can confer certain powers and responsibilities upon regional and local authorities, and it can also remove those powers.

 

378. confluence [noun]

合流、集まり

The confluence of warm and cold temperatures is going to create a powerful storm.

 

379. conformist [noun]

遵法者、国教徒

As someone who refuses to be a conformist, I go out of my way to take the path less frequently chosen.

 

380. confound [verb]

困惑させる、混同させる

If the nurse does not read the labels, she will confound the medications and possibly harm patients.

 

381. congeal [verb]

凝固する、凍る

They refrigerated the liquid gelatin so it would congeal before they ate it.

 

382. congenial [adjective]

適した、愛想の良い

Mark is a congenial host who always makes everyone feel welcome.

 

383. conglomerate [adjective]

複合的な、密集した

The billionaire’s conglomerate includes restaurants, convenience stores, and a chain of hotels.

 

384. congruent [adjective]

一致する、調和する

Eating five chocolate bars is not congruent with your plan for losing weight.

 

385. conjectural [adjective]

推測的な、憶測上の

The prosecutor knew the jury would have doubts about his conjectural theory of the crime.

 

386. conjugal [adjective]

夫婦の、婚姻状の

The conjugal retreat was focused on married couples who needed to refresh their relationships.

 

387. conjugate [verb]

共役させる、接合する

In the English language, we conjugate many different words for convenience, such as ‘won’t’ for ‘will not.’

 

388. connoisseur [noun]

通、くろうと

Because the psychologist talks to many individuals, she considers herself to be a connoisseur of people and their relationships.

 

389. connote [verb]

言外に意味する、内包する

To an atheist, the image of a cross does not connote anything other than a perpendicular design.

 

390. consanguine [adjective]

血縁の

The consanguine family is extinct.

 

391. conscience [noun]

良心、分別

The serial killer’s lack of a conscience made it very easy for him to kill people.

 

392. conscious [adjective]

意識のある、自覚している

I became conscious of the crisis when the photographs of the terrorist attack were displayed on the news.

 

393. conscript [verb]

徴兵する、徴用する

They proposed to conscript both capital and labour.

 

394. consecrate [verb]

神聖にする、捧げる

This battlefield is consecrated to the memory of soldiers who died here.

 

395. consolidate [verb]

合併する、強化する

To save money on airline fees, my husband and I will consolidate our clothes so they fit in one suitcase.

 

396. conspicuous [adjective]

顕著な、人目を引く

It would be inappropriate for you to wear such a short conspicuous dress to your father’s funeral.

 

397. conspire [verb]

共謀する、企てる

Some poor people believe politicians conspire to keep them in dire financial straits.

 

398. constituency [noun]

有権者、選挙区

Most of the constituency in California voted for the democratic candidate.

 

399. contemplate [verb]

黙想する、熟慮する

When the accountant was asked to contemplate the current budget, he discovered many ways the company could save money.

 

400. contempt [noun]

軽蔑、侮辱

Because Abby came from a wealthy family, it was not surprising she looked at homeless people with contempt.

 

401. contend [verb]

争う、論争する

During the trial, the defense attorney will contend his client is innocent because he was out of state when the murder was committed.

 

402. contiguous [adjective]

接触している、隣接している

Susan chose her condominium because she loved the fact its layout included a large playroom for her growing family.

 

403. continence [noun]

節制、禁欲

My continence gave me the strength to avoid the dessert table.

 

404. contraband [noun]

密輸、密売

The inmate’s wife was arrested for trying to bring contraband into the jail.

 

405. contravene [verb]

法律に違反する、~に反する

Because your actions contravene school policy, you're being suspended for ten days.

 

406. contrite [adjective]

後悔した、悔いている

The local news was noticeably contrite and apologized to viewers for the countless on-air technical difficulties.

 

407. contrive [verb]

企てる、考案する

Jim made the contrived confession after the police threatened him.

 

408. contumacious [adjective]

反抗的な、言うことを聞かない

Because the contumacious student refused to obey the principal’s instructions, he was suspended from school.

 

409. conundrum [noun]

なぞ、難問

Trying to solve this conundrum is really making my head hurt.

 

410. convene [verb]

招集する、召喚する

As soon as the last closing argument is made, the jury will convene to ponder the verdict.

 

411. convention [noun]

しきたり、慣例

They believe it is essential to defy convention.

 

412. converge [verb]

収束する、集まる

With the location and time of the would-be protest shared with everyone beforehand, the many protestors involved will converge on the town hall at exactly eight AM.

 

413. conversant [adjective]

精通している、親交がある

The man is conversant in several different languages including French and English.

 

414. convex [adjective]

凸状の、出っ張った

The convex curve of the scythe allows for the tool to wrap around the wheat like a closed hand.

 

415. convince [verb]

確信させる、納得させる

Even though his drinking was a problem, no one could convince the alcoholic to get help.

 

416. convivial [adjective]

宴会の、陽気な

If you cannot be convivial, then you should not invite people over for dinner.

 

417. convoke [verb]

招集する、呼び集める

The chairman decided to convoke a meeting to discuss the company’s budget issue.

 

418. convolute [adjective]

入り組んだ、複雑な

My head began to hurt as I listened to the professor’s convoluted speech.

 

419. convulse [verb]

振動する、けいれんする

During the seizure, the man’s muscles tightened, and his body began to convulse back and forth.

 

420. copious [adjective]

豊富な、多量の

To avoid having a hangover, do not drink a copious amount of alcohol.

 

421. coquette [noun]

男たらし

When the young man saw the coquette playfully teasing other men at the party, he was heartbroken.

 

422. cornerstone [noun]

基礎、土台

Keith’s belief in Christ is the cornerstone of all his successful relationships.

 

423. cornucopia [noun]

豊富、豊作

According to the cruise director, passengers can choose from a cornucopia of activities during the voyage.

 

424. corollary [adjective]

推論の、当然起こる

Once the divorce was finalized, Jo had to deal with the corollary of depression and self-doubt that followed.

 

425. corrigible [adjective]

矯正できる、従順な

The judge believed there was hope for the corrigible criminal.

 

426. corroborate [verb]

確証する、確認する

I prayed my friend would corroborate the lie I told my parents!

 

427. cosmology [noun]

宇宙論

Modern cosmology believes the Universe to have come into existence about fifteen billion years ago.

 

428. cosset [verb]

甘やかす、かわいがる

From buying expensive toys to boxing vegetable-free lunches, the mother would cosset to her child's every whim.

 

429. coterie [noun]

仲間、グループ

Our coterie of girls always sits at the best table in the school cafeteria.

 

430. countenance [verb]

賛成する、黙認する

Even though Janet is a very young woman, her rough countenance makes her appear much older.

 

431. counterpoint [verb]

強調する、対照させる

The musician has studied counterpoint for so long that combining a second melody with the main one comes second nature.

 

432. counterproductive [adjective]

逆効果の、意に反する

The measures are counterproductive and have only increased crime in our community.

 

433. coup [noun]

大当たり、大成功

When the coup failed, the dictator killed all the rebels who tried to remove him from power.

 

434. covert [adjective]

ひそかな、内密な

The spy went to great lengths to make sure his enemies would not discover his covert plans.

 

435. covetous [adjective]

強欲な、貪欲な

The covetous woman couldn’t stop staring at my designer handbag.

 

436. cow [verb]

脅す、脅迫する

Politicians are too cowed by the media even to introduce the bill.

 

437. coward [noun]

臆病者、卑怯者

Because Tim was a coward, he was afraid to ask Maggie on a date.

 

438. cower [verb]

ちぢこまる、しゃがむ

When he was afraid, the little puppy would crouch down and cower in fear.

 

439. cozen [verb]

欺く、ごまかす

The smooth-talking salesman was able to cozen money out of the unsuspecting woman who agreed to buy the junk vehicle.

 

440. crafty [adjective]

悪賢い、ずるい

The crafty wolf was able to trick Little Red Riding Hood into thinking he was Grandmother.

 

441. crank [noun]

奇人、変人

Zoff was originally dismissed as a crank, but his theories later became very influential.

 

442. craven [adjective]

臆病な、小心な

My husband James proves he is not craven every time he runs into a burning building to save a stranger.

 

443. credence [noun]

信頼、信用

Because the experiment had been performed over a hundred times, a great deal of credence was given to the results.

 

444. credo [noun]

信条、信経

According to the nonprofit organization’s credo, every homeless person should have a roof over his head.

 

445. credulous [adjective]

だまされやすい、信じやすい

Because my brother is a credulous consumer, he is a salesperson’s dream.

 

446. crestfallen [adjective]

うなだれた、がっかりした

After losing comrades in battle, several crestfallen soldiers cried in their tents.

 

447. cripple [verb]

手足を不自由にする、麻痺させる

He had been warned that another bad fall could cripple him for life.

 

448. cruel [adjective]

残酷な、非情な

Cruel winter weather plagued the struggling city for months.

 

449. crumble [verb]

砕く、ぼろぼるにする

When his mother died, the man felt as if his world would crumble under his feet.

 

450. culminate [verb]

最高点に達する、頂点に達する

At the end of the night, the concert will culminate in a huge fireworks display.

 

451. culpable [adjective]

過失のある、有罪の

The judge found the man culpable of the crime and sentenced him to life in prison.

 

452. culprit [noun]

犯罪者、罪人

After much research, scientists identified the culprit of the disease as a genetic disorder.

 

453. cunning [adjective]

ずる賢い、狡猾な

Even though Shannon thought she had a cunning strategy to get Bill to propose, it turned out to be wasted planning when he told her that he was already married.

 

454. cupidity [noun]

欲望、強欲

John’s cupidity led him to try and rob the bank.

 

455. cure-all [noun]

万能薬

Investment is not a cure-all for every economic problem.

 

456. curmudgeon [noun]

意地の悪い人、気難しい人

My neighbor is a curmudgeon who keeps the soccer balls that accidentally come into his yard.

 

457. cursive [adjective]

筆記体の、書き続きの

Cursive writing is no longer taught in some school since the use of computer has replaced traditional writing.

 

458. cursory [adjective]

急ぎの、大雑把な After doing a cursory head count, Claire realized that two of the campers were not in their tents.

 

459. curt [adjective]

ぶっきらぼうな、そっけない

The service agent was fired after he was overheard treating customers in a curt manner.

 

460. curtail [verb]

切り詰める、縮小する

The checks and balances system of our government serves to curtail any of the three administrative branches from having too much power.

 

461. cutback [verb]

~を短くする、~を削減する

The students were so happy when their teacher decided to give a cutback on the number of homework assignments they had to compete.

 

462. cynicism [noun]

皮肉、冷笑

Because of his cynicism, the accountant had a hard time believing he would be hired for the position.

 

463. cytoplasm [noun]

細胞質

A cytoplasm is a thick solution inside a cell and is made up of water, salts, and proteins.

 

464. dairy [noun]

乳製品、酪農

Since Tina was lactose intolerant she had to pass on the ice cream, butter and cheese because she can’t eat dairy products.

 

465. dally [verb]

ふざける、もてあそぶ

They fired the guard because he would dally about, wasting his time.

 

466. daunt [verb]

威圧する、おじけづかせる

As I looked up the mountain, I knew it would be a daunting feat to reach the peak.

 

467. dearth [noun]

不足、欠乏

Because there was a dearth of evidence, the district attorney had to drop the charges.

 

468. debacle [noun]

大災害、大失敗

When the movie was released, it was called a debacle by the critics.

 

469. debase [verb]

品質を低下させる、人格を落とす

The politician tried to debase his rival’s good reputation by spreading false rumors about him.

 

470. debauchery [noun]

放蕩、道楽

How can you go to church every Sunday and still engage in debauchery?

 

471. debunk [verb]

暴く、暴露する

My attempts to debunk my young daughter’s belief in Santa Claus only ended with her crying for days.

 

472. decadent [adjective]

退廃的な、堕落していく

Once the decadent politician was finally caught in the scandalous affair he was having, he was dismissed from office.

 

473. decamp [verb]

逃亡する、引き上げる

She has decamped with all our money.

 

474. decipher [verb]

解読する、判読する

There was no way I could decipher my doctor’s handwriting.

 

475. declaim [verb]

熱弁する、演説する

The love-struck newlywed would declaim his love for his bride on the peak of the highest mountain top.

 

476. declivity [noun]

下り坂、下り傾斜

Grandma has a hard time walking from her house to the lake due to her street’s slight declivity.

 

477. décor [noun]

装飾、飾り付け

The quiet decor of her home made her feel comfortable and at ease.

 

478. decorous [adjective]

上品な、礼儀正しい

The director of the finishing school is a decorous woman known for her perfect social skills.

 

479. decry [verb]

激しく非難する、価値を低下させる

The liberal news media is constantly trying to decry the efforts of the country’s conservative president.

 

480. deduce [verb]

推理する、演繹する

By counting backwards, the clerk was able to deduce the correct change to give back to the customer.

 

481. deem [verb]

~だと考える、~だと思う

The principal will probably deem the boy’s behavior as upsetting and worthy of a suspension.

 

482. defame [verb]

中傷する、名誉を傷つける

Hoping to defame his political rival of her squeaky-clean image, the state senator released a secret tape showing the woman dancing in a strip club.

 

483. default [noun]

不履行、怠慢

The bank will repossess your car if you default on your loan payments.

 

484. defeasible [adjective]

無効にできる、破棄できる

Fourthly, it seems to be a fact that pragmatic constraints are generally defeasible, or not invariable.

 

485. defendant [noun]

被告人

The plaintiff sued the defendant for damages.

 

486. defer [verb]

延期する、先送りする

Because of my mother’s death, we will defer our vacation for a while.

 

487. deferential [adjective]

敬意を表す、恭しい

People were always deferential to the military veteran and showed him respect every time he was in uniform.

 

488. defile [verb]

汚す、冒涜する

Because Jared is a hamburger purist, he believes that adding any condiments is only going to defile the flavor of the beef.

 

489. deft [adjective]

手際の良い、器用な

The deft musician was able to play the harmonica and the piano at the same time.

 

490. defunct [adjective]

消滅した、廃れた

Though the car was defunct, he knew that with the right parts and some hard work he could restore it.

 

491. degrade [verb]

地位を下げる、質を低下させる

Bullies will often degrade their victims by making fun of them and getting others to do the same.

 

492. deify [verb]

神格化する、崇拝する

The people seemed to deify their leader, worshiping him as if he was the Earth’s creator.

 

493. deject [verb]

落胆させる、元気をくじく

The players were dejected after losing the big game.

 

494. deleterious [adjective]

有害な、有毒の

Because I know alcohol is deleterious, I rarely drink more than one glass of wine.

 

495. delimit [verb]

範囲を定める、境界を設定する

After the conflict broke out in Yugoslavia, world leaders came together to delimit boundaries and break the region into individual countries.

 

496. delineate [verb]

線引きする、描写する

Before I began to plant my seeds, I will delineate the rows of my garden to make sure every vegetable grows in a precise line.

 

497. delinquent [adjective]

非行の、滞納の

With so many bills delinquent, Kevin had to look for a second job to help him earn enough to catch up.

 

498. delusion [noun]

錯覚、欺くこと

It was heartbreaking to witness my ailing grandmother’s delusion that her deceased husband was alive.

 

499. delve [verb]

徹底的に調べる、捜す

We had many books to delve into during our research for school.

 

500. demagogic [adjective]

扇動的な、デマの

Demagogic governments sometimes paint foreigners as scapegoats, leading to nationalization or laws restricting foreign investment.

 

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501. demarcate [verb]

境界線を引く、区分する

She was convinced that the school’s administration should demarcate social studies grades from science grades.

 

502. demeaning [adjective]

身分を落とす、品位を下げる

The manager dismissed Brenda’s ideas in a demeaning tone that made her feel like the stupidest person in the room.

 

503. demeanor [noun]

態度、振る舞い

When Helen is working as a hostage negotiator, she always has such a calm demeanor.

 

504. dementia [noun]

精神異常、痴呆

Diagnosed as dementia, Maureen now had a name for the forgetfulness that made her life so difficult.

 

505. demise [noun]

終焉、譲位

My mother’s demise occurred unexpectedly in a traffic accident.

 

506. demographics [noun]

人口統計

The demographics of the country have changed dramatically in recent years.

 

507. demonize [verb]

悪霊にする、悪者扱いする

In divorce court, the bitter wife tried to demonize her ex and pain him in a bad light to the judge.

 

508. demotic [adjective]

民衆の、通俗の

Demotic scripts were different from traditional Egyptian communication in that they were scribed with business and not traditional wording.

 

509. demur [verb]

異議を唱える、反対する

Because the DA decided to demur the low bond, it was set at a higher fee.

 

510. denigrate [verb]

中傷する、侮辱する

On the talk show, the mean host usually tries to denigrate her guests by reminding them of their misdeeds.

 

511. denizen [noun]

居住者、常連

My husband is a denizen of the sand who practically lives at the beach.

 

512. denouement [noun]

大詰め、終局

The film ended with a denouement that left the audience speechless.

 

513. denounce [verb]

非難する、告発する

The dictator made a speech to denounce the actions of his enemies.

 

514. deplete [verb]

消耗させる、枯渇させる

When we continually cut down forests, we are choosing to deplete one of our greatest resources.

 

515. deplorable [adjective]

嘆かわしい、みじめな

John’s deplorable behavior is going to get him arrested one day.

 

516. deportation [noun]

国外追放、強制移送

Due to the father’s criminal behavior, his whole family faced deportation to Brazil.

 

517. depose [verb]

(高位から)退位させる、退ける

A coalition of countries is trying to depose the island dictator.

 

518. deposition [noun]

証言

The accused has made a deposition.

 

519. deprecate [verb]

非難する、けなす

Unfortunately my mother-in-law’s urge to deprecate me is stronger than her urge to inspire me.

 

520. depreciate [verb]

価値を下げる、軽視する

The new car starts to depreciate in value as soon as it is driven off the lot.

 

521. deride [verb]

あざける、ばかにする

If the police do not intervene, the fans of the winning team will deride the losing players as they leave the arena.

 

522. derivative [adjective]

派生的な、模倣した

The new antibiotic is listed as a derivative of penicillin because it was produced from a penicillin base.

 

523. descent [noun]

降下、下落

The plane’s descent was so fast that my ears popped.

 

524. descry [verb]

見つける、見いだす

After conducting experiments for several years, the scientist was able to descry the cause of the disease.

 

525. desecrate [verb]

神聖を汚す、冒涜する

Do not desecrate the temple by speaking loudly during your visit.

 

526. desiccate [verb]

乾燥させる、干からびる

The professional soccer player became desiccated after being in a car accident that left him in a coma.

 

527. desolate [adjective]

荒れ果てた、みじめな

Since the anchor stores closed, the shopping center has become a desolate wasteland.

 

528. desuetude [noun]

廃止、不使用

Although the law is still on the books, its enforcement is in desuetude and no longer a matter of police concern.

 

529. desultory [adjective]

一定性を欠く、とりとめのない

Because he was not happy with his pay increase, James made only a desultory effort to complete his duties at work.

 

530. deterrent [noun]

抑止、妨害物

When I saw the security guard in the store, I knew he was there as a theft deterrent.

 

531. detest [verb]

ひどく嫌う、憎む

If you really detest your ex-husband, you will stay away from him.

 

532. detract [verb]

注意をそらす、価値などを損なう

Sharon’s dirty clothes do not detract from her gorgeous appearance.

 

533. detraction [noun]

誹謗、中傷

Weak men are crushed by detraction, but the brave hold on and succeed.

 

534. detrimental [adjective]

有害な、不利益な

My grandmother still does not own a microwave because she believes the radiation could be detrimental to her health.

 

535. devalue [verb]

価値を減じる、切り下げる

Last year Mexico was forced to devalue the peso.

 

536. devoid [adjective]

欠けている、~がない

If I spend my last few dollars, my wallet will be devoid of cash.

 

537. devolve [verb]

譲り渡す、委譲する

A law was passed to devolve some powers of the central government to regional councils.

 

538. dialectical [adjective]

弁証法的な、論証の

Hegel detected this dialectical progression in the progress of human consciousness and intellectual - emotional growth.

 

539. diaphanous [adjective]

透けて見える、半透明な

Mary found it quite easy to see through the diaphanous drapes.

 

540. diatribe [noun]

非難、酷評

Because Sheila was unhappy with the administration, she launched a lengthy diatribe against the board during lunch.

 

541. dichotomy [noun]

二分法、分裂

His dichotomy of heaven and hell became an excellent essay on the contrast between paradise and eternal suffering.

 

542. dictum [noun]

公式声明、公式見解

As Sarah waited in the unemployment line, she recognized the truth of the dictum, “last hired; first fired”.

 

543. didactic [adjective]

説教的な、教訓的な

While the professor’s lectures were designed to be didactic, they only served to confuse the students.

 

544. differentiate [verb]

区別する、見分ける

The cashier told me a sticker would differentiate the regular cheeseburger from the cheeseburger without pickles.

 

545. diffident [adjective]

内気な、自信がない

Because she felt unattractive, Mary was diffident and kept to herself at parties.

 

546. diffuse [verb]

拡散させる、広める

They used the essential oils to diffuse fragrance throughout the entire room.

 

547. digression [noun]

余談、脱線

The elderly professor would sometimes make a digression and talk about his wife’s flowerbeds instead of physics.

 

548. dilate [verb]

広げる、膨張させる

The doctor will repair the narrowed vessels by inserting a tube to dilate them.

 

549. dilatory [adjective]

鈍い、遅らようとする

My daughter used dilatory tactics to stay up past her bedtime.

 

550. dilettante [noun]

芸術愛好家、しろうと

When it comes to learning how to play the guitar, my daughter is a dilettante who will practice one day but not the next day.

 

551. din [noun]

騒音、やかましい音

The din from my neighbor’s party will probably keep me up all night.

 

552. diplomat [noun]

外交官、外交家

Because he isn’t very diplomatic, the politician often finds himself involved in verbal disputes.

 

553. dire [adjective]

恐ろしい、不吉な

Because this is a dire emergency, we need medical assistance right away!

 

554. dirge [noun]

哀歌、悲歌

When Kim sang a dirge for her deceased father, she brought everyone to tears.

 

555. disabuse [verb]

迷いを解く、誤解を正す

It is my job as a teacher to disabuse students of the notion they can be successful without an education.

 

556. disaffection [noun]

不平、不満

There is much disaffection among the ranks of the party.

 

557. discerning [adjective]

眼識のある、洞察力のある

The discerning customer will recognize this as a high quality product.

 

558. disciplinary [adjective]

訓練上の、規律上の

Disciplinary action was taken by the principal after the student refused to listen to the teacher.

 

559. discomfit [verb]

困惑させる、計画をくじく

The manager’s mean look served to discomfit me during the interview.

 

560. discordant [adjective]

調和しない、不和な

Without proper guidance, the band produces discordant music that no one wants to hear.

 

561. discredit [noun]

不信用、疑惑

The way Leonard responded to the customer was a discredit to the company’s service policy.

 

562. discreet [adjective]

分別のある、慎重な

Hoping to avoid detection, the shoplifter tried to be discreet while walking through the store.

 

563. discrepancy [noun]

不一致、矛盾

A discrepancy in the financial reports is the reason for the audit.

 

564. discrete [adjective]

分離した、別々の

Brown and white rice are two discrete varieties.

 

565. discretion [noun]

分別、慎重さ

Because my daughter spends money recklessly, I have to give out her allowance at my discretion.

 

566. discretionary [adjective]

任意の、自由裁量の

Banks have a tendency to loan money through strict methods, but individuals can make a discretionary loan to others without regard to their backgrounds.

 

567. discrimination [noun]

区別、差別

Carol is an attorney who works to help fight gender discrimination in the workplace.

 

568. discursive [adjective]

散漫な、とりとめのない

When the writer was drunk, he often talked for hours in a discursive manner.

 

569. disdain [verb]

軽蔑する、見下す

During the exam, my teacher looked at me with disdain when I attempted to glance at my neighbor's test.

 

570. disinclination [noun]

嫌気、気が進まないこと

After learning about my daughter’s disinclination in college, I suggested she join the navy.

 

571. disingenuous [adjective]

不誠実な、腹黒い

The detective was a disingenuous man who often played dumb to trick others into confessing.

 

572. disinterested [adjective]

偏見のない、公平無私な

The teacher saw me nodding off and chastised me for being disinterested in class.

 

573. disjointed [adjective]

支離滅裂な、ばらばらな

The person we rescued from the avalanche was dazed and confused, only able to give a disjointed account of what had happened to her, making it difficult to understand.

 

574. dismay [noun]

狼狽、失望、落胆

To the children’s dismay, there was not enough snow in the yard to build a snowman.

 

575. dismiss [verb]

解雇する、退ける

Soon the last bell will dismiss the pupils for summer break.

 

576. disparage [verb]

軽蔑する、見くびる

You disparage my brother by saying he is worthless?

 

577. disparate [adjective]

全く異なる、共通点のない

Because there was so much disparate information on the topic, the research process took longer than expected.

 

578. disparity [noun]

格差、不均衡

The disparity between the giant’s height and the dwarf’s height is obvious.

 

579. disperse [verb]

分散する、散布する

As soon as the last bell rings, students disperse out of the building and head to their buses.

 

580. dispose [verb]

配置する、~する気にさせる

His criminal record does not dispose me to trust him.

 

581. dispossess [verb]

取り上げる、奪う

Once the real estate investor neglected to pay his property taxes, the government took action to dispossess his land.

 

582. disquiet [verb]

平静を乱す、不安にさせる

The novel is a tense thriller that will disquiet the reader.

 

583. dissemble [verb]

偽る、隠す Her plan was to dissemble her intentions from her husband so she could successfully plan him a surprise party.

 

584. disseminate [verb]

普及させる、散布する

With encyclopedias in every classroom, we will disseminate a wealth of information to all students.

 

585. dissent [adjective]

反対する、意見が異なる

More than likely, my father will dissent with the idea I am old enough to set my own curfew.

 

586. disservice [noun]

害、仕打ち

She has done a great disservice to her cause by suggesting that violence is justifiable.

 

587. dissident [adjective]

意見を異にする、反体制の

Charlie’s family members were devout Catholics, while he was considered dissident for not identifying with the religion.

 

588. dissipate [verb]

散らす、浪費する

According to meteorologists, the storm will dissipate after a few hours and make way for the sunshine.

 

589. dissolute [adjective]

堕落した、すぼらな

My cousin is a dissolute woman who likes to irritate her religious parents by performing immoral deeds.

 

590. dissolution [noun]

解散、分解、溶解

The president announced the dissolution of the National Assembly.

 

591. dissonance [noun]

不調和、不一致 His cruel abuse showed a dissonance with his loving words.

 

592. dissuade [verb]

忠告する、思いとどまらせる

Jealous people will always try to dissuade you from trying to be successful.

 

593. distaff [adjective]

女性の、母方の

He is my uncle on the distaff side.

 

594. distaste [noun]

嫌悪、嫌気

I have a mild distaste for anything bitter, but I would certainly eat those foods if I were hungry enough.

 

595. distend [verb]

膨張させる、拡大する

The hernia caused his stomach to distend from organ misplacement.

 

596. distill [verb]

蒸留する、抽出する

The writers were asked to distill the most important points of their articles and put them into one sentence.

 

597. distrait [adjective]

ぼんやりした、放心の

The distrait boy is always losing his books.

 

598. dither [verb]

決めかねる、身震いする

Terry tends to dither when someone asks him where to have lunch, as he is never able to decide on a restaurant.

 

599. diurnal [adjective]

日中の、毎日起こる

Because bats are not active during the day, they are not diurnal creatures.

 

600. diverge [verb]

分岐する、離れる

The interstate began to diverge into two exit ramps.

 

601. divest [verb]

奪う、剥ぎ取る

Under the new deal, the company agreed to divest itself of half its revenues, so they could distribute it among their creditors.

 

602. divinity [noun]

神格、神学

Although many doubted him, the man held fast in his claims of divinity and never faltered even when put under pressure.

 

603. divisive [adjective]

不和を生じる、区分する

The divisive proposal split the committee into two opposing sides.

 

604. divulge [verb]

暴く、明かす

Doctors must be careful to not divulge confidential information about their patients.

 

605. doctrinaire [adjective]

非現実的な、空論的な

With a doctrinaire attitude, the politician pressured his constituents to follow his policies blindly.

 

606. document [verb]

文書で証明する、書類を提供する

Can you document these claims?

 

607. doff [verb]

脱ぐ、帽子をとる

Before he could doff his hat at the busy woman, she hurried by without paying him any attention.

