元バックパッカーが海外の大学院で博士号を目指すブログ

大学院留学、海外旅行、英語学習について紹介します

GRE英単語例文集|GRE General Test攻略のための必須英単語2163

f:id:TraProak:20190427114237p:plain

GRE英単語例文集|GRE General Test攻略のための必須英単語2163

 

本サイトはGRE General Test 攻略のための必須英単語 2163に掲載されている英単語の例文集です。英単語を覚える際にご利用頂ければと思います。

 

本サイト以外にも例文を検索したい方は、以下の2つのサイトが便利です。

 

いずれも複数の例文が掲載されているため、自分が単語の意味をイメージしやすい例文を見つけ、GRE General Test 攻略のための必須英単語 2163に書き込んでいくこともできます。

 

英単語の暗記を助ける音声教材をYouTubeで提供しております。

 

目と合わせて、耳から英単語を繰り返し聞くことで、より記憶に残りやすくなるように作成しました。

通勤・通学中や、作業をしながらの聞き流しにも利用できます。

 

www.youtube.com

 

 

容量が大きかったのでリニューアルしています。

 

1. abandon~100. antidote はこちら:

【完全版】GRE英単語例文集①

 

101. antimicrobial~200. bay はこちら:

【完全版】GRE英単語例文集②

 

201. beatify~300. catholic はこちら:

【完全版】GRE英単語例文集③

 

301. caucus~400. contempt はこちら:

【完全版】GRE英単語例文集④

 

401. contend~500. demagogic はこちら:

【完全版】GRE英単語例文集⑤

 

501. demarcate~600. diverge はこちら:

【完全版】GRE英単語例文集⑥

 

601. divest~700. erstwhile はこちら:

【完全版】GRE英単語例文集⑦

 

701. erudite~800. flaunt はこちら:

【完全版】GRE英単語例文集⑧

 

 

801. fledgling [noun]

ひな鳥、青二才

The fledgling writer could use the benefit of a good editor.

 

802. fleet [adjective]

速い、束の間の

She was slight and fleet of foot.

 

803. flimsy [adjective]

うすっぺらい、もろい

Don’t give me the flimsy excuse that you were too deep asleep to hear the phone ringing.

Their flimsy tent offered little protection against the severe storm.

 

804. flora [noun]

植物相

Flora in the eastern region includes over 7000 types of plants.

 

805. florid [adjective]

血色のよい、華やかな

The police officer was florid after being held up by a six-year old boy with a water pistol.

After being embarrassed by a marriage proposal at the basketball game, my sister had a florid face.

 

806. flout [verb]

軽蔑する、馬鹿にする

He conducted business in his pajamas to flout convention.

 

807. fluke [noun]

まぐれ、幸運

Since I didn’t study or attend class on a regular basis, it was simply a fluke that I passed the exam.

 

808. flummox [verb]

まごつかせる、当惑させる

The defense attorney’s questions were designed to flummox the prosecuting witness.

 

809. flux [noun]

流動、流入

Because the electricity is in flux, the hotel can’t guarantee that the air conditioning will work throughout the night.

 

810. foible [noun]

弱点、欠点

Although many people consider his impatience as a foible, I view it as a passion to get things done.

 

811. foment [verb]

助長する、喚起する

The publicity-hungry politician often made harsh statements about immigrants in order to foment unrest among the public.

 

812. for all

~にもかかわらず

For all her experience, she was still prone to nerves.

 

813. forage [verb]

糧秣をあさる、探し回る

As the night grew colder, the soldiers started to forage for firewood.

They were forced to forage for clothing and fuel in the past.

 

814. forbear [verb]

慎む、控える

He could not forbear from expressing his disagreement.

 

815. forbearance [noun]

寛容、自制

The police officer showed forbearance when he let the young thief off with a warning.

 

816. ford [noun]

浅瀬、歩いて渡れる場所

He has stopped at the ford to let the horses drink.

 

817. forebear [noun]

先祖

While researching my family tree, I noticed a forebear of mine was born in Iceland at the turn of the century.

 

818. forebode [verb]

予言する、予感がする

Meteorologists forebode the bad weather, but their prediction was a lot milder than the actual storm.

 

819. foresight [noun]

先見の明、洞察力

Barbara’s foresight led her to buy the stock before it tripled in value.

 

820. forestall [verb]

(先回りして)妨げる、そらす

To forestall the bank from foreclosing on his home, Jack sold all of his personal belongings to catch up on his mortgage payments.

We must act right now to forestall disaster.

 

821. forgery [noun]

偽造、捏造

Many young kids try to employ forgery to sign their parent’s signature on something they don’t want them to see.

The art of forgery focuses on creating fakes of everything from money to paintings, making them look as real as possible.

 

822. forgo [verb]

見合わせる、慎む

I will forgo drinking at his birthday party because I am the designated driver.

 

823. formidable [adjective]

手ごわい、恐ろしい

Growing tomato crops during a severe drought proved to be formidable for one farmer.

The formidable hurricane lasted for 30 hours and destroyed a lot of buildings on the island.

 

824. forswear [verb]

公式に否認する、公式に止める

Hopefully the new treaty will forswear nations from obtaining nuclear weapons.

 

825. forte [noun]

強み、長所

Although dancing was her forte, she never considered having a career in entertainment.

 

826. fortress [noun]

要塞、要塞都市

The tall fortress was surrounded by a swampy moat and drawbridge to keep enemies out.

 

827. fortuitous [adjective]

偶然の、思いがけない

His success depended on a fortuitous combination of circumstances and encounters.

 

828. founder [verb]

沈む、失敗する

Their marriage began to founder soon after the honeymoon.

In recent years, her career has been foundering.

 

829. fracas [noun]

けんか、騒ぎ

The husband and wife were fined by the judge for starting a fracas in court.

 

830. fractious [adjective]

怒りっぽい、気難しい

The inexperienced teacher found the fractious students difficult to control.

 

831. frank [adjective]

率直な、あからさまな

A frank conversation was needed between the father and his unruly son.

 

832. fraught [adjective]

悩みの多い、不安に満ちた

The treasure hunt was fraught with puzzles that had to be solved in order to find the fortune.

Even though the contract looks good at first glance, it is actually fraught with contradictions.

 

833. frenetic [adjective]

熱狂的な、狂乱した

The sales floor was even more frenetic than usual because of the big clearance sale yesterday.

 

834. frieze [noun]

装飾帯

Containing the most famous frieze of all time, the Parthenon in Athens has a band of sculpture across the top.

 

835. froward [adjective]

強情な、ひねくれた

The froward child refused to listen to her parents and was disobedient most of the time.

 

836. frugal [adjective]

質素な、倹約な

I wanted front row seats, but my frugal husband wanted to save a bundle by purchasing back row seats.

 

837. fulfillment [noun]

履行、実現

Many people experience a sense of fulfillment when they finally achieve their life’s dream, or even when they take a step towards it.

 

838. fulminate [verb]

激しく非難する、爆発する

The disgruntled customer continued to fulminate over a price difference.

 

839. fulsome [adjective]

しつこい、度を超した

In an attempt to earn a promotion, she offended her boss with her fulsome compliments.

 

840. furious [adjective]

怒り狂う、激怒した

The prospective cadet was furious with himself for oversleeping and disqualifying himself from the academy.

 

841. furnish [verb]

備え付ける、供給する

The advertisement stated that the owners would furnish the apartment with tables, chairs, beds and a couch.

 

842. furtive [adjective]

こそこそした、人目を気にする

She walked outside in a furtive manner so that her parents would not see her.

 

843. fusion [noun]

融合、連合

The actor worked so hard to become the character that it seemed the fusion of their personalities might be permanent.

The movie displayed a perfect fusion of image and sound.

 

844. futile [adjective]

役に立たない、無益な

When the captain realized his efforts to steer his ship were futile, he commanded his officers to release the lifeboats.

The president described these activities as futile.

 

845. gaffe [noun]

失敗、失態

Because of the quarterback’s gaffe, our team lost the big game.

 

846. gainsay [verb]

反論する、否定する

Since he told the truth on the witness stand, no one was able to gainsay his statement.

 

847. gambol [verb]

ふざける、はねまわる

Because of the rain, students are unable to gambol on the playground during recess.

 

848. garland [noun]

花輪、栄誉

She twined the flowers into a garland.

 

849. garment [noun]

衣類、着物

The saleswoman are very knowledgeable while helping me find the right garment to wear at my cousin’s wedding.

 

850. garner [verb]

集める、蓄える

The teacher allowed us to put up posters to garner interest in our club fundraiser.

 

851. garrulous [adjective]

口数の多い、冗長な

Though my window is closed, I can still hear my garrulous neighbors loudly gossip in the night.

 

852. gauche [adjective]

気が利かない、ぎこちない

His gauche table manners make me cringe, especially when he tries to talk with his mouth full.

 

853. gaudy [adjective]

華やかな、けばけばしい

When she returned from the nail salon, she showed me her gaudy nails that were painted bright orange.

 

854. genial [adjective]

親切な、(気候が)穏やかな

The genial hosts made sure everyone enjoyed the party.

 

855. genuine [adjective]

本物の、真の

Throughout history, many con artists have tried to pass off fake items as genuine holy relics.

 

856. germane [adjective]

適切な、関係のある

Since we were running out of time, our professor asked us to limit our questions to those germane to today’s lecture.

 

857. gestation [noun]

妊娠、形成期間

The baby was born prematurely at 28 weeks gestation.

 

858. gist [noun]

要点、要旨

The first paragraph of the report should provide readers with the gist of the paper.

 

859. give teeth

実効性をもたせる

The severe penalty really gives teeth to the law.

 

860. glacial [adjective]

氷河の、無情な

She gave me a glacial smile when we passed each other on the stairs.

 

861. glib [adjective]

うわべだけの、口先だけの

The glib comments he made about the brewing conflict tells me that he is not very well-informed about the subject.

 

862. glower [verb]

にらみつける、顔をしかめる

After the boxers shook hands, they began to glower at each other.

 

863. goad [verb]

棒で突く、刺激する

As a teacher, she was constantly looking for positive ways to goad her students into learning more.

 

864. gossamer [adjective]

薄い、繊細な

Her white gossamer scarf was practically transparent.

 

865. gouge [noun]

丸のみ(たがね)、穴

The refrigerator's legs left gouges in the vinyl flooring when I moved it out to clean behind it.

 

866. graft [verb]

接ぎ木する、移植する

Scientists will be able to graft new genes into human eggs and embryos.

Skin was removed from her leg and grafted on her face.

 

867. grandiloquent [adjective]

大げさな、誇大した

Even though Rick did not understand the grandiloquent words, he still used them to impress his wealthy friends.

 

868. grandiose [adjective]

壮大な、おおげさな

The idea of throwing a party on top of the swimming pool seemed quite grandiose to everyone in the room.

 

869. grandstand [verb]

派手に見せる、観客を喜ばせる

The senator doesn't hesitate to grandstand if it makes her point.

 

870. gratify [verb]

喜ばせる、満足させる

Hopefully, the chocolate bar will gratify my desire for something sweet.

 

871. grating [adjective]

耳障りな、不快な

The sound of his grating voice complaining all day was driving me crazy.

 

872. gratuitous [adjective]

余計な、必要のない

Even though I had been looking forward to seeing the movie, I walked out of the theater after thirty minutes because of so much gratuitous foul language.

 

873. gregarious [adjective]

社交的な、集団を好む

She is such a gregarious and outgoing person.