 

608. dogged [adjective]

頑固な、根気強い

Even though John was miles behind the other runners, his dogged determination would not let him quit the race.

 

609. doggerel [noun]

狂詩、へたな詩

My professor called my poetry collection doggerel and gave me a failing grade on the project.

 

610. dogmatic [adjective]

独断的な、教義上の

The preacher was a dogmatic individual who was quick to argue with anyone who challenged his opinion.

 

611. dormant [adjective]

休止中の、眠っている

Since the volcano is dormant right now, you do not have to be concerned about it erupting.

 

612. doting [adjective]

溺愛する

The doting mother waited on her children hand and foot, even into adulthood.

 

613. dovetail [verb]

ぴったりはまる、適合する

We've tried to dovetail our plans with theirs.

 

614. downplay [verb]

重視しない、軽く見る

The lying suspect tried to downplay his involvement in the robbery, but the detectives believe him to be the ring leader of the crime mob.

 

615. doyen [noun]

古参者、第一人者

The doyen of the group joined the Boy Scouts of America before any of the other members.

 

616. draconian [adjective]

厳格な、厳しい

Giving someone a life sentence for stealing a loaf of bread is a draconian consequence.

 

617. droll [adjective]

ひょうきんな、おどけた

I love this anthology because all the stories are droll and entertaining, rather than making me think too hard.

 

618. droplet [noun]

小滴、飛沫

The study of droplet burning under microgravity is essential for the understanding of mechanism of combustion processes.

 

619. dross [noun]

不純物、くず

My cheap husband bought me a dross ring that turned my finger green.

 

620. dubious [adjective]

半信半疑の、疑わしい

When questioned about the night of the murder, the suspect's memory was dubious.

 

621. dulcet [adjective]

耳に快い、美しい

It does not take long for the baby to be comforted by his mother’s dulcet singing.

 

622. dull [adjective]

のろい、はっきりしない

Dull pencils could not be used and had to be replaced with sharp ones.

 

623. dupe [verb]

だます、かつぐ

My brother is a schemer who is always trying to dupe people out of their money.

 

624. duplicity [noun]

二枚舌、不誠実

Most politicians use duplicity to deceive voters just long enough to get their votes.

 

625. dwarf [verb]

小さくする、発達を妨げる

Without a step stool, it was difficult for the dwarf to get anything done around the cabin.

 

626. dwindle [verb]

だんだん減少する、衰える

Because Amelia and Danny made a promise to each other that they would never let their romance dwindle, they plan a date night every week.

 

627. dynamism [noun]

活力、力強さ

The progressive group’s dynamism was an example for other liberal factions.

 

628. dynamo [noun]

発電機、活動的な人

As a political dynamo, the senator used his upbeat nature to outshine his opponent.

 

629. dyspeptic [adjective]

不機嫌な、消化不良の

The dyspeptic man could not determine if he was happy or sad.

 

630. dystopia [noun]

暗黒郷、地獄郷

The novel was set in an unfair society called a dystopia.

 

631. earnest [adjective]

まじめな、熱心な

When the man made an earnest offer to pay for the groceries I could not afford, he overwhelmed me with his kindness.

 

632. earthy [adjective]

素朴な、現実的な

The stairs are decorated in golds and earthy browns.

 

633. ebullient [adjective]

熱意のある、元気のいい

The ebullient song was so uplifting that I danced in my chair.

 

634. eccentric [adjective]

常軌を逸した、風変わりな

The eccentric old man never ate anything other than cat food.

 

635. echelon [noun]

レベル、階層

The prominent college ranks among the top echelon of schools in the nation.

 

636. eclectic [adjective]

取捨選択する、折衷的な

The restaurant’s menu was eclectic and included foods from a number of ethnic groups and cultures.

 

637. eclipse [verb]

覆い隠す、暗くする

At lunchtime, we witnessed a solar eclipse that made the sky look dark.

 

638. edify [verb]

啓発する、教化する

As good Christians, we must seek to edify our neighbors about God and Jesus Christ.

 

639. editorial [noun]

社説、論説

The opinion expressed in the election editorial was that of the publisher himself, but not the rest of his staff.

 

640. effervescent [adjective]

活気のある、発泡性の

The soda pop was so effervescent, that its bubbles tickled my nose.

 

641. effete [adjective]

衰えた、活力を失った

The effete man was scared of his own shadow and hid in the closet during thunderstorms.

 

642. efficacious [adjective]

効果的な、有効な

Because my medicine is efficacious, I expect to feel better soon.

 

643. efficacy [noun]

効き目、効果

Fortunately, the medicine had the efficacy to reduce the amount of pain John was feeling.

 

644. effigy [noun]

(嫌われていた人の)肖像、(有名な人の)彫像

As soon as the citizens learned their brutal leader was dead, they burned an effigy of his image.

 

645. effrontery [noun]

ずうずうしさ、あつかましさ

I was shocked by the mugger’s effrontery to kiss me after grabbing my bag.

 

646. effusive [adjective]

噴出する、感情を表す

Sally was effusive in her praise of the judges who awarded her the trophy.

 

647. egotistical [adjective]

利己的な、自己中心的な

My brother is very egotistical and thinks he is the best baseball player.

 

648. egregious [adjective]

実にひどい、目に余る

Even though Jack was told to behave in church, he was still egregious by talking loudly during the sermon.

 

649. egress [noun]

出口、外へ出ること

I had a panic attack in the haunted house when I could not find an egress leading to the outside.

 

650. elegy [noun]

哀歌、悲歌

Since I am not an animal lover, I could only sigh as Ann sang an elegy for her dead cat.

 

651. elicit [verb]

引き出す、誘い出す

The comedian hoped his jokes would elicit a great deal of laughter from the audience.

 

652. elixir [noun]

万能薬、霊薬

The salesman was selling an elixir that he said would protect us all from the plague.

 

653. eloquent [adjective]

雄弁な、感銘を与える

When you listen to the eloquent politician speak, you always understand his message.

 

654. elucidate [verb]

解明する、明らかにする

To make life easy for my math students, I go out of my way to elucidate the complex problems before each test.

 

655. elysian [adjective]

幸福の、喜びに満ちた

The elysian clouds looked as if they would be heavenly to touch.

 

656. emaciated [adjective]

やつれた、衰えた

Because some sick animals refuse to eat, many of them become emaciated.

 

657. embed [verb]

埋め込む、固定する

The victorious army was quick to embed its flag in the hill they had fought so hard to conquer.

 

658. embellish [verb]

装飾する、粉飾する

Because Marco has always had a tendency to embellish the truth, no one believed he had been mugged.

 

659. embrace [verb]

抱擁する、包含する

I have come to appreciate warm people who embrace me just because they're happy to see me.

 

660. embroil [verb]

巻き込む、巻き添えにする

I avoided my two best friends because I did not want to get embroiled in their dispute.

 

661. eminence [noun]

高位、高台

Taylor Swift’s eminence as a creative singer and style icon make her one of the most well known celebrities in the world.

 

662. emollient [adjective]

和らげる、柔らかくする

The lotion was a great emollient for her dry skin.

 

663. empathy [noun]

感情移入、共感

Because her parents immigrated to the United States to give her a better life, Maria has empathy for illegal aliens.

 

664. empirical [adjective]

実験の、経験の

Our data is based on empirical evidence collected in numerous studies.

 

665. emulate [verb]

まねる、競う

The boy would emulate his father's morning routine, from reading the newspaper to sipping coffee.

 

666. enamor [verb]

魅了する、心を奪う

My daughter hopes her makeover will enamor feelings from her secret crush.

 

667. encomium [noun]

賛辞、絶賛

Mrs. Poundstone was surprised and delighted on the last day of school when the students in her most difficult class presented her with an encomium they had written, praising her work as a teacher.

 

668. endearing [adjective]

人に好かれる、心を引きつける

At the beginning of their relationship, the enamored teens would write endearing love notes to each other every day.

 

669. endemic [adjective]

地方特有の、風土の

The poisonous snake must have come from another country because it is not endemic to our nation.

 

670. endorse [verb]

裏に書く、是認する

If the president chooses to endorse the politician, he will lose many supporters who oppose the legislator.

 

671. enervate [verb]

気力を奪う、体力を失う

The wrestler's plan was to deliver a crushing blow which would enervate his opponent.

 

672. engender [verb]

生じる、起こさせる

The restaurant hoped the act of giving out free ice cream would engender customer loyalty.

 

673. enigmatic [adjective]

不可解な、謎の

When I was growing up, I viewed my father as an enigmatic man who rarely spent time with me.

 

674. enormity [noun]

法外さ、極悪

The young man will probably stop laughing when he learns the enormity of the criminal charges against him.

 

675. enrage [verb]

怒らせる、憤慨させる

Plans to build a new baseball park may enrage the nearby homeowners with traffic and noise concerns.

 

676. enrapture [verb]

有頂天にさせる、うっとりさせる

Because I was marrying the man I loved, I was enraptured as I walked down the aisle.

 

677. enshrine [verb]

正式に述べる、大事にする

The concept of individual liberty is enshrined in the constitution.

 

678. enthrall [verb]

心を奪う、魅了する

I was completely enthralled by the handsome actor.

 

679. entitlement [noun]

資格、権利

Since Lily already had the puppy before her relationship with Fred, she knew she had entitlement to the puppy after they broke up.

 

680. entomology [noun]

昆虫学

Since I’m not a fan of insects, I’m not looking forward to taking the entomology class.

 

681. entreat [verb]

懇願する、嘆願する

I entreat you to donate some time tomorrow for our neighborhood clean-up program.

 

682. enumerate [verb]

数え上げる、列挙する

Before the judge began to enumerate the charges against Harry, he asked to speak privately with the prosecutor.

 

683. enunciate [verb]

明確に述べる、宣言する

The speech coach reminded the students to enunciate their words so people could comprehend what they were saying.

 

684. ephemeral [adjective]

束の間の、短命な

Ephemeral art painted on the sidewalks will wash away when it rains.

 

685. epicure [noun]

美食家、グルメ通

Even though Marie claims to be an epicure, she is not one because she will eat anything served to her.

 

686. epileptic [adjective]

てんかんの、てんかん症の

He was epileptic and refused to take medication for his condition.

 

687. epistemology [noun]

認識論

Epistemology is that part of philosophy which studies the nature of human intellect.

 

688. epithet [noun]

悪口、ののしり

The epithet “Curly” is used to describe the big football player with the curly hair.

 

689. epitome [noun]

縮図、要約

Because our mayor is the epitome of a good citizen, he has been in office for over ten years.

 

690. equable [adjective]

一様な、穏やかな

Because she is so equable, my even-tempered mother rarely gets upset.

 

691. equanimity [noun]

平静、落ち着き

His equanimity allowed him to keep a clear head and escape the burning building.

 

692. equilateral triangle

正三角形

Its outline roughly forms an equilateral triangle.

 

693. equitable [adjective]

公平な、公正な

Both sides agreed to try to find an equitable compromise that would please everyone.

 

694. equivocal [adjective]

不確かな、あいまいな

Since the defendant’s alibi is equivocal, the jury will disregard it almost instantly.

 

695. equivocate [verb]

ことばを濁す、ごまかす

When things are not going Margie’s way, she will often twist the truth and equivocate to put things in her favor.

 

696. errant [adjective]

道に迷った、さまよう

The errant student was given a warning for not going directly to class.

 

697. erratic [adjective]

常軌を逸した、一貫性のない

When the police officer saw the man driving in an erratic manner, he pulled him over to question him.

 

698. erroneous [adjective]

謝った、間違った

After he had spent every waking moment of the past few days researching the subject, he was understandably frustrated when he discovered that several of his sources contained erroneous information.

 

699. ersatz [adjective]

人工の、代用の

Do you believe the ersatz beach created by the city will appeal to those who love the natural features of the seashore?

 

700. erstwhile [adjective]

昔の、以前

Before she began using a pseudonym, the author was erstwhile known by another name.

 

701. erudite [adjective]

博学な、学問的な

The room was full of erudite scholars who made the discussion on astronomy fun and interesting.

 

702. escapade [noun]

とっぴな行動、いたずら

When my husband spoke of a wild escapade, I had no idea he was talking about jumping out of an airplane.

 

703. eschew [verb]

避ける、控える

Since my husband believes chores are a woman’s work, he tries to eschew them around the house.

 

704. esoteric [adjective]

奥義の、秘密の

The medical research was so esoteric that only a few physicians could actually understand the results.

 

705. essay [verb]

試みる、試す

Donald essayed a smile.

 

706. estimable [adjective]

尊重に値する

Our estimable professor is constantly being recognized for his cancer research.

 

707. estrange [verb]

引き離す、疎遠にする

Norma’s depression often causes her to estrange herself from her coworkers by eating lunch alone in her cubicle.

 

708. ethnocentrism [noun]

自民族中心主義

Because my father’s marital beliefs are rooted in his ethnocentrism, he does not believe I should marry outside of my race.

 

709. ethos [noun]

気質、精神、風潮

Doctors are supposed to practice under ethos in which they put their patients’ health before financial compensation.

 

710. etiology [noun]

原因学、因果関係論

The etiology of this disorder may include alcoholism, malnutrition, or submassive hepatic necrosis.

 

711. etymology [noun]

語源学

After a bit of research, I found the etymology associated with my name and discovered my name’s meaning.

 

712. eugenics [noun]

優生学

When I hear a story of parental neglect, I often feel inclined to agree with the principle of eugenics.

 

713. eulogy [noun]

賛辞、称賛

Ginger sobbed as she listened to the praising words of her father’s eulogy during his funeral.

 

714. euphemism [noun]

婉曲法、遠回しな表現

When I was a kid, my mother described sexual intercourse using a euphemism so I would not be shocked by her words.

 

715. euphony [noun]

快い音、快い響き

The love-struck boy thought the sound of his girlfriend’s name was the sweetest euphony he had ever heard.

 

716. euphoria [noun]

幸福感、充実感

Once the euphoria of winning the lottery has worn off, you will be faced with the prospect of taxes and needy relatives.

 

717. euthanasia [noun]

安楽死

The doctor refused to perform euthanasia even though he knew it would permanently remove his patient’s suffering.

 

718. evanescent [adjective]

はかない、束の間の

We would have all missed the evanescent moment if not for the photographer’s speed and skill.

 

719. evasion [noun]

回避、言い逃れ

Now that it is mid-term time, the procrastinating student will pay for his love of partying and evasion of studying.

 

720. evince [verb]

明示する、証明する

Although they evince an appearance of stability, I’ve heard that their marriage is beginning to crumble.

 

721. evocative [adjective]

呼び起こす、喚起する

Seeing an evocative picture of my mother brought back fond memories of our last days together.

 

722. exacerbate [verb]

悪化させる、いらだたせる

Cora chose to exacerbate the argument by throwing a lamp at Mark’s head.

 

723. exact [verb]

強要する、取り立てる

When the two runners crossed the line, the judge needed an exact time for each runner since it was unknown who won.

 

724. exacting [adjective]

過酷な、骨の折れる

It was exacting work and required all his patience.

 

725. excise [verb]

切り取る、削除する

It will take several hours for the surgeon to excise the massive tumor.

 

726. excoriate [verb]

非難する、酷評する

In his speech, the president will excoriate the dictator’s actions and state his plans for military intervention.

 

727. excruciating [verb]

苦しめる、拷問する

After watching the excruciating film, I thought about asking for a refund of my money.

 

728. exculpate [verb]

無罪にする、罪を晴らす

Diane’s teenage son is constantly getting into some kind of mischief, but he knows how to charm his mother and exculpate himself.

 

729. execrable [adjective]

忌まわしい、ひどい

Because the conditions in that restaurant were so execrable, several diners became ill and the Health Department was called in to shut it down.

 

730. exegesis [noun]

解釈、説明

The student’s exegesis of the novel was one of the best summaries the professor had ever read.

 

731. exemplar [noun]

手本、模範

The school valedictorian is an exemplar of the perfect student.

 

732. exemplary [adjective]

模範的な、典型的な

When my father retired from his company after fifty years of employment, he received a gold watch for his exemplary service.

 

733. exempt [verb]

免除する

Because I made a perfect score on my last exam, I am exempt from the study guide that all of the other students are required to complete.

 

734. exhaustive [adjective]

徹底的な、完璧な

Despite an exhaustive search of the apartment, I could not find my car keys.

 

735. exhilarate [verb]

陽気にさせる、刺激を与える

Achieving my weight loss goal is sure to exhilarate me.

 

736. exhort [verb]

勧める、勧告する

A good leader will exhort people to achieve their own forms of greatness rather than try to force them on a certain path.

 

737. exigency [noun]

急迫、緊急事態

Although my son hates taking his medicine, it is an exigency that must be consumed for his physical wellbeing.

 

738. existential [adjective]

存在する、実存的な

After twenty years in the same job, he fell into an existential crisis, wondering why anything mattered.

 

739. exonerate [verb]

容疑を晴らす、無罪にする

The job of the defense attorney is to exonerate his clients and keep them out of jail.

 

740. exorbitant [adjective]

法外な、途方もない

The luxury hotel charges an exorbitant rate of $25 for a single cheeseburger.

 

741. exorcise [verb]

追い払う、取り除く

Many people turn to religion to exorcise themselves from sin.

 

742. expatiate [verb]

詳細に話す、長々と話す

During his book signing, Clark will expatiate on his military adventures.

 

743. expatriate [verb]

国外に追放する、海外に移住する

My uncle is an expatriate who left the country of his birth to live in France.

 

744. expedient [adjective]

適切な、好都合の

Given the fact the police will be looking for us soon, it is expedient we leave this apartment quickly!

 

745. expiate [verb]

償う、あがなう

Jack had no idea how he was going to expiate the fact he forgot his wedding anniversary.

 

746. explicate [verb]

解説する、説明する

It took the chemist a long time to explicate the chemical process to the group of financial investors.

 

747. exponent [noun]

説明者、支持者

Once homeless Janice is now a successful businesswoman and exponent for ending homelessness.

 

748. expository [adjective]

解説的な、説明的な

The play begins with an expository monologue explaining where the story takes place.

 

749. expound [verb]

述べる、詳細に説明する

During his graduation speech, Thad will expound his hopes and prayers for his graduating class.

 

750. expurgate [verb]

削除する、駆除する

The rapper was told that if he did not expurgate the offensive lyrics from his new song, it would never be played on the radio.

 

751. extant [adjective]

現存している

The extant writings of the ancient philosopher are still quite popular with philosophy students.

 

752. extemporaneous [adjective]

即興の、即行の

Instead of giving his prepared speech, the minister delivered an extemporaneous statement about the recent terrorist attacks.

 

753. extirpate [verb]

根絶する、摘出する

Hopefully the pesticides will extirpate the insects from my garden.

 

754. extraneous [adjective]

外来の、無関係の

The extraneous noise from the street was keeping us awake all night, so we moved to a different apartment.

 

755. extrapolate [verb]

外挿する、推定する

The scientist tried to extrapolate the future results by looking at data from previous testing dates.

 

756. extrinsic [adjective]

外部の、非本質的な

We did not expect there to be any issues with our wedding date, however the weather turned into an extrinsic factor that forced us to change the date.

 

757. exuberant [adjective]

元気のある、豊かな

Even though Johnny was not a very good basketball player, he had such an exuberant attitude that he came across as one of the stars of the team.

 

758. exude [verb]

にじみ出る、染み出す

As he tried to sneak past the bear, he could not help but exude fear.

 

759. fabulous [adjective]

信じられないような、途方もない

The amount of money we made during the fundraiser was absolutely fabulous, covering the cost of not only our current project, but the repaving of the school parking lot as well.

 

760. facetious [adjective]

滑稽な、ひょうきんな

Do you always have to be so facetious?

 

761. facile [adjective]

簡単な、流暢な

While the adults found the video game complicated, the teenagers thought it was facile and easily played.

 

762. facilitate [verb]

容易にする、促進する

The translator will facilitate the conversation between the immigrant and the attorney.

 

763. faction [noun]

派閥、党内争い

A rebel faction has split away from the main group.

 

764. factotum [noun]

用務員、雑用係

At the fast food restaurant, Kevin won the employee of the month award because as a factotum he would do every task assigned to him by his supervisor without fail.

 

765. factual [adjective]

事実の、実際の

That two plus two equals four is a completely factual statement, and no one can ever claim it to be false.

 

766. fallacious [adjective]

誤った、虚偽の

His argument is based on fallacious reasoning.

 

767. fallacy [noun]

誤った考え、うそ

Having money makes you happy is a fallacy because happiness has nothing to do with wealth.

 

768. fallow [adjective]

休閑中の、眠っている

At the end of summer, the once crowded beaches become fallow as the young people return to school.

 

769. fanatical [adjective]

熱狂的な、狂信的な

Richard is fanatical about his beliefs, preaching to anyone that will listen.

 

770. fandom [noun]

ファン、愛好家

All of the fandom in soccer would be watching the World Cup since it is the biggest tournament for that sport.

 

771. farce [noun]

茶番、笑劇

Many argue that the government today is a mere farce of what it started out as.

 

772. fastidious [adjective]

入念な、気難しい

My mother was a fastidious woman who always had a complaint on her lips.

 

773. fatuous [adjective]

まぬけな、愚かな

Buying a car without negotiating down the price is a fatuous move.

 

774. fauna [noun]

動物相

The forest’s fauna are safeguarded by local wildlife life protection laws.

 

775. fawn [verb]

へつらう、ちやほやする

It was interesting to watch the greedy woman fawn over the wealthy old man.

 

776. fealty [noun]

忠誠、誠実

When the president took his oath, he swore fealty to the nation.

 

777. feckless [adjective]

無力な、無責任な

Larry was such a feckless manager that the company was forced to declare bankruptcy.

 

778. fecund [adjective]

多産な、肥沃な

The computer programmer was a fecund person who could quickly identify and solve problems.

 

779. feeble [adjective]

弱い、微弱な

The injured man was so feeble he could not get off the floor.

 

780. felicitous [adjective]

適切な、ぴったりの

The felicitous music made me happy.

 

781. fend [verb]

かわす、寄せ付けない

My father expects me to fend for myself as soon as I turn eighteen and am ready to leave his house.

 

782. feral [adjective]

野生の、野性に返った

The feral dog would not approach humans.

 

783. fervent [adjective]

熱心な、熱烈な

The hot topic spurred a fervent debate between the two political parties.

 

784. fervid [adjective]

白熱した、熱烈な

The candidate made a fervid speech that held the audience’s attention.

 

785. fervor [noun]

熱意、熱烈

Although I love college football, I do not have the same fervor for the games as those fans that paint their faces with their team colors.

 

786. fetid [adjective]

臭い、悪臭のある

As soon as the detectives opened the door and smelled the fetid odor, they knew there was a dead body in the house.

 

787. fetter [verb]

足かせをする、束縛する

This does not mean that we wish to fetter the trade union movement.

 

788. feudal [adjective]

封建制の、封建的な

The notion of a patriarchal society because women are unfit to lead is considered outright feudal and old-fashioned.

 

789. fiat [noun]

命令、認可

The dictator rules his country by fiat and expects everyone to obey his orders.

 

790. fidelity [noun]

忠実、迫真性

After his arrest for fraud, the fidelity of all the reports he had turned in came into question.

 

791. fiducial [adjective]

基準の、信じて疑わない

The mile markers on the highway are used as fiducial points, allowing travelers to pinpoint precisely where they are on the map.

 

792. figurative [adjective]

比喩的な、修飾的な

If you use figurative language, you are not speaking literally but rather in a manner meant to produce a reaction.

 

793. filibuster [noun]

議事妨害

The senator will filibuster to prevent a vote on the bill.

 

794. fissure [noun]

割れ目、分裂

The homeowners were dismayed to discover a fissure in the foundation of their home.

 

795. fixate [verb]

固定させる、執着させる

The book reviewer was fixated on the flaws of the novel and neglected to mention the story’s positive attributes.

 

796. flabbergast [verb]

びっくりさせる、面食らう

As a single mother on a tight budget, I am flabbergasted by the huge cost of video games.

 

797. flag [verb]

しおれる、衰える

If you begin to flag, there is an excellent café to revive you.

 

798. flagrant [adjective]

凶悪の、非道な

After the basketball player committed a flagrant foul, he was kicked out of the game.

 

799. flamboyant [adjective]

派手な、けばけばしい

The flamboyant singer loves to wear shimmering suits while performing.

 

800. flaunt [verb]

見せびらかす、ひけらかす

Eric loves to flaunt his flashy clothes because he thinks that he is super cool.

 

801. fledgling [noun]

ひな鳥、青二才

The fledgling writer could use the benefit of a good editor.

 

802. fleet [adjective]

速い、束の間の

The police fleet raced down the highway after a stolen vehicle.

 

803. flimsy [adjective]

うすっぺらい、もろい

Don’t give me the flimsy excuse that you were too deep asleep to hear the phone ringing.

 

804. flora [noun]

植物相

Flora in the eastern region includes over 7000 types of plants.

 

805. florid [adjective]

血色のよい、華やかな

The police officer was florid after being held up by a six-year old boy with a water pistol.

 

806. flout [verb]

軽蔑する、馬鹿にする

People find themselves in trouble because they think they’re clever enough to flout the law without getting caught.

 

807. fluke [noun]

まぐれ、幸運

Since I didn’t study or attend class on a regular basis, it was simply a fluke that I passed the exam.

 

808. flummox [verb]

まごつかせる、当惑させる

The defense attorney’s questions were designed to flummox the prosecuting witness.

 

809. flux [noun]

流動、流入

Because the electricity is in flux, the hotel can’t guarantee the air conditioning will work throughout the night.

 

810. foible [noun]

弱点、欠点

Although many people consider Bob’s impatience as a foible, I view it as a passion to get things done.

 

811. foment [verb]

助長する、喚起する

The publicity-hungry politician often made harsh statements about immigrants in order to foment unrest among the public.

 

812. for all

~にもかかわらず

For all her experience, she was still prone to nerves.

 

813. forage [verb]

糧秣をあさる、探し回る

As the night grew colder, the soldiers started to forage for firewood.

 

814. forbear [verb]

慎む、控える

Since Catie did not have a date for the prom, she chose to forbear attending the event.

 

815. forbearance [noun]

寛容、自制

The police officer showed forbearance when he let the young thief off with a warning.

 

816. ford [noun]

浅瀬、歩いて渡れる場所

Sharpe had stopped at the ford to let the horses drink.

 

817. forebear [noun]

先祖

One of his forebears could have won the support of Wilfrid.

 

818. forebode [verb]

予言する、予感がする

The oracle forebode the coming of the warrior that would be strong enough to save the entire city.

 

819. foresight [noun]

先見の明、洞察力

Barbara’s foresight led her to buy the stock before it tripled in value.

 

820. forestall [verb]

(先回りして)妨げる、そらす

To forestall the bank from foreclosing on his home, Jack sold all of his personal belongings to catch up on his mortgage payments.

 

821. forgery [noun]

偽造、捏造

Many young kids try to employ forgery to sign their parent’s signature on something they don’t want them to see.

 

822. forgo [verb]

見合わせる、慎む

I will forgo drinking because I am the designated driver.

 

823. formidable [adjective]

手ごわい、恐ろしい

Growing tomato crops during a severe drought proved to be formidable for one farmer.

 

824. forswear [verb]

公式に否認する、公式に止める

After Gail was beaten up by her boyfriend, she decided to forswear her loyalty and call the police.

 

825. forte [noun]

強み、長所

Although dancing was Ann’s forte, she never considered having a career in entertainment.

 

826. fortress [noun]

要塞、要塞都市

The tall fortress was surrounded by a swampy moat and drawbridge that led to the fort.

 

827. fortuitous [adjective]

偶然の、思いがけない

Mark proved to be fortuitous by selecting all six winning lotto numbers.

 

828. founder [verb]

沈む、失敗する

Their marriage began to founder soon after the honeymoon.

 

829. fracas [noun]

けんか、騒ぎ

The husband and wife were fined by the judge for starting a fracas in court.

 

830. fractious [adjective]

怒りっぽい、気難しい

The inexperienced teacher found the fractious students difficult to control.

 

831. frank [adjective]

率直な、あからさまな

A frank conversation was needed between the father and his unruly son.

 

832. fraught [adjective]

悩みの多い、不安に満ちた

The treasure hunt was fraught with puzzles that had to be solved in order to find the fortune.

 

833. frenetic [adjective]

熱狂的な、狂乱した

After keeping up a frenetic pace trying to keep up with classes, work, and family, Marcy felt like she was on the brink of a nervous breakdown.

 

834. frieze [noun]

装飾帯

Containing the most famous frieze of all time, the Parthenon in Athens has a band of sculpture across the top.

 

835. froward [adjective]

強情な、ひねくれた

The froward child refused to listen to her parents and was disobedient most of the time.

 

836. frugal [adjective]

質素な、倹約な

I wanted front row seats, but my frugal husband wanted to save a bundle by purchasing back row seats.

 

837. fulfillment [noun]

履行、実現

Many people experience a sense of fulfillment when they finally achieve their life’s dream, or even when they take a step towards it.

 

838. fulminate [verb]

激しく非難する、爆発する

The disgruntled customer continued to fulminate over a price difference.

 

839. fulsome [adjective]

しつこい、度を超した

In an attempt to earn a promotion, Sarah offended her boss with her fulsome compliments.

 

840. furious [adjective]

怒り狂う、激怒した

The prospective cadet was furious with himself for oversleeping and disqualifying himself from the academy.

 

841. furnish [verb]

備え付ける、供給する

The advertisement stated that the owners would furnish the apartment with tables, chairs, beds and a couch.

 

842. furtive [adjective]

こそこそした、人目を気にする

Crissy walked outside in a furtive manner so that her parents would not see her.

 

843. fusion [noun]

融合、連合

The actor worked so hard to become the character that it seemed the fusion of their personalities might be permanent.

 

844. futile [adjective]

役に立たない、無益な

When the captain realized his efforts to steer his ship were futile, he commanded his officers to release the lifeboats.

 

845. gaffe [noun]

失敗、失態

Because of the quarterback’s gaffe, our team lost the big game.

 

846. gainsay [verb]

反論する、否定する

Since Jack told the truth on the witness stand, no one was able to gainsay his statement.

 

847. gambol [verb]

ふざける、はねまわる

Because of the rain, students are unable to gambol on the playground during recess.

 

848. garland [noun]

花輪、栄誉

She twined the flowers into a garland.

 

849. garment [noun]

衣類、着物

The saleswoman are very knowledgeable while helping me find the right garment to wear at my cousin’s wedding.

 

850. garner [verb]

集める、蓄える

The teacher allowed us to put up posters to garner interest in our club fundraiser.

 

851. garrulous [adjective]

口数の多い、冗長な

Desperate for peace and quiet, Amanda told the garrulous man sitting next to her to "Shut up!"

 

852. gauche [adjective]

気が利かない、ぎこちない

His gauche table manners make me cringe, especially when he tries to talk with his mouth full.

 

853. gaudy [adjective]

華やかな、けばけばしい

When Crystal returned from the nail salon, she showed me her gaudy nails that were painted bright orange.

 

854. genial [adjective]

親切な、(気候が)穏やかな

Santa Claus is such a genial man that children love to approach him.

 

855. genuine [adjective]

本物の、真の

When the bride took her engagement ring to be reset she was shocked to discover that her diamond was not genuine but cubic zirconia.

 

856. germane [adjective]

適切な、関係のある

Since we were running out of time, our professor asked us to limit our questions to those germane to today’s lecture.

 

857. gestation [noun]

妊娠、形成期間

The baby was born prematurely at 28 weeks gestation.

 

858. gist [noun]

要点、要旨

The first paragraph of the report should provide readers with the gist of the paper.

 

859. give teeth

実効性をもたせる

The severe penalty really gives teeth to the law.

 

860. glacial [adjective]

氷河の、無情な

She gave me a glacial smile/stare.

 

861. glib [adjective]

うわべだけの、口先だけの

How could he have been so glib about such a traumatic event?

 

862. glower [verb]

にらみつける、顔をしかめる

The police officers turned to glower at the suspect who had killed one of their own.

 

863. goad [verb]

棒で突く、刺激する

During lunch in the cafeteria today, my rival tried to goad me into a fight so I would get suspended from school.

 

864. gossamer [adjective]

薄い、繊細な

Jan’s white gossamer scarf was practically transparent.

 

865. gouge [noun]

丸のみ(たがね)、穴

The refrigerator legs, left a gouge in the vinyl flooring when I moved it out to clean behind it.

 

866. graft [verb]

接ぎ木する、移植する

Scientists will be able to graft new genes into human eggs and embryos.

 

867. grandiloquent [adjective]

大げさな、誇大した

Even though Rick did not understand the grandiloquent words, he still used them to impress his wealthy friends.

 

868. grandiose [adjective]

壮大な、おおげさな

The idea of throwing a party on top of the swimming pool seemed quite grandiose to everyone in the room.

 

869. grandstand [verb]

派手に見せる、観客を喜ばせる

The NASCAR enthusiasts peered from the shaded grandstand and watched the cars speed around the track.

 

870. gratify [verb]

喜ばせる、満足させる

Hopefully the chocolate bar will gratify my desire for something sweet.

 

871. grating [adjective]

耳障りな、不快な

The sound of his grating voice complaining all day was driving me crazy.

 

872. gratuitous [adjective]

余計な、必要のない

Even though I had been looking forward to seeing the movie, I walked out of the theater after thirty minutes because of so much gratuitous foul language.

 

873. gregarious [adjective]

社交的な、集団を好む

When you walk in a room, you radiate gregarious energy, surely to brighten all gloomy souls.

 

874. grievance [noun]

不平、苦情

Janet’s grievance against her neighbor has turned into a civil lawsuit.

 

875. grievous [adjective]

悲しむべき、耐えがたい

Hearing that you have cancer is always grievous news.

 

876. grizzle [verb]

灰色にする、(子供が)ぐずる

His grizzled beard was no longer black like it was in his youth.

 

877. groan [noun]

うめき声、不平

The boy began to whimper groan about going to school, making his parents suspect that something was not right.

 

878. grouse [verb]

不平を言う、ぶつぶつ言う

If we grouse in the pub, who listens?

 

879. grovel [verb]

腹ばいになる、ひれ伏す

The dog was willing to grovel for the biscuit.

 

880. guile [noun]

ずるい、不誠実

Although Britney pretends to be sweet and innocent, she has used her guile to become one of the most popular celebrities in the world.

 

881. guise [noun]

外観、服装

Under the guise of a police officer, the crook walked into the bank and easily robbed the tellers.

 

882. gullible [adjective]

騙されやすい、のろまな

The gullible woman gave all her money to a fake charity.

 

883. guru [noun]

指導者、専門家

You should listen to financial guru Steven Smith because he is worth half a billion dollars.

 

884. gustatory [adjective]

味覚の、味の

The party included an array of gustatory desserts paired with wine.

 

885. hackneyed [adjective]

使い古した、平凡な

Too often used by young girls, the word “like” has become hackneyed.

 

886. halcyon [adjective]

穏やかな、平和な

I was very content during the halcyon days of my childhood.

 

887. hale [adjective]

壮健な、元気な

Although he just turned eighty-five years old, Jimmy is still hale and healthy.

 

888. hallmark [noun]

証明、特徴

Dolly Parton’s bleach blonde hair is a hallmark.

 

889. hallowed [adjective]

神聖な、神聖化された

We stood near the hallowed ground where the soldiers had fallen, not daring to step too close.

 

890. hamstring [verb]

不自由にする、妨害する

This might hamstring the government and its operation was sometimes confusing to foreign observers.

 

891. hand-wringing [noun]

(苦痛、自責のため)手を握り締める

That led many political commentators to indulge in hand-wringing about how apathetic Californians were about representative government.

 

892. hanker [verb]

憧れる、渇望する

After years of an unhappy marriage, the man begin to hanker to have an affair.

 

893. hapless [adjective]

不運な、不幸な

When Jason lost his wife and job on the same day, he knew he was a hapless soul.

 

894. happenstance [noun]

偶然のできごと、思いも寄らぬできごと

The coffeeshop conversation was happenstance, a coincidental meeting that lead to a whirlwind romance.

 

895. harangue [verb]

演説する、熱弁する

Even though the members of the church were falling asleep, the minister continued his harangue on the evils of society.

 

896. harbinger [noun]

先人、前ぶれ

Everyone knows the groundhog is the harbinger of a change in seasons.

 

897. hard-line [adjective]

強硬路線の

The religious extremist would not change his hard-line views no matter who tried to convince him.

 

898. hardy [adjective]

頑丈な、たくましい

Trees in the woodland are hardy, withstanding cold winters and severe weather in the spring.

 

899. harrowing [adjective]

痛ましい、悲惨な

When Hank thought the plane was going to crash, he had a heart attack because the incident was so harrowing.

 

900. hasten [verb]

急がせる、促進させる

Marilyn made an attempt to hasten the death of her elderly husband by putting arsenic in his food.

 

901. hatred [noun]

憎しみ、憎悪

The night owl’s hatred of mornings caused her to hit snooze button several times.

 

902. havoc [noun]

大混乱、大破壊

The volcano inflicted havoc upon the tiny village.

 

903. heavyweight [noun]

有力者、重要人物

American political heavyweights and reclusive Hollywood stars will come together in New York next month to help two Irish men launch a new glossy magazine for dog lovers.

 

904. hectic [adjective]

消耗性の、忙しい

Since I have a lot to do this week, my schedule is going to be very hectic.

 

905. hector [verb]

いじめる、脅す

She doesn't hector us about giving up things.

 

906. hedonist [noun]

快楽主義者、快楽論者

My neighbor is a hedonist who likes to party all night.

 

907. heed [verb]

留意する、~に注意する

My sister is always in need of cash because she is unwilling to heed my financial advice.

 

908. hegemony [noun]

支配権、覇権

The president of the company has hegemony over his employees.

 

909. heliocentric [adjective]

太陽を中心とした

According to heliocentric theory, the sun is the center of everything in the universe.

 

910. helmsman [noun]

舵取り、操舵手

The old helmsman brought us about and we avoided a dangerous dash against the rocks.

 

911. hemorrhage [verb]

大量に失う、大量に流出する

Some women undergo a hemorrhage of unstoppable bleeding after giving birth.

 

912. herald [verb]

告知する、予告する

Because he was always up-to-date on the latest information, we referred to our friend as a herald.

 

913. herbivore [noun]

草食動物

As an herbivore, the giraffe has teeth that are broad and capable of chewing tough plants.

 

914. heretical [adjective]

異教の、異端の

This is not as heretical a suggestion as it might seem at first sight.

 

915. heretofore [adverb]

これまでは、以前は

The investment has produced amazing profits that were heretofore unimaginable.

 

916. hermetic [adjective]

密閉した、気密の

As a freelance writer who rarely leaves her house, Kate lives a hermetic lifestyle.

 

917. heterodox [adjective]

異説の、正統でない

The church will excommunicate anyone who preaches heterodox beliefs.

 

918. heuristic [adjective]

発見に役立つ、学習に役立つ

The purpose of the heuristic class is to teach people through personal trials.

 

919. hew [verb]

切る、切り刻む

When my father got angry with my mother, he would go in the backyard and hew wood with his axe.

 

920. hibernate [verb]

冬眠する、避寒する

Snoozing deep inside the cave, the bear continued to hibernate all winter long.

 

921. hidebound [adjective]

融通の利かない、狭量な

The hidebound politician refused to change his position on the abortion bill.

 

922. hieroglyphics [noun]

象形文字

The writings of the ancient Egyptians was almost entirely hieroglyphic, based on pictures and drawings.

 

923. high-handed [adjective]

高圧的な、高飛車な

The high-handed king ruled with an iron fist, never allowing his citizens to have any freedom.

 

924. hilarious [adjective]

陽気な、浮かれ騒ぐ

We laughed nonstop while watching the hilarious sitcom.

 

925. hinder [verb]

妨げる、邪魔をする

Tight, restrictive clothing will work to hinder your athletic performance.

 

926. hinterland [noun]

後背地、僻地

As the sun set, animals moved away from the coast and into the distant hinterland.

 

927. hirsute [adjective]

毛深い、多毛の

The hirsute teenager was warned that he would be expelled from school if he did not take a haircut and pay attention to his grooming.

 

928. histrionic [adjective]

演技の、芝居じみた

When John does not take his psychiatric medicine, he might have a histrionic outburst about the smallest of things.

 

929. hoard [verb]

貯蔵する、蓄える

Rob loves to hoard money because he is a penny-pincher.

 

930. hoary [adjective]

古めかしい、白髪の

The hoary house was built in the eighteenth century and is now part of a museum.

 

931. hobble [verb]

よたよた歩く、足を引きずる

After falling and hurting her ankle badly, the volleyball player had to hobble over to a bench.

 

932. hodgepodge [noun]

ごたまぜ、寄せ集め

After many people dug through the different appetizers, the large platter was just a hodgepodge of different foods scattered all over the place.

 

933. homage [noun]

敬意、誓い

As a sign of homage for the late president, government flags will be flown half-mast today.

 

934. homeostasis [noun]

恒常性

Homeostasis keeps the body’s temperature regulated at an average temperature of 98.6 degrees.

 

935. homily [noun]

説教、訓戒

People around the world watched as the pope delivered a homily on the subject of kindness.

 

936. homogenous [adjective]

均一の、同質の

As races have mixed, the world’s population has become more and more homogenous.

 

937. honorary [adjective]

肩書きだけの、名誉上の

After his untimely death, the student was given an honorary degree.

 

938. hoodwink [verb]

だます、ごまかす

In an attempt to hoodwink the woman into opening the front door, the rapist pretended to be a police officer.

 

939. hortatory [adjective]

勧告的な、奨励的な

Since the president’s speech about the economy wasn’t very hortatory, people had little reason to be hopeful about their finances.

 

940. hotly [adverb]

熱心に、激しく

The bank hotly denies any wrongdoing.

 

941. hubris [noun]

傲慢、うぬぼれ

The leader of the cult had so much hubris he believed the government would never be able to capture him.

 

942. humble [adjective]

謙虚な、質素な

After twenty years as a humble worker, he finally got the opportunity to lead.

 

943. humdrum [adjective]

平凡な、単調な

An exciting vacation would give me time away from my humdrum job.

 

944. humility [noun]

謙虚、謙遜

During her speech, Jennifer showed her humility by acknowledging her film crew as the team who deserved the trophy.

 

945. husband [verb]

節約する、とっておく

She husbanded their financial resources through difficult times.

 

946. hyperbole [noun]

誇張

During the hurricane, it seemed as though the hyperbole, “raining cats and dogs“, was almost accurate.

 

947. hypocrisy [noun]

見せかけ、偽善行為

Students protested that the rule about cell phones was just a bunch of hypocrisy because teachers were always using their cell phones.

 

948. hypocrite [noun]

偽善者、ねこかぶり

He is a hypocrite and never exerts himself to help anyone.

 

949. hypotenuse [noun]

直角三角形の斜辺

Using the Pythagorean Theorem, the mathematician was able to find the triangle’s hypotenuse as well as its shorter sides.

 

950. hysteria [noun]

病的興奮

The hostages were in a state of hysteria when they were rescued by the police.

 

951. iconoclast [noun]

偶像破壊、因習打破

Because Jared was an iconoclast and dared to question the company’s mission, he was fired from his job.

 

952. ideological [adjective]

観念的な、空論的な

Some have minimized the importance of ideological factors.

 

953. idiosyncratic [adjective]

特異な、風変わりな

The strange bird let out a high-pitched sound that is idiosyncratic to its species.

 

954. idolatry [noun]

偶像崇拝、崇拝

It is sad how many people exhibit idolatry towards celebrities.

 

955. idyll [noun]

田園風景、牧詩

This rural idyll is, however, the privilege of the minority.

 

956. igneous [adjective]

火成の、火のような

After the volcano erupted and lava covered the ground, many igneous rocks were created.

 

957. ignoble [adjective]

下品な、卑劣な

Because Frank has a habit of not showing up on time, he has an ignoble reputation as someone who is not very responsible.

 

958. ignominious [adjective]

不名誉な、恥ずべき

When the boxer got knocked out in the first round, everyone knew it was the beginning of an ignominious defeat for him.

 

959. ignorant [adjective]

無知の、失礼な

My little sister was ignorant of the rules of the playground and pushed and shoved all of the other children.

 

960. illiberal [adjective]

狭量な、けちな

Expressing illiberal views may bring some politicians into temporary prominence.

 

961. illicit [adjective]

違法な、不正の

I dumped my boyfriend because of his illicit drug habit.

 

962. imbroglio [noun]

もつれ、ごたごた

Will the treaty end this imbroglio that has kept the two countries at war for over sixty years?

 

963. imbue [verb]

染み込ませる、吹き込む

After the terrorist bombings, the government placed several of the country’s flags at the site of the ruins to imbue patriotism.

 

964. immanent [adjective]

内在する、内在的な

God is immanent in the world.

 

965. immaterial [adjective]

重要でない、実体のない

The judge told the jury to disregard the testimony because it was immaterial to the trial.

 

966. immature [adjective]

未熟な、未完成な

A human is immature for many years, having to go through nearly two decades of development before becoming an adult.

 

967. imminent [adjective]

差し迫った、切迫した

When the Secret Service arrived, everyone knew the president’s arrival was imminent.

 

968. immolate [verb]

犠牲にする、生け贄に捧げる

Ancient tribes used to immolate widows, sacrificing and burning their bodies to make sure they enter paradise with their dead husbands.

 

969. immunodeficiency [noun]

免疫不全

The earliest known specimen of the human immunodeficiency virus was found long after the death of its victim.

 

970. immutable [adjective]

不変の、不易の

Although I tried to get the bank president to change his mind about giving me the loan, I finally realized his decision was immutable.

 

971. impair [verb]

(価値などを)減じる、(健康などを)損なう

Certain drugs will impair your depth perception, making it unsafe to drive.

 

972. impasse [noun]

行き止まり、手詰まり

Yesterday, the two parties did not make any progress on the contract terms because they had reached an impasse.

 

973. impassive [adjective]

無感動の、苦痛を感じない

Even though it was very exciting, Jon delivered the news in an impassive voice in the hope that everyone would stay calm.

 

974. impeccable [adjective]

欠点のない、完璧な

Your impeccable work ethic and great attention to detail are reasons enough for hiring you.

 

975. impecunious [adjective]

金がない、貧乏な

Since Janice grew up in an impecunious household, she knew a great deal about surviving on very little.

 

976. impede [verb]

妨げる、邪魔をする

If you do not eat while you are sick, the lack of nutrients will impede your recovery.

 

977. impediment [noun]

妨げ、障害

My broken wrist is the impediment preventing me from finishing my new novel.

 

978. imperative [adjective]

避けられない、強制的な

If you’re serious about getting healthy, it’s imperative that you follow a healthy lifestyle, make the right food choices, and exercise regularly.

 

979. imperious [adjective]

横柄な、緊急の

The principal is an imperious woman who expects to be obeyed.

 

980. impermeable [adjective]

不浸透性の、染みとおらない

The impermeable rain coat kept water from ruining the woman’s cashmere sweater.

 

981. impertinent [adjective]

生意気な、無礼な

Although she thought she was just being funny, her teacher didn’t agree and sent her to the principal’s office for being impertinent.

 

982. imperturbable [adjective]

冷静な、動じない

The imperturbable actress carried on with her performance even when her costar forgot his lines.

 

983. impervious [adjective]

傷つかない、不浸透性の

Let us hope these thin walls are impervious to the freezing cold tonight!

 

984. impetuous [adjective] 激

しい、性急な

His impetuous behavior landed him in prison.

 

985. impetus [noun]

起動力、はずみ

Because the new president was once a military commander, he has a great deal of experience being an impetus for change.

 

986. impinge [verb]

衝突する、侵害する

Hopefully the bad weather will move in a different direction and not impinge upon our plans for an outdoor reception.

 

987. impious [adjective]

不信心な、不敬な

His lack of protocol in the church caused him to gain a reputation for being impious.

 

988. implacable [adjective]

和解しにくい、なだめにくい

The little boy was implacable when his parents left him alone with the babysitter.

 

989. implausible [adjective]

信じがたい、本当とは思えない

The drug manufacturer was fined for making implausible claims about its weight loss products.

 

990. implicit [adjective]

暗黙の、絶対的な

Although you never stated I could use your car, your permission was implicit when you handed me your car keys.

 

991. implode [verb]

内破する、(内側で)崩壊する

It seemed that the angry team would implode, exploding into a million different pieces that would leave us without an NFL squad.

 

992. importunate [adjective]

しつこくせがむ、切迫した

My mother left her husband because he was an importunate man who treated her like an unpaid servant.

 

993. impotent [adjective]

無力な、無益な

When my husband was diagnosed with cancer, I felt impotent because I could not help him with his pain.

 

994. impoverish [verb]

貧乏にする、不毛にする

The impoverished girl knew she did not have enough money to attend college.

 

995. imprecation [noun]

呪い、(災いが降りかかるための)祈り

The witch muttered an imprecation at the man who mistreated her.

 

996. impregnable [adjective]

難攻不落な、動じない

Despite our squad's best efforts, we could not win the game against the impregnable team.

 

997. impromptu [adjective]

即座の、即興の

I’m not sure how many people will be able to attend the impromptu party.

 

998. impugn [verb]

非難する、異議を唱える

The mayor leaked news of the arrest to the media to impugn his opponent’s character.

 

999. impunity [noun]

免除、免責

In exchange for her testimony, the accomplice received impunity from prosecution.

 

1000. impute [verb]

負わせる、~のせいにする

It was wrong of me to impute you for the failure of the dinner party when I was the one who did not properly plan the event.

 

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1001. in lieu of

~の代わりに

The family of the deceased is asking for donations to a cancer fund be made in lieu of flowers or other gifts.

 

1002. in no way

決して~でない

These measures in no way replace the need for regular safety checks.

 

1003. inadvertent [adjective]

不注意な、不慮の

Because the principal neglected to turn off the microphone on the PA system, there was an inadvertent transmission of some very inappropriate language throughout the school.

 

1004. incarcerate [verb]

監禁する、閉じ込める

The police are going to incarcerate the teen who keeps committing acts of violence.

 

1005. incarnadine [adjective]

深紅の、肉色の

I needed to find incarnadine tights so that it would appear the same color as my skin.

 

1006. incarnate [verb]

体現させる、具体化する

The cardiotachometer can incarnate the function of one's heart , reflect the burthen in the training and resume after training.

 

1007. incendiary [adjective]

放火の、扇動的な

Because Dad had come home in one of his incendiary moods, we kids hid in our rooms to avoid causing him to blow up.

 

1008. incense [verb]

怒らせる、激怒する

The offensive article about racism is sure to incense many minority groups.

 

1009. inchoate [adjective]

初期の、不完全な

Because our company just recently opened its doors, we are inchoate and are not offering all of our services yet.

 

1010. incipient [adjective]

初期の、始まりの

Because the incipient plan has no backup measure, there is no chance it will succeed.

 

1011. incite [verb]

刺激する、扇動する

The racist man tried to incite hatred in his children by telling them falsehoods about minority groups.

 

1012. incompetent [adjective]

無能な、無資格の

The robber was so incompetent he locked himself in the bank vault.

 

1013. incomprehensible [adjective]

理解できない、不可解な

After hearing to the incomprehensible rap, listeners were left wondering what the musician meant.

 

1014. inconceivable [adjective]

想像もつかない、信じがたい

It is inconceivable that the young boy walked twenty miles without shoes in freezing weather.

 

1015. incongruous [adjective]

調和しない、不適当な

How incongruous of a fat doctor telling me to lose weight!

 

1016. inconsequential [adjective]

取るに足らない、重要でない

When you walk with your head down and eyes lowered, you come across as being inconsequential.

 

1017. incorporate [verb]

合併させる、組み込む

In order to provide a complete report, Henry and his staff incorporate the graphs and charts into the written text.

 

1018. inculcate [verb]

教え込む、吹き込む

In order to inculcate a love of reading, the teacher encourages her students to read different types of literature.

 

1019. inculpate [verb]

罪を負わせる、咎める

Evidence was used to inculpate the suspects and lead to their eventual conviction.

 

1020. incursion [noun]

侵入、侵略

When the troops made an incursion across the border, they ruined any chance for peace between the two countries.

 

1021. indebtedness [noun]

恩義、負債

The company has reduced its indebtedness to just $15 million.

 

1022. indecipherable [adjective]

解読できない、判読できない

Signing his indecipherable signature, the doctor’s name was barely legible.

 

1023. indefatigable [adjective]

疲れ知らずの、根気強い

The director of the homeless shelter is an indefatigable woman who works almost eighteen hours every day.

 

1024. indemnify [verb]

保障する、償う

Since Kurt was driving drunk, the insurance company will not indemnify him from the property damage he caused.

 

1025. indeterminate [adjective]

不確定の、未決定の

Since most people have not responded to the party invitation, we are expecting an indeterminate number of guests.

 

1026. indictment [noun]

起訴、告発

There are some people who truly believe that the recent natural disasters are an indictment against Man’s lack of respect for the planet.

 

1027. indifference [noun]

無関心、重要でないこと

Because Martha showed a total lack of interest in music, her mother used this indifference as a reason to sell the family’s piano.

 

1028. indigence [noun]

貧困、困窮

High medical costs are a significant cause of indigence for many of the elderly who are living in poverty.

 

1029. indoctrinate [verb]

教え込む、吹き込む

The cult leader will indoctrinate his followers with his beliefs.

 

1030. indolent [adjective]

なまける、怠惰な

Jackson lost his job because he was an indolent employee who did nothing but sleep at his desk all day.

 

1031. ineffectual [verb]

効果のない、無力な

Once I realized the medicine was ineffectual, I stopped taking it.

 

1032. ineluctable [adjective]

不可避の、避けられない

Lee has the irritating habit of arguing his opinions as ineluctable facts.

 

1033. inept [adjective]

不適当な、不向きな

He was criticized for his inept handling of the problem.

 

1034. ineptitude [noun]

不適当、ばかげた

Because of Bill’s ineptitude, he lost his job.

 

1035. inert [adjective]

にぶい、不活発な

Since my wounded dog is inert, I have to lift him up and put him in the car.

 

1036. inestimable [adjective]

計り知れない、非常に貴重な

It’s impossible to define the inestimable role police officers play in keeping society safe.

 

1037. inexorable [adjective]

冷酷な、無情な

The inexorable logic does not, however, establish that the result is morally or socially desirable.

 

1038. infallible [adjective]

誤りのない、確実な

While you may think you are infallible, you make mistakes just like everyone else!

 

1039. infelicitous [adjective]

不運な、不幸な

Given the host’s spouse had recently died, my comment about wanting to die was infelicitous.

 

1040. infest [verb]

横行する、はびこる

These parasites infest the gills of freshwater fish.

 

1041. infinitesimal [adjective]

微少の、非常に少ない

In the grand scheme of things, so many of our problems are actually quite infinitesimal, and you shouldn’t waste the energy worrying about them.

 

1042. infirmity [noun]

虚弱、病弱

He felt sorry for his uncle, feeling the alcoholism was a serious infirmity.

 

1043. inflict [verb]

損害を加える、苦しめる

Our troops will inflict hefty casualties on their foes

 

1044. infraction [noun]

違反、侵害

One more infraction and Jason will be suspended from school.

 

1045. infringe [verb]

法を犯す、(権利を)侵害する

Having that much work to do at home will only infringe upon my time with my family.

 

1046. infuse [verb]

(思想などを)教え込む、注入する

Disney hires these people for their ability not just to draw but also to infuse their characters with personality.

 

1047. ingenious [adjective]

器用な、巧妙な

Our captain’s ingenious plan would allow us to sneak around the enemy and capture the objective without a fight.

 

1048. ingenuity [noun]

発明の才、巧妙さ

When Jack fixed the jeep, his friends were impressed with his mechanical ingenuity.

 

1049. ingenuous [adjective]

淡泊な、純真な

Jessica’s ingenuous nature made her an easy target for the con man.

 

1050. ingrate [noun]

恩知らずの人、感謝知らずの人

When you do not appreciate your gifts, you are being an ingrate.

 

1051. ingratiate [verb]

気に入られようとする、取り入ろうとする

Since the new teacher failed to ingratiate herself with the students, she found it hard to maintain an orderly classroom.

 

1052. inherent [adjective]

固有の、本来の

Most mothers have an inherent need to protect their children.

 

1053. inimical [adjective]

有害な、敵意のある

Although I attempt to avoid the school bully, he always goes out of his way to be inimical to me.

 

1054. iniquity [noun]

不正、非道

When I went to my brother’s college dorm, I saw drunken boys exhibiting iniquity towards girls.

 

1055. injustice [noun]

不公平、不正行為

The American Revolution started because of a perceived injustice in the taxes levied by England.

 

1056. innocuous [adjective]

無害の、悪意のない

Because the virus was innocuous, the hospital staff had no need to worry about the leak.

 

1057. innuendo [noun]

風刺、あてこすり

Although the dialogue in the book is not sexually explicit, the writer makes great use of innuendo to convey his message.