 

874. grievance [noun]

不平、苦情

His grievance against her neighbor has turned into a civil lawsuit.

 

875. grievous [adjective]

悲しむべき、耐えがたい

A verbal insult can sometimes cause a more grievous injury than any physical assault.

 

876. grizzle [verb]

灰色にする、(子供が)ぐずる

His grizzled beard was no longer black like it was in his youth.

 

877. groan [noun]

うめき声、不平

The rescuers could hear the groans of someone trapped in the rubble.

 

878. grouse [verb]

不平を言う、ぶつぶつ言う

If we grouse in the pub, who listens?

She's always grousing about how she's been treated by the manager.

 

879. grovel [verb]

腹ばいになる、ひれ伏す

The dog was willing to grovel for the biscuit.

 

880. guile [noun]

ずるい、不誠実

Although she pretends to be sweet and innocent, she has used her guile to become one of the most popular celebrities in the world.

 

881. guise [noun]

外観、服装

Under the guise of a police officer, the crook walked into the bank and easily robbed the tellers.

 

882. gullible [adjective]

騙されやすい、のろまな

The gullible woman gave her money to a fake charity.

 

883. guru [noun]

指導者、専門家

Because the voice teacher is viewed as a musical guru, she has a two year waiting list for her classes.

 

884. gustatory [adjective]

味覚の、味の

Masticatory and gustatory stimuli appear to stimulate salivation through different mechanisms.

 

885. hackneyed [adjective]

使い古した、平凡な

Politicians tend to repeat the same hackneyed expressions over and over again.

 

886. halcyon [adjective]

穏やかな、平和な

I was very content during the halcyon days of my childhood.

 

887. hale [adjective]

壮健な、元気な

Although he just turned eighty-five years old, Jimmy is still hale and healthy.

 

888. hallmark [noun]

証明、特徴

Simplicity is a hallmark of this design.

 

889. hallowed [adjective]

神聖な、神聖化された

Every word that the respected sage uttered was considered at once to be hallowed, sacred and holy.

 

890. hamstring [verb]

不自由にする、妨害する

The company was hamstrung by traditional but inefficient ways of conducting business.

 

891. hand-wringing [noun]

(苦痛、自責のため)手を握り締める

That led many political commentators to indulge in hand-wringing about how apathetic Californians were about representative government.

 

892. hanker [verb]

憧れる、渇望する

After years of an unhappy marriage, the man begin to hanker to have an affair.

The homesick woman began to hanker for a trip to see her parents.

 

893. hapless [adjective]

不運な、不幸な

The hapless passengers were stranded at the airport for three days.

 

894. happenstance [noun]

偶然のできごと、思いも寄らぬできごと

I found this delightful hotel by happenstance.

 

895. harangue [verb]

演説する、熱弁する

He harangued the class for half an hour about not paying attention.

 

896. harbinger [noun]

先人、前ぶれ

Everyone knows the groundhog is the harbinger of a change in seasons.

 

897. hard-line [adjective]

強硬路線の

The religious extremist would not change his hard-line views no matter who tried to convince him.

 

898. hardy [adjective]

頑丈な、たくましい

Trees in the woodland are hardy, withstanding cold winters and severe weather in the spring.

 

899. harrowing [adjective]

痛ましい、悲惨な

She told us a harrowing tale of misfortunes.

 

900. hasten [verb]

急がせる、促進させる

When the store manager saw the long lines at the registers, he called for more cashiers to hasten customer checkouts.

 

901. hatred [noun]

憎しみ、憎悪

The night owl’s hatred of mornings caused her to hit snooze button several times.

He looked at me with hatred.

 

902. havoc [noun]

大混乱、大破壊

The volcano inflicted havoc upon the tiny village.

 

903. heavyweight [noun]

有力者、重要人物

Her extraordinary intelligence and speaking ability made her a political heavyweight.

 

904. hectic [adjective]

消耗性の、忙しい

Since I have a lot to do this week, my schedule is going to be very hectic.

 

905. hector [verb]

いじめる、脅す

I am sure that we should seek to persuade, not just hector and lecture.

 

906. hedonist [noun]

快楽主義者、快楽論者

Although people call him a hedonist, he is really the type of person who cares about pleasing others.

 

907. heed [verb]

留意する、~に注意する

The shopping complex has been criticized for failing to heed warnings about lack of safety routines.

 

908. hegemony [noun]

支配権、覇権

The president of the company has hegemony over his employees.

 

909. heliocentric [adjective]

太陽を中心とした

According to heliocentric theory, the sun is the center of everything in the universe.

 

910. helmsman [noun]

舵取り、操舵手

The old helmsman brought us about and we avoided a dangerous dash against the rocks.

The helmsman warned them that they were approaching another shore.

 

911. hemorrhage [verb]

大量に失う、大量に流出する

The car accident caused him to hemorrhage internally.

 

912. herald [verb]

告知する、予告する

The trade agreement heralded a new era of economic development.

 

913. herbivore [noun]

草食動物

As an herbivore, the giraffe has teeth that are broad and capable of chewing tough plants.

 

914. heretical [adjective]

異教の、異端の

Such a heretical view would have been unthinkable a couple of years ago.

 

915. heretofore [adverb]

これまでは、以前は

The investment has produced amazing profits that were heretofore unimaginable.

 

916. hermetic [adjective]

密閉した、気密の

As a freelance writer who rarely leaves her house, Kate lives a hermetic lifestyle.

A hermetic seal is used on this glass bottle.

 

917. heterodox [adjective]

異説の、正統でない

The church will excommunicate anyone who preaches heterodox beliefs.

 

918. heuristic [adjective]

発見に役立つ、学習に役立つ

The purpose of the heuristic class is to teach people through personal trials.

 

919. hew [verb]

切る、切り刻む

Since my mother cannot hew wood for her fireplace, I visit her once a week to fill her woodbin.

 

920. hibernate [verb]

冬眠する、避寒する

The bear continued to hibernate all winter long snoozing deep inside the cave.

 

921. hidebound [adjective]

融通の利かない、狭量な

The hidebound politician refused to change his position on the bill.

 

922. hieroglyphics [noun]

象形文字

The writings of the ancient Egyptians was almost entirely hieroglyphic, based on pictures and drawings.

 

923. high-handed [adjective]

高圧的な、高飛車な

The high-handed king ruled with an iron fist, never allowing his citizens to have any freedom.

 

924. hilarious [adjective]

陽気な、浮かれ騒ぐ

We laughed nonstop while watching the hilarious sitcom.

Even though her brothers think it’s hilarious, she doesn’t like watching the funny home video show.

 

925. hinder [verb]

妨げる、邪魔をする

Tight, restrictive clothing will work to hinder your athletic performance.

If you do not rest enough, you will actually hinder your workout progress.

 

926. hinterland [noun]

後背地、僻地

As the sun set, animals moved away from the coast and into the distant hinterland.

 

927. hirsute [adjective]

毛深い、多毛の

The hirsute teenager was warned that he would be expelled from school if he did not take a haircut and pay attention to his grooming.

 

928. histrionic [adjective]

演技の、芝居じみた

The widow’s histrionic screaming made the detectives suspicious.

 

929. hoard [verb]

貯蔵する、蓄える

He loves to hoard earnings because he is a penny-pincher.

 

930. hoary [adjective]

古めかしい、白髪の

The hoary house was built in the eighteenth century and is now part of a museum.

 

931. hobble [verb]

よたよた歩く、足を引きずる

After falling and hurting her ankle badly, the volleyball player had to hobble over to a bench.

 

932. hodgepodge [noun]

ごたまぜ、寄せ集め

After many people dug through the different appetizers, the large platter was just a hodgepodge of different foods scattered all over the place.

When I opened the junk drawer in the kitchen, there was a hodgepodge of tools, utensils, medicines and food in there.

 

933. homage [noun]

敬意、誓い

As a sign of homage for the late president, government flags will be flown half-mast today.

 

934. homeostasis [noun]

恒常性

Homeostasis keeps the body’s temperature regulated at an average temperature of 98.6 degrees.

 

935. homily [noun]

説教、訓戒

People around the world watched as the pope delivered a homily on the subject of kindness.

For the past ten years, our priest has read the same homily on Easter Sunday.

 

936. homogenous [adjective]

均一の、同質の

As races have mixed, the world’s population has become more and more homogenous.

The population of the village has remained remarkably homogenous.

 

937. honorary [adjective]

肩書きだけの、名誉上の

After his untimely death, the student was given an honorary degree.

She received an honorary doctorate from Oxford University in recognition of her work for the poverty.

 

938. hoodwink [verb]

だます、ごまかす

After the hurricane, many dishonest individuals tried to hoodwink generous people into donating to fake charities.

 

939. hortatory [adjective]

勧告的な、奨励的な

Since the president’s speech about the economy wasn’t very hortatory, people had little reason to be hopeful about their finances.

 

940. hotly [adverb]

熱心に、激しく

The bank hotly denies any wrongdoings.

 

941. hubris [noun]

傲慢、うぬぼれ

Hubris brought him down in the end.

 

942. humble [adjective]

謙虚な、質素な

After twenty years as a humble worker, he finally got the opportunity to lead the division.

 

943. humdrum [adjective]

平凡な、単調な

An exciting vacation would give me time away from my humdrum job.

 

944. humility [noun]

謙虚、謙遜

During her speech, Jennifer showed her humility by acknowledging her film crew as the team who deserved the trophy.

 

945. husband [verb]

節約する、とっておく

She husbanded their financial resources through difficult times.

 

946. hyperbole [noun]

誇張

During the hurricane, it seemed as though the hyperbole, “raining cats and dogs“, was almost accurate.

 

947. hypocrisy [noun]

見せかけ、偽善行為

Students protested that the rule about a ban on cell phones inschool was just a bunch of hypocrisy because teachers were always using their cell phones.

 

948. hypocrite [noun]

偽善者、ねこかぶり

He is a hypocrite and never exerts himself to help anyone.

 

949. hypotenuse [noun]

直角三角形の斜辺

Using the Pythagorean Theorem, the mathematician was able to find the triangle’s hypotenuse as well as its shorter sides.

 

950. hysteria [noun]

病的興奮

The hostages were in a state of hysteria when they were rescued by the police.

 

951. iconoclast [noun]

偶像破壊、因習打破

The successful entrepreneur is an iconoclast who is not afraid to introduce something new to the market.

 

952. ideological [adjective]

観念的な、空論的な

Some have minimized the importance of ideological factors.

Due to the criminal’s ideological perspective that he is always right, the criminal would hurt people if they disagreed with him.

 

953. idiosyncratic [adjective]

特異な、風変わりな

The strange bird let out a high-pitched sound that is idiosyncratic to its species.

 

954. idolatry [noun]

偶像崇拝、崇拝

Whenever the dictator ventured out in public, he insisted upon idolatry from his people.

 

955. idyll [noun]

田園風景、牧詩

This rural idyll is, however, the privilege of the minority.

Every year thousands of people flee the big cities in search of the rural idyll.

 

956. igneous [adjective]

火成の、火のような

After the volcano erupted and lava covered the ground, many igneous rocks were created.

 

957. ignoble [adjective]

下品な、卑劣な

During his speech, the district attorney promised to rid the city of ignoble police officers guilty of abusing their power.

 

958. ignominious [adjective]

不名誉な、恥ずべき

The basketball player’s downfall was caused by his ignominious steroid use.

 

959. ignorant [adjective]

無知の、失礼な

Rich Americans are often ignorant to the reality of the lives of those living in poverty in the U.S.

 

960. illiberal [adjective]

狭量な、けちな

His views are markedly illiberal.

 

961. illicit [adjective]

違法な、不正の

I dumped my boyfriend because of his illicit drug habit.

 

962. imbroglio [noun]

もつれ、ごたごた

In the senior dormitory, the resident assistant is currently dealing with an imbroglio between two students who both claim the other is stealing her shoes.

 

963. imbue [verb]

染み込ませる、吹き込む

He managed to imbue his employees with team spirit.

 

964. immanent [adjective]

内在する、内在的な

God is immanent in the world.

Hope seems immanent in human nature.

 

965. immaterial [adjective]

重要でない、実体のない

The judge told the jury to disregard the testimony because it was immaterial to the trial.

 

966. immature [adjective]

未熟な、未完成な

A human is immature for many years, having to go through nearly two decades of development before becoming an adult.

 

967. imminent [adjective]

差し迫った、切迫した

When the Secret Service arrived, everyone knew the president’s arrival was imminent.

 

968. immolate [verb]

犠牲にする、生け贄に捧げる

Millions of people were immolated in World War I.

 

969. immunodeficiency [noun]

免疫不全

The earliest known specimen of the human immunodeficiency virus was found long after the death of its victim.

The association of this infection with immunodeficiency and its pathogenicity for patients need to be investigated further.

 

970. immutable [adjective]

不変の、不易の

Although I tried to get the bank president to change his mind about giving me the loan, I finally realized his decision was immutable.

There are no laws that are immutable because we can vote for change in our country.

 

971. impair [verb]

(価値などを)減じる、(健康などを)損なう

Emotions can sometimes impair your ability to reason properly.

 

972. impasse [noun]

行き止まり、手詰まり

Yesterday, the two parties did not make any progress on the contract terms because they had reached an impasse.

 

973. impassive [adjective]

無感動の、苦痛を感じない

Even though it was very exciting, Jon delivered the news in an impassive voice in the hope that everyone would stay calm.

 

974. impeccable [adjective]

欠点のない、完璧な

Your impeccable work ethic and great attention to detail are reasons enough for promoting you.

 

975. impecunious [adjective]

金がない、貧乏な

I first knew him as an impecunious student living in a tiny apartment.

 

976. impede [verb]

妨げる、邪魔をする

If you do not eat while you are sick, the lack of nutrients will impede your recovery.

 

977. impediment [noun]

妨げ、障害

My broken wrist is the impediment preventing me from finishing my new novel.

 

978. imperative [adjective]

避けられない、強制的な

If you’re serious about getting healthy, it’s imperative that you follow a healthy lifestyle, make the right food choices, and exercise regularly.

 

979. imperious [adjective]

横柄な、緊急の

In an imperious tone, the police officer ordered the driver to step out of the car.

 

980. impermeable [adjective]

不浸透性の、染みとおらない

The impermeable rain coat kept water from ruining the woman’s cashmere sweater.

Impermeable glass was used in the picture frame to keep moisture from the photo.

 

981. impertinent [adjective]

生意気な、無礼な

Although she thought she was just being funny, her teacher didn’t agree and sent her to the principal’s office for being impertinent.

Because the young man would only give an impertinent answer to his questions, the attorney decided not to take him on as a client.

 

982. imperturbable [adjective]

冷静な、動じない

The imperturbable actress carried on with her performance even when her costar forgot his lines.

 

983. impervious [adjective]

傷つかない、不浸透性の

Rubber boots are impervious to water.

 

984. impetuous [adjective]

激しい、性急な

After she joined the army, Sarah was less impetuous.

We made an impetuous decision to go swimming in the lake in December.

 

985. impetus [noun]

起動力、はずみ

Because the new president was once a military commander, he has a great deal of experience being an impetus for change.

 

986. impinge [verb]

衝突する、侵害する

Hopefully the bad weather will move in a different direction and not impinge upon our plans for an outdoor reception.

 

987. impious [adjective]

不信心な、不敬な

His lack of protocol in the church caused him to gain a reputation for being impious.

 

988. implacable [adjective]

和解しにくい、なだめにくい

The little boy was implacable when his parents left him alone with the babysitter.

The government faces implacable opposition on the issue of chemical waste.

 

989. implausible [adjective]

信じがたい、本当とは思えない

The drug manufacturer was fined for making implausible claims about its weight loss products.

 

990. implicit [adjective]

暗黙の、絶対的な

Although you never stated I could use your car, your permission was implicit when you handed me your car keys.

 

991. implode [verb]

内破する、(内側で)崩壊する

The vacuum inside the tube caused it to implode when the external air pressure was increased.

When contracts for the new bridge were being negotiated, the American steel industry imploded.

 

992. importunate [adjective]

しつこくせがむ、切迫した

As soon as you become rich, you can expect to come into contact with many importunate people who will do nothing but demand things of you.

 

993. impotent [adjective]

無力な、無益な

When my husband was diagnosed with cancer, I felt impotent because I could not help him with his pain.

They were virtually impotent against the power of the large companies.

 

994. impoverish [verb]

貧乏にする、不毛にする

The new law is likely to further impoverish single parents.

 

995. imprecation [noun]

呪い、(災いが降りかかるための)祈り

The witch muttered an imprecation at the man who mistreated her.

 

996. impregnable [adjective]

難攻不落な、動じない

Despite our squad's best efforts, we could not win the game against the impregnable team.

 

997. impromptu [adjective]

即座の、即興の

I’m not sure how many people will be able to attend the impromptu party.

 

998. impugn [verb]

非難する、異議を唱える

The mayor leaked the political scandal to the media to impugn his opponent’s character.

 

999. impunity [noun]

免除、免責

Despite the heinous nature of the crimes they committed, the old men received impunity from the court because of their ages.

 

1000. impute [verb]

負わせる、~のせいにする

When my daughter received a failing grade in her math class, she attempted to impute her instructor’s teaching skills.

 

本サイト以外にも例文を検索したい方は、以下の2つのサイトが便利です。いずれも複数の例文が掲載されているため、自分が単語の意味をイメージしやすい例文を見つけることができます。

 

1001. in lieu of

~の代わりに

You can take a lump sum in lieu of any unused vacation entitlement.

 

1002. in no way

決して~でない

She added that she had in no way intended to offend anybody.

 

1003. inadvertent [adjective]

不注意な、不慮の

All authors need to be wary of inadvertent copying of other people's ideas.

 

1004. incarcerate [verb]

監禁する、閉じ込める

The police are going to incarcerate the man who keeps committing acts of violence.

 

1005. incarnadine [adjective]

深紅の、肉色の

I needed to find incarnadine tights so that it would appear the same color as my shirt.

 

1006. incarnate [verb]

体現させる、具体化する

The cardiotachometer can incarnate the function of one's heart, reflect the burthen in the training and resume after training.

The dark portrait seemed to incarnate all the evil the artist saw in the world.

 

1007. incendiary [adjective]

放火の、扇動的な

Although the investigation indicated the arsonist must have used some kind of incendiary device to start the fire, the police could find no traces of it.

 

1008. incense [verb]

怒らせる、激怒する

The offensive article about racism is sure to incense many minority groups.

 

1009. inchoate [adjective]

初期の、不完全な

Because our company just recently opened its doors, we are inchoate and are not offering all of our services yet.

Since the power went out in the building, the electrical service has been inchoate, leaving many floors without lights.

 

1010. incipient [adjective]

初期の、始まりの

Because the incipient plan has no backup measure, there is no chance it will succeed.

The best way to stop the disease from spreading is by identifying it while it is incipient.

 

1011. incite [verb]

刺激する、扇動する

The ads were trying to incite public opinion against the government.

 

1012. incompetent [adjective]

無能な、無資格の

The robber was so incompetent that he locked himself in the bank vault.

 

1013. incomprehensible [adjective]

理解できない、不可解な

After hearing to the incomprehensible rap, listeners were left wondering what the musician meant.

The ideas she espoused were incomprehensible to me.

 

1014. inconceivable [adjective]

想像もつかない、信じがたい

It is inconceivable that the young boy walked twenty miles without shoes in freezing weather.

 

1015. incongruous [adjective]

調和しない、不適当な

How incongruous of a fat doctor telling me to lose weight!

The statement you gave yesterday is incongruous to a witness's statement.

 

1016. inconsequential [adjective]

取るに足らない、重要でない

Your objections are inconsequential and may be disregarded.

 

1017. incorporate [verb]

合併させる、組み込む

In order to provide a complete report, Henry and his staff incorporate the graphs and charts into the written text.

 

1018. inculcate [verb]

教え込む、吹き込む

The goal is to inculcate in students a tolerance for people of other religions and races.

 

1019. inculpate [verb]

罪を負わせる、咎める

Evidence was used to inculpate the suspects and lead to their eventual conviction.

 

1020. incursion [noun]

侵入、侵略

When the troops made an incursion across the border, they ruined any chance for peace between the two countries.

The incursion of whiteflies into the area could damage crops.

 

1021. indebtedness [noun]

恩義、負債

The company has reduced its indebtedness to $15 million.

 

1022. indecipherable [adjective]

解読できない、判読できない

The indecipherable letters on the scroll were written in a language that has been extinct for a thousand years.

 

1023. indefatigable [adjective]

疲れ知らずの、根気強い

The director of the hurricane evacuation shelter is an indefatigable woman who works almost eighteen hours every day.

 

1024. indemnify [verb]

保障する、償う

Since he was driving drunk, the insurance company will not indemnify him from the property damage he caused.

 

1025. indeterminate [adjective]

不確定の、未決定の

An indeterminate number of workers have already been exposed to the danger.

 

1026. indictment [noun]

起訴、告発

Based on the new evidence presented by the defense, the judge dismissed the indictment and released the accused.

 

1027. indifference [noun]

無関心、重要でないこと

Some native speakers of a language show indifference to grammatical points.

 

1028. indigence [noun]

貧困、困窮

High medical costs are a significant cause of indigence for many of the elderly who are living in poverty.

 

1029. indoctrinate [verb]

教え込む、吹き込む

The cult leader will indoctrinate his followers with his beliefs.

 

1030. indolent [adjective]

なまける、怠惰な

Jackson lost his job because he was an indolent employee who often slept at his desk.

 

1031. ineffectual [verb]

効果のない、無力な

Once I realized the medicine was ineffectual, I stopped taking it.

 

1032. ineluctable [adjective]

不可避の、避けられない

The accident was the ineluctable consequence of carelessness.

 

1033. inept [adjective]

不適当な、不向きな

He was criticized for his inept handling of the problem.

 

1034. ineptitude [noun]

不適当、ばかげた

Because of his ineptitude, he lost his job.

 

1035. inert [adjective]

にぶい、不活発な

Since my wounded dog is inert, I have to lift him up and put him in the car.

 

1036. inestimable [adjective]

計り知れない、非常に貴重な

It’s impossible to define the inestimable role police officers play in keeping society safe.

 

1037. inexorable [adjective]

冷酷な、無情な

The public is enraged by the inexorable rise in gas prices.

 

1038. infallible [adjective]

誤りのない、確実な

While you may think you are infallible, you make mistakes just like everyone else!

The arrogant professor believed he was infallible on the subject of geology.

 

1039. infelicitous [adjective]

不運な、不幸な

It is a little infelicitous that many children can not go to the swimming pools because of the sudden storm.