 

1058. inoffensive [adjective]

害にならない、悪気のない

He seemed like a quiet, inoffensive sort of a guy.

 

1059. inopportune [adjective]

不都合な、折りの悪い

Since the economy is depressed, it is an inopportune period for the Fed to raise interest rates.

 

1060. inordinate [adjective]

過度な、無秩序な

Every year I spend an inordinate amount of time selecting Christmas presents for my large family.

 

1061. inquest [noun]

審問、評決

The judge ordered an inquest after several family members requested their loved one’s death be investigated further.

 

1062. inquisition [noun]

調査、取り調べ

As soon as I get home from my first date, I will have to face my nosey mother’s inquisition.

 

1063. inscrutable [adjective]

不可解な、謎めいた

When Larry wrote the letter, he was so tired the writing was nearly inscrutable.

 

1064. insensible [adjective]

無感覚の、無頓着な

She remained insensible of the dangers that lay ahead.

 

1065. insensitive [adjective]

無感覚な、鈍感な

I do not mean to be insensitive, but my lack of understanding for other people’s troubles sometimes comes across as that.

 

1066. insidious [adjective]

狡猾な、潜行性の

The insidious playboy planned to con the heiress out of her fortune.

 

1067. insinuate [verb]

遠回しに言う、徐々に入り込む

During the debate, the senator tried to insinuate his opponent was not qualified for office.

 

1068. insipid [adjective]

味がない、気の抜けた

When you present, please do not be an insipid speaker who makes everyone fall asleep!

 

1069. insofar [adverb]

その限りにおいて、その程度まで

Unfortunately, the school system can only educate you insofar as you study its teachings, as it cannot directly imprint info on your brain.

 

1070. insolent [adjective]

横柄な、無礼な

When the insolent young man yelled my name, I ignored him and walked towards my car.

 

1071. insouciant [adjective]

無頓着な、のんきな

The insouciant mother did not blink an eye when her son complained of a tummy ache.

 

1072. instigate [verb]

扇動する、そそのかす

Justine hoped to instigate Will and Gail's separation by spreading false rumors about Will’s late nights at work.

 

1073. insulate [verb]

絶縁する、孤立させる

You can insulate a house against heat loss by having the windows double-glazed.

 

1074. insuperable [adjective]

乗り越えられない、無敵の

No matter how hard the kitten tried, it could not face the insuperable challenge of climbing back down the tree.

 

1075. insurmountable [adjective]

克服できない、追い越せない

Even though the task of cleaning out the garage seemed insurmountable, Sue had the place spotless and ready for her new car by Monday.

 

1076. insurrection [noun]

反乱、暴動

During the insurrection, several convicts held a prison doctor hostage.

 

1077. intangible [adjective]

無形の、実体のない

While emotions can be expressed, they are intangible because they cannot be physically touched.

 

1078. integrity [noun]

誠実、無傷

Because the politician was considered a man of integrity, most of the people voted for him in the last election.

 

1079. inter [verb]

埋める、埋葬する

We decided to inter my son’s dead bird near the apple tree.

 

1080. interdict [verb]

禁止する、阻止する

Because I failed most of my classes last term, my parents will probably interdict me from working this semester.

 

1081. interlocutor [noun]

対話者、対談者

After Lynn listened to her friends’ conversation for a while, she became an interlocutor and expressed her opinion.

 

1082. interlude [noun]

合間、幕間

We exited the theater during the short interlude to purchase something to eat.

 

1083. internecine [adjective]

共倒れの、内部抗争の

When the internecine war was over, both nations were left in ruins.

 

1084. interplay [noun]

相互作用、交錯

Players on a sports team often realize the interplay of competition and cooperation due to the need for both at different times of the game.

 

1085. interpolate [verb]

補間する、書き入れる

Since the author would often interpolate the stories of others by adding his own text, the critics did not view him as a real writer.

 

1086. interregnum [noun]

空白期間、空位期間

During the interregnum, the people worried that the incoming ruler would treat them differently than the previous king.

 

1087. intervention [noun]

仲裁、干渉

Our nation’s intervention in another country’s war could pull us into the crisis.

 

1088. intestine [adjective]

内部の、体内の

Stomach and intestine problems are the most common issues that people currently face.

 

1089. intimate [adjective]

親しい、密接な

Because I am a private person, I do not like to share intimate details about my home life.

 

1090. intracellular [adjective]

細胞内の

Intracellular toxins affect the organelles and other substances inside of a cell.

 

1091. intractable [adjective]

手に負えない、扱いにくい

Bringing up the sunken cruise ship is going to be an intractable task.

 

1092. intransigent [adjective]

妥協しない、頑固な

Even though the divorce proceedings should be over, they are still dragging on because of the intransigent parties involved.

 

1093. intrepid [adjective]

勇敢な、大胆な

To be an astronaut, you must be an intrepid person who craves adventure and is not afraid of heights.

 

1094. introspective [adjective]

内観的な、内省的な

The introspective artist was always questioning his own painting skills.

 

1095. inundate [verb]

水浸しにする、殺到する

My boss is the type of person who likes to inundate others with projects.

 

1096. inure [verb]

苦痛に慣れさせる、鍛える

Raising three dramatic daughters will inure you to temper tantrums.

 

1097. invective [noun]

非難、ののしり

The newspaper’s invective of the novel really made the author angry.

 

1098. inveigh [verb]

激しく非難する、ののしる

Because one politician chose to inveigh on the subject of immigration for an hour, the debate went on all afternoon.

 

1099. inveigle [verb]

おびき寄せる、誘い込む

Speechless I stood by as June was able to inveigle her way into the private club by flirting with the security guard.

 

1100. investiture [noun]

授与、任官

The investiture of the new president will take place this evening.

 

1101. inveterate [adjective]

根深い、常習的な

Because Janet was an inveterate traveler, it seemed as though she lived at the airport.

 

1102. invidious [adjective]

不愉快な、ねたましい

The dictator’s invidious acts caused the people to rise up against him.

 

1103. invincible [adjective]

無敵の、不屈の

The teenager jumped off the building because he thought he was invincible and unable to get hurt.

 

1104. iota [noun]

微少、わずか

If there is even one iota of doubt, the jury should not find the defendant guilty.

 

1105. irascible [adjective]

怒りっぽい、短気な

It does not take much to aggravate my irascible neighbor who is annoyed by any little noise.

 

1106. irksome [adjective]

あきあきする、退屈な

To avoid the irksome security lines at the airport, Rick has applied for a screening pass that will allow him to reach his gate more quickly.

 

1107. ironclad [adjective]

甲鉄の、厳しい

During the American Civil War, two ironclad ships fought each other without causing much damage due to the strong metal shield of the ships’ outer material.

 

1108. irradiate [verb]

照らす、輝かせる

His little face was irradiated by happiness.

 

1109. irreconcilable [adjective]

和解できない、調和しない

Feeling that their issues were irreconcilable, the couple decided to file for divorce.

 

1110. irrefutable [adjective]

反駁できない、論破できない

The police arrested their suspect only after obtaining irrefutable proof he was the robber.

 

1111. irresolute [adjective]

決断力のない、優柔不断な

As the troubled young girl faced her school principal, she was irresolute and did not know what to expect as a consequence for her behavior.

 

1112. irrevocable [adjective]

取り返しのつかない、変更できない

Even though you are unhappy with your inheritance, the will is irrevocable and cannot be changed.

 

1113. isosceles [adjective]

二等辺の

The base angles of an isosceles triangle are equal.

 

1114. itinerant [adjective]

巡回する、移動する

The documentary follows the life of an itinerant homeless man who never sleeps in a location more than once.

 

1115. itinerary [noun]

旅程、スケジュール

The documentary follows the life of an itinerant homeless man who never sleeps in a location more than once.

 

1116. itinerant [adjective]

歩き回る、巡回する

The alert follows a flood of complaints about itinerant traders who charge extortionate prices for bitumen coverings for drives.

 

1117. jaundiced [noun]

ひがみ、偏見

Because she always received terrible customer service, my grandmother was jaundiced against the company.

 

1118. jejune [adjective]

退屈な、未熟な

The billionaire couple refused to eat the jejune dish of chicken wings and tater tots.

 

1119. jeopardize [verb]

危険にさらす、危うくする

Do not jeopardize your good grade by failing to turn in your assignment.

 

1120. jettison [verb]

投げ捨てる、投下する

In order to conserve fuel, the pilot was forced to jettison some of his passengers’ suitcases.

 

1121. jibe [verb]

一致する、調和する

The findings of the court did not jibe with the testimony of the witness, angering the judge.

 

1122. jingoism [noun]

愛国主義

The man’s jingoism led him to attempt to destroy a federal building as a show of loyalty for his own nation.

 

1123. jocose [adjective]

滑稽な、おどけた

Robert is well known for his jocose disposition, always makes everyone around him laugh.

 

1124. jocular [adjective]

おどけた、ひょうきんな

The jocular man is known for his funny punchlines.

 

1125. joust [verb]

競う、争う

The oil company jousts with Esso for lead position in UK sales.

 

1126. jovial [adjective]

陽気な、愉快な

Stories describe Santa Claus as a jovial man who gives toys to children.

 

1127. juggernaut [noun]

巨大な力、不可抗力

With the reveal of its best-selling innovation, the software company has become a juggernaut in the tech industry.

 

1128. junta [noun]

軍事政府、暫定政府

Armed with the newest weapons, the junta faced little to no resistance as it drove out the government.

 

1129. jurisprudence [noun]

法律学、法体系

Even in high school, Evan read a great deal on jurisprudence because he knew he wanted to become a lawyer.

 

1130. juror [noun]

陪審員、審査員

The attorney for the defense challenged the juror.

 

1131. jut [verb]

突出する、張り出る

The edge of the cliff seemed to jut out over the ocean and disappear into a blanket of clouds.

 

1132. juxtapose [verb]

並べる、並置する

The interior designer likes to juxtapose light furniture against dark floors to create a dramatic contrast.

 

1133. keep at bay

寄せ付けない

Ballista Towers provide the defenders with enough firepower to keep at bay.

 

1134. ken [noun]

理解の範囲、視界

After further reading the novel, the ken of the antagonist’s motive to harm the protagonist became clear.

 

1135. kindle [verb]

火をつける、燃やす

The mother hoped the prison inmate's speech would kindle her son to change his rebellious ways.

 

1136. kindred [noun]

血縁、親族

My best friend is my kindred spirit who usually identifies with all the crazy things I say.

 

1137. kinetic [adjective]

運動の、動的な

Kinetic learners are students who learn better when they are allowed to be active.

 

1138. knell [noun]

弔いの鐘、鐘の音

Everyone took the company president’s resignation as the company’s knell of bankruptcy.

 

1139. kudos [noun]

称賛、賛辞

Although the movie director received kudos from the critics, the public hated the film.

 

1140. labile [adjective]

不安定な、変わりやすい

Emotionally labile patients are not given stimulants since they tend to can cause moods to shift dramatically.

 

1141. laborious [adjective]

困難な、勤勉な

When you just start exercising it may seem laborious, but over time it gets easier.

 

1142. lace [verb]

入れる、加える

His voice was laced with derision.

 

1143. lachrymose [adjective]

涙もろい、涙ぐんだ

After her husband died, my aunt became a lachrymose woman who couldn’t stop crying.

 

1144. lackadaisical [adjective]

元気のない、情熱に欠ける

After the surgery, I was lackadaisical for several days.

 

1145. lackey [noun]

召使い、おべっか使い

The wealthy gent’s lackey toted his luggage all over the resort.

 

1146. lackluster [adjective]

活気のない、輝きのない

Since she noticed that the response she was getting on the dating website was rather lackluster, Beth decided to spice up her profile and post a better photo.

 

1147. laconic [adjective]

簡潔な、素っ気ない

During the laconic phone call, the divorcing spouses only said what was absolutely necessary.

 

1148. lambaste [verb]

非難する、しかる

Even with its success, harsh party leaders continued to lambaste the plan for healthcare reform.

 

1149. landlord [noun]

地主、大家

Beating on her delinquent tenant’s door, the landlord threatened to file a lawsuit if rent wasn’t paid.

 

1150. languid [adjective]

元気のない、のろい

I always get my rest when I take a languid cruise vacation.

 

1151. larceny [noun]

窃盗、盗み

After finding his computer was not where he left it, he accused his sister of larceny.

 

1152. largess [noun]

贈り物、祝儀

Because of the millionaire’s largesse, twenty underprivileged graduates now have college scholarships.

 

1153. lascivious [adjective]

みだらな、挑発的な

After running naked through the field, he was arrested for lewd and lascivious behavior.

 

1154. lassitude [noun]

疲労、だるさ

After the long race, Jack experienced a feeling of lassitude.

 

1155. latent [adjective]

潜在的な、隠れた

The detective asked the lab technician to search the room for latent fingerprints.

 

1156. laud [verb]

ほめたたえる、賛美する

The company decided to laud Jack’s outstanding contributions to the firm.

 

1157. laudable [adjective]

賞賛に値する、感心する

While Jason did not win the contest, his efforts were laudable enough to be mentioned by the judges.

 

1158. laudatory [adjective]

賞賛の、賛美の

The laudatory announcement praised the team’s efforts during the championship game.

 

1159. laurel [noun]

名誉、栄誉

She has rightly won laurels for this brilliantly perceptive first novel.

 

1160. lavish [adjective]

豪華な、気前のいい

Every room in the five-star hotel was filled with lavish furnishings.

 

1161. lax [adjective]

ゆるんだ、手ぬるい

The lax entry requirements let just about anyone in.

 

1162. laxity [noun]

だらしなさ、ゆるさ

The prevalent laxity toward marriage causes the divorce rate to rise.

 

1163. leery [adjective]

用心深い、疑い深い

The dog was leery of the man with the large stick.

 

1164. legerdemain [noun]

手品、ごまかし

The psychic uses legerdemain to convince people she is talking to their dead loved ones.

 

1165. legitimacy [noun]

合法性、正当性

Terry doubted the legitimacy of his husband’s excuses since he lied to her in the past.

 

1166. lethargic [adjective]

無気力の、だるい

During the hottest days of summer I feel so lethargic that all I want to do is drink iced tea and paint.

 

1167. levee [noun]

堤防、土手

A levee was created out of dirt and sandbags to keep creeping water from the Mississippi from flooding the fields.

 

1168. levity [noun]

軽率さ、不謹慎

After battles, some soldiers try and add levity to their days by telling jokes around the campfire.

 

1169. levy [verb]

徴収する、課す

The Presidential candidate promised to levy a tax on foreign production in an effort to stimulate American manufacturing.

 

1170. liberal [adjective]

寛大な、気前の良い

Although my grandfather has some liberal ideas, he still does not believe in the notion of female soldiers.

 

1171. liberate [verb]

自由にする、解放する

Because the dogs were experiencing maltreatment, the compassionate man decided to liberate his neighbor’s animals.

 

1172. libertine [noun]

放蕩者、自由思想家

Because Warren is a drunken libertine, he often comes into work with a hangover.

 

1173. licentious [adjective]

不道徳な、放蕩な

Though great artists have been licentious, licence does not necessarily result in great art.

 

1174. light-hearted [adjective]

陽気な、気楽な

Laura went to go see a light-hearted film to put her in a better mood.

 

1175. Lilliputian [adjective]

狭量な、極めて小さい

The Lilliputian trees looked like tiny bushes next to the tall redwoods.

 

1176. limelight [noun]

注目の的、人目につく

The celebrity never liked the limelight, so he kept his personal business to himself and out of the tabloids.

 

1177. limn [verb]

描く、描写する

The painter is known to limn pictures of his lovers on oil canvases.

 

1178. limpid [adjective]

澄んだ、明快な

Because the sky was not limpid, we could not see the stars.

 

1179. lineage [noun]

血統、一族

Our family was ecstatic to learn about our royal lineage and how we descend from kings and queens of antiquity.

 

1180. lionize [verb]

もてはやす、ちやほやする

I hate when people lionize dead celebrities that were vilified during their lifetimes.

 

1181. lissome [adjective]

柔軟な、しなやかな

The lissome figure skater moved effortlessly on the ice.

 

1182. listless [adjective]

無関心な、元気のない

The illness made me so listless I rarely got out of bed.

 

1183. litany [noun]

長い話、くどい話

When I listened to my mother’s litany of criticisms about the nursing home staff, I was shocked by some of her accusations.

 

1184. literati [noun]

知識階級、文学者

He was underrated as a writer by the literati.

 

1185. lithe [adjective]

しなやかな、柔軟な

While Corinne has the lithe, agile body that would be perfect for gymnastics, she is too tall to manage some of the events.

 

1186. litigate [verb]

訴訟を起こす、法廷で争う

After not reaching an agreement, the two parties decided to go to court to litigate the settlement.

 

1187. litter [verb]

散らかす、汚す

The sitting room was littered with books.

 

1188. littoral [adjective]

沿岸の、海岸の

With water pollution on the rise, new training on clean-up measures were introduced to littoral areas in hopes that improvements would be made.

 

1189. livid [adjective]

激怒した、激高した

Boris was livid with fury when he learned his wife’s killer was being released from prison.

 

1190. loath [adjective]

嫌う、気の進まない

He is loath to get out of bed on cold mornings.

 

1191. lobby [verb]

陳情する、働きかける

The hotel lobby was packed with people waiting in the entrance until they could check into their rooms.

 

1192. lofty [adjective]

高尚な、非常に高い

The football players have set a lofty goal in their bid to win all their home games this year.

 

1193. long-winded [adjective]

長たらしい、退屈な

The student’s long-winded response was much more lengthy than the client required.

 

1194. loquacious [adjective]

おしゃべりな、よくしゃべる

After drinking four beers, my normally quiet wife becomes quite loquacious.

 

1195. lord [noun]

貴族、君主

The lord was in charge of ruling everyone in his district and used his power to his advantage.

 

1196. lounge [verb]

ぶらぶら歩く、ゆったりする

After complete exhaustion, Henry decided to lounge on the sofa for a few hours.

 

1197. lubricious [adjective]

挑発的な、すべすべした

The other sun-bathers admired the woman’s gleaming and lubricious skin.

 

1198. lucid [adjective]

明快な、分かりやすい

Because the medicine made Lisa drowsy, she was not very lucid.

 

1199. lucrative [adjective]

もうかる、利益の上がる

The wealthy businessman was constantly on the lookout for lucrative ventures that would help him become even wealthier.

 

1200. lucre [noun]

利益、もうけ

Hiding the lucre in many different accounts, the mobsters kept a watchful eye on their funds.

 

1201. lugubrious [adjective]

悲しげな、哀れな

In his first novel, the mysterious postman is the perfect example of a lugubrious character.

 

1202. lukewarm [adjective]

なまぬるい、熱意のない

Disappointed by his lukewarm chicken wings, the diner requested hot ones from the kitchen.

 

1203. lullaby [noun]

子守歌

The infant’s mother sang her Hush Little Baby every night, so it quickly became the child’s favorite lullaby.

 

1204. lumber [verb]

ドシドシ歩く、重々しく歩く

Environmentalists protested the lumberjacks’ actions because they were chopping down all the trees for their lumber.

 

1205. luminary [noun]

発光体、有名人

Because Dr. Swanson is a luminary in the medical profession, he recently had a surgical procedure named after him.

 

1206. luminous [adjective]

光輝く、明るい

The movie editor used the computer program to give the actress the luminous appearance of an angel.

 

1207. lurid [adjective]

青ざめた、恐ろしい

The film had an R-rating because of its lurid depiction of the couple’s sexual encounter.

 

1208. lurk [verb]

潜む、待ち伏せする

Hungry lions lurk in the tall grass and wait for unsuspecting gazelles to cross their path.

 

1209. lustrous [adjective]

光沢のある、光輝く

The model brushed her lustrous hair, admiring each glossy strand in the mirror.

 

1210. macabre [adjective]

ぞっとする、気味の悪い

Since even the scariest of horror movies only made her laugh, Sofia supposed that she had a macabre sense of humor.

 

1211. Machiavellian [adjective]

ずる賢い、抜け目のない

My supervisor is very sneaky and has been known to exhibit Machiavellian behavior in order to move up in the company.

 

1212. machination [noun]

陰謀、悪だくみ

After being caught running a machination against his political rival, the ruthless candidate lost the election.

 

1213. maelstrom [noun]

大混乱、大渦巻

Following the divorce, Judy was beset by such a maelstrom of emotions that she decided to talk to a counselor.

 

1214. magnanimous [adjective]

寛大な、度量のある

Despite the slurs made against him by his opponent, the boxer was magnanimous enough to praise his competitor.

 

1215. magnate [noun]

有力者、権力者

Due to his status as a political magnate, many people were eager to vote for him in the next election.

 

1216. magnum opus

大作、傑作

The author had written many books but didn’t release his magnum opus, Charlotte’s Web, until 1952.

 

1217. maize [noun]

トウモロコシ、トウモロコシ色

The villagers cultivate mostly maize and beans.

 

1218. maladjusted [adjective]

不適応の、調整の悪い

After being raised by apes, the young lord was maladjusted to the duties expected of him by society.

 

1219. maladroit [adjective]

不器用な、不手際な

The nervous boy was maladroit and stuttered over his words as he invited the girl to the dance.

 

1220. malady [noun]

病気、疾病

Because she is a hypochondriac, my sister has one malady after another.

 

1221. malediction [noun]

呪い、中傷

The witch’s malediction made the young princess fall into a deep sleep.

 

1222. malevolent [adjective]

悪意のある、有害な

How malevolent of you to wish that I was dead!

 

1223. malicious [adjective]

悪意のある、意地の悪い

Danielle was hurt by malicious comments made about her on Facebook.

 

1224. malign [adjective]

有害な、悪意のある

By spreading the cruel rumor, my sister hoped to malign her ex-boyfriend.

 

1225. malinger [verb]

仮病を使う

When it is time to do work around the house, Henry will offer malinger and go to his room to rest.

 

1226. malleable [adjective]

順応な、展性のある

When my uncle drinks a great deal, he is always quite malleable to suggestions.

 

1227. mammalian [adjective]

哺乳類の

The disease can spread from one mammalian species to another.

 

1228. manacle [verb]

手かせをかける、束縛する

The manacle will keep the dog from leaving the front yard.

 

1229. manifest [adjective]

明らかな、明白な

The love on Amy’s face was manifest and obvious to everyone.

 

1230. manipulate [verb]

操る、巧みに扱う

The beautiful young woman found it easy to manipulate the wealthy older man.

 

1231. mannered [adjective]

気取った、わざとらしい

Hickstone gave a very mannered performance in the lead role.

 

1232. manumit [verb]

(奴隷を)解放する

It was possible for a person to be given a legacy on the understanding that he would manumit a slave.

 

1233. mar [verb]

傷つける、台無しにする

You will mar the cake if you keep putting your fingers in the icing.

 

1234. marginal [adjective]

重要でない、わずかな

Because the difference in the paint colors is marginal, no one can tell Ann painted her kitchen using two dissimilar hues.

 

1235. marginalize [verb]

主流からはずす、周辺に追いやる

We've always been marginalized, exploited, and constantly threatened.

 

1236. martial [adjective]

軍隊の、勇敢な

Since my father brings his job as a colonel home, he runs our family in a martial way by assigning everyone a rank and duties.

 

1237. martinet [noun]

規律家、厳格な人

As a colonel in the army, John is a martinet who believes discipline is the only path to success.

 

1238. martyr [noun]

殉教者、犠牲者

Joan became a martyr after she lost her life in the fight again religious persecution.

 

1239. mastery [noun]

専門技術、支配

Man’s mastery over nature in our world allows us to achieve many things, but even so we can never outmatch nature’s raw power.

 

1240. maudlin [adjective]

感傷的な、涙もろい

The girl’s performance was so maudlin that people started to boo her off the stage.

 

1241. maverick [noun]

一匹狼、異端児

The maverick politician promised to leave behind the ways of the old guard and bring change to the government.

 

1242. maxim [noun]

原理、原則、格言

My grandmother had a wise maxim to help me get through all of my teenage crises.

 

1243. mayhem [noun]

大混乱、破壊行為

During the busy holiday season, most of the stores seem to be in a constant state of mayhem.

 

1244. meager [adjective]

やせた、貧弱な

Because you only earn a meager salary, you should be very careful about your spending.

 

1245. meddlesome [adjective]

おせっかいな、余計な世話をやく

Meddlesome men spent their morning drinking coffee and discussing their neighbors business.

 

1246. mediator [noun]

調停者、仲介者

A mediator was needed to help the divorcing couple come to an agreement.

 

1247. megalomania [noun]

誇大妄想

The singer’s megalomania has turned her into an arrogant woman who is disliked by everyone who truly knows her.

 

1248. mélange [noun]

ごたまぜ、寄せ集め

The buffet had a mélange of food from various cultures.

 

1249. mellifluous [adjective]

なめらかな、甘美な

The actor has a mellifluous voice that could lull anyone into a deep sleep.

 

1250. melodramatic [adjective]

大げさな、芝居がかった

For the practical viewer, the soap opera was way too melodramatic.

 

1251. menace [verb]

威嚇する、脅す

My neighbor’s dog is a menace who seems to enjoy going potty on my porch.

 

1252. mendacious [adjective]

虚偽の、偽りの

Chuck is mendacious about his vegetarianism because he eats chicken.

 

1253. mendicant [noun]

物乞い、嘆願者

The mendicant hoped pedestrians would drop money in his bucket.

 

1254. mercenary [adjective]

報酬目当ての、金で雇われた

Following his employer’s instructions, the mercenary killed the woman and her baby without a second thought.

 

1255. mercurial [adjective]

変わりやすい、気まぐれな

Because Mary is taking a new medication, her moods have become quite mercurial and change with the wind.

 

1256. meretricious [adjective]

いんちきな、けばけばしい

Because of Christie’s meretricious style of dressing, she has often been mistaken for a prostitute and has received a number of indecent proposals.

 

1257. mesmerize [verb]

魅了する、催眠する

Because Jennifer was mesmerized by the author’s writing style, she purchased all of his books.

 

1258. messianic [adjective]

救世主の、救世主的な

He announced the imminent arrival of a messianic leader.

 

1259. metamorphosis [noun]

変形、変態

During this particular metamorphosis, the caterpillar becomes a butterfly.

 

1260. metaphor [noun]

比喩、隠喩

The walking dictionary is a fitting metaphor used to describe the spelling bee champion.

 

1261. metaphysical [adjective]

抽象的な、形而上学的な

In the book, the main character spoke to a metaphysical being he couldn’t see.

 

1262. metastasize [verb]

転移する、悪化する

The idea of revolution began to metastasize and spread like wildfire from Moscow to the impoverished Russian countryside.

 

1263. meticulous [adjective]

小心な、几帳面な

Because Haley is a meticulous cleaner, every inch of her house is spotless.

 

1264. mettle [noun]

元気、気性

Of all the young men in the village, Caldor was the only one with enough mettle to face the dragon in its lair.

 

1265. mettlesome [adjective]

元気のある、威勢の良い

My brother is a mettlesome boy whose free-spirit always leads him to some type of adventure.

 

1266. microcosm [noun]

小世界、小宇宙

Most times the airport seems likes a microcosm of the globe with people arriving and leaving from all over the world.

 

1267. milieu [noun]

環境、周囲

Because my father grew up in a military milieu, he knew he wanted to join the armed forces when he graduated from high school.

 

1268. militate [verb]

作用する、影響する

The rain will militate a change of venue for our picnic.

 

1269. mimetic [adjective]

模倣の、偽りの

The actors have to rely on their mimetic skills.

 

1270. minatory [adjective]

脅迫的な

The hate group left a minatory threat in the form of a burning cross on the couple’s lawn.

 

1271. minuscule [adjective]

非常に小さい、取るに足らない

Many fast food workers are quitting their jobs because of minuscule salaries.

 

1272. minutiae [noun]

詳細、細かい点

The students ignored their teacher as she told them minutiae about her boring life.

 

1273. miraculous [adjective]

奇跡的な、驚異的な

Because the medicine man said the solution was a miraculous cure for the mystery illness, he sold every bottle he had.

 

1274. mire [noun]

ぬかるみ、泥沼

Getting arrested was a mire of unfortunate circumstances the parolee had tried to avoid.

 

1275. mirth [noun]

陽気、換気

It was obvious from Jacob’s mirth he found the movie to be quite funny.

 

1276. misanthrope [noun]

人間嫌いの人、付き合い嫌いの人

The old man was a misanthrope who surrounded his entire yard with barbed wire to keep his neighbors at bay.