 

1040. infest [verb]

横行する、はびこる

The barn was infested with rats.

 

1041. infinitesimal [adjective]

微少の、非常に少ない

All living organisms produce electrical impulses on an infinitesimal scale.

 

1042. infirmity [noun]

虚弱、病弱

He felt sorry for his uncle, feeling the alcoholism was a serious infirmity.

The doctor warned her that her physical infirmity would get worse if she did not mind her diet.

 

1043. inflict [verb]

損害を加える、苦しめる

Our troops will inflict hefty casualties on their foes.

 

1044. infraction [noun]

違反、侵害

He was criticized for his infraction of the discipline.

 

1045. infringe [verb]

法を犯す、(権利を)侵害する

He occasionally infringes the law by parking near a junction.

 

1046. infuse [verb]

教え込む、注入する

A union would infuse unnecessary conflict into the company's employee relations.

 

1047. ingenious [adjective]

器用な、巧妙な

Our captain’s ingenious plan would allow us to sneak around the enemy and capture the objective without a fight.

 

1048. ingenuity [noun]

発明の才、巧妙さ

When Jack fixed the jeep, his friends were impressed with his mechanical ingenuity.

 

1049. ingenuous [adjective]

淡泊な、純真な

Jessica’s ingenuous nature made her an easy target for the con man.

 

1050. ingrate [noun]

恩知らずの人、感謝知らずの人

When you do not appreciate your gifts, you are being an ingrate.

After the singer refused to accept the award, she was called an ingrate by many of her peers.

 

1051. ingratiate [verb]

気に入られようとする、取り入ろうとする

Since the new teacher failed to ingratiate herself with the students, she found it hard to maintain an orderly classroom.

 

1052. inherent [adjective]

固有の、本来の

The dark color of the table is an inherent trait of the wood from which it was made.

 

1053. inimical [adjective]

有害な、敵意のある

Although I attempt to avoid the school bully, he always goes out of his way to be inimical to me.

 

1054. iniquity [noun]

不正、非道

The writer reflects on human injustice and iniquity.

 

1055. injustice [noun]

不公平、不正行為

The American Revolution started because of a perceived injustice in the taxes levied by England.

 

1056. innocuous [adjective]

無害の、悪意のない

His comments seemed perfectly innocuous.

Some mushrooms look innocuous but are in fact poisonous.

 

1057. innuendo [noun]

風刺、あてこすり

The top advertisers frequently use a form of innuendo to sell their products.

 

1058. inoffensive [adjective]

害にならない、悪気のない

He seemed like a quiet, inoffensive sort of a guy.

 

1059. inopportune [adjective]

不都合な、折りの悪い

Since the economy is depressed, it is an inopportune period for the Fed to raise interest rates.

The phone’s inopportune ringing interrupted our conversation.

 

1060. inordinate [adjective]

過度な、無秩序な

I spend an inordinate amount of time selecting Christmas presents for my large family every year.

 

1061. inquest [noun]

審問、評決

The judge ordered an inquest after several family members requested the murder be investigated further.

 

1062. inquisition [noun]

調査、取り調べ

The police subjected him to an inquisition that lasted two hours.

 

1063. inscrutable [adjective]

不可解な、謎めいた

Because my boss normally had an inscrutable look on his face, I rarely knew what he was thinking.

 

1064. insensible [adjective]

無感覚の、無頓着な

She remained insensible of the dangers that lay ahead.

 

1065. insensitive [adjective]

無感覚な、鈍感な

Her husband tends to be insensitive, never caring much about her emotional needs.

 

1066. insidious [adjective]

狡猾な、潜行性の

After the police conducted their investigation, they realized the suspect had created an insidious scheme by which he tricked elderly people out of their medications.

 

1067. insinuate [verb]

遠回しに言う、徐々に入り込む

During the debate, the senator tried to insinuate his opponent was not qualified for office.

 

1068. insipid [adjective]

味がない、気の抜けた

The soup lacks the right seasoning and tastes insipid.

 

1069. insofar [adverb]

その限りにおいて、その程度まで

The warning signs on the road prevent accidents only insofar as people pay attention to them.

 

1070. insolent [adjective]

横柄な、無礼な

When the insolent young man yelled my name, I ignored him and walked towards my car.

 

1071. insouciant [adjective]

無頓着な、のんきな

Because he is insouciant and not concerned about his retirement, he does not worry about saving money.

 

1072. instigate [verb]

扇動する、そそのかす

Justine hoped to instigate Will and Gail's separation by spreading false rumors about Will’s late nights at work.

Hopefully, the red band campaign will instigate a greater awareness of cancer prevention.

 

1073. insulate [verb]

絶縁する、孤立させる

You can insulate a house against heat loss by having the windows double-glazed.

 

1074. insuperable [adjective]

乗り越えられない、無敵の

No matter how hard the kitten tried, it could not face the insuperable challenge of climbing back down the tree.

The difficulties that confront us seem insuperable.

 

1075. insurmountable [adjective]

克服できない、追い越せない

Even though the task of cleaning out the garage seemed insurmountable, she had the place spotless and ready for her new car by Monday.

 

1076. insurrection [noun]

反乱、暴動

During the insurrection, several convicts held a prison doctor hostage.

 

1077. intangible [adjective]

無形の、実体のない

While emotions can be expressed, they are intangible because they cannot be physically touched.

 

1078. integrity [noun]

誠実、無傷

Because the politician was considered a man of integrity, most of the people voted for him in the last election.

 

1079. inter [verb]

埋める、埋葬する

We decided to inter my son’s dead bird near the apple tree.

 

1080. interdict [verb]

禁止する、阻止する

Because I failed most of my classes last term, my parents will probably interdict me from working this semester.

 

1081. interlocutor [noun]

対話者、対談者

After Lynn listened to her friends’ conversation for a while, she became an interlocutor and expressed her opinion.

The actor is a poor interlocutor who usually responds to media queries with one word responses.

 

1082. interlude [noun]

合間、幕間

We exited the theater during the short interlude to purchase something to eat.

 

1083. internecine [adjective]

共倒れの、内部抗争の

When the internecine war was over, both nations were left in ruins.

 

1084. interplay [noun]

相互作用、交錯

Players on a sports team often realize the interplay of competition and cooperation due to the need for both at different times of the game.

Our personalities result from the complex interplay between our genes and our environment.

 

1085. interpolate [verb]

補間する、書き入れる

Since the author would often interpolate the stories of others by adding his own text, the critics did not view him as a real writer.

Today, many singers interpolate their own words and music into classic songs in order to create new tunes.

 

1086. interregnum [noun]

空白期間、空位期間

During the interregnum, the people worried that the incoming ruler would treat them differently than the previous king.

 

1087. intervention [noun]

仲裁、干渉

Our nation’s intervention in another country’s war could pull us into the crisis.

 

1088. intestine [adjective]

内部の、体内の

Stomach and intestine problems are the most common issues that people currently face.

 

1089. intimate [adjective]

親しい、密接な

Because I am a private person, I do not like to share intimate details about my home life.

 

1090. intracellular [adjective]

細胞内の

Intracellular toxins affect the organelles and other substances inside of a cell.

 

1091. intractable [adjective]

手に負えない、扱いにくい

Bringing up the sunken cruise ship is going to be an intractable task.

We are facing an intractable problem.

 

1092. intransigent [adjective]

妥協しない、頑固な

Even though the divorce proceedings should be over, they are still dragging on because of the intransigent parties involved.

If the politicians do not change their intransigent attitudes, they will not pass any bills during this session.

 

1093. intrepid [adjective]

勇敢な、大胆な

To be an astronaut, you must be an intrepid person who craves adventure and is not afraid of heights.

 

1094. introspective [adjective]

内観的な、内省的な

The introspective artist was always questioning his own painting skills.

 

1095. inundate [verb]

水浸しにする、殺到する

My boss is the type of person who likes to inundate others with projects.

If the dam breaks it will inundate large parts of the town.

 

1096. inure [verb]

苦痛に慣れさせる、鍛える

Raising three dramatic daughters will inure you to temper tantrums.

 

1097. invective [noun]

非難、ののしり

The newspaper’s invective of the novel really made the author angry.

 

1098. inveigh [verb]

激しく非難する、ののしる

Because one politician chose to inveigh on the subject of immigration for an hour, the debate went on all afternoon.

 

1099. inveigle [verb]

おびき寄せる、誘い込む

Speechless I stood by as June was able to inveigle her way into the private club by flirting with the security guard.

Rick tried to inveigle his parents into giving him the money for buying a new car.

 

1100. investiture [noun]

授与、任官

The investiture of the new president will take place this evening.

 

1101. inveterate [adjective]

根深い、常習的な

Inveterate smokers are going to have a hard time handling all of the new smoking laws that limit the places in which they can smoke.

 

1102. invidious [adjective]

不愉快な、ねたましい

The dictator’s invidious acts caused the people to rise up against him.

 

1103. invincible [adjective]

無敵の、不屈の

The teenager jumped off the building because he thought he was invincible and unable to get hurt.

The team proved it was not invincible when it lost the last game of the season.

 

1104. iota [noun]

微少、わずか

If there is even one iota of doubt, the jury should not find the defendant guilty.

 

1105. irascible [adjective]

怒りっぽい、短気な

She's becoming more and more irascible as she grows older.

 

1106. irksome [adjective]

あきあきする、退屈な

To avoid the irksome security lines at the airport, Rick has applied for a screening pass that will allow him to reach his gate more quickly.

 

1107. ironclad [adjective]

甲鉄の、厳しい

During the American Civil War, two ironclad ships fought each other without causing much damage due to the strong metal shield of the ships’ outer material.

 

1108. irradiate [verb]

照らす、輝かせる

His little face was irradiated by happiness.

 

1109. irreconcilable [adjective]

和解できない、調和しない

Deciding to go on vacation together seemed like a good idea, but they quickly realized that their ideas about budget limitations were irreconcilable.

 

1110. irrefutable [adjective]

反駁できない、論破できない

The police arrested their suspect only after obtaining irrefutable proof he was the robber.

Genetic testing supports the scientist's theory that the link between the two species is irrefutable.

 

1111. irresolute [adjective]

決断力のない、優柔不断な

That is probably a consequence of irresolute policy and too much bureaucracy.

 

1112. irrevocable [adjective]

取り返しのつかない、変更できない

Even though you are unhappy with your inheritance, the will is irrevocable and cannot be changed.

Once the president signs the treaty, it will be binding and irrevocable.

 

1113. isosceles [adjective]

二等辺の

The base angles of an isosceles triangle are equal.

 

1114. itinerant [adjective]

巡回する、移動する

Jim loves the itinerant lifestyle of a musician because of the opportunities he has to travel from city to city.

 

1115. itinerary [noun]

旅程、スケジュール

Your itinerary includes a visit to Stonehenge.

 

1116. jaundice [noun]

ひがみ、偏見

Jealousy is the jaundice of the soul.

 

1117. jejune [adjective]

退屈な、未熟な

Although Evan behaved in a jejune manner at the dinner party, he actually teaches international customs at a school for diplomats.

 

1118. jeopardize [verb]

危険にさらす、危うくする

Do not jeopardize your good grade by failing to turn in your assignment.

 

1119. jettison [verb]

投げ捨てる、投下する

The captain was forced to jettison the cargo and make an emergency landing.

 

1120. jibe [verb]

一致する、調和する

The findings of the court did not jibe with the testimony of the witness.

 

1121. jingoism [noun]

愛国主義

The man’s jingoism led him to attempt to destroy a federal building as a show of loyalty for his own nation.

Patriotism can turn into jingoism and intolerance very quickly.

 

1122. jocose [adjective]

滑稽な、おどけた

Robert is well known for his jocose disposition and always makes everyone around him laugh.

 

1123. jocular [adjective]

おどけた、ひょうきんな

The jocular man is known for his funny punchlines.

 

1124. joust [verb]

競う、争う

The two teams are jousting for position at the top of the league.

 

1125. jovial [adjective]

陽気な、愉快な

Stories describe Santa Claus as a jovial man who gives toys to children.

 

1126. juggernaut [noun]

巨大な力、不可抗力

With the reveal of its best-selling innovation, the software company has become a juggernaut in the tech industry.

 

1127. junta [noun]

軍事政府、暫定政府

A military junta took control of the country.

 

1128. jurisprudence [noun]

法律学、法体系

Even in high school, Evan read a great deal on jurisprudence because he knew he wanted to become a lawyer.

 

1129. juror [noun]

陪審員、審査員

The attorney for the defense challenged the juror.

 

1130. jut [verb]

突出する、張り出る

The edge of the cliff seemed to jut out over the ocean and disappear into a blanket of clouds.

 

1131. juxtapose [verb]

並べる、並置する

The interior designer likes to juxtapose light furniture against dark floors to create a dramatic contrast.

 

1132. keep at bay

寄せ付けない

Ballista Towers provide the defenders with enough firepower to keep at bay.

 

1133. ken [noun]

理解の範囲、視界

Financial matters are beyond my ken.

 

1134. kindle [verb]

火をつける、燃やす

The mother hoped the prison inmate's speech would kindle her son to change his rebellious ways.

This wood is too wet to kindle.

 

1135. kindred [noun]

血縁、親族

Most of his kindred still live in Ireland.

 

1136. kinetic [adjective]

運動の、動的な

A simple definition of kinetic energy is power in movement or motion.

 

1137. knell [noun]

弔いの鐘、鐘の音

Everyone took the company president’s resignation as the company’s knell of bankruptcy.

 

1138. kudos [noun]

称賛、賛辞

Although the movie director received kudos from the critics, the public hated the film.

 

1139. labile [adjective]

不安定な、変わりやすい

Emotionally labile patients should not be given stimulants since they tend to cause moods to shift dramatically.

 

1140. laborious [adjective]

困難な、勤勉な

It may seem laborious when you just start exercising, but it gets easier over time.

 

1141. lace [verb]

入れる、加える

She laced her coffee with brandy.

 

1142. lachrymose [adjective]

涙もろい、涙ぐんだ

After her husband died, my aunt became a lachrymose woman who couldn’t stop crying.

I do not enjoy watching sad movies with my lachrymose wife because she is way too sensitive.

 

1143. lackadaisical [adjective]

元気のない、情熱に欠ける

After the surgery, I was lackadaisical for several days.

 

1144. lackey [noun]

召使い、おべっか使い

The wealthy gent’s lackey toted his luggage all over the resort.

 

1145. lackluster [adjective]

活気のない、輝きのない

Since she noticed that the response she was getting on the dating website was rather lackluster, Beth decided to spice up her profile and post a better photo.

The U.S. number-one tennis player gave a disappointingly lackluster performance.

 

1146. laconic [adjective]

簡潔な、素っ気ない

During the laconic phone call, the divorcing spouses only said what was absolutely necessary.

To save valuable time, give me a laconic explanation of what happened.

 

1147. lambaste [verb]

非難する、しかる

Even with its success, harsh party leaders continued to lambaste the plan for healthcare reform.

 

1148. landlord [noun]

地主、大家

Beating on her delinquent tenant’s door, the landlord threatened to file a lawsuit if rent wasn’t paid.

The landlord gave notice of the termination of tenancy.

 

1149. languid [adjective]

元気のない、のろい

He sat on the porch enjoying the delicious, languid warmth of a summer afternoon.

 

1150. larceny [noun]

窃盗、盗み

After finding his computer was not where he left it, he accused his sister of larceny.

He was arrested on a charge of larceny.

 

1151. largess [noun]

贈り物、祝儀

Because of the millionaire’s largess, twenty underprivileged graduates now have college scholarships.

 

1152. lascivious [adjective]

みだらな、挑発的な

After running naked through the field, he was arrested for lewd and lascivious behavior.

 

1153. lassitude [noun]

疲労、だるさ

After the long race, Jack experienced a feeling of lassitude.

 

1154. latent [adjective]

潜在的な、隠れた

The detective asked the lab technician to search the room for latent fingerprints.

 

1155. laud [verb]

ほめたたえる、賛美する

The company decided to laud his outstanding contributions to the firm.

 

1156. laudable [adjective]

賞賛に値する、感心する

While Jason did not win the contest, his efforts were laudable enough to be mentioned by the judges.

 

1157. laudatory [adjective]

賞賛の、賛美の

The laudatory announcement praised the team’s efforts during the championship game.

 

1158. laurel [noun]

名誉、栄誉

She has rightly won laurels for this brilliantly perceptive first novel.

 

1159. lavish [adjective]

豪華な、気前のいい

Every room in the five-star hotel was filled with lavish furnishings.

 

1160. lax [adjective]

ゆるんだ、手ぬるい

The lax entry requirements let just about anyone in.

The lax security at the event allowed people to just slip in and out unnoticed.

 

1161. laxity [noun]

だらしなさ、ゆるさ

The prevalent laxity toward marriage causes the divorce rate to rise.

 

1162. leery [adjective]

用心深い、疑い深い

The dog was leery of the man with the large stick.

 

1163. legerdemain [noun]

手品、ごまかし

The psychic uses legerdemain to convince people that she is talking to their future.

 

1164. legitimacy [noun]

合法性、正当性

Terry doubted the legitimacy of his husband’s excuses since he lied to her in the past.

The lawyers expressed serious doubts about the legitimacy of military action.

 

1165. lethargic [adjective]

無気力の、だるい

During the hottest days of summer, I felt so lethargic that all I wanted to do was drinking iced tea.

 

1166. levee [noun]

堤防、土手

A levee was created out of dirt and sandbags to keep creeping river from flooding the fields.

 

1167. levity [noun]

軽率さ、不謹慎

Karen’s parents were serious people who did not appreciate her acts of levity during church service.

 

1168. levy [verb]

徴収する、課す

The Presidential candidate promised to levy a tax on foreign production in an effort to stimulate American manufacturing.

 

1169. liberal [adjective]

寛大な、気前の良い

Although my grandfather has some liberal ideas, he still does not believe in the notion of female soldiers.

 

1170. liberate [verb]

自由にする、解放する

Because the dogs were experiencing maltreatment, the compassionate man decided to liberate his neighbor’s animals.

 

1171. libertine [noun]

放蕩者、自由思想家

Because Warren is a drunken libertine, he often comes into work with a hangover.

 

1172. licentious [adjective]

不道徳な、放蕩な

It is assumed that pagan festivals once involved many licentious activities, including a number of sexual games.

 

1173. light-hearted [adjective]

陽気な、気楽な

It was a fairly light-hearted discussion.

 

1174. Lilliputian [adjective]

狭量な、極めて小さい

The Lilliputian trees looked like tiny bushes next to the tall redwoods.

 

1175. limelight [noun]

注目の的、人目につく

The celebrity never liked the limelight, so he kept his personal business to himself and out of the tabloids.

She's been in the limelight recently, following the release of her controversial new film.

 

1176. limn [verb]

描く、描写する

The painter is known to limn pictures of his lovers on oil canvases.

 

1177. limpid [adjective]

澄んだ、明快な

Because the sky was not limpid, we could not see the stars.

 

1178. lineage [noun]

血統、一族

Our family was ecstatic to learn about our royal lineage and how we descend from kings and queens of antiquity.

She's very proud of her ancient royal lineage.

 

1179. lionize [verb]

もてはやす、ちやほやする

The press began to lionize the celebrity enthusiastically.

 

1180. lissome [adjective]

柔軟な、しなやかな

The lissome figure skater moved effortlessly on the ice.

 

1181. listless [adjective]

無関心な、元気のない

The illness made me so listless that I rarely got out of bed.

 

1182. litany [noun]

長い話、くどい話

When I listened to my mother’s litany of criticisms about the nursing home staff, I was shocked by some of her accusations.

 

1183. literati [noun]

知識階級、文学者

He was underrated as a writer by the literati.

 

1184. lithe [adjective]

しなやかな、柔軟な

While Corinne has the lithe, agile body that would be perfect for gymnastics, she is too tall to manage some of the events.

 

1185. litigate [verb]

訴訟を起こす、法廷で争う

After not reaching an agreement, the two parties decided to go to court to litigate the settlement.

 

1186. litter [verb]

散らかす、汚す

The sitting room was littered with books.

 

1187. littoral [adjective]

沿岸の、海岸の

With water pollution on the rise, new training on clean-up measures were introduced to littoral areas in hopes that improvements would be made.

The littoral zone covers the region between high and low tide.

 

1188. livid [adjective]

激怒した、激高した

The taxpayers are livid about the proposed tax hike.

 

1189. loath [adjective]

嫌う、気の進まない

He is loath to get out of bed on cold mornings.

 

1190. lobby [verb]

陳情する、働きかける

Small businesses have lobbied hard for changes in the tax laws.

 

1191. lofty [adjective]

高尚な、非常に高い

Although she has a lofty position as the vice-president of a billion dollar company, she still drives an economy car.

 

1192. long-winded [adjective]

長たらしい、退屈な

The student’s long-winded response was much more lengthy than the teacher required.

 

1193. loquacious [adjective]

おしゃべりな、よくしゃべる

After drinking four beers, my normally quiet wife becomes quite loquacious.

 

1194. lord [noun]

貴族、君主

The lord was in charge of ruling everyone in his district and used his power to his advantage.

 

1195. lounge [verb]

ぶらぶら歩く、ゆったりする

After complete exhaustion, Henry decided to lounge on the sofa for a few hours.

She often lounges on a beach after work.

 

1196. lubricious [adjective]

挑発的な、すべすべした

The other sun-bathers admired the woman’s gleaming and lubricious skin.

 

1197. lucid [adjective]

明快な、分かりやすい

Because the medicine made Lisa drowsy, she was not very lucid.

She gave a clear and lucid account of her plans for the company's future.

 

1198. lucrative [adjective]

もうかる、利益の上がる

The wealthy businessman was constantly on the lookout for lucrative ventures that would help him become even wealthier.

 

1199. lucre [noun]

利益、もうけ

Hiding the lucre in many different accounts, the mobsters kept a watchful eye on their funds.

He was blinded by the lust of lucre.

 

1200. lugubrious [adjective]

悲しげな、哀れな

In his first novel, the mysterious postman is the perfect example of a lugubrious character.

 

1201. lukewarm [adjective]

なまぬるい、熱意のない

Disappointed by his lukewarm chicken wings, the diner requested hot ones from the kitchen.

Both actors gave fairly lukewarm performances.

 

1202. lullaby [noun]

子守歌

The infant’s mother sang her Hush Little Baby every night, so it quickly became the child’s favorite lullaby.

 

1203. lumber [verb]

ドシドシ歩く、重々しく歩く

In the distance, we could see a herd of elephants lumbering across the plain.