 

1277. miscellany [noun]

文集、寄せ集め

The library contained a miscellany of various types of books including both nonfiction and fictional titles.

 

1278. miscreant [noun]

悪党、犯罪者

Sometimes when Jim acts like a miscreant, his wife kicks him out of the house.

 

1279. mishmash [noun]

ごたまぜ、寄せ集め

The magazine is a jumbled mishmash of jokes, stories, and serious news.

 

1280. misnomer [noun]

誤った呼び方、誤称

Since Fred is very skinny, calling him Fat Fred is indeed a misnomer.

 

1281. misogyny [adjective]

女嫌いの

The boy’s misogyny hailed from the abuse he suffered from his mother.

 

1282. missive [noun]

公文書、手紙

While sitting in class, Greg asked his classmate to pass a love missive to his dream girl.

 

1283. mistress [noun]

女主人、女性の長

She was his mistress for three years.

 

1284. mitigate [verb]

和らげる、静める

The doctor gave me a prescription to mitigate the pain.

 

1285. mnemonic [noun]

記憶を助けるもの、記憶術

Our math professor taught us a simple mnemonic for remembering how to complete the equation.

 

1286. mock [verb]

まねをする、ばかにする

He went to church only to mock.

 

1287. modicum [noun]

少量、わずか

When Jane wore the short dress to the funeral, she proved she did not have a modicum of decency.

 

1288. modish [adjective]

流行りの、粋な

The contemporary art lover prefers modish pieces over traditional pieces from the past.

 

1289. mollify [verb]

軽減する、和らげる

I am hoping the hot tea and crackers will mollify my husband and help him relax.

 

1290. molt [verb]

生え変わる、脱皮する

With dead shreds of skin lying around the cage, it was apparent that the lizard did molt his skin.

 

1291. molten [adjective]

溶解した、熱した

Gooey molten chocolate seeped out of the top of the mountain-shaped cake.

 

1292. monastic [adjective]

修道院の、禁欲的な

For the new monks who had recently joined the monastery, the monastic lifestyle was quite shocking.

 

1293. monger [noun]

商人、ききたがり屋

I surely got beaten when I bought rice from a monger.

 

1294. moot [adjective]

未決の、議論の余地のある

Federal legislation will override the states’ concerns and make them moot.

 

1295. moralize [verb]

説教する、道徳的に説明する

The humorous storyteller tried not to moralize and rarely told stories that had a deeper meaning.

 

1296. morbid [adjective]

病的な、恐ろしい

The boy’s morbid fascination with death led him to collect dead animals.

 

1297. mordant [adjective]

皮肉な、辛辣な

The mordant mother often used harsh words that made her son cry.

 

1298. moribund [adjective]

崩壊寸前の、休止した

Because the wounded man has lost a great deal of blood, he is moribund and probably will not make it through the night.

 

1299. morose [adjective]

気難しい、不機嫌な

After their team lost the basketball game, the disappointed fans looked morose.

 

1300. mortal [noun]

人間

A man is deliberately designed to be mortal. He grows, he ages, and he dies.

 

1301. mortgage [noun]

抵当、住宅ローン

The newly married couple checked the rates on the mortgage to determine how much they would have to pay for their dream home.

 

1302. mortify [verb]

恥をかかせる、克服する

If my mother picks me up from school in her pajamas, she will mortify me in front of my friends.

 

1303. motif [noun]

刺激、動機

Death is the depressing motif that appears in each of the artist’s paintings.

 

1304. motley [adjective]

雑多な、混成の

The motley group of job applicants included a retired teacher, a recently released convict, and a sixteen-year-old girl.

 

1305. multifarious [adjective]

雑多な、様々な

Coming from a small town of only four hundred residents, Jonas was shocked by the millions of people who made up the multifarious population of the big city.

 

1306. mundane [adjective]

日常的な、ありふれた

The restaurant should spice up their menu and replace the dull and mundane dishes.

 

1307. munificence [noun]

気前の良さ、惜しみなく与えること

The wealthy actor always gives the members of his staff munificent appreciation gifts.

 

1308. munificent [adjective]

寛大な、気前の良い

The wealthy actor always gives the members of his staff munificent appreciation gifts.

 

1309. munition [noun]

軍用品、必要品

Hiding a large stash of munitions within the tank, the army proceeded up the hill.

 

1310. murderous [adjective]

残忍な、耐えがたい

I couldn't withstand the murderous heat.

 

1311. murky [adjective]

濁っている、暗い

The frightened little boy refused to walk with his friends through the murky forest.

 

1312. muse [verb]

物思いにふける、考え込む

The model was the artist’s muse for his famous sculpture.

 

1313. mutation [noun]

変化、突然変異

A new vaccination had to be created for a mutation of the antigen.

 

1314. mutiny [noun]

反乱、暴動

Dissatisfied voters will mutiny against the current president by voting for whoever runs against him in the next election.

 

1315. myopic [adjective]

視野が狭い、近視の

If you only question one race of people in your survey, your responses will be myopic.

 

1316. myriad [adjective]

無数の、多様な

Kelly and Clint discuss myriad topics on their talk show.

 

1317. mythical [adjective]

神話の、架空の

After reading about the mythical creature, the young child was not scared because many events in the story could not have happened.

 

1318. nadir [noun]

最下点、天底

Even though we thought we had reached our nadir and would fail to meet the project deadline, we were still able to complete the work on time.

 

1319. nanny [noun]

ベビーシッター、乳母

They have a male nanny for their kids.

 

1320. nascent [adjective]

発生しかけている、初期の

Online dating has gone from a nascent idea to an established concept that helps millions of people find love.

 

1321. natty [adjective]

さっぱりした、こぎれいな

The model wore a natty jumper down the runway, donned with a few bangles and a stylish bomber jacket.

 

1322. naysayer [noun]

反対する人

With such positive feedback for the product, a dark cloud came over the company’s workers when the naysayer spoke his negative comments about the product.

 

1323. nebulous [adjective]

不透明な、曇った

It was not difficult to realize her answer to the question was nebulous.

 

1324. necromancy [noun]

魔術、妖術

When Maggie’s husband died, she visited a psychic who claimed she could use necromancy to talk to deceased persons.

 

1325. nefarious [adjective]

極悪な、不正な

How nefarious of you to fling dog crap on my car!

 

1326. negate [verb]

否定する、取り消す

While we like the singer’s music, our high regard does not negate the fact she broke the law by leaving the scene of an accident.

 

1327. neologism [noun]

新造語

The neologism became so popular it was added to most dictionaries.

 

1328. neophyte [noun]

初心者、新改宗者

Because I have very little computer experience, I am a neophyte when it comes to working with most software programs.

 

1329. nettle [verb]

いらいらさせる、悩ます

My brother will often nettle me by reading my diary.

 

1330. nexus [noun]

結びつき、つながり

The school cafeteria is the nexus of student activity.

 

1331. noble [adjective]

高貴な、崇高な

According to legend only a truly noble man could pull the magic sword from the stone.

 

1332. nobleman [noun]

貴族、華族

An eccentric nobleman has never learned how to read a clock.

 

1333. noisome [adjective]

有害な、嫌なにおいのする

The dog’s noisome odor is making me physically ill.

 

1334. nominal [adjective]

名ばかりの、取るに足らない

The court gave me a nominal award that did not cover the cost of my car repairs.

 

1335. nonchalant [adjective]

無頓着な、無関心な

Surprisingly, the woman was nonchalant about her husband’s death.

 

1336. nonplus [verb]

当惑する、途方に暮れる

When the politician was questioned about his position on a tough issue, he appeared nonplussed and took a long time to respond to the reporter.

 

1337. nontrivial [adjective]

重要な、些細でない

A description of plasma instabilities in a systematic way is nontrivial.

 

1338. normative [adjective]

標準の、規範的な

A normative grammar of a language describes how its authors think the language should be spoken or written.

 

1339. nostrum [noun]

妙薬、万能薬

Although my sister is not a doctor, she thinks she can cure any illness and is quick to suggest a nostrum to her friends.

 

1340. notoriety [noun]

悪名、悪評

The notoriety of violence in the downtown area keeps many tourists from visiting that part of the city.

 

1341. notwithstanding [adverb]

それにもかかわらず、それでも

Notwithstanding his injured knee, the football player made two touchdowns.

 

1342. nourish [verb]

養う、育成する

The kindergartners were told they needed to nourish their plant seeds with water and sunlight.

 

1343. novice [noun]

初心者、新改宗者

When it came to coding complicated functions, the inexperienced coder was a novice.

 

1344. noxious [adjective]

有害な、毒のある

Besides being annoying, the mosquito is a noxious insect that can carry and transmit a number of potentially fatal diseases.

 

1345. nugatory [adjective]

役に立たない、価値がない

Jim’s nugatory comments contributed nothing to the class discussion.

 

1346. nuisance [noun]

有害、迷惑

Until Jill planted a vegetable garden, she never knew a raccoon could be such a nuisance.

 

1347. obdurate [adjective]

頑固な、無情な

With his obdurate personality and intense dislike for people, Jonathan had all the makings of a professional killer.

 

1348. obfuscate [verb]

困惑させる、鈍らせる

The loan contract was filled with legal words meant to obfuscate trusting borrowers.

 

1349. oblique [adjective]

斜めの、間接的な

The slight wink was Larry’s oblique way of flirting with me.

 

1350. obliterate [verb]

消滅させる、除去する

The dictator’s army is going to obliterate the rebel’s small village in less than five minutes.

 

1351. obloquy [noun]

悪口、誹謗

After being released from prison, Kurt lived in obloquy and rarely left his apartment.

 

1352. obscure [adjective]

分かりにくい、見えにくい

The obscure writer was not known in the literary community.

 

1353. obscurity [noun]

無名、不明瞭

The teen heartthrob came out of obscurity and became one of the most famous entertainers in the world.

 

1354. obsequious [adjective]

こびへつらう、追従的な

The princess had obsequious servants who showered her with attention.

 

1355. obsess [verb]

悩ます、取りつく

They become obsessed with trying to equip their vehicles with gadgets to deal with every possible contingency.

 

1356. obsolescence [noun]

退化、老朽化

Since the granite countertops were such an obsolescence in the neighborhood homes, the builder knew he would need to upgrade to higher quality materials like marble.

 

1357. obsolete [adjective]

時代遅れの、廃れた

Many people believe the Internet has made the postal service obsolete.

 

1358. obstinate [adjective]

頑固な、強情な

Everyone described my grandfather as the most obstinate man alive!

 

1359. obstreperous [adjective]

騒々しい、手に負えない

Because my nephew is obstreperous, he often gets in trouble at school.

 

1360. obtuse [adjective]

鈍い、鈍感な

Are you so obtuse that you will give away all your money to a fake charity?

 

1361. obviate [verb]

取り除く、不要にする

We replaced the old mechanisms because we wanted to obviate any nervousness about potential breakdown.

 

1362. occlude [verb]

ふさぐ、閉じる

The police officers have blocked off the road to occlude the bomb from the public.

 

1363. oddity [noun]

奇妙、変人

The lanky man and his petite wife are always looked at like an oddity in public.

 

1364.

odious [adjective]

不愉快な、憎らしい

Because Mark had an odious personality, he had very few friends.

 

1365. odyssey [noun]

長期の放浪、長い冒険

My twenty-year odyssey in the army allowed me to visit eighteen countries.

 

1366. officious [adjective]

おせっかいな、差し出がましい

Because Cory is the boss’s son, he thinks he can stick his officious nose into everybody’s business without fear of consequences.

 

1367. olfactory [adjective]

嗅覚の、嗅覚器の

The hound dog used his olfactory sense to locate the missing girl.

 

1368. oligarchy [noun]

寡頭政治、少数独裁政治

In our small religious community, the major decisions of the town are made by the oligarchy, which is composed of six wise men.

 

1369. ominous [adjective]

不吉な、縁起の悪い

Because of the ominous music, we knew something bad was about to happen in the movie.

 

1370. omission [noun]

省略、脱落

The omission of my name from the Honor Roll List made me regret the fact I had played around all semester.

 

1371. omnipotent [adjective]

全能の、絶対的な影響力を持つ

My teenager daughter likes to believe she is omnipotent in our household.

 

1372. omnipresent [adjective]

偏在する、どこにでもいる

The soccer coach described his star player as being omnipresent, all over the field at once.

 

1373. onerous [adjective]

面倒な、煩わしい

Taking care of the puppy is an onerous task.

 

1374. onomatopoeia [noun]

擬音、擬音語

My class assignment involves writing a poem that contains onomatopoeia, a word that sounds exactly like its pronunciation.

 

1375. opaque [adjective]

不透明な、光沢のない

Because my privacy is important to me, I have opaque blinds on all my windows.

 

1376. opine [verb]

意見を述べる、考えを述べる

Rather than disagree with my husband in public, I waited until we got home to opine my thoughts on the subject.

 

1377. opportunistic [adjective]

日和見の

The opportunistic couple tried to take advantage of the elderly man, convincing him to sign over his home.

 

1378. oppress [verb]

圧迫する、迫害する

Throughout history, racist groups have tried to oppress minorities by way of force and fear.

 

1379. opprobrium [noun]

不名誉、軽蔑

Ben’s criminal opprobrium nearly cost him the election.

 

1380. opulent [adjective]

贅沢な、裕福な

Because the movie star made over ten million dollars a film, she was able to maintain an opulent lifestyle.

 

1381. ornithology [noun]

鳥類学

He found his vocation in ornithology.

 

1382. orotund [adjective]

響き渡る、大げさな

The millionaire’s orotund manner made him come across as arrogant.

 

1383. ossify [verb]

硬化する、骨化する

My father’s opinion has started to ossify so I know he won’t change his mind.

 

1384. ostensible [adjective]

表向きの、うわべの

Your ostensible prank has done a lot of damage, and now you must face the consequences of your actions.

 

1385. ostentatious [adjective]

見栄を張る、これ見よがしな

I tried to tell Mary her fur coat was a bit too ostentatious to be worn at a funeral!

 

1386. ostracize [verb]

追い出す、排斥する

As a teacher, your job is not to ostracize your students but to show them support so they can become contributing members of society.

 

1387. outlaw [verb]

非合法化する、禁止する

The Government has vowed to outlaw the sale by touts of tickets outside grounds on the day of matches.

 

1388. outlay [noun]

支出、出費

For a relatively small outlay, you can start a home hairdressing business.

 

1389. outmoded [adjective]

時代遅れの、旧式の

Propeller aircraft were swiftly outmoded by jet aircraft after the 70s, vastly increasing the value of air power.

 

1390. outright [adjective]

完全な、率直な

Kathy responded outright to the question that the teacher was asking even though the teacher asked the students to quietly write down their answers.

 

1391. outsmart [verb]

出し抜く、うまく立ち回る

Pollard and the Dingles try to outsmart each other over the barn development.

 

1392. outstrip [verb]

上回る、追い越す

Being trained for the Kentucky Derby, these horses outstrip any of the other horses running down the track.

 

1393. overarching [adjective]

包括的な、支配的な

The boss set some overarching goals for his employees that they must work on immediately plus a few minor goals to do in their spare time.

 

1394. overshadow [verb]

暗くする、見劣りさせる

I knew that I needed to study for my exam, but my growing stomach and hunger pangs seemed to overshadow everything else.

 

1395. overt [adjective]

明白な、公然の

In some countries, racial prejudice is overt and not disguised in the least.

 

1396. overweening [adjective]

横柄な、傲慢な

Ever since Jim won the contest, he has been overweening and acting as though he is the smartest kid on the planet.

 

1397. overwrought [adjective]

興奮した、凝りすぎた

The bride was overwrought when the florist delivered the wrong flower order.

 

1398. paean [noun]

賛歌、勝利の歌

After losing the game, the team was disappointed not to sing their victory paean.

 

1399. pagan [adjective]

異教徒の、無宗教の

If Sarah were truly a pagan, she wouldn’t attend the services at the local church.

 

1400. painstaking [adjective]

勤勉な、労を惜しまない

Even though the rebuilding of the old farmhouse was going to be a painstaking job, I could not wait to begin work on my new home.

 

1401. palatable [adjective]

口に合う、好ましい

Although the food is not the tastiest I have ever eaten, it is palatable and will fill my tummy.

 

1402. palatial [adjective]

宮殿のような、豪華な

The palatial diamond ring was so heavy it made Gina’s finger hurt.

 

1403. paleontology [noun]

古生物学

Students with an interest in fossils should consider paleontology as a college major.

 

1404. palliate [verb]

和らげる、軽減する

After surgery, Greg received large does of medications to palliate his suffering.

 

1405. pallid [adjective]

青ざめた、活気のない

Although she is a redhead with very fair skin, Maureen has tried all sorts of ways to give her pallid complexion just a touch of color.

 

1406. pan [verb]

酷評する

The movie was panned by the critics.

 

1407. panacea [noun]

万能薬、万病薬

Unfortunately there is no panacea that will make cancer instantly vanish from your body.

 

1408. panache [noun]

威風、誇示

Because the band played with such panache, everyone in the audience had a great time.

 

1409. pander [verb]

仲介する、斡旋する

The woman on the corner did not realize she was attempting to pander her sexual services to an undercover cop.

 

1410. panegyric [noun]

賞賛、賛辞

After the princess died a popular singer wrote a panegyric to honor her life.

 

1411. panoply [noun]

多種多彩、印象的なものの数々

The designer’s exciting panoply of dresses won over the fashion critics.

 

1412. pantheon [noun]

神殿、神々

As part of their course, the mythology students visited the pantheon in the ancient city.

 

1413. parable [noun]

寓話、比喩

The play is a parable that teaches the students a lesson about the importance of being kind.

 

1414. paradigm [noun]

模範、典型

Sister Mary Catherine is considered a paradigm of virtue by everyone in the church.

 

1415. paragon [noun]

模範、手本

As a paragon of purity, a nun would never dress inappropriately.

 

1416. paralyze [verb]

麻痺させる、無力にする

A broken vertebra in her neck threatened to sever her spinal cord and paralyze her from moving.

 

1417. paramount [adjective]

主要の、最高の

In today’s competitive job market, it is paramount that one obtains a college degree.

 

1418. pardon [verb]

許す、免除する

The sign outside the newly-rebuilt restaurant asked customers to pardon the dust and mess since the restaurant is open.

 

1419. pare [verb]

削り取る、皮をむく

In order to make my small apartment more comfortable, I had to pare down my possessions to only a few small pieces of furniture.

 

1420. parley [noun]

交渉、協議

The end result of the parley between the two world leaders was a productive trade agreement.

 

1421. parlous [adjective]

危険な、利口な

Because of the storm, it was parlous for the children to leave school.

 

1422. parochial [adjective]

教会区の、地方的な

John’s view of life is parochial and does not include anything outside of his own happiness.

 

1423. parry [verb]

受け流す、かわす

She put on her sunglasses to parry his probing eyes.

 

1424. parsimonious [adjective]

倹約的な、ケチな

To save money, the parsimonious old man always bought used clothes.

 

1425. part and parcel

要点

Keeping the accounts is part and parcel of my job.

 

1426. partiality [noun]

不公平、偏愛

Ms. Frost showed her partiality towards her smart students by refusing to call on anyone in her class who didn’t have an A.

 

1427. partisan [adjective]

党派的な、偏った

Because of your partisan views, you are unwilling to look at other options.

 

1428. pastiche [noun]

寄せ集め、模倣作品

The mix of country, pop, and soul music made the album a fascinating pastiche of sounds.

 

1429. pastime [noun]

娯楽、気晴らし

After Mr. Frank retired from his office job, his pastime included golfing, reading and traveling.

 

1430. pastoral [adjective]

田舎の、田園的な

When I looked at the artist’s pastoral paintings, I could clearly see the fields and trees in which he played as a child.

 

1431. pasture [noun]

牧草地、牧場

Farmer Fred rarely needed to mow his pasture due to his cows always grazing the grass and keeping it short.

 

1432. pathetic [adjective]

悲しい、哀れな

Jason looked like a pathetic dog as he tried to set up his tent in the drenching rain.

 

1433. pathogen [noun]

病原体、病原菌

The pathogen triggered an illness that made half the student body sick.

 

1434. pathology [noun]

病理学、病状

He earned a master's degree in plant pathology from the University of Wisconsin.

 

1435. patois [noun]

方言、なまり

As the patois of the woman’s words were heard, many people couldn’t quite understand what she was saying.

 

1436. patriarch [noun]

家長、族長

In my house, my father is the patriarch of the family.

 

1437. patrician [noun]

貴族、上流階級の人

Marcus was born into a patrician family of great wealth.

 

1438. patron [noun]

後援者、常連客

I have a regular patron who eats meatloaf at the same time every day.

 

1439. paucity [noun]

不足、少量

Because of the paucity of our oil supply, we need to seek out other fuel resources.

 

1440. peasant [noun]

農民、小作農

The peasant signed his name with an “X” because he couldn’t write anything else.

 

1441. peccadillo [noun]

微罪、ちょっとした過ち

Because Josh had grown tired of Patty’s criticism of every little peccadillo, he asked her for a divorce.

 

1442. pecuniary [adjective]

金銭的な、財政的な

Because of the young woman’s pecuniary needs, she is determined to marry a wealthy man.

 

1443. pedagogy [noun]

教育、教育学

The school boasts the most progressive pedagogy and a 100% graduation rate.

 

1444. pedantic [adjective]

細かいことにこだわる、学者ぶる

Sometimes, Jason is so pedantic in writing the perfect paper that he forgets to properly manage his time.

 

1445. pedantry [noun]

学者ぶること、ひけらかし

There was a hint of pedantry in his elegant style of speaking.

 

1446. peddle [verb]

売り歩く、密売する

In order to peddle his wares, the young man went door to door describing each product as best as he could.

 

1447. peer [noun]

地位の等しい人、同僚

Have a peer that sits close to you in class check your essay for mistakes before you turn it in.

 

1448. pejorative [adjective]

軽蔑的な、非難の

While the detective was supposed to be neutral, he described the suspect in a pejorative manner.

 

1449. pellucid [adjective]

透明な、明瞭な

The contract was pellucid and left no confusion about each party’s responsibilities.

 

1450. penchant [noun]

好み、趣向

At an early age, my annoying brother seemed to have a penchant for getting into trouble.

 

1451. penitent [adjective]

後悔した、悔い改めた

The penitent husband spends days at his wife’s grave because he regrets not spending more time with her.

 

1452. penitential [adjective]

悔悟の、贖罪の

The word also had a penitential meaning.

 

1453. penumbra [noun]

(日食、月食の)半影部、周縁部

A penumbra of snow covered the city during the blizzard.

 

1454. penury [noun]

貧乏、不足

My uncle wasted his fortune and died in penury.

 

1455. per se [adverb]

本質的に、それ自体は

Even though their son is not the only student struggling in math class per se, the other students did not matter to his parents.

 

1456. peregrinate [verb]

徒歩で旅行する

A peregrination of the huge mall left us all with throbbing feet.

 

1457. peremptory [adjective]

強制的な、独断的な

Because Jack did not like following orders, he found it difficult to listen to his teacher’s peremptory instructions.

 

1458. perennial [adjective]

多年生の、永続する

Every election seems to continue to deal with the same perennial issues that have been the focus of all the previous elections.

 

1459. perfidious [adjective]

不誠実な、不信な

When questioned about his ex-wife, Eric described her as a perfidious woman who could not be faithful to any man.

 

1460. perfidy [noun]

裏切り、不誠実

Because my husband’s perfidy hurt me terribly, I served him with divorce papers.

 

1461. perfunctory [adjective]

いいかげんな、ぞんざいな

The beauty queen waved so often that her greeting was simply perfunctory.

 

1462. perigee [noun]

近地点

Because the moon is at its closest to the earth during perigee, the gravitational pull is stronger and tides increase.

 

1463. peril [noun]

危険、冒険

To avoid peril, Helen should leave her house before the hurricane gets any closer to shore.

 

1464. peripatetic [adjective]

歩き回る、巡回する

Rather than limit myself to one destination, I like to take a more peripatetic vacation where I move around from place to place.

 

1465. periphery [noun]

周囲、表面

If the tennis ball touches or goes pass the periphery of the white line, a point will be given to the recipient of the serve.

 

1466. permeable [adjective]

浸透する、透過性の

The permeable material allowed a large amount of water to seep through.

 

1467. permeate [verb]

行き渡る、浸透する

When the skunk’s spray began to permeate the car, my sister and I jumped out the vehicle and ran down the road.

 

1468. permissive [adjective]

許可する、寛大な

Timmy's mother was too permissive, allowing him to do what he wanted when he wanted.

 

1469. pernicious [adjective]

有害な、致命的な

The pernicious cycle of abuse within their family must be stopped.

 

1470. perpetrate [verb]

(犯罪を)犯す、(悪事を)働く

I can’t believe my best friend would perpetrate such an act of betrayal.

 

1471. perpetuity [noun]

永続、不朽

The greedy investor wanted to receive a royalty off the product in perpetuity.

 

1472. perplex [verb]

当惑させる、混乱させる

According to the book reviewer, the author’s puzzling writing style will perplex many readers.

 

1473. perseverance [noun]

忍耐、根気強さ

The disabled young man’s perseverance allowed him to complete the marathon.

 

1474. personable [adjective]

人柄のよい、感じのよい

The personable flight attendant went out of her way to make me feel at ease on my first flight.

 

1475. personage [noun]

著名人、重要人物

He doesn’t look familiar, but he must be a very important personage to have a prominent spot in the photo shoot.

 

1476. perspicacious [adjective]

洞察力のある、眼識のある

Even though the judge was normally a perspicacious woman, she found it hard to not be affected by the guilty man’s plea.

 

1477. pertinent [adjective]

適切な、妥当な

To ensure a prompt reply, please include all pertinent details in your email.

 

1478. perturb [verb]

動揺させる、かき乱す

The troublesome lad does everything he can to perturb the girl sitting in front of him.

 

1479. peruse [verb]

熟読する、精読する

Peruse the manual to set up your television.

 

1480. pervade [verb]

普及する、浸透する

The awful smell from the sewage plant seemed to pervade throughout our house.

 

1481. petty [adjective]

取るに足らない、狭量な

The officer did not arrest the teen for the petty crime.

 

1482. petulant [adjective]

怒りっぽい

He was a petulant child who was aggravated by the smallest things.

 

1483. phalanx [noun]

方陣、集結

A phalanx of soldiers marched in lockstep, while belting out slogans of war.

 

1484. philistine [noun]

教養のない人、凡俗な人

Only a philistine would destroy such a priceless portrait!

 

1485. phlegmatic [adjective]

冷静な、無気力な

The minister of my church is a phlegmatic man who never seems to get upset about anything.

 

1486. physiognomy [noun]

人相、顔つき

Looking at Jake’s physiognomy, it was impossible to ignore the stress lines that told the story of his hard life.

 

1487. piecemeal [adjective]

少ずつ、ばらばらの

Building the pyramids took years because the required effort was extensive and required piecemeal progress.

 

1488. piety [noun]

敬虔、信心

The millionaire’s act of piety was a huge donation that allowed the church to build homes for five needy families.

 

1489. pillory [noun]

嘲笑、さらし台

During the colonial period, thieves were often locked in a pillory in the town square where they would suffer public humiliation.

 

1490. pine [verb]

切望する、やつれる

He ws actually worrying and pining in his heart, but he could not say anything.

 

1491. pious [adjective]

敬虔な、宗教的な

The students running around naked at Berkley Catholic University do not seem very pious.

 

1492. piquant [adjective]

痛快な、刺激性のある

We were thrilled when we arrived at the piquant bed and breakfast on our honeymoon night.

 

1493. pique [verb]

立腹させる、好奇心をそそる

Hopefully the movie trailer will pique the interest of moviegoers and motivate them to buy tickets to see the film.

 

1494. pirate [verb]

違法に複製する、無断で使用する

Many people pirate games and music from the internet by downloading them illegally and free of charge.

 

1495. pith [noun]

要点、核心

That was the pith of his argument.

 

1496. pithy [adjective]

簡潔な、的を得た

A popular speaker, Janet was known for her pithy sayings.

 

1497. pity [noun]

同情、哀れみ

I feel pity for the homeless people who don’t have a warm place to sleep in the winter.

 

1498. pivotal [adjective]

中枢の、重要な

The fighter planes gave pivotal assistance to the ground forces that were surrounded by the enemy.

 

1499. placate [verb]

なだめる、慰める

I tried to placate the sad little boy by giving him a cookie.

 

1500. placid [adjective]

穏やかな、落ち着いた

Even when the emergency room was packed with patients, the staff remained placid and calmly did their duties.