 

1204. luminary [noun]

発光体、有名人

Because Dr. Swanson is a luminary in the medical profession, he recently had a surgical procedure named after him.

 

1205. luminous [adjective]

光輝く、明るい

The movie editor used the computer program to give the actress the luminous appearance of an angel.

 

1206. lurid [adjective]

青ざめた、恐ろしい

Because the testimony in the courtroom was lurid, the judge asked the defendant’s small children to remain outside in the hallway.

 

1207. lurk [verb]

潜む、待ち伏せする

Hungry lions lurk in the tall grass and wait for unsuspecting gazelles to cross their path.

 

1208. lustrous [adjective]

光沢のある、光輝く

Her lustrous eyes shined brightly under the glow of the full moon.

 

1209. macabre [adjective]

ぞっとする、気味の悪い

Police have made a macabre discovery.

 

1210. Machiavellian [adjective]

ずる賢い、抜け目のない

My supervisor is very sneaky and has been known to exhibit Machiavellian behavior in order to move up in the company.

 

1211. machination [noun]

陰謀、悪だくみ

Fortunately, law enforcement stepped in before the crazed man could put his machination into action.

 

1212. maelstrom [noun]

大混乱、大渦巻

The country is gradually being sucked into the maelstrom of civil war.

 

1213. magnanimous [adjective]

寛大な、度量のある

The team's manager was magnanimous in victory, and praised the losing team.

 

1214. magnate [noun]

有力者、権力者

Due to his status as a political magnate, many people were eager to vote for him in the next election.

 

1215. magnum opus

大作、傑作

The author had written many books but didn’t release his magnum opus, Charlotte’s Web, until 1952.

 

1216. maize [noun]

トウモロコシ、トウモロコシ色

The villagers cultivate mostly maize and beans.

 

1217. maladjusted [adjective]

不適応の、調整の悪い

The maladjusted teenager suffers from depression and has a hard time socializing with his classmates.

 

1218. maladroit [adjective]

不器用な、不手際な

The nervous boy was maladroit and stuttered over his words as he invited the girl to the dance.

 

1219. malady [noun]

病気、疾病

After the surgery, my physical malady should not bother me anymore.

 

1220. malediction [noun]

呪い、中傷

The witch’s malediction made the young princess fall into a deep sleep.

 

1221. malevolent [adjective]

悪意のある、有害な

I could feel his malevolent gaze as I walked away.

 

1222. malicious [adjective]

悪意のある、意地の悪い

She was hurt by malicious comments made about her on Facebook.

 

1223. malign [adjective]

有害な、悪意のある

Foreign domination had a malign influence on local politics.

 

1224. malinger [verb]

仮病を使う

The lazy student tried to malinger when it was time to work on his essay.

 

1225. malleable [adjective]

順応な、展性のある

When my uncle drinks a great deal, he is always quite malleable to suggestions.

The most successful commercials are the ones which take advantage of the human mind’s ability to be malleable.

 

1226. mammalian [adjective]

哺乳類の

The disease can spread from one mammalian species to another.

 

1227. manacle [verb]

手かせをかける、束縛する

His arm was manacled to a ring on the wall.

 

1228. manifest [adjective]

明らかな、明白な

The love on Amy’s face was manifest and obvious to everyone.

His manifest joy in music is evident as soon as he starts to speak.

 

1229. manipulate [verb]

操る、巧みに扱う

Some businesses manipulate their company profile by deleting negative reviews.

 

1230. mannered [adjective]

気取った、わざとらしい

Hickstone gave a very mannered performance in the lead role.

He continued to write, but his mannered prose was not well received.

 

1231. manumit [verb]

(奴隷を)解放する

It was possible for a person to be given a legacy on the understanding that he would manumit a slave.

The terrible history of slavery includes stories of owners who might manumit a slave as a reward for serving in their stead in the Revolutionary War.

 

1232. mar [verb]

傷つける、台無しにする

You will mar the cake if you keep putting your fingers in the icing.

Water will mar the finish of polished wood.

 

1233. marginal [adjective]

重要でない、わずかな

Because the difference in the paint colors is marginal, no one can tell Ann painted her kitchen using two dissimilar hues.

 

1234. marginalize [verb]

主流からはずす、周辺に追いやる

We've always been marginalized, exploited, and constantly threatened by the ruthless leader.

 

1235. martial [adjective]

軍隊の、勇敢な

Even in his later years, my grandfather retained the martial posture that carried him through thirty-five years in the navy.

 

1236. martinet [noun]

規律家、厳格な人

As a colonel in the army, John is a martinet who believes discipline is the only path to success.

 

1237. martyr [noun]

殉教者、犠牲者

Joan became a martyr after she lost her life in the fight again religious persecution.

 

1238. mastery [noun]

専門技術、支配

Man’s mastery over nature in our world allows us to achieve many things, but even so we can never outmatch nature’s raw power.

My mother has earned her mastery in nursing through several years of school that required a lot of study and effort on her part.

 

1239. maudlin [adjective]

感傷的な、涙もろい

The girl’s performance was so maudlin that people started to boo her off the stage.

I could not enjoy the movie because it was so maudlin that it came across as incredibly foolish.

 

1240. maverick [noun]

一匹狼、異端児

She has established a reputation as a maverick.

 

1241. maxim [noun]

原理、原則、格言

My grandmother had a wise maxim to help me get through all of my teenage crises.

 

1242. mayhem [noun]

大混乱、破壊行為

During the busy holiday season, most of the stores seem to be in a constant state of mayhem.

Their arrival caused mayhem as crowds of refugees rushed towards them.

 

1243. meager [adjective]

やせた、貧弱な

Because you only earn a meager salary, you should be very careful about your spending.

The prisoners existed on a meager diet.

 

1244. meddlesome [adjective]

おせっかいな、余計な世話をやく

Meddlesome men spent their morning drinking coffee and discussing their neighbors business.

 

1245. mediator [noun]

調停者、仲介者

A mediator was needed to help the divorcing couple come to an agreement.

 

1246. megalomania [noun]

誇大妄想

The singer’s megalomania has turned her into an arrogant woman who is disliked by everyone who truly knows her.

 

1247. mélange [noun]

ごたまぜ、寄せ集め

The buffet had a mélange of food from various cultures.

 

1248. mellifluous [adjective]

なめらかな、甘美な

The actor has a mellifluous voice that could lull anyone into a deep sleep.

 

1249. melodramatic [adjective]

大げさな、芝居がかった

For the practical viewer, the soap opera was way too melodramatic.

 

1250. menace [verb]

威嚇する、脅す

The hurricane menaced the eastern coast for a week.

 

1251. mendacious [adjective]

虚偽の、偽りの

Chuck is mendacious about his vegetarianism because he eats chicken.

Some of these statements are misleading and some are downright mendacious.

 

1252. mendicant [noun]

物乞い、嘆願者

The mendicant hoped pedestrians would drop money in his bucket.

 

1253. mercenary [adjective]

報酬目当ての、金で雇われた

He had some mercenary scheme to marry a wealthy widow.

 

1254. mercurial [adjective]

変わりやすい、気まぐれな

Because Mary is taking a new medication, her moods have become quite mercurial.

 

1255. meretricious [adjective]

いんちきな、けばけばしい

He claims that a lot of journalism is meretricious and superficial.

 

1256. mesmerize [verb]

魅了する、催眠する

Because Jennifer was mesmerized by the author’s writing style, she purchased all of his books.

 

1257. messianic [adjective]

救世主の、救世主的な

He announced the imminent arrival of a messianic leader.

 

1258. metamorphosis [noun]

変形、変態

During this particular metamorphosis, the caterpillar becomes a butterfly.

 

1259. metaphor [noun]

比喩、隠喩

The walking dictionary is a fitting metaphor used to describe the spelling bee champion.

 

1260. metaphysical [adjective]

抽象的な、形而上学的な

A lot of scientists don't like discussing metaphysical matters.

 

1261. metastasize [verb]

転移する、悪化する

The idea of revolution began to metastasize and spread from Moscow to the impoverished Russian countryside.

 

1262. meticulous [adjective]

小心な、几帳面な

Because Haley is a meticulous cleaner, every inch of her house is spotless.

This accounting job requires a meticulous person.

 

1263. mettle [noun]

元気、気性

Maxwell joined several boards of directors in order to prove his mettle as a community leader.

 

1264. mettlesome [adjective]

元気のある、威勢の良い

The actor was considered a mettlesome dramatic performer.

 

1265. microcosm [noun]

小世界、小宇宙

The airport sometimes seems likes a microcosm of the globe with people arriving and leaving from all over the world.

 

1266. milieu [noun]

環境、周囲

Because my father grew up in a military milieu, he knew he wanted to join the armed forces when he graduated from high school.

 

1267. militate [verb]

作用する、影響する

In business, the demand will usually militate the product’s price.

 

1268. mimetic [adjective]

模倣の、偽りの

Art is a mimetic representation of reality.

 

1269. minatory [adjective]

脅迫的な

The hate group left a minatory threat in the form of a burning cross on the couple’s lawn.

My boss’s minatory emails always seemed to be a mix of threatening and intimidating.

 

1270. minuscule [adjective]

非常に小さい、取るに足らない

Many fast food workers are quitting their jobs because of minuscule salaries.

 

1271. minutiae [noun]

詳細、細かい点

The students ignored their teacher as she told them minutiae about her boring life.

 

1272. miraculous [adjective]

奇跡的な、驚異的な

Her miraculous recovery surprised the hospital staff.

 

1273. mire [noun]

ぬかるみ、泥沼

We must not be drawn into the mire of civil war.

 

1274. mirth [noun]

陽気、換気

Her impersonations of our teachers were a source of considerable mirth.

 

1275. misanthrope [noun]

人間嫌いの人、付き合い嫌いの人

The old man was a misanthrope who surrounded his entire yard with barbed wire to keep his neighbors at bay.

 

1276. miscellany [noun]

文集、寄せ集め

The library contained a miscellany of various types of books including both nonfiction and fictional titles.

 

1277. miscreant [noun]

悪党、犯罪者

The miscreant will not be able to get out of jail without the assistance of a good attorney.

 

1278. mishmash [noun]

ごたまぜ、寄せ集め

The magazine is a jumbled mishmash of jokes, stories, and serious news.

 

1279. misnomer [noun]

誤った呼び方、誤称

Dry cleaning is a misnomer, since the clothes are cleaned in a fluid.

 

1280. misogyny [adjective]

女嫌いの

She left the Church because of its misogynist teachings on women and their position in society.

 

1281. missive [noun]

公文書、手紙

The school secretary has placed a missive regarding new evacuation procedures in all staff mailboxes.

 

1282. mistress [noun]

女主人、女性の長

I'll inform the mistress of your arrival.

 

1283. mitigate [verb]

和らげる、静める

The doctor gave me a prescription to mitigate the pain.

 

1284. mnemonic [noun]

記憶を助けるもの、記憶術

Our math professor taught us a simple mnemonic for remembering how to complete the equation.

 

1285. mock [verb]

まねをする、ばかにする

She made fun of him by mocking his limp.

 

1286. modicum [noun]

少量、わずか

There's not even a modicum of truth in her statement.

 

1287. modish [adjective]

流行りの、粋な

The contemporary art lover prefers modish pieces over traditional pieces from the past.

 

1288. mollify [verb]

軽減する、和らげる

I am hoping the hot tea and crackers will mollify my husband and help him relax.

 

1289. molt [verb]

生え変わる、脱皮する

With dead shreds of skin lying around the cage, it was apparent that the lizard did molt his skin.

 

1290. molten [adjective]

溶解した、熱した

Molten lava erupted from the top of the volcano.

 

1291. monastic [adjective]

修道院の、禁欲的な

For the new monks who had recently joined the monastery, the monastic lifestyle was quite shocking.

 

1292. monger [noun]

商人、ききたがり屋

The greedy monger raised the price of bread and milk during the blizzard.

 

1293. moot [adjective]

未決の、議論の余地のある

Federal legislation will override the states’ concerns and make them moot.

 

1294. moralize [verb]

説教する、道徳的に説明する

The humorous storyteller tried not to moralize and rarely told stories that had a deeper meaning.

 

1295. morbid [adjective]

病的な、恐ろしい

The morbid pictures of the victim should never have been put on the front page of the newspaper.

 

1296. mordant [adjective]

皮肉な、辛辣な

The mordant mother often used harsh words that made her son cry.

 

1297. moribund [adjective]

崩壊寸前の、休止した

The figures show a moribund remortgage market.

 

1298. morose [adjective]

気難しい、不機嫌な

After their team lost the basketball game, the disappointed fans looked morose.

 

1299. mortal [noun]

人間

All human beings are mortal.

 

1300. mortgage [noun]

抵当、住宅ローン

The newly married couple checked the rates on the mortgage to determine how much they would have to pay for their dream home.

 

1301. mortify [verb]

恥をかかせる、克服する

If my mother picks me up from school in her pajamas, she will mortify me in front of my friends.

 

1302. motif [noun]

刺激、動機

The motif of betrayal is crucial in all these stories.

 

1303. motley [adjective]

雑多な、混成の

The motley protestors outside city hall included people of all races and socioeconomic classes.

 

1304. multifarious [adjective]

雑多な、様々な

Coming from a small town of only four hundred residents, Jonas was shocked by the millions of people who made up the multifarious population of the big city.

 

1305. mundane [adjective]

日常的な、ありふれた

The restaurant should replace the dull and mundane dishes to spice up their menu.

 

1306. munificence [noun]

気前の良さ、惜しみなく与えること

I thanked them for their munificence.

 

1307. munificent [adjective]

寛大な、気前の良い

The wealthy actor always gives the members of his staff munificent appreciation gifts.

 

1308. munition [noun]

軍用品、必要品

Although they were out of munitions and firepower, the relentless troop refused to retreat.

 

1309. murderous [adjective]

残忍な、耐えがたい

I couldn't withstand the murderous heat.

 

1310. murky [adjective]

濁っている、暗い

The frightened little boy refused to walk with his friends through the murky forest.

 

1311. muse [verb]

物思いにふける、考え込む

I began to muse about the possibility of starting my own business.

 

1312. mutation [noun]

変化、突然変異

A new vaccination had to be created for a mutation of the antigen.

 

1313. mutiny [noun]

反乱、暴動

Because the mutiny failed, the tyrant is still in power.

 

1314. myopic [adjective]

視野が狭い、近視の

If you only question one race of people in your survey, your responses will be myopic.

Their myopic refusal to act now will undoubtedly cause problems in the future.

 

1315. myriad [adjective]

無数の、多様な

Kelly and Clint discuss myriad topics on their talk show.

 

1316. mythical [adjective]

神話の、架空の

The mythical creature had the head of a man and the body of a horse in the story.

 

1317. nadir [noun]

最下点、天底

Even though we thought we had reached our nadir and would fail to meet the project deadline, we were still able to complete the work on time.

The defeat was the nadir of her career.

 

1318. nanny [noun]

ベビーシッター、乳母

They have a male nanny for their kids.

 

1319. nascent [adjective]

発生しかけている、初期の

Everyone in this nascent business is still struggling with basic issues.

 

1320. natty [adjective]

さっぱりした、こぎれいな

He's always been a natty dresser.

 

1321. naysayer [noun]

反対する人

He ignored the naysayers and persevered.

 

1322. nebulous [adjective]

不透明な、曇った

Scientists are not certain why nebulous gas balls rotate around the planet.

 

1323. necromancy [noun]

魔術、妖術

It seems that some people still believe in necromancy.

 

1324. nefarious [adjective]

極悪な、不正な

The company's CEO seems to have been involved in some nefarious practices.

 

1325. negate [verb]

否定する、取り消す

The increase in our profits has been negated by the rising costs of running the business.

 

1326. neologism [noun]

新造語

The neologism became so popular that it was added to most dictionaries.

 

1327. neophyte [noun]

初心者、新改宗者

Because I have very little computer experience, I am a neophyte when it comes to working with most software programs.

 

1328. nettle [verb]

いらいらさせる、悩ます

My brother will often nettle me by reading my diary.

 

1329. nexus [noun]

結びつき、つながり

The school cafeteria is the nexus of student activity.

 

1330. noble [adjective]

高貴な、崇高な

According to legend, only a truly noble man could pull the magic sword from the stone.

His followers believe they are fighting for a noble cause.

 

1331. nobleman [noun]

貴族、華族

The wealthy nobleman has never worked a day in his life.

 

1332. noisome [adjective]

有害な、嫌なにおいのする

The dog’s noisome odor is making me physically ill.

 

1333. nominal [adjective]

名ばかりの、取るに足らない

The court gave me a nominal award that did not cover the cost of my car repairs.

 

1334. nonchalant [adjective]

無頓着な、無関心な

The rich man was very nonchalant about wrecking his car.

 

1335. nonplus [verb]

当惑する、途方に暮れる

The aggressive questioning at the job interview nonplussed the applicant.

 

1336. nontrivial [adjective]

重要な、些細でない

In contrast to previous theoretical work, our model economy includes a nontrivial role for external finance in the financial development process.

 

1337. normative [adjective]

標準の、規範的な

His basic attitude toward language is highly normative.

 

1338. nostrum [noun]

妙薬、万能薬

Although my sister is not a doctor, she is always quick to suggest a nostrum to her friends.

 

1339. notoriety [noun]

悪名、悪評

The notoriety of violence in the downtown area keeps many tourists from visiting that part of the city.

 

1340. notwithstanding [adverb]

それにもかかわらず、それでも

Notwithstanding his injured knee, the football player made two touchdowns.

 

1341. nourish [verb]

養う、育成する

The kindergartners were told they needed to nourish their plant seeds with water and sunlight.

 

1342. novice [noun]

初心者、新改宗者

I’m just a novice at making videos.

 

1343. noxious [adjective]

有害な、毒のある

Besides being annoying, the mosquito is a noxious insect that can carry and transmit a number of potentially fatal diseases.

 

1344. nugatory [adjective]

役に立たない、価値がない

Jim’s nugatory comments contributed nothing to the class discussion.

 

1345. nuisance [noun]

有害、迷惑

Until Jill planted a vegetable garden, she never knew a raccoon could be such a nuisance.

 

1346. obdurate [adjective]

頑固な、無情な

The president remains obdurate on immigration.

 

1347. obfuscate [verb]

困惑させる、鈍らせる

The loan contract was filled with legal words meant to obfuscate trusting borrowers.

She was criticized for using arguments that obfuscated the main issue.

 

1348. oblique [adjective]

斜めの、間接的な

To avoid worrying his wife, the man made an oblique statement about the seriousness of his medical condition.

 

1349. obliterate [verb]

消滅させる、除去する

The dictator’s army is going to obliterate the rebel’s small village in less than five minutes.

 

1350. obloquy [noun]

悪口、誹謗

His controversial essays have brought him much obloquy.

 

1351. obscure [adjective]

分かりにくい、見えにくい

The obscure writer was not known in the literary community.

 

1352. obscurity [noun]

無名、不明瞭

The teen heartthrob came out of obscurity and became one of the most famous entertainers in the world.

 

1353. obsequious [adjective]

こびへつらう、追従的な

The princess had obsequious servants who showered her with attention.

She is almost embarrassingly obsequious to anyone in authority.

 

1354. obsess [verb]

悩ます、取りつく

She used to obsess about her weight.

 

1355. obsolescence [noun]

退化、老朽化

Older versions had passed into obsolescence and a new version was already on the market.

 

1356. obsolete [adjective]

時代遅れの、廃れた

Many people believe the Internet has made the postal service obsolete.

 

1357. obstinate [adjective]

頑固な、強情な

Everyone described my grandfather as the most obstinate man alive.

 

1358. obstreperous [adjective]

騒々しい、手に負えない

Because my nephew is obstreperous, he often gets in trouble at school.

 

1359. obtuse [adjective]

鈍い、鈍感な

The obtuse young man had a hard time understanding the simple instructions.

 

1360. obviate [verb]

取り除く、不要にする

We replaced the old mechanisms because we wanted to obviate any nervousness about potential breakdown.

 

1361. occlude [verb]

ふさぐ、閉じる

It is quite dangerous when blood clots occlude the flow of oxygen in the human body.

 

1362. oddity [noun]

奇妙、変人

I was puzzled by the oddity of her behaviour.

 

1363. odious [adjective]

不愉快な、憎らしい

Because Mark had an odious personality, he had very few friends.

You must clean the kitchen regularly to avoid having an odious smell in your home.

 

1364. odyssey [noun]

長期の放浪、長い冒険

My twenty-year odyssey in the army allowed me to visit eighteen countries.

 

1365. officious [adjective]

おせっかいな、差し出がましい

He's an officious little man and widely disliked in the company.

 

1366. olfactory [adjective]

嗅覚の、嗅覚器の

The hound dog used his olfactory sense to locate the missing girl.

 

1367. oligarchy [noun]

寡頭政治、少数独裁政治

In our small religious community, the major decisions of the town are made by the oligarchy, which is composed of six wise men.

 

1368. ominous [adjective]

不吉な、縁起の悪い

Because of the ominous music, we knew something bad was about to happen in the movie.

 

1369. omission [noun]

省略、脱落

The omission of my name from the Honor Roll List made me regret the fact I had played around all semester.

 

1370. omnipotent [adjective]

全能の、絶対的な影響力を持つ

My teenager daughter likes to believe that she is omnipotent in our household.

 

1371. omnipresent [adjective]

偏在する、どこにでもいる

The soccer coach described his star player as being omnipresent, all over the field at once.

 

1372. onerous [adjective]

面倒な、煩わしい

Taking care of the puppy is an onerous task.

 

1373. onomatopoeia [noun]

擬音、擬音語

My class assignment involves writing a poem that contains onomatopoeia, a word that sounds exactly like its pronunciation.

 

1374. opaque [adjective]

不透明な、光沢のない

Because my privacy is important to me, I have opaque blinds on all my windows.

 

1375. opine [verb]

意見を述べる、考えを述べる

Rather than disagree with my husband in public, I waited until we got home to opine my thoughts on the subject.

 

1376. opportunistic [adjective]

日和見の

The opportunistic couple tried to take advantage of the elderly man, convincing him to sign over his home.

 

1377. oppress [verb]

圧迫する、迫害する

Throughout history, racist groups have tried to oppress minorities by way of force and fear.

 

1378. opprobrium [noun]

不名誉、軽蔑

International opprobrium has been heaped on the country following its attack on its neighbours.

 

1379. opulent [adjective]

贅沢な、裕福な

The couple spent over eighty thousand dollars on opulent kitchen appliances.

 

1380. ornithology [noun]

鳥類学

It is essential that we continue to maintain our knowledge of ornithology, and that sort of activity is necessary at times.