 

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1501. plaintive [adjective]

悲しげな、哀れな

During the funeral, I could only offer the widow my plaintive words.

 

1502. plasticity [noun]

可塑性、柔軟性

Because of the brain’s plasticity, a child who grew up in China can adapt to the English language once he or she has migrated to the U.S.

 

1503. platitude [noun]

決まり文句、平凡

Because I have heard your platitude a hundred times, it means nothing to me now.

 

1504. plaudit [noun]

喝采、賞賛

As my daughter accepted her award, she blushed upon hearing the principal’s gracious plaudit.

 

1505. plausible [adjective]

もっともらしい、妥当な

When Jason forgot to do his homework, he tried to come up with a plausible excuse his teacher would believe.

 

1506. plea [noun]

嘆願、答弁

The wounded soldier made a plea to his comrades to get him back home, but there was no need to beg as they would never leave him behind.

 

1507. plebian [noun]

平民、大衆

There is no way the plebeian could afford the country club’s expensive dues.

 

1508. plethora [noun]

過多、過剰

I don't see why my mother wants more shoes when she already has a plethora of them.

 

1509. pliant [adjective]

柔軟な、変形しやすい

When the slaves were not pliant, their owners would punish them.

 

1510. plod [verb]

とぼとぼ歩く、こつこつ働く

After having painful cramps, I could only plod through the race.

 

1511. plucky [adjective]

勇気のある、元気のいい

The plucky preschooler stood up to the bully who was taking his friend’s lunch.

 

1512. plumb [verb]

深さを測る、測量する

The treasure hunter is going to plumb the ocean bottom for the pirate’s long-lost gold chest.

 

1513. plummet [verb]

垂直に落ちる、急落する

When the housing bubble burst, many people saw their property values plummet.

 

1514. plunder [verb]

略奪する、盗む

During the protest riots, angry citizens began to plunder goods from closed stores.

 

1515. plutocracy [noun]

金権政治、富豪階級

Because it is not operated by the wealthiest people, our political system is not a plutocracy.

 

1516. poignant [adjective]

痛切な、感動的な

Because the poignant movie reminded me of my painful childhood, it made me cry.

 

1517. polarity [noun]

対立、正反対

The marked polarity of Jason and Kevin’s political positions makes it impossible for them to come to terms on any single issue.

 

1518. polemic [noun]

議論、論争

The political candidate posted a polemic on his blog that mocked his rival’s lack of community service.

 

1519. politic [adjective]

賢い、抜け目のない

When the fight began, he thought it politic to leave.

 

1520. polyglot [noun]

多言語の、数か国語からなる

Because my sister is a polyglot, she was hired as a language translator for the United Nations.

 

1521. populace [noun]

大衆、民衆

The populace became angry when the government failed to lower taxes.

 

1522. populism [noun]

人民主義、民衆主義

Promoting populism meant that the candidate played on the naïve notions of the poor working class.

 

1523. porous [adjective]

多孔性の、浸透性の

Because the castle had porous security, the assassin found it quite simple to sneak inside and murder the king.

 

1524. poseur [noun]

気取りや、なりすまし屋

Security was shocked that a poseur was able to sneak into the VIP room and party with the band.

 

1525. posit [verb]

仮定する、提案する

Since no other venue is available, I will posit my condominium as a place for the company holiday party.

 

1526. posthumous [adjective]

死後の

The author received several impressive awards for her body of work; unfortunately, they were all posthumous.

 

1527. postulate [verb]

仮定する、前提とする

Even if we postulate that she had a motive for the murder, that still doesn't mean she did it.

 

1528. pounce [verb]

急に飛びかかる、すばやく非難する

When a wildebeest is unaware of its surroundings, a lion will pounce to catch it off guard.

 

1529. practitioner [noun]

従業者、開業者

She was a medical practitioner before she entered politics.

 

1530. pragmatic [adjective]

実用的な、プラグマティズムの

The scientist had a pragmatic approach to dealing with the water crisis.

 

1531. prate [verb]

しゃべる、むだ話をする

Even when the intoxicated woman was placed in the police car, she continued to prate until one of the officers yelled for her to be silent.

 

1532. prattle [verb]

おしゃべりをする、無駄話をする

At every party, there is always one lady who has to prattle on about her cute kids.

 

1533. preamble [noun]

前置き、序文

The preamble of the international health organization summarizes the group’s purpose.

 

1534. precarious [adjective]

不安定な、危険な

Running around with a knife is very precarious.

 

1535. precept [noun]

教訓、規範

The school’s honesty precept dictates we only turn in our own work.

 

1536. precipitate [verb]

促進する、早める

The rising level of unemployment is going to precipitate a huge crowd at the welfare office.

 

1537. precis [noun]

大意、要約

Precis, however, does not specify particular receivers or adjust the information content to them.

 

1538. precocious [adjective]

早熟の、ませた

My precocious little girl thinks she knows everything there is to know about life.

 

1539. precursor [noun]

先駆者、前兆

My itching is the precursor of the severe allergic reaction I will soon experience.

 

1540. predicament [noun]

苦境、窮地

Because I do not want to end up in a financial predicament, I pay my bills regularly.

 

1541. predilection [noun]

ひいき、偏好

Gregory goes out to watch birds daily so I assume he has a predilection for the hobby.

 

1542. predisposition [noun]

傾向、性質

Because my mother suffered from depression, I have a genetic predisposition to the condition.

 

1543. preferential [adjective]

優先の、選択的な

Subsidiary company get preferential treatment when it come to subcontract work.

 

1544. prehensile [adjective]

理解力のある、物をつかめる

The monkey’s prehensile tail allowed him to spy on his enemies while dangling from a tree.

 

1545. premeditated [verb]

前もって計画する、予某する

Since Mary planned her husband’s death in advance, she was charged with premeditated murder.

 

1546. premonition [noun]

予感、前兆

Before the accident, Sang mentioned he had a premonition something bad was going to happen on the road trip.

 

1547. preordain [verb]

予定する、運命を定める

Some people believe that fate has been preordained whether they will be happy or not.

 

1548. preposterous [adjective]

途方もない、非常識な

His idea of selling dead bugs for big money is totally preposterous!

 

1549. presage [verb]

予言する、予知する

If the unpopular president is reelected, his win will presage a countrywide protest.

 

1550. prescience [noun]

予知、洞察

Because Janet was amazed by the psychic’s prescience, she visited her on a regular basis.

 

1551. prescient [adjective]

予知する、先見の明のある

The psychic's predictions were uncannily prescient and ended up proving true a few weeks later.

 

1552. presumptuous [adjective]

生意気な、厚かましい

It was rather presumptuous of her to assume I would get her a birthday present.

 

1553. pretension [noun]

要求、主張

To be the president of a country, Marcel is extremely down-to-earth and completely devoid of pretension.

 

1554. pretentious [adjective]

うぬぼれた、もったいぶった

The swindler was a pretentious man who claimed to be descended from royalty.

 

1555. preternatural [adjective]

異常な、超自然的な

Seeing a penguin in the desert seemed very preternatural to the amazed onlookers.

 

1556. prevalence [noun]

流行、普及

The prevalence of diabetes and obesity in adults continues to rise as junk food portion sizes get bigger and bigger.

 

1557. prevaricate [verb]

ごまかす In order to get his bill passed, the politician went out of his way to prevaricate about the release of the environmental study.

 

1558. priggish [adjective]

堅苦しい、気難しい

After working for a priggish boss who was never satisfied with my work, I decided to work somewhere else who was not so demanding.

 

1559. prim [adjective]

几帳面な、堅苦しい

My prim coworker refused to dance, but the rest of my coworkers weren’t afraid to jump right in.

 

1560. primacy [noun]

第一、最優先

The primacy of our mealtimes is that everyone eats together as a family.

 

1561. primal [adjective]

主要な、初期の

The dog’s primal instincts allow it to hunt out prey easily.

 

1562. primordial [adjective]

原始の、根本的な

Man’s first language was primordial and consisted of only a few words.

 

1563. pristine [adjective]

初期の、汚されていない

Because there were few tourists on the island, the beaches were still pristine and beautiful.

 

1564. probation [noun]

試験期間、保護観察

The prisoner was put on probation .

 

1565. probity [noun]

誠実、潔白

The criminal knew he could not buy the judge who was known for his probity.

 

1566. proclivity [noun]

傾向、性質

As a young child, the award-winning singer had a proclivity for music.

 

1567. procure [verb]

獲得する、調達する

In order to make sandwiches to feed the homeless, we will need to procure donations from local businesses.

 

1568. prodigal [adjective]

金遣いの荒い、浪費癖のある

If you want to save money for college, you should stop your prodigal spending sprees.

 

1569. prodigious [adjective]

巨大な、莫大な

Since Stan’s car accident, he has been taking prodigious amounts of pain pills.

 

1570. prodigy [noun]

天才、驚異

The high school boy was considered a prodigy when he won the national chess championship.

 

1571. profligate [adjective]

浪費する、金遣いが荒い

After the millionaire saw evidence of his new wife's profligate spending, he quickly filed for a divorce.

 

1572. profound [adjective]

深みのある、深甚な

The speaker’s profound words made me think about my future.

 

1573. profundity [noun]

深み、奥深さ

Even though Chuck thought he was making some deep statements, he was too drunk to express any profundity.

 

1574. profuse [adjective]

豊富な、おびただしい

Jonathan has gained so much weight that even his doctor is concerned about his profuse growth.

 

1575. progeny [noun]

子孫、後継者

Because the billionaire bachelor did not have a progeny, his entire estate went to charity when he died.

 

1576. prognostic [adjective]

前兆となる

Performing a prognostic biopsy will tell us the stage at which the cancer is currently.

 

1577. prohibitive [adjective]

(税や価格が)極端に高い、禁制の

The college was prohibitive of alcohol on the campus.

 

1578. proliferate [verb]

急増する、繁殖する

With the popularity of the Zumba craze, health clubs that feature this exercise class have begun to proliferate in most cities.

 

1579. prolific [adjective]

多産の、豊かな

Because the huge storm is expected to produce a prolific amount of snow, government offices and schools are being closed.

 

1580. prolix [adjective]

冗長な、くどい

The prolix professor had a habit of using complex words that most people could not comprehend.

 

1581. prominent [adjective]

顕著な、卓越した

If you are a prominent member of society, you will surely get an invitation to the mayor’s fundraising gala.

 

1582. prompt [verb]

刺激する、誘発する

It was not enough to prompt a significant market rally.

 

1583. promulgate [verb]

公布する、普及させる

The purpose of the documentary is to promulgate the importance of raising funds for additional cancer research.

 

1584. propagate [verb]

増殖する、普及する

The political candidate hopes to propagate his vision to potential voters.

 

1585. propensity [noun]

傾向、性質

My mother has a propensity to drink when she gets anxious.

 

1586. prophecy [noun]

予言、神のお告げ

As the Persians suffered one loss after another, Daniel’s prophecy from years before was proven to be true.

 

1587. propitiate [verb]

なだめる、和解させる

Only an idiot believes he can propitiate his way into heaven by giving the church all of his money.

 

1588. propitious [adjective]

幸運な、幸先の良い

The beautiful Hawaiian weather made it propitious for sun bathing yesterday.

 

1589. proponent [noun]

支持者、提案者

Because April loves animals, she is a fierce proponent of the animal rights movement.

 

1590. propriety [noun]

礼儀正しさ、妥当

The way tourists dress offends local standards of propriety.

 

1591. prosaic [adjective]

単調な、面白みのない

Because the biggest thing in my hometown is the grocery store, the city really is a prosaic little place.

 

1592. proscribe [verb]

法律で禁止する、追放する

In our country, there are laws which proscribe discrimination based on race and gender.

 

1593. protean [adjective]

変幻自在な、多様性のある

Because the woman’s affections are protean, she has ten ex-husbands.

 

1594. protract [verb]

長引かせる、引き延ばす

The committee voted to protract the discussions of an amendment to their mission statement.

 

1595. provident [adjective]

先見の明のある、用心深い

My financier told me that I needed to be more provident when it came to my spending.

 

1596. providential [adjective]

幸運な、摂理の

It was providential that I moved out of the way before being struck by the oncoming vehicle.

 

1597. provincial [adjective]

地方の、州の

Because I grew up in an orphanage run by nuns, I have a very provincial outlook on life and tend to prefer the simple things.

 

1598. provocative [adjective]

刺激する、怒らせる

When the editor read the provocative article which urged people to destroy government buildings, he insisted the writer redo the entire piece.

 

1599. prowess [noun]

優れた能力、勇敢

Christina used her hunting prowess to survive in the woods for a week.

 

1600. proxy [noun]

代理人、代用品

When my husband and I are out of the country, my sister is the proxy who signs legal documents for our children.

 

1601. prudent [adjective]

分別のある、用心深い

It is not prudent to go swimming during a hurricane.

 

1602. prudish [adjective]

上品ぶる、気取る

My grandmother’s narrowminded and prudish viewpoints do not line up with today’s world views.

 

1603. prurient [adjective]

好色な、わいせつな

The prurient teenager would not stop looking at the adult magazines in the store.

 

1604. puckish [adjective]

いたずら好きな、気まぐれな

A practical joker, the puckish boy was always trying to pull a prank on his unsuspecting parents.

 

1605. puerile [adjective]

小児の、子供っぽい

Since my son is thirty-three years of age, I do not find his puerile behavior amusing.

 

1606. pugilism [noun]

ボクシング、けんか

The inexperienced boxer had a lot to learn about the sport of pugilism.

 

1607. pugnacious [adjective]

けんか好きな、けんかっ早い

The pugnacious little boy constantly talks back to his mother.

 

1608. puissance [noun]

権力、勢力

By overstepping his boundaries, William took his puissance as the company president and changed the century-old by-laws to fit his preferences.

 

1609. pulchritude [noun]

美しさ、容姿端麗

Because we all know that beauty is only skin deep, you should always look beneath the pulchritude on the outside to see what’s going on in a person’s heart and soul.

 

1610. punctilious [adjective]

厳格な、几帳面な

Because my aunt is quite punctilious when it comes to table settings, every utensil must be turned properly.

 

1611. pundit [noun]

専門家、評論家

During the trial, the prosecutor will call upon a pundit of forensics to link the evidence to the suspect.

 

1612. pungent [adjective]

痛烈な、鋭い

When the pungent smell of rotten eggs filled the house, I held my nose.

 

1613. puny [adjective]

弱々しい、取るの足りない

Our cat delivered kittens, but no one wanted to adopt the puny runt of the litter.

 

1614. purblind [adjective]

半盲の、鈍感な

Even with scientific proof, purblind politicians have refused to accept that global warming exists.

 

1615. puritanical [adjective]

清教徒的な、厳格な

My parents are extremely puritanical and will not allow me to date.

 

1616. purport [verb]

称する、意味する

The drug manufacturer knows it is against the law to purport claims about its product’s effectiveness.

 

1617. pusillanimous [adjective]

臆病な、小心者の

The pusillanimous soldier cried because he was scared of the gunfire.

 

1618. putative [adjective]

うわさの、一般に思われている

Even though there has not been a DNA test, everyone accepts Jason as the girl’s putative father.

 

1619. quagmire [noun]

苦境、泥沼

Many young people do not realize the quagmire to which occasional drug use can lead.

 

1620. quail [verb]

衰える、気落ちする

She quailed at his heartless words.

 

1621. quaint [adjective]

面白い、趣のある

As I walked through the quaint shop, I felt as though I was transported back in time.

 

1622. qualm [noun]

めまい、不安

Under the influence of drugs, Matt had no qualm whatsoever about spending all of his money at the casino.

 

1623. quandary [noun]

困惑、当惑

Mark is in a quandary about whether or not he should keep the money he found in the park.

 

1624. quantum [noun]

量子、量

Measuring the quantum amount of the object essentially destroyed it.

 

1625. quasar [noun]

準星

When the astronomer looked through his telescope, he was able to see a brightly lit object known as a quasar.

 

1626. quash [verb]

鎮圧する、抑える

Refusing to give in to the toddler’s demands, the exasperated mother was hell-bent on coming up with a plan to quash the tantrums.

 

1627. querulous [adjective]

不満の多い、文句ばかり言う

If there was an award for being querulous, my aunt would win because she is always complaining about something.

 

1628. query [noun]

質問、疑問

State officials have launched a query into allegations of judicial misconduct by Judge Petros.

 

1629. quibble [verb]

言い逃れをする、屁理屈を言う

Whenever the two historians meet, they quibble over historical facts before drinking a pitcher of beer.

 

1630. quiescent [adjective]

休止した、静かな

For once, our hyperactive Great Dane is quiescent and resting on the rug.

 

1631. quintessential [adjective]

典型的な、真髄の

The critics love the director’s latest film and consider it to be the quintessential horror movie.

 

1632. quip [noun]

警句、名言

The president responded to the journalist’s question with a clever quip.

 

1633. quixotic [adjective]

空想的な、非現実的な

Although Jack’s plan for killing the giant was quixotic, it was the village’s only hope.

 

1634. quorum [noun]

定足数

When Congress met to discuss the issue at hand, they realized that they would postpone the session until a quorum was met.

 

1635. quotidian [adjective]

日々の、平凡な

As the days of celebration wore on, the formerly spectacular events began to seem more quotidian, and the king found himself yawning at the chariot races.

 

1636. racket [noun]

騒ぎ、喧噪

Upstairs in the playroom, the loud children are making quite a racket.

 

1637. raconteur [noun]

話し上手

The kindergarten teacher was an excellent raconteur who had no problem keeping her young charges engaged with her stories.

 

1638. radical [adjective]

根本的な、急進的な

The conservative church leaders were not interested in hearing any radical religious ideas.

 

1639. raffish [adjective]

けばけばしい、安っぽい

The raffish woman drew everyone’s attention when she crashed the wedding.

 

1640. rail [verb]

ののしる、毒づく

He railed at human fickleness.

 

1641. raiment [noun]

衣服、衣装

The shelter provides housing, food, and raiment for people in need.

 

1642. rally [verb]

呼び集める、盛り返す

Soldiers in the regime would rally around one another after every completed mission.

 

1643. ramification [noun]

結果、分岐

The trade embargo will be a damaging ramification to the financially distressed nation.

 

1644. rampage [verb]

暴れ回る、怒り狂う

Shoppers went on a rampage through the mall, knocking over racks and pushing each other down.

 

1645. rampant [adjective]

激しい、はびこる

Diseases associated with contaminated water are rampant in the country of Haiti.

 

1646. rancorous [adjective]

憎悪に満ちた、恨みのある

Mr. Knightly is a rancorous old man who is always unhappy and seemingly angry at everyone, even if they are strangers.

 

1647. rankle [verb]

怒らせる、いらだたせる

The fact the plane is leaving two hours late is certainly going to rankle the passengers.

 

1648. rant [verb]

わめく、怒鳴る

The woman’s irate Facebook rant was not representative of her character and was eventually taken down.

 

1649. rapt [adjective]

心を奪われる、夢中になる

Whenever my favorite actor comes onscreen, I am rapt by his performance.

 

1650. rarefy [verb]

希薄にする、薄める

The humidifier will rarefy the room by putting moisture in the air.

 

1651. rash [adjective]

向こう見ずな、軽率な

The boy acted in a rash manner and didn’t consider the consequences of driving under the influence.

 

1652. rationale [noun]

根本的な理由、論理的な根拠

During the debate, the politician must explain his rationale for his position on the argument.

 

1653. raucous [adjective]

耳障りな、騒々しい

Although Mitchell never had a dollar to buy a drink, he was always the most raucous person at the bar.

 

1654. reactant [noun]

反応物、反応体

Hydrogen is a reactant which when combined with oxygen can make water.

 

1655. reactionary [adjective]

反動的な、保守的な

My grandmother is described as reactionary because she refuses to use modern technologies like microwaves and mobile phones.

 

1656. rebut [verb]

論駁する、反論する

The defense attorney tried hard to rebut the prosecutor’s accusation about the defendant.

 

1657. recalcitrant [adjective]

反抗的な、手に負えない

Despite being offered treats by his parents, the little boy was still recalcitrant about doing his homework.

 

1658. recant [verb]

取り消す、撤回する

After being convicted of perjury, the witness had to recant her remarks against the defendant.

 

1659. recapitulate [verb]

要約する、要点を繰り返す

At the start of each class, the professor will recapitulate yesterday’s lecture.

 

1660. reciprocal [adjective]

相互の、互恵的な

Unfortunately, I have to tell my best friend his romantic feelings towards me are not reciprocal.

 

1661. recluse [adjective]

人目を避けた、隠遁した

Despite her reputation as a recluse, Samantha held regular gatherings in her home to entertain close friends.

 

1662. recoil [verb]

後ずさりする、はね返る

Seeing the snake made me recoil in fear.

 

1663. recondite [adjective]

難解な、知られていない

Since I do not have a law degree, I find it hard to understand the recondite terms of the contract.

 

1664. recriminate [verb]

非難し返す、反訴する

When he was called into civil court by his landlord, the defendant decided to recriminate him a counter-claim for the return of his deposit.

 

1665. recrudesce [verb]

再発する、ぶり返す

I thought my shingles outbreak subsided, but I experienced a recrudescence of the virus.

 

1666. redact [verb]

編集する、作成する

The editor had to redact what was private in the court documents before releasing it to the media.

 

1667. redemption [noun]

買い戻し、償却

Through writing his biography, the criminal hopes to earn redemption for his crimes by changing the lives of troubled young people.

 

1668. redolent [adjective]

暗示する、匂いのする

The candy shop was redolent with the rich smell of chocolate.

 

1669. redouble [verb]

強める、増す

The president also called on nations to redouble their efforts to negotiate an international trade agreement.

 

1670. redoubtable [adjective]

恐るべき、尊敬すべき

The young singer was anxious about facing off against the redoubtable singer who had been performing for twenty years.

 

1671. redound [verb]

帰する、もたらす

When I was on the brink of diabetes, my doctor suggested I eat a more well-rounded diet that would redound to my health.

 

1672. redress [verb]

正す、是正する

Kate demanded redress from the builder when her deck collapsed.

 

1673. reflex [noun]

反射作用、反射

Every time I brush, my gag reflex kicks in and I spontaneously heave.

 

1674. refractory [adjective]

手に負えない、処理しにくい

Because the prisoner acts in a refractory manner, he is accompanied by four guards whenever he leaves his cell.

 

1675. refulgent [adjective]

光輝く

When the beauty queen accepted her crown, she had a refulgent smile on her face.

 

1676. refute [verb]

反論する、否定する

The evidence provided by the prosecutor will refute the defendant’s claim of innocence.

 

1677. regale [verb]

楽しませる、もてなす

The chef hoped his meal would regale the food critic.

 

1678. regress [verb]

後退する、後戻りする

After being an A-student for several months, Hank is starting to regress into the practice of not studying.

 

1679. reign [verb]

統治する、支配する

A few years ago, the queen celebrated her fifty-year reign as the monarch of her country.

 

1680. rejoinder [noun]

返答、応答

The boy was chastised when he responded to the teacher with a sarcastic rejoinder.

 

1681. rejuvenate [verb]

若返らせる、活気づける

The football players consume sports drinks to rejuvenate themselves during the game.

 

1682. relegate [verb]

追いやる、左遷する

After the lead actors had been repeatedly late for rehearsal, the director decided to relegate them to the chorus and replace them with their understudies.

 

1683. relentless [adjective]

容赦のない、厳しい

The relentless marshal pursued the escaped prisoner for ten years.

 

1684. relish [verb]

~を好む、~を味わう

After a long day at work, there is nothing I relish more than a long hot bath.

 

1685. remedial [adjective]

治療のための、補習の

Remedial steps will be taken to improve the damaged highway.

 

1686. reminisce [verb]

追憶する、物思いにふける

When I eat sugar cookies, I reminisce about the childhood hours I spent making the treats with my grandmother.

 

1687. remiss [adjective]

怠慢な、不注意な

If I let you go without food, I would be remiss in my responsibilities as a parent.

 

1688. remnant [noun]

残り、名残り

The abandoned plant was a remnant of the town’s once thriving economy.

 

1689. remonstrate [verb]

講義する、異議を唱える

Whenever I refuse my young daughter anything, she likes to remonstrate by stomping her feet on the floor.

 

1690. remorse [noun]

後悔、自責の念

The psychopath appeared content and showed no remorse during the murder trial.

 

1691. rend [verb]

引き裂く、もぎ取る

The hungry dog is going to rend the steak into pieces.

 

1692. renege [verb]

(約束を)破る、取り消す

Although my father made a promise to extend my curfew, he later decided to renege upon his word and ordered me home by eleven.

 

1693. reparation [noun]

修正、補償

Rather than fining the graffiti artist, the judge ordered him to make reparation by painting the entire building.

 

1694. repartee [noun]

巧妙な応答、即妙な会話

The repartee between the two actors made the movie really funny.

 

1695. repast [noun]

食事

Hoping to enjoy a romantic repast with her husband, Jill prepared his favorite dishes and lit candles.

 

1696. repel [verb]

追い払う、拒絶する

Hopefully the air freshener will repel the odor of the deceased rodent.

 

1697. repentant [adjective]

後悔している、懺悔する

The little boy was quite repentant for hitting his sister and apologized many times.

 

1698. repine [verb]

不平を言う、嘆く

While in prison the man did nothing but repine for his freedom.

 

1699. repose [noun]

静けさ、休養

When you begin to meditate, you need to sit in repose and try to empty your mind of all thoughts.

 

1700. reprehensible [adjective]

非難すべき、咎められる

How reprehensible of you to put sugar in my gas tank!

 

1701. reprise [noun]

反復、繰り返し

Everyone was pleased to learn the actor would reprise his role as the captivating pirate.

 

1702. reproach [verb]

責める、非難する

The politician’s sordid actions have brought reproach to the entire government.

 

1703. reprobate [verb]

非難する、拒否する

He ventured to reprobate that common system.

 

1704. repudiate [verb]

拒否する、拒む

Because I want to avoid the conflict between my two sisters, I repudiate their argument.

 

1705. repulse [verb]

撃退する、拒絶する

Because of his rude behavior that would repulse many people, he was without close friends.

 

1706. requite [verb]

報いる、復讐する

She requited his love with coldness.

 

1707. rescind [verb]

廃止する、無効にする

I cannot believe Janice’s boyfriend tried to rescind his marriage proposal!

 

1708. reside [verb]

~に存在する、~に帰する

The homeless man will reside in a local shelter until he can afford his own apartment.

 

1709. resign [verb]

放棄する、あきらめる

Because the politician had been quite effective in office, he surprised everyone when he resigned from his position.

 

1710. resilient [adjective]

弾力性のある、快活な

The community was highly spirited and resilient despite a hurricane disaster.

 

1711. resolute [adjective]

決意した、断固とした

After such a heart-breaking loss, every member of the team was more resolute than ever to win the next game against their arch-rivals.

 

1712. resonant [adjective]

反響する、鳴り響く

The resonant sound in the amphitheater travels to every seat in the house.

 

1713. resounding [adjective]

反響する、完全な

A resounding cheer could be heard all the way across the stadium.

 

1714. respiration [noun]

呼吸、一息

During respiration, humans inhale oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide.

 

1715. restitution [noun]

返還、復位

Instead of jail time, the shoplifter has been ordered to pay a huge sum of money as restitution for the stolen items.

 

1716. restraint [noun]

抑制、拘束

Even though she was upset, the irritated mother showed emotional restraint and refused to yell at her children.

 

1717. resurgent [adjective]

生き返る、復活する

The publisher believed that vampire novels would be a resurgent trend this year.

 

1718. retch [verb]

吐き気を催す、むかつく

The pregnant woman was struck by a bout of morning sickness and began to retch.

 

1719. reticent [adjective]

無口な、寡黙な

While Barbara likes to discuss her personal life with our co-workers, I am much more reticent.

 

1720. retort [verb]

報復する、仕返しする

Because Amy was brought up to always be respectful, she restrained the urge to make a sarcastic retort to the young man’s question about her zodiac sign.

 

1721. retrospective [adjective]

回顧的な、遡及的な

A retrospective study of hospital admissions in the past decade suggests that women are more likely to be admitted than men during holiday periods.

 

1722. revamp [verb]

改良する、改修する

The city decided to revamp their town monument, since it was looking a little old and beaten after forty years of only basic care.

 

1723. reverberate [verb]

反響する、鳴り響く

The drunk driver had no idea his foolish decision would reverberate and destroy the lives of five families.

 

1724. revere [verb]

崇拝する、あがめる

Many people from India are Hindu, and so they do not eat beef because they revere the cow as a sacred object.

 

1725. reverent [adjective]

敬意を表す

During the funeral, humble and reverent silence filled the air of the sanctuary.

 

1726. revert [verb]

戻る、立ち返る

The state court refused to revert the local court’s decision.

 

1727. revivify [verb]

生き返らせる、復活させる

The interior decorator came up with some modern ideas to revivify the drab walls in her home.

 

1728. rhapsody [noun]

狂詩曲、熱狂的な話

Because the singer was so passionate about his music, he sung the rhapsody with unrestrained enthusiasm.

 

1729. rhetoric [noun]

修辞学、話術

If someone does not stop the political rhetoric in that country, a civil war is likely to break out soon.

 

1730. ribald [adjective]

野卑な、下品な

The comic’s sexual jokes were too ribald for my religious mother.

 

1731. ridden [adjective]

支配された、苦しめられた

I have ridden in all sorts of aircraft, from airliners to helicopters and even blimps, yet I have never taken a ride on a hang glider.

 

1732. rife [adjective]

蔓延して、流行して

During the last economic crisis, the unemployment office was so rife with people that additional chairs were brought into the building.

 

1733. rift [noun]

切れ目、裂け目

A difference in perspectives caused a rift that forced the two friends to end their business partnership.

 

1734. right triangle

直角三角形

The hypotenuse is the longest side of a right triangle.

 

1735. rigor [noun]

厳しさ、苦しさ

The stern professor does not accept excuses and is known for exhibiting rigor in his classroom.

 

1736. riot [noun]

暴動、混乱

Police used tear gas to put the riot down.

 

1737. riposte [verb]

突き返す、反撃する

Eric’s witty riposte shut down the bully who wasn’t expecting such a clever retort.

 

1738. risible [adjective]

よく笑う、笑いの

After suffering through a busy tax season, Bob and his fellow accountants went out for some risible entertainment at the local comedy club.

 

1739. risqué [adjective]

きわどい、すれすれの

Barry’s risqué jokes were indecent and considered out of place at the wedding.

 

1740. rococo [adjective]

装飾の多い、ロココ様式の

18th century rococo style was different from traditional English architecture in that it focused on both ornateness and symmetry.

 

1741. roundly [adverb]

完全に、率直に

The home team were roundly defeated.

 

1742. rout [verb]

圧勝する、駆逐する

After the dictator’s rout, the people finally had control of their country.

 

1743. rubric [noun]

題目、見出し

Sarah really needed a good grade in English in order to pass the course so she looked at the rubric before writing her next essay.

 

1744. rue [noun]

後悔する、残念に思う

My husband will rue the day he ever cheated on me!

 

1745. ruminate [verb]

思い巡らす、反芻する

Although I knew I cared deeply for Henry, I still had to ruminate on his marriage proposal for a while.

 

1746. rupture [verb]

破裂させる、裂く

The missile launch is sure to rupture the relationship between the two countries.

 

1747. ruse [noun]

策略、たくらみ

The security guard knew the girls were going to try and use a distractive ruse in order to shoplift.

 

1748. rustic [adjective]

田舎の、素朴な

The rustic cabin was filled with hand carved furniture.

 

1749. ruthless [adjective]

無慈悲な、冷酷な

The ruthless gang leader killed the new recruit for showing up late for a meeting.

 

1750. sabotage [verb]

故意に破壊する、妨害する

He felt his girlfriend would sabotage his efforts to succeed, leading him to break off the relationship.

 

1751. saccharine [adjective]

糖分過多の、甘ったるい

The foolish man at the bar thought he could pick me up with a saccharine line.

 

1752. sacrosanct [adjective]

不可侵の、神聖な

Woodland Hills Cemetery is sacrosanct and cannot be moved to another plot of land because of the large number of deceased soldiers who are buried there.

 

1753. sagacious [adjective]

賢明な、鋭い

Wise and full of insight, the sagacious leader would live on to better the world.

 

1754. sage [adjective]

賢い、経験に富んだ

The sage of the Indian tribe was able to heal the badly wounded man.

 

1755. salacious [adjective]

好色な、みだらな

The salacious content of some popular novels has led parents to demand that they be removed from school libraries.

 

1756. salient [adjective]

目立った、突出した

When I look at the house for sale, salient defects such as the broken windows stare back at me.

 

1757. salubrious [adjective]

健康的な、健全な

Vegetables are salubrious foods which provide essential nutrients.

 

1758. salutary [adjective]

有益な、健康に良い

The board hopes the merger of the two companies will have salutary effects that will leave all the shareholders happy.

 

1759. sanction [noun]

許可、承認

Because of the school’s behavioral problems, the principal is unlikely to sanction a school dance this year.

 

1760. sanctity [noun]

高潔、神聖

According to many religions, it is a sin to terminate the sanctity of the marriage vows.

 

1761. sangfroid [noun]

冷静、沈着

Even as the building fell around him, the fireman maintained his sangfroid and rescued the little girl.

 

1762. sanguine [adjective]

快活な、自信のある

Although the economy is looking better, we should still not be too sanguine about the future.

 

1763. sardonic [adjective]

冷笑的な、皮肉な

Jim’s sardonic laugh made his parents angry enough to stop paying his cellphone bill.

 

1764. sartorial [adjective]

洋服の、仕立ての

Those with a developed sartorial sense can tell a cheap suit from an expensive one.

 

1765. satiate [verb]

満足させる、飽きさせる

Hopefully this feast I am preparing will satiate your hunger.

 

1766. satiric [adjective]

風刺の、皮肉な

His cartoon has a satiric humor.

 

1767. saturnine [adjective]

むっつりした、陰気な

The dog’s eyes became saturnine whenever he was left at home alone.

 

1768. savant [noun]

学者、学識豊かな人

Although Jason is mildly retarded, he is also a chess savant who is considered to be one of the best players in the world.

 

1769. savor [verb]

楽しむ、風味を付ける

Since it’s my last cookie, I will eat it slowly and savor the taste.

 

1770. scam [noun]

詐欺、うわさ

After asking for a large sum of money, I knew the job was a scam because the people did not represent the company.

 

1771. scanty [adjective]

乏しい、不十分な

Since the airline lost two of my bags, I have scanty clothing for my vacation.

 

1772. scathing [adjective]

痛烈な、冷酷な

When the food critic found a hair in his meal, he wrote a scathing review of the restaurant.

 

1773. schematic [adjective]

概要の、略図の

While producing the schematic drawing of the Graystone Building, the architect began to assign tasks to start the project.

 

1774. schism [noun]

分離、分裂

The schism between my two best friends put me in the awkward position of having to choose one over the other.

 

1775. scintilla [noun]

微量、少量

Because it has strong flavor, the recipe called for a scintilla of sesame oil.

 

1776. scintillate [verb]

火花を発する、ひらめく

Concerts are held here on summer evenings, with the room scintillating to the light of two thousand reflected candles.

 

1777. scintillating [adjective]

才知あふれる、面白い

The host’s scintillating conversations with celebrities have earned her numerous awards.

 

1778. scorn [verb]

軽蔑する、拒絶する

Though he did not mean to scorn the girl, his rejection came off as extremely offensive.

 

1779. scriptural [adjective]

聖書の、書き物の

A return to scriptural authority is the only answer.

 

1780. scrutinize [verb]

細かく調べる、吟味する

Because of recent terror attacks, the airline screeners closely scrutinize all bags that are going on board airplanes.

 

1781. scrutiny [noun]

精査、吟味

If you want to fly on an airplane, you should be prepared to deal with scrutiny from the airline personnel.

 

1782. scuffle [verb]

取っ組み合う、あわてる

In order to downplay the actual fight, the siblings told their parents the reasons for the bloody noses and torn clothing was due to a small scuffle they had a few minutes ago.

 

1783. scurvy [adjective]

卑劣な、意地悪な

Many sailors died of scurvy due to lack of access to nutritional food.

 

1784. secrete [verb]

分泌する

An octopus can secrete ink to ward off prey.

 

1785. sedition [noun]

扇動的な発言・文書

The rebels were arrested for sedition when they protested outside of the dictator’s palace.

 

1786. seduction [noun]

誘惑、魅力

The seduction of the now entranced audience was complete when the lead singer began her soulful crooning.

 

1787. sedulous [adjective]

勤勉な、入念な

Even though you completely destroy the ant bed time after time, those sedulous ants will continue to go right back to work rebuilding it.

 

1788. seethe [verb]

沸騰する、煮えくりかえる

My mother will seethe for weeks if anyone touches her collectible dolls.

 

1789. seismic [adjective]

地震の、振動の

Seismic tests were conducted to determine the force of the earthquake.

 

1790. self-abasement [noun]

謙遜、卑下

After tough training, I got rid of my self-abasement and became confident.

 

1791. self-evident [adjective]

自明の、わかりきった

The teacher’s instructions were self-evident, so no students asked any questions about the assignment.

 

1792. selfless [adjective]

無欲の、利己心のない

A selfless individual often donates a fair sum of their money to charity even though they could use that money for themselves.

 

1793. semantic [adjective]

意味上の、語義の

When you made a profanity-filled rant about me, the semantics were pretty clear.

 

1794. semblance [noun]

外観、見せかけ

The city has now returned to some semblance of normality after last night's celebrations.

 

1795. semiotic [adjective]

記号の、記号論の

The semiotics of his body language revealed he was lying.

 

1796. senescence [noun]

老化、老朽

My grandfather said the best part of senescence is watching his grandchildren play.

 

1797. sensational [adjective]

扇情的な、感覚の

After working on the woman’s hair for over eight hours, her sensational hairstyle was admired and jealous by many women who saw it.

 

1798. sensual [adjective]

肉体の、肉感的な

The little black dress drew a sensual glance from her secret admirer.

 

1799. sensuous [adjective]

感覚的な、敏感な

When I walked through the food court, the sensuous scents caused my stomach to growl.

 

1800. sentence [verb]

追いやる、刑に処する

Ten army officers were sentenced to life imprisonment.

 

1801. sentient [adjective]

知覚力の、敏感な

Humans are not the only sentient beings, elephants are very emotional and perceptive mammals as well.

 

1802. sentry [noun]

衛兵、見張り番

Standing at the gate, the Iraqi sentry guarded the entrance to the embassy.

 

1803. seraphic [adjective]

天使のような、清らかな

When the children put on their angel costumes, they looked seraphic.

 

1804. serendipity [noun]

偶然発見する才能、掘り出し上手

The lottery is something one wins by serendipity not by design.

 

1805. serenity [noun]

平静、落ち着き

For the outdoorsman, there is no way to experience serenity better than enjoying nature.

 

1806. servile [adjective]

従順な、奴隷的な

Some individuals are so servile that other people take advantage of their submissiveness.

 

1807. shady [adjective]

日陰の、疑わしい

Every member of the secret round table meeting was either a shady mobster or a crooked politician.

 

1808. shard [noun]

破片、かけら

As the mirror crashed to the ground, shard after shard of glass scattered throughout the room.

 

1809. sheath [noun]

外装、覆い

Carrying the sharp blade in its sheath helped protect the woodsman from accidental cuts.

 

1810. shirk [verb]

回避する、逃れる

A lazy manager often attempts to shirk his responsibilities by passing his tasks on to his workers.

 

1811. shore [verb]

支える、強化する

Two survivors swam to shore after the small plane crashed in the bay.

 

1812. shrewd [adjective]

賢い、鋭い

It takes a shrewd analyst to really make a killing in the stock market.

 

1813. sidereal [adjective]

星の、星座の

The scientist’s calculations were based on sidereal time, which was related to the earth’s rotation around fixed planets.

 

1814. sidestep [verb]

回避する、避ける

Jumping out of the road quickly, the pedestrian was able to sidestep being hit by the speeding vehicle.

 

1815. simian [adjective]

サルの、類人猿の

The actor mimicked simian movements for his role in Planet of the Apes.

 

1816. simile [noun]

直喩、明喩

The simile, tough as nails, best applies to a person who is not easily frightened and has a strong, determined mindset.

 

1817. simpatico [adjective]

気の合う、親しみが持てる

Finding a simpatico partner in life has become easier for many single people since there are so many dating sites to find people with similarities.

 

1818. simulacrum [noun]

面影、似姿

Constructing a model-size simulacrum, the contractor hoped to give potential buyers a better understanding of what the condominiums will look like.

 

1819. sincere [adjective]

誠実な、偽りのない

The judge agreed to lighten Howie’s sentence, if he made a sincere effort to improve his behavior.

 

1820. sinecure [noun]

閑職、実務のない職

Even thought we all thought of the job as a sinecure, Jane took her position very seriously and always worked late into the evening.

 

1821. singular [adjective]

珍しい、並外れた

Although it isn’t widely known, the book is regarded as a singular and powerful piece of 19th century writing.

 

1822. sinister [adjective]

不吉な、悪意の

The policeman quickly took note of the sinister man’s appearance.

 

1823. sinuous [adjective]

曲がりくねった、遠回しの

According to the treasure map, the cave is located at the end of the sinuous path that winds up the mountain.

 

1824. skeletal [adjective]

骨格の、骸骨の

He suffered serious skeletal injuries in the accident.

 

1825. skeptic [noun]

懐疑論者、疑い深い人

Being a skeptic, the woman highly doubted that the psychic would really be able to tell her future.

 

1826. skittish [adjective]

内気な、気まぐれな

The skittish horse stood on his hind legs when the rabbit rushed by him.

 

1827. skulk [verb]

こそこそする、忍び歩く

When the criminal surveyed the jewelry store, he tried to skulk around the neighborhood without being noticed.

 

1828. slack [adjective]

ゆるい、元気のない

I took my new dress to the seamstress because it needed slack added to the waist.

 

1829. slake [verb]

満足させる、消す

This electrolyte water should help slake the runners’ thirst during the marathon.

 

1830. slanderous [adjective]

中傷的な、名誉を毀損する

He makes slanderous statement about the prime minister on television.

 

1831. sloth [noun]

怠惰、無精

Sloth is the key of poverty.

 

1832. slouch [verb]

前かがみに立つ、うつむく

Too tired of sitting up straight, the exhausted student began to slouch down in his chair.

 

1833. smite [verb]

打ちのめす、(病気などに)圧倒される

Bringing his sword down swiftly, the knight tried to smite the enemy before he could get away.

 

1834. snub [verb]

鼻であしらう、無視する

The waitress insisted that her lack of attentiveness to the table wasn’t a snub, but an accidental oversight.

 

1835. sober [adjective]

まじめな、節度のある

After the scary accident, I was puzzled by the driver’s sober demeanor.

 

1836. sobriety [noun]

禁酒、平静

Sobriety tests showed that the driver was inebriated and not able to operate a vehicle.

 

1837. sobriquet [noun]

ニックネーム、仮名

Kitty is the sobriquet Catherine’s friends use when addressing her.

 

1838. sodden [adjective]

びしょ濡れの、水に浸した

My shoes were sodden after I walked a mile in the rain.

 

1839. soggy [adjective]

水浸しの、ふやけた

The toddler spilled juice on her bread and refused to eat it because it was soggy.

 

1840. solace [noun]

慰め、安堵

After Maureen’s husband died, she sought solace in the church.

 

1841. solecism [noun]

文法違反、語法違反

According to the fashion critic, the actress committed a major solecism when she wore white after Labor Day.

 

1842. solemnity [noun]

厳粛、儀式

In due solemnity, the minister pronounced us husband and wife.

 

1843. solicitous [adjective]

心配する、気遣う

I am going to keep a solicitous eye out for criminals in this hard-hit neighborhood.

 

1844. solidarity [noun]

団結、結束

Since John is an African American, he joined the Black Student Union in college to show solidarity for his race.

 

1845. soliloquy [noun]

独り言、独白

Speaking her internal thoughts as she moved about, the Broadway star gave a stellar soliloquy through her moving speech.

 

1846. solitary [adjective]

ひとりの、孤独な

Because people left the village before the volcano erupted, the lava destroyed only a solitary community.

 

1847. solvent [adjective]

支払い能力のある、溶かす

When the man realized he was not solvent and was unable to provide for his wife and kids, he killed himself.

 

1848. somatic [adjective]

身体の、肉体の

It is difficult to link generic somatic symptoms, like an irregular heartbeat, to specific illness.

 

1849. somber [adjective]

陰気な、薄暗い

When I saw the doctor’s somber expression, I knew my diagnosis was not a good one.

 

1850. sophistry [noun]

こじつけ、へりくつ

Although the cult leader knew he was being dishonest with his group members, he hoped they would believe his sophistry.

 

1851. soporific [adjective]

催眠性の、眠い

The professor’s boring speech was soporific and had everyone in the audience yawning.

 

1852. sordid [adjective]

卑しい、みすぼらしい

If people learn of the politician’s sordid past, they will not vote for him.

 

1853. sovereign [noun]

主権者、君主

While a few people believe Mexico is a part of the United States, it is actually a sovereign country with its own government.

 

1854. sparse [adjective]

希薄な、薄い、点在した

With only a sparse supply of weapons, the villagers were worried they would not survive the attack.

 

1855. spartan [adjective]

質素な、簡素な

The décor in my apartment is spartan because I don’t have a lot of money for furnishings.

 

1856. specious [adjective]

見かけだけの、もっともらしい

The intruder tried to give the authorities a specious excuse regarding his presence in the building.

 

1857. specter [noun]

恐ろしいもの、幽霊

The specter of my deceased mother haunts our family home.

 

1858. spectroscope [noun]

分光器

The spectroscope was used to analyze the light of the planetary nebulas.

 

1859. spectrum [noun]

範囲、領域

The survey provided the company with a wide spectrum of feedback on its products.

 

1860. speculative [adjective]

思索的な、投機的な

With the weatherman predicting a very icy weekend, many people are making speculative food purchases and filling up their pantries.

 

1861. spendthrift [noun]

金遣いの荒い、浪費癖のある

Because the lottery winner was a spendthrift, he spent his winnings in less than a year.

 

1862. sphere [noun]

範囲、領域

Although she was not in his sphere of command, she still respected him as a leader.

 

1863. sporadic [adjective]

時々起こる、散在的な

Since my father left my mother and me twenty years ago, he has made sporadic appearances in my life.

 

1864. spur [verb]

鼓舞する、刺激する

The chance to win a scholarship should spur my daughter into studying for the college admissions test.

 

1865. spurious [adjective]

偽の、いいかげんな

After receiving a low appraisal on my diamond ring, I realized the suspicious-looking jeweler had sold me a spurious jewel.

 

1866. squalid [adjective]

むさくるしい、卑劣な

The homeless man had no choice but to sleep in squalid conditions.

 

1867. squalor [noun]

不潔、下劣

The selfish queen laughed when she learned the majority of her people lived in squalor with very little food.

 

1868. squarely [adverb]

公平に、正直に

We must meet the challenge squarely .

 

1869. squelch [verb]

押しつぶす、濡れた靴で音をたてながら歩く

When Justin runs wildly around the house, it takes every ounce of my strength to squelch my urge to slap him.

 

1870. staccato [adjective]

断音的な、断続的な

The song needs to be played in a staccato manner and not as a continuous melody.

 

1871. stalemate [verb]

行き詰まらせる、手詰まりにさせる

A stalemate was reached when neither of the chess players could make a legitimate move.

 

1872. stanch [verb]

止血する、ふさぐ

Having already used all of his medical supplies treating other soldiers, the medic had no choice but to try and stanch the bleeding of his next victim with his bare hands.

 

1873. stanchion [noun]

柱、支柱

Technically the leg of a table is a stanchion since it provides support for it.

 

1874. staple [noun]

主要産物、必需品

Vegetables are a staple part of a healthy diet if you want to stay in shape.

 

1875. stark [adjective]

飾りのない、荒涼とした

The house’s living room was stark and held only one couch.

 

1876. stasis [noun]

均衡、静止

Diana’s coma has caused her to be in stasis.

 

1877. staunch [adjective]

忠実な、頑固な

Although Joseph considers himself to be a staunch Republican, he has not voted for a Republican candidate in over six years.

 

1878. steadfast [adjective]

忠実な、不変の

My mother really loved my father and remained steadfast to her marriage vows even after my father died.

 

1879. stentorian [adjective]

大声の、非常に大きい

The stentorian music was so loud it made my head hurt.

 

1880. stern [adjective]

厳格な、厳しい

Although our camp counselor is soft and fun loving, he can get mean and stern if provoked.

 

1881. steward [noun]

執事、世話人

The steward will be along each month to collect the rent from the property owner’s tenants.

 

1882. stigmatize [verb]

非難する、汚名を着せる

Single mothers often feel that they are stigmatized by society.

 

1883. stint [verb]

切り詰める、倹約する

After a two-year stint as a Peace Corps volunteer, I returned home and became a teacher.

 

1884. stipulate [verb]

規定する、明記する

The owners may stipulate a huge deposit as a condition of the purchase agreement.

 

1885. stir [verb]

奮起させる、かき立てる

When Sarah heard Martha gossiping, she decided to stir up some drama by telling Martha’s friends about her gossiping nature.

 

1886. stolid [adjective]

鈍感な、無感動な

He was a stolid man who did not even show his emotions at his mother’s funeral.

 

1887. stopgap [noun]

穴埋め、一時しのぎ

Hostels are usually provided as a stopgap until the families can be housed in permanent accommodation.

 

1888. stout [adjective]

丈夫な、頑固な

The mover’s sturdy and stout frame made him suitable for lifting heavy furniture.

 

1889. stratagem [noun]

戦略、戦術

His chess stratagem was so good that he never lost a match.

 

1890. stratification [noun]

層状化、階層化

Taking millions of years, the stratification of the rock was not an instant process.

 

1891. stratum [noun]

層、地層

Earth Scientists study stratum comprised of different types of rock.

 

1892. striate [verb]

線をつける、筋をつける

The canyon walls were striated with colour.

 

1893. stricture [noun]

制限、酷評

The military was called in to help enforce the curfew stricture ordered by the governor.

 

1894. strident [adjective]

耳障りな、かん高い

The old man’s voice was so strident that I gritted my teeth every time he spoke to me.

 

1895. stringent [adjective]

厳しい、厳格な

I was so happy to move out of my parents’ house and escape their stringent rules.

 

1896. strong suit

強み、長所

I'm afraid geography is not my strong suit.

 

1897. strut [noun]

支柱、突っ張り

The rooster would strut in the yard when trying to impress the hens.

 

1898. studious [adjective]

学問に励む、勉強好きな

The studious girl dreams of being the valedictorian of her class.

 

1899. stultify [verb]

無効にする、無意味にする

A tranquilizer gun will effectively stultify even the most violent animals.

 

1900. stumble [verb]

つまずく、まごつく

She tripped on a toy and began to stumble down the stairs.

 

1901. stupefy [verb]

麻痺させる、無感覚にさせる

Seeing the naked woman was enough to stupefy the bus driver and cause him to drive off the road.

 

1902. stygian [adjective]

陰鬱な、地獄のような

The stygian cave led to an underground river which frightened the explorers.

 

1903. stymie [verb]

妨害する、邪魔する

My rival did everything she could to stymie my efforts to become homecoming queen.

 

1904. sublime [adjective]

高尚な、崇高な

After the sublime meal, we asked to see the chef so that we could give him our compliments.

 

1905. subliminal [adjective]

閾下の、潜在意識の

In the old days, commercials contained subliminal suggestions that encouraged consumers to purchase certain products.

 

1906. subpoena [noun]

呼び出し、召喚状

As soon as I received the subpoena, I knew I had to testify during the trial.

 

1907. subservient [adjective]

補助的な、追従的な

The press was accused of being subservient to the government.

 

1908. subside [verb]

静まる、陥没する

Since John’s grief has subsided, he can return to work.

 

1909. subsist [verb]

生存する、存続する

The prisoners of war were forced to subsist upon bread and water.

 

1910. substantial [adjective]

かなりの、重要な

Since the restaurant catered to truckers, farmers and hearty men, they were known for serving a substantial meal that included at least a pound of meat on the plate.

 

1911. substantiate [verb]

実証する、具体化する

To get a good grade on the research project, you must substantiate your report with provable facts.

 

1912. substantive [adjective]

実質的な、独立した

As a busy employee, Phil is tired of attending monthly meetings that are not substantive to his work.

 

1913. subsume [verb]

組み込む、包含する

Many Native Americans were able to survive the takeover of the Europeans by being willing to subsume into white culture.

 

1914. subterfuge [noun]

口実、言い訳

Pinocchio’s lies and subterfuge caused his nose to grow longer and longer.

 

1915. subtlety [noun]

微妙、巧妙

The subtlety of the light perfume made it just delicate enough for everyday wear.

 

1916. subversive [adjective]

くつがえす、打倒する

The group published a subversive magazine that contained nothing but negative articles about the current government.

 

1917. subvert [verb]

打倒する、破壊する

In the movie, the rebels sought to subvert the tribunal’s power and replace the body with a democratic government.

 

1918. succinct [adjective]

簡潔な、簡明な

Everyone was happy when the politician made a succinct speech that did not take all evening

 

1919. succor [noun]

救助、支援

As soon as the news was broadcast, people from the small community were gathering in homes and churches to organize plans for bringing succor to the widows and children of the firefighters.

 

1920. suffrage [noun]

選挙権、投票権

By allowing employees to leave work early during the elections, the company president is encouraging each employee to use his right of suffrage.

 

1921. sullen [adjective]

むっつりした、不機嫌な

The sullen criminal refused to follow the police officer’s instructions.

 

1922. sully [verb]

汚す、傷つける

The accusation of child abuse is sure to sully the teacher’s reputation and cause him his job.

 

1923. sumptuous [adjective]

高価な、ぜいたくな

My eyes grew large when I saw the sumptuous wedding feast.

 

1924. sundry [adjective]

様々の、雑多な

Scientists, business people, and sundry others gathered on Monday for the official opening.

 

1925. supercilious [adjective]

横柄な、傲慢な

Lynda is so supercilious that she refuses to friend anyone outside her race.

 

1926. superfluous [adjective]

余分な、不必要な

Because I have already answered your question several times, answering it again would be superfluous.

 

1927. supersede [verb]

取って代わる、地位を奪う

In time, the features of the smartphone may supersede those of the personal computer.

 

1928. supine [adjective]

あおむけの、怠惰な

My brother-in-law is a lazy fellow who will sleep with his head up in a supine position all day long.

 

1929. supplant [verb]

取って代わる、地位を奪う

If my stepmother thinks she can supplant my real mother, then she has a rude awakening in her future!

 

1930. suppliant [adjective]

懇願する、嘆願する

After watching Tucker fail miserably because he had made bold demands, I decided to take a more suppliant tactic in asking for a raise.

 

1931. supplicate [verb]

懇願する、すがる

The homeless man was not too prideful to supplicate for change to buy food.

 

1932. supposition [noun]

仮定、推測

The prosecutor knew it would take more than supposition to convince the jury of the defendant’s guilt.

 

1933. supreme [adjective]

最高の、至上の

The dictator wanted supreme control and power over his country and the entire world.

 

1934. surfeit [noun]

過剰、食べ過ぎ

We had such a surfeit of food during the holidays that we gave a large portion of it to the family across the street.

 

1935. surly [adjective]

不機嫌な、不愛想な

The surly man was yelling at the waitress because he didn’t get the right order from the restaurant.

 

1936. surmise [verb]

推測する、推量する

Because Helen is so dark, we can only surmise she spends a great deal of time in a tanning bed.

 

1937. surreptitious [adjective]

内密の、こそこそした

After hitting the lottery, the private family hoped to keep their surreptitious winnings to themselves.

 

1938. surrogate [noun]

代理人、代用品

Because the couple was unable to conceive, they decided to have a surrogate carry their child.

 

1939. susceptible [adjective]

影響を受けやすい、感じやすい

Since the dog lives outside, he is highly susceptible to parasites that strive in the outdoors.

 

1940. sweep [verb]

掃く、一掃する

I have to sweep the front porch because it is so dusty.

 

1941. sybarite [noun]

遊蕩者、快楽者

The sybarite looked forward to their day at the spa.

 

1942. sycophant [noun]

おべっか使い、ごますり

Because she always kisses up to the teacher, Janice is considered the sycophant in first period.

 

1943. syllogism [noun]

演繹法、三段論法

One example of incorrect syllogism is the notion that all animals have four legs because dogs are animals and all dogs have four legs.

 

1944. sylvan [adjective]

森の、樹木の

We enjoy visiting the park because it is filled with trees and is the most sylvan area in our crowded city.

 

1945. symbiosis [noun]

共生、共存

The trade that peacefully occurs between the two warring tribes is viewed as an example of symbiosis.

 

1946. symptomatic [adjective]

兆候的な、前兆となる

Staring at the dark circles underneath her green eyes, the woman wondered if they were caused by stress or symptomatic of something more serious.