 

1381. orotund [adjective]

響き渡る、大げさな

Because the politician made an orotund speech about his wealthy upbringing, he lost favor with the middle class voters.

 

1382. ossify [verb]

硬化する、骨化する

The bones are delicate and feebly ossified.

 

1383. ostensible [adjective]

表向きの、うわべの

Their ostensible goal was to clean up government corruption, but their real aim was to unseat the government.

 

1384. ostentatious [adjective]

見栄を張る、これ見よがしな

Even though Larry has a gigantic art collection, he does not present it in an ostentatious manner to everyone who enters his home.

 

1385. ostracize [verb]

追い出す、排斥する

The board directors ostracized him after he criticized the company in public.

 

1386. outlaw [verb]

非合法化する、禁止する

The new law will outlaw smoking in public places.

 

1387. outlay [noun]

支出、出費

For a relatively small outlay, you can start a home hairdressing business.

 

1388. outmoded [adjective]

時代遅れの、旧式の

Propeller aircraft were swiftly outmoded by jet aircraft after the 70s.

 

1389. outright [adjective]

完全な、率直な

We wanted an outright record of what everyone said.

 

1390. outsmart [verb]

出し抜く、うまく立ち回る

In the story, the cunning fox outsmarts the hunters.

 

1391. outstrip [verb]

上回る、追い越す

Even though the marathon runner was a senior citizen, he could outstrip the young 20-year old due to his experience in running.

 

1392. overarching [adjective]

包括的な、支配的な

The boss set some overarching goals for his employees that they must work on immediately in addition to a few minor goals to do in their spare time.

 

1393. overshadow [verb]

暗くする、見劣りさせる

My happiness was overshadowed by the bad news.

 

1394. overt [adjective]

明白な、公然の

In some countries, racial prejudice is overt and not disguised in the least.

 

1395. overweening [adjective]

横柄な、傲慢な

Ever since Jim won the contest, he has been overweening and acting as though he is the smartest kid on earth.

 

1396. overwrought [adjective]

興奮した、凝りすぎた

When she was not awarded a scholarship, the student became overwrought.

 

1397. paean [noun]

賛歌、勝利の歌

After losing the game, the team was disappointed not to sing their victory paean.

 

1398. pagan [adjective]

異教徒の、無宗教の

The missionary wanted to share his religion with every pagan he encountered.

 

1399. painstaking [adjective]

勤勉な、労を惜しまない

He was described by his colleagues as a painstaking journalist.

 

1400. palatable [adjective]

口に合う、好ましい

While the wine will never win any awards, it is palatable for a dinner of meatloaf and potatoes.

 

1401. palatial [adjective]

宮殿のような、豪華な

The rich family lived in a palatial apartment.

 

1402. paleontology [noun]

古生物学

Students with an interest in fossils should consider paleontology as a college major.

 

1403. palliate [verb]

和らげる、軽減する

After surgery, Greg received large does of medications to palliate his suffering.

 

1404. pallid [adjective]

青ざめた、活気のない

Next to his tanned face, hers seemed pallid and unhealthy.

 

1405. pan [verb]

酷評する

The movie was panned by the critics.

 

1406. panacea [noun]

万能薬、万病薬

Unfortunately there is no panacea that will make cancer instantly vanish from your body.

Technology is not a panacea for all our problems.

 

1407. panache [noun]

威風、誇示

Because the band played with such panache, everyone in the audience had a great time.

 

1408. pander [verb]

仲介する、斡旋する

Part of the hotel concierge’s job is to pander the guests in the presidential suite.

 

1409. panegyric [noun]

賞賛、賛辞

After the princess died a popular singer wrote a panegyric to honor her life.

 

1410. panoply [noun]

多種多彩、印象的なものの数々

The designer’s exciting panoply of dresses won over the fashion critics.

 

1411. pantheon [noun]

神殿、神々

As part of their course, the mythology students visited the pantheon in the ancient city.

 

1412. parable [noun]

寓話、比喩

The play is a parable that teaches the students a lesson about the importance of being kind.

 

1413. paradigm [noun]

模範、典型

She is considered a paradigm of virtue by everyone in the church.

 

1414. paragon [noun]

模範、手本

As a paragon of purity, a nun would never dress inappropriately.

 

1415. paralyze [verb]

麻痺させる、無力にする

A broken vertebra in her neck threatened to sever her spinal cord and paralyze her from moving.

Commuter traffic paralyzes the city’s roads every morning.

 

1416. paramount [adjective]

主要の、最高の

Everybody agrees that education is the paramount issue.

 

1417. pardon [verb]

許す、免除する

Large numbers of political prisoners have been pardoned and released by the new president.

 

1418. pare [verb]

削り取る、皮をむく

In order to make my small apartment more comfortable, I had to pare down my possessions to only a few small pieces of furniture.

 

1419. parley [noun]

交渉、協議

The end result of the parley between the two world leaders was a productive trade agreement.

 

1420. parlous [adjective]

危険な、利口な

Because of the storm, it was parlous for the children to leave school.

 

1421. parochial [adjective]

教会区の、地方的な

His view of life is parochial and does not include anything outside of his own happiness.

 

1422. parry [verb]

受け流す、かわす

She put on her sunglasses to parry his probing eyes.

 

1423. parsimonious [adjective]

倹約的な、ケチな

The parsimonious old man always bought used clothes to save money.

 

1424. part and parcel

要点

Keeping the accounts is part and parcel of my job.

 

1425. partiality [noun]

不公平、偏愛

The judges have been heavily criticized for their partiality in the whole affair.

 

1426. partisan [adjective]

党派的な、偏った

Because of your partisan views, you are unwilling to look at other options.

 

1427. pastiche [noun]

寄せ集め、模倣作品

The mix of country, pop, and soul music made the album a fascinating pastiche of sounds.

 

1428. pastime [noun]

娯楽、気晴らし

After Mr. Frank retired from his office job, his pastime included golfing, reading and traveling.

 

1429. pastoral [adjective]

田舎の、田園的な

When I looked at the artist’s pastoral paintings, I could clearly see the fields and trees in which he played as a child.

 

1430. pasture [noun]

牧草地、牧場

The farmer rarely needed to mow his pasture due to his cows always grazing the grass and keeping it short.

 

1431. pathetic [adjective]

悲しい、哀れな

I think it’s pathetic that only half of the eligible voters tend to vote.

 

1432. pathogen [noun]

病原体、病原菌

Scientists are working to create a drug that will kill the infectious pathogen.

 

1433. pathology [noun]

病理学、病状

He earned a master's degree in plant pathology from the University of Wisconsin.

 

1434. patois [noun]

方言、なまり

Even though the two men were from the same country, the patois of one of the men made it difficult for them to communicate with each other.

 

1435. patriarch [noun]

家長、族長

In my house, my father is the patriarch of the family.

 

1436. patrician [noun]

貴族、上流階級の人

She is descended from a long line of patricians.

 

1437. patron [noun]

後援者、常連客

I have a regular patron who eats meatloaf at the same time every Monday.

 

1438. paucity [noun]

不足、少量

Because of the paucity of our oil supply, we need to seek out other fuel resources.

 

1439. peasant [noun]

農民、小作農

In church, the starving peasants used to pray for food and mercy.

 

1440. peccadillo [noun]

微罪、ちょっとした過ち

Unless you’re perfect, you should never complain about a peccadillo of someone else.

 

1441. pecuniary [adjective]

金銭的な、財政的な

The politician says his budget proposal will help eliminate the pecuniary inequality between the poor and the rich by increasing the taxes paid by those in the higher income bracket.

 

1442. pedagogy [noun]

教育、教育学

If pedagogy doesn’t keep pace with technology, today’s students will be woefully unprepared for the real world.

 

1443. pedantic [adjective]

細かいことにこだわる、学者ぶる

He is sometimes so pedantic in writing the perfect paper that he forgets to properly manage his time.

 

1444. pedantry [noun]

学者ぶること、ひけらかし

There was a hint of pedantry in his elegant style of speaking.

 

1445. peddle [verb]

売り歩く、密売する

In order to peddle his wares, the young man went door to door describing each product as best as he could.

 

1446. peer [noun]

地位の等しい人、同僚

Getting help from a peer is easier than asking a teacher.

 

1447. pejorative [adjective]

軽蔑的な、非難の

While the detective was supposed to be neutral, he described the suspect in a pejorative manner.

 

1448. pellucid [adjective]

透明な、明瞭な

The contract was pellucid and left no confusion about each party’s responsibilities.

 

1449. penchant [noun]

好み、趣向

At an early age, my annoying brother seemed to have a penchant for getting into trouble.

 

1450. penitent [adjective]

後悔した、悔い改めた

The penitent sinner asked for forgiveness during his confessional.

 

1451. penitential [adjective]

悔悟の、贖罪の

The word also had a penitential meaning.

 

1452. penumbra [noun]

(日食、月食の)半影部、周縁部

In a lunar eclipse, the outer shadow or penumbra is a zone where Earth blocks a portion of the sun's rays.

 

1453. penury [noun]

貧乏、不足

Because my family grew up in penury, I know the true value of a dollar.

 

1454. per se [adverb]

本質的に、それ自体は

Research shows that it is not divorce per se that harms children, but the continuing conflict between parents.

 

1455. peregrinate [verb]

徒歩で旅行する

People who peregrinate are constantly on the move, traveling from one location to another.

 

1456. peremptory [adjective]

強制的な、独断的な

Because Jack did not like following orders, he found it difficult to listen to his teacher’s peremptory instructions.

 

1457. perennial [adjective]

多年生の、永続する

I thought that perennial plants were supposed to grow from year to year, but I’ve had to plant new seedlings of this flower every spring.

 

1458. perfidious [adjective]

不誠実な、不信な

She described the new criminal bill as a perfidious attack on democracy.

 

1459. perfidy [noun]

裏切り、不誠実

Because my husband’s perfidy hurt me terribly, I served him with divorce papers.

For his opponents, it was proof of his evil genius and perfidy.

 

1460. perfunctory [adjective]

いいかげんな、ぞんざいな

The beauty queen waved so often that her greeting was simply perfunctory.

 

1461. perigee [noun]

近地点

Because the moon is at its closest to the earth during perigee, the gravitational pull is stronger and tides increase.

 

1462. peril [noun]

危険、冒険

To avoid peril, Helen should leave her house before the hurricane gets any closer to shore.

 

1463. peripatetic [adjective]

歩き回る、巡回する

Rather than limit myself to one destination, I like to take a more peripatetic vacation where I move around from place to place.

 

1464. periphery [noun]

周囲、表面

If the tennis ball touches or goes pass the periphery of the white line, a point will be given to the recipient of the serve.

 

1465. permeable [adjective]

浸透する、透過性の

The permeable material allowed a large amount of water to seep through.

 

1466. permeate [verb]

行き渡る、浸透する

Dissatisfaction with the government seems to have permeated every section of society.

 

1467. permissive [adjective]

許可する、寛大な

It's a very permissive school where the children are allowed to do whatever they want.

 

1468. pernicious [adjective]

有害な、致命的な

The pernicious cycle of abuse within their family must be stopped.

 

1469. perpetrate [verb]

(犯罪を)犯す、(悪事を)働く

I can’t believe my best friend would perpetrate such an act of betrayal.

 

1470. perpetuity [noun]

永続、不朽

Wildlife areas have to be maintained in perpetuity.

 

1471. perplex