 

1947. synergetic [adjective]

共に働く、共同する

The results showed that the synergetic effects could be improved at appropriate combined ratio.

 

1948. synoptic [adjective]

概要の、大意の

A methodology of objective air analysis based on synoptic climatological approaches is proposed in this paper.

 

1949. syntax [noun]

構文、文法

Because I do not like the way my sentences read, I am going to ask my teacher to tutor me on syntax.

 

1950. synthesize [verb]

統合する、合成する

The spider can synthesize several different silk proteins.

 

1951. tacit [adjective]

暗黙の、無口の

Although no words were spoken, our nods represented our tacit agreement to a cease fire.

 

1952. taciturn [adjective]

静かな、無口な

My shy brother is taciturn and rarely speaks in public.

 

1953. tacky [adjective]

品のない、みすぼらしい

The shop sold tacky souvenirs and ornaments.

 

1954. tactic [noun]

戦術、順序

In order to achieve the win, the coach showed his team the best tactic to perform.

 

1955. talisman [noun]

お守り、魔除け

Throughout my grandmother’s ninety-five years of life, she rarely went a day without her favorite talisman around her neck.

 

1956. tangential [adjective]

脱線した、無関係の

I hardly ever learn anything in my history class because my teacher always rambles off on a tangential topic that has nothing to do with history.

 

1957. tangle [verb]

もつれる、巻き込む

Environmentalists argue against the manufacturing of plastic due to the fact that marine life often tangle with the plastic trash in the ocean.

 

1958. tantamount [adjective]

同等の、等しい

Mooching off your mother at age 35 is tantamount to being a lazy bum.

 

1959. tardy [adjective]

のろい、遅れた

Students who do not arrive to class on time are tardy, and they often receive some sort of penalty for it.

 

1960. tarry [verb]

遅れる、とどまる

He decided to tarry during his trip to Georgia because he really didn’t want to go, but he was only able to stall for a short while.

 

1961. tautology [noun]

重複語、同語反復

The politician’s advertisement was simply tautology he restated several times within a thirty second period.

 

1962. tawdry [adjective]

安っぽい、けばけばしい

Everyone is always expecting a politician to have a tawdry affair.

 

1963. taxonomy [noun]

分類学、分類

In biology, the term taxonomy refers to the classification of organisms into groups based on their attributes.

 

1964. teeming [adjective]

豊富な、多産の

The homeless dog’s fur was teeming with fleas.

 

1965. temper [verb]

和らげる、調節する

The heat is tempered by sea breezes on the coast.

 

1966. temperate [adjective]

節度のある、温暖な

Living in a temperate climate, I sometimes had to wear my jacket in the early fall since it was cool outside.

 

1967. tenacious [adjective]

粘り強い、固執する

Even though Jackson was smaller than his other teammates, his tenacious attitude allowed him to accomplish as much as they did.

 

1968. tendentious [adjective]

偏向的な、偏った

The president was tendentious on his plan for the company and would not listen to other options.

 

1969. tenet [noun]

主義、教義

According to the church’s tenet, ministers are forbidden to marry so they can give their entire souls to God.

 

1970. tenuous [adjective]

希薄な、薄っぺらい

Because the evidence against her is tenuous, the accused murderer will be released from jail on bail.

 

1971. tenure [noun]

保有、在職期間

With a tenure exceeding forty years, Judge Marshall has held his office longer than any other judge in our county.

 

1972. tepid [adjective]

なまぬるい、熱意のない

The play’s premiere received tepid reviews from the disappointed critics.

 

1973. terrestrial [adjective]

地球上の、陸上の

Earth’s terrestrial biomes include areas such as deserts, taigas, and tropical rainforests.

 

1974. terse [adjective]

簡潔な、無駄のない

When Jessie is angry, she only gives terse responses.

 

1975. tether [verb]

つなぎとめる、束縛する

Before the cowboy settles down for the evening, he will tether the horses around a tree.

 

1976. theocracy [noun]

神権政治、神政国家

In theocracy, the rulers of a country make laws based on religious ideas.

 

1977. thespian [noun]

俳優、役者

The woman’s thespian dreams ended the day she was booed from the stage while giving a horrible monologue.

 

1978. threreof [adverb]

それについて、そういう理由で

Money, or a lack thereof, can influence people to do some really bad things.

 

1979. thwart [verb]

反対する、妨げる

Someone built this wall with broken bottles set in the top to thwart the intrusion of outsiders.

 

1980. timbre [noun]

音質、音色

When the music executive heard the timbre of the young singer’s voice, he knew the boy was a future star.

 

1981. timorous [adjective]

おどおどした、臆病な

The timorous kitten would not come out from under the bed.

 

1982. tirade [noun]

激しい非難、長い熱弁

Because Carrie is normally a laidback person, she shocked everyone with her tirade.

 

1983. tit-for-tat [noun]

仕返し、報復

When the boy stole the money, it was tit-for-tat that he return every penny back to its owner so that would make everything even.

 

1984. titillate [verb]

快く刺激する、くすぐる

In order to titillate consumer interest, the company is offering free shipping on all purchases.

 

1985. toady [noun]

ごますり、太鼓持ち

In order to get a promotion, Amy has been acting like the manager’s toady by agreeing with everything he says.

 

1986. token [noun]

しるし、コイン

At a casino, the coins you win in slot machines serve as a token that you can exchange for prizes or money.

 

1987. tome [noun]

分厚い本、学術書

At the exhibit of the Templeton Historical Museum, it displayed a scene of a small room including a bed, chest and tome on the small desk.

 

1988. tony [adjective]

上流階級の、高級な

He lives in a tony neighbourhood of Los Angeles.

 

1989. topple [verb]

倒れる、前に傾く

After several whacks with the axe, the lumberjack started to make the tree topple over with a loud thud.

 

1990. torment [verb]

苦しめる、悩ます

Every day when he got on the bus, the bully began to torment the quiet child.

 

1991. torpid [adjective]

動かない、無気力な

When June is torpid, she will snuggle under her bed covers and watch television until she falls asleep.

 

1992. torpor [noun]

無気力、休眠状態

After overeating on Christmas, I fell into a satisfied torpor.

 

1993. torso [noun]

胴、胴体だけの彫像

Since the man’s t-shirt and shorts covered his torso, he decided to get a tattoo so no one could see it through his clothes.

 

1994. tortuous [adjective]

曲がりくねった、ねじれた

When the tortuous snake moved across the Sahara Desert, his body made an S-shape in the sand.

 

1995. torturous [adjective]

拷問の、苦しい

It was a torturous decision, but he left Apple.

 

1996. touchtone [noun]

標準、基準

I used the essay that I received a perfect score on as a touchstone for the other essays I had to write later, so I could get a high score on them as well.

 

1997. tout [verb]

勧誘する、褒める

Listening to the basketball player tout his skill becomes boring after a while.

 

1998. tract [noun]

土地、地域

Each tract of land is being sold at the price of 1,000 dollars per acre.

 

1999. tractable [adjective]

扱いやすい、細工しやすい

The dog was more tractable when he wore the vibrating collar.

 

2000. tranquil [adjective]

静かな、穏やかな

Since we were the only ones on the beach, we enjoyed a tranquil day.

 

2001. transcendent [adjective]

並外れた、超越した

In order to completely identify with the plot of the science fiction movie, you must be able to consider the idea of transcendent experiences that allow people to enter the minds of others.

 

2002. transgress [verb]

罪を犯す、限界を超える

People who transgress the boundaries of social etiquette will be politely turned away at the door.

 

2003. transient [adjective]

束の間の、一時的な

The snow is transient and will melt as soon as the sun appears.

 

2004. transitory [adjective]

一時的な、束の間の

Unfortunately, the homeless people can only stay in the transitory shelter for a short period of time.

 

2005. translucent [adjective]

半透明の、明快な

Because Jenna is a proper young lady, she wore a sheath under her translucent wedding dress.

 

2006. transmute [verb]

変質させる、変性する

After years of therapy, the woman was able to transmute her negative thoughts into positive ones.

 

2007. travail [verb]

苦労する、苦しむ

The prisoners are expected to travail in the fields even in bad weather.

 

2008. travesty [noun]

模倣、劇作

It would be a travesty of justice to put an innocent man in jail.

 

2009. treacherous [adjective]

裏切りの、あてにならない

Drivers are asked to stay home and avoid the treacherous icy roads.

 

2010. treatise [noun]

学術論文、専門書

The doctor’s treatise was very formal and systematic, drawing much praise.

 

2011. tremulous [adjective]

震える、おびえる

Her voice was weak and tremulous, but the audience clapped politely when she finished the aria.

 

2012. trenchant [adjective]

痛烈な、厳しい

Marvin’s trenchant wit made him a popular speaker at conservative fundraisers.

 

2013. trepidation [noun]

恐怖、不安

Shaking with trepidation, the young man faced his fear of heights by skydiving.

 

2014. triage [verb]

優先順位を付ける、選別する

The purpose of the automated phone system is to triage calls so they can be routed to the proper customer service agent.

 

2015. trifling [adjective]

つまらない、取るに足らない

My time is too valuable to spend on trifling matters that have little worth.

 

2016. trite [adjective]

ありふれた、使い古された

I did not finish the novel because the story’s plot was trite and uninspiring.

 

2017. truculent [adjective]

残酷な、好戦的な

When my uncle drinks too much, he becomes very truculent and will fight anyone.

 

2018. truism [noun]

自明の理、わかりきったこと

During the annual meeting, the company president was fond of repeating the truism about hard work paying huge dividends.

 

2019. trumpet [verb]

吹聴する、(大声で)知らせる

The press trumpeted another defeat for the government.

 

2020. truncate [verb]

先端を切る、短くする

Although the director loved all of his film footage, he had to truncate the movie so its runtime would be less than forty-five minutes.

 

2021. tryst [noun]

約束、会合

Everyone knows my boss and his secretary usually have an intimate tryst during lunch.

 

2022. tuck [verb]

押し込む、包み込む

When he is afraid, the dog will tuck his tail underneath him and hide under the table.

 

2023. tumid [adjective]

ふくれた、はれあがった

My eyelid has been tumid since yesterday.

 

2024. tumultuous [adjective]

騒がしい、混乱した

The soldiers returned home to a tumultuous welcome from their friends and family.

 

2025. turbid [adjective]

濁った、不透明な

During the lab experiment, we made a turbid solution that contained suspended particles.

 

2026. turgid [adjective]

ふくれた、大げさな

The middle school student could not understand any of the facts listed in the turgid collegiate essay.

 

2027. turpitude [noun]

卑劣、邪悪

In less than an hour, the judge decided to execute the killer for his moral turpitude.

 

2028. tutelary [adjective]

守護の、保護の

Although her grandmother died before her birth, she always felt her tutelary presence was guiding her wherever she went.

 

2029. tycoon [noun]

大物、有力者

The tycoon built his fortune building railroads across the United States.

 

2030. typify [verb]

典型となる、象徴する

The smart student seemed to typify the overly bright and gifted group of children.

 

2031. tyro [noun]

初心者、初級者

Julie is a good violinist, but at 13, she is a tyro and still has a lot to learn.

 

2032. ubiquitous [adjective]

偏在する、至るところにある

Sugar is ubiquitous in the diet.

 

2033. umbrage [noun]

不快感、立腹

Don't take umbrage to my biblical views!

 

2034. unabashed [adjective]

恥じない、平然とした

Even though the mission was dangerous, the bold and unabashed troop had no fear.

 

2035. unassuming [adjective]

でしゃばらない、気取らない

When I walked into the unassuming restaurant, I was shocked to learn they had a world famous chef on staff.

 

2036. unbeknownst [adjective]

知られていない、未知の

Unbeknownst to Natasha, Kurt saw his mistress three times a week.

 

2037. unbridle [verb]

束縛を解く、解放する

The unbridled stallion was allowed to gallop wherever he pleased.

 

2038. uncanny [adjective]

神秘的な、奇怪な

When the psychic looked at the abandoned house, she had an uncanny sense that something bad had happened to the owner.

 

2039. unconscionable [adjective]

非良心的な、不当な

Allowing blind people the right to drive is not only foolish, but it is unconscionable.

 

2040. uncouth [adjective]

粗野な、ぎこちない

While George comes from a very wealthy family, he often behaves in an uncouth manner and acts as though he has no social skills at all.

 

2041. underappreciated [adjective]

正しく評価されない、低い評価の

He is a permanent, but underappreciated member of this elite group of musicians.

 

2042. undergird [verb]

強化する、下部を締める

Tess looked to her best friend to undergird her decisions and offer moral support during hard times.

 

2043. undermine [verb]

徐々に衰えさせる、傷つける

When engineers came to examine the cracks in the structure of the building, they discovered that years of flooding had worked to undermine the foundation.

 

2044. underpinning [noun]

補強、支持

The construction team added underpinning at the bottom of the trailer to shelter the mobile home’s pipes from cold weather.

 

2045. underscore [verb]

下線を引く、強調する

When the teacher reviewed the essay with her student, she went out of her way to underscore the paper’s best features.

 

2046. undo [verb]

ほどく、開く、元に戻す

I tried to undo my typing mistake, but couldn’t get it to reverse.

 

2047. undue [adjective]

過度の、不適当な

Because of undue stress, the doctor decided to take a break from working at the hospital.

 

2048. undulate [verb]

波打つ、うねる

The dancers’ movements were arranged so that they seemed to undulate like dolphins with the music.

 

2049. unfathomable [adjective]

理解できない、底知れない

After five hours, we still could not figure out the unfathomable riddle.

 

2050. unfeigned [adjective]

偽らない、本物の

Because the woman truly loved her husband, her sorrow was unfeigned during the funeral.

 

2051. unfettered [adjective]

自由な、足かせがない

Once the bird was unfettered and out of the cage, it flew up into the sky.

 

2052. unflappable [adjective]

冷静な、動揺しない

When a deadly tornado raced across town, many residents panicked but Miles remained unflappable and calmly lead his neighbors to shelter.

 

2053. unilateral [adjective]

一方だけの、単独の

Since the legislators were slow to act on the issue, the president used his executive powers to make a unilateral solution.

 

2054. unintelligible [adjective]

理解できない、難解な

The babbling baby let out an unintelligible wail as she toddled down the hallway.

 

2055. unitary [adjective]

単一の、中央集権の

Those unitary officers are the one allowed to stop drivers in this area.

 

2056. unjust [adjective]

不公平な、不正な

He believed the sentence was unjust and planned to appeal.

 

2057. unkempt [adjective]

粗野な、だらしない

An unkempt appearance was the least of the homeless man’s worries.

 

2058. unleash [verb]

解放する、束縛を解く

After I went to unleash the dog who had been chained to his cage for years, the dog attacked the first person it saw and ran away.

 

2059. unobtrusive [adjective]

控えめな、慎み深い

The reclusive man wanted to be buried in an unobtrusive area of the cemetery so people would not walk around his grave.

 

2060. unprecedented [adjective]

前例のない、新奇な

Before the storm, there was an unprecedented demand for food supplies that left many stores empty.

 

2061. unpretentious [adjective]

地味な、控えめな

The girl next door portrayed herself in an unpretentious way so that she was beautiful without striving for attention.

 

2062. unprincipled [adjective]

不道徳な、無節操な

The unprincipled banker failed to handle the transactions ethically.

 

2063. unscrupulous [adjective]

悪徳な、不道徳な

The unscrupulous teacher offered to raise her student’s grade if he gave her one hundred dollars.

 

2064. unseemly [adjective]

見苦しい、不適切な

William acted in an unseemly manner when he wore his pajamas to his mother’s funeral.

 

2065. unsound [adjective]

不健全な、信用できない

That bridge looks unsound to me.

 

2066. unsparing [adjective]

手厳しい、容赦しない

She is unsparing in her criticism.

 

2067. untapped [adjective]

利用されていない、未開拓の

We believe there is untapped potential.

 

2068. untenable [adjective]

擁護できない、住めない

The losing debate team had an untenable argument.

 

2069. untoward [adjective]

不利な、手に負えない

As soon as my daughter realized her peers were acting untoward at the party, she left because she did not want to get in trouble.

 

2070. untrammeled [adjective]

自由な、束縛されていない

The captured lion longed for the days when he lived untrammeled in the wide-open grasslands.

 

2071. unverifiable [adjective]

立証できない、証明できない

Unverifiable server side certificates will be rejected by clients during the SSL handshake.

 

2072. unwieldy [adjective]

扱いにくい、手に負えない

The young boy found it difficult to hold the unwieldy ball because of its huge size.

 

2073. unwind [verb]

解き放つ、ほぐす

After a long day at work, the waitress needed to put her feet up and unwind.

 

2074. upbraid [verb]

非難する、叱責する

Without a doubt, my parents are going to upbraid me for not passing any of my classes this semester.

 

2075. upbringing [noun]

教育、しつけ

The thief didn’t have the best upbringing and many of his bad habits date back to his childhood.

 

2076. upend [verb]

~を立てる、ひっくり返す

The frantic woman upended her purse dumping all of the contents out in search of her keys.

 

2077. upfront [adjective]

率直な、目立つ

It’s best to be upfront and honest with people about your true intentions.

 

2078. uptick [noun]

上昇、上向き

An uptick in demand for popsicles on the hot summer day allowed the ice cream stand to sell a little more than usual.

 

2079. urbane [adjective]

洗練された、上品な

Henry is an urbane traveller who has visited over eighty countries.

 

2080. urbanity [noun]

洗練、上品

The suave man’s urbanity made him a shoe-in with the young ladies as well as their mothers.

 

2081. usurp [verb]

奪う、強奪する

Since Lisa could not attend the dance, Marie had plans to usurp the title of homecoming queen.

 

2082. usury [noun]

高利貸し、不法金利

When borrowing money, check the interest rate for usury because you do not want to pay an extreme rate of interest.

 

2083. vacillate [verb]

ゆらぐ、気迷う

If you ask Paula to choose a restaurant for lunch, she will vacillate between restaurants forever.

 

2084. vacuous [adjective]

空の、うつろな

Since the election is over, let us hope for a break from all the vacuous speeches.

 

2085. vagary [noun]

とっぴな行為、奇行

When the temperature dropped to freezing conditions on a summer day, it was a vagary of the weather.

 

2086. vainglorious [adjective]

うぬぼれた、虚栄心の強い

The vainglorious trainer spent more time flexing his own muscles than he did helping build his client’s.

 

2087. valedictory [adjective]

告別の、別れの

Before the president leaves the White House forever, he makes a valedictory that is broadcasted on all major television networks.

 

2088. valiant [adjective]

勇敢な、勇ましい

The valiant police officer was willing to take on the entire gang to save the little girl.

 

2089. vanguard [noun]

指導者、前衛

As soon as the residents of the village saw the vanguard of the king’s forces heading their way, they ran and hid.

 

2090. vantage [noun]

有利、優勢

From my vantage point on the roof I could make out the advancing troops.

 

2091. vapid [adjective]

味のない、退屈な

To me, baseball is a vapid sport that quickly puts me to sleep.

 

2092. variegated [adjective]

多彩な、多様な

Calico cats have variegated patches of fur.

 

2093. vaunt [verb]

自慢する、誇る

It was upsetting to watch the amateur vaunt his supposed experience.

 

2094. venal [adjective]

金銭目当ての、買収できる

Local customs officers are notoriously venal.

 

2095. vendetta [noun]

復讐、報復

The candidate’s vendetta against his challenger led him to question the man’s character.

 

2096. venerable [adjective]

尊敬に値する、神聖な

The Pope is a venerable leader who is recognized for his commitment to helping others.

 

2097. venerate [verb]

敬う、敬意を払う

The Bible says we should venerate our parents and our elders.

 

2098. veracious [adjective]

正直な、真実の

“Honest” Abraham Lincoln was known as a veracious president who stood for truth.

 

2099. veracity [noun]

誠実、真実

Since the witness is a known enemy of the defendant, his testimony certainly needs to be evaluated for its veracity.

 

2100. verbose [adjective]

くどい、冗長な

The verbose man took thirty minutes to give me a simple answer.

 

2101. verdant [adjective]

新緑の、未熟な

After three years of drought conditions, the farmers welcomed the spring rains and hoped they would continue long enough to restore their crops to verdant abundance.

 

2102. verdict [noun]

判断、評決

In accordance with the verdict of all five panelists, Sally was crowned the spelling bee champion.

 

2103. verge [verb]

傾く、変わっていく

She stood on the verge of the lake at the line where the water met the sand.

 

2104. verisimilitude [noun]

本当らしさ、迫真性

When the man’s wife lied on the stand, she destroyed any chance the jury would believe she was capable of giving them even an ounce of verisimilitude.

 

2105. vernal [adjective]

春のような、若々しい

The elderly woman had not been vernal for some time, but whenever her favorite song came on she felt as young and lively as when she was a teenager.

 

2106. versatile [adjective]

融通の利く、多才な

The SUV is a versatile vehicle that blends in easily on the city streets and can also handle the wilderness of the mountain trails.

 

2107. vertigo [noun]

めまい、眩暈

Because Kate suffers from vertigo, it is difficult for her to walk in a straight line.

 

2108. vestige [noun]

痕跡、名残り

The shameless killer did not show a vestige of emotion when the judge sentenced him to death.

 

2109. vex [verb]

いらだたせる、悩ます

I get irritated when people go out of their way to vex me with their small problems.

 

2110. viable [adjective]

実行できる、発展できる

If the project is not viable, there is no reason for us to consider it.

 

2111. vicissitude [noun]

移り変わり、栄枯盛衰

The parental vicissitude I currently have is trying to pay child support for six children.

 

2112. vigilant [adjective]

用心深い、油断のない

Although this highway is a beautiful drive, you have to stay vigilant for deer and other animals in the road.

 

2113. vim [noun]

活力、気力

The lively singer’s vim came off as a little too enthusiastic.

 

2114. vindicate [verb]

擁護する、正当化する

Although the new evidence seems to vindicate the defendant of the breaking and entering charges, there is still the matter of the assault.

 

2115. vindictive [adjective]

恨む、報復的な

Although Harry claims he is not a vindictive person, he seemed pretty happy when he heard his abusive boss was getting fired.

 

2116. virtuoso [noun]

名人、巨匠

We sat in amazement as the young prodigy delivered a piano performance that revealed his unstoppable future as a virtuoso.

 

2117. virulent [adjective]

猛毒な、敵意に満ちた

Local law authorities investigated Mitchell after he was suspected of stealing a virulent disease that could kill millions of people.

 

2118. visage [noun]

顔つき、様相

When Roddy became angry, his visage completely changed from a charming smile to an irritated frown.

 

2119. viscid [adjective]

粘着性の、ねばねばする

Creating a viscid cake with caramel, the chef enjoyed making the ooey-gooey treat.

 

2120. viscous [adjective]

粘性のある、粘着性のある

It seemed to take forever for the viscous cough medicine to come out of the bottle.

 

2121. visionary [adjective]

先見の明のある、非現実的な

Jim was a visionary leader who had the foresight to lead our company in a profitable direction for many years.

 

2122. vitiate [verb]

価値を低下させる、損なう

When peers and bullies apply pressure, it can vitiate the moral character of young people and lead them down the wrong path.

 

2123. vitreous [adjective]

ガラスの、ガラス状の

This reminds us that there may have been a range of levels of technical interaction between those involved in vitreous technologies.

 

2124. vitriol [noun]

(辛辣な)批判、皮肉

During the town-meeting, angry citizens met the mayor spewing vitriol.

 

2125. vituperate [verb]

ののしる、罵倒する

We are sure that the nail technicians vituperate us in their own language when they are irritated.

 

2126. vivacious [adjective]

快活な、陽気な

When the vivacious child came through the school’s door on her first day of kindergarten, she spoke with every student and volunteered to do every activity.

 

2127. vivisection [noun]

生体解剖、生体実験

When the photos of the vivisection were posted online, many people were upset at the brutal nature of killing the animals until they found it was done for scientific reasons.

 

2128. vociferous [adjective]

大声で叫ぶ、騒々しい

The protestors were vociferous as they screamed outside of the government building.

 

2129. vogue [noun]

流行、はやり

When the most popular girl in school wore her hair differently, a new vogue took place the next day when everyone was wear that same hairstyle.

 

2130. volatile [adjective]

揮発性の、移り気な

Because Mary and Frank have a volatile relationship, they often argue.

 

2131. voluble [adjective]

口が達者な、多弁な

After my grandfather drinks a few beers, he becomes voluble and will not stop talking.

 

2132. voracious [adjective]

大食いの、貪欲な

The football player was a voracious eater who easily consumed two chickens during one meal.

 

2133. vulgar [adjective]

低俗な、下品な

The first time a student uses vulgar language in class he is given an afterschool detention.

 

2134. waft [verb]

漂う、浮動する

My children hurried to the kitchen when the scent of freshly baked cookies started to waft upstairs.

 

2135. wallop [verb]

強打する、大勝する

Boxers wallop each other with jabs and punches.

 

2136. wallow [verb]

転げ回る、(快楽に)溺れる

Becky is a strong woman and not the type of person to wallow in gloom.

 

2137. wan [adjective]

青ざめた、力のない

Although the toddler was quite ill, he still managed to give his mother a wan smile.

 

2138. wane [verb]

衰える、弱くなる

When the investigators ran out of leads, the intensity of the murder investigation started to wane.

 

2139. wanton [adjective]

理不尽な、みだらな

He loved the way she could be wanton and sensual one minute, then bashful and demure the next.

 

2140. ward [verb]

かわす、避ける

Indeed, the bulk of the reign of Aurelius was spent in efforts to ward off the attacks of the barbarians.

 

2141. warring [adjective]

交戦中の、対立する

The two countries have been warring constantly for many years.

 

2142. wary [adjective]

用心深い、細心の

One of the most important lessons that parents must teach young children is to always be wary of strangers.

 

2143. waver [verb]

揺れる、迷う

I am certain of my selection so my decision will not waver.

 

2144. wax [verb]

増大する、強くなる

As she got to know the young man’s wonderful personality, the young girl’s love for him began to wax to the point that she could see marrying him.

 

2145. wedge [verb]

くさびで留める、押し込む

If you wedge the rock in between the door and the frame, it will stay open until you come back.

 

2146. weed [verb]

取り除く、排除する

We must weed out the yellow flowers among the onions as soon as possible.

 

2147. welter [verb]

混乱する、転がる

The classroom was in a welter when the teacher did not show up for class.

 

2148. wend [verb]

行く、進む

Miles of trails wend their way through the trees and meadows.

 

2149. whet [verb]

刺激する、研ぐ

The mobile phone company uses celebrity endorsements to make consumers whet their phones.

 

2150. whimsical [adjective]

気まぐれな、風変わりな

The author turned out to be just as whimsical as the magical characters in her children’s book.

 

2151. whitewash [verb]

ごまかす、とりつくろう

They tried hard to whitewash themselves.

 

2152. wield [verb]

振るう、使いこなす

Do you wish you could wield a sword like a valiant knight?

 

2153. winnow [verb]

分析する、選び出す

You should winnow out the inaccuracies of this paper this afternoon.

 

2154. winsome [adjective]

愛嬌のある、快活な

Greg’s winsome smile is incredibly boyish.

 

2155. wistful [adjective]

悲しげな、思い焦がれた

At the end of the dramatic movie, the wistful audience sat in silence as they all pondered the tragedy they had just witnessed.

 

2156. witticism [noun]

警句、名言

Wanting to impress her new friends, the girl showcased her witticism in order to make them laugh.

 

2157. witty [adjective]

機知に富んだ、気の利いた

Robert’s attempt at a witty comeback fell flat, without evoking any kind of laughter.

 

2158. wizened [adjective]

しなびた、しおれた

While the flowers arrived looking fresh and beautiful, they have grown wizened over the past few days.

 

2159. woo [verb]

せがむ、説得する

During the courtship, the lovestruck gentleman worked really hard to woo the young lady.

 

2160. wreak [verb]

敵を討つ、損害を加える

If the internet goes down, it will wreak havoc with our ability to communicate and continue doing any kind of business.

 

2161. wry [adjective]

皮肉な、ゆがんだ

Bill's wry sense of humor made it difficult to be taken seriously at the office.

 

2162. xenophobia [noun]

外国人嫌い、外国のものを嫌う

Shane’s xenophobia prevents him from going to social events where there are people he does not know.

 

2163. yoke [verb]

結合させる、働かせる

Pioneers put their oxen’s heads through the rings of the yoke with the attached straps stretched up to the wagon.

 

2164. zealous [adjective]

熱中した、熱心な

Because my husband is a zealous supporter of the high school football team, he donates money to their organization every year.

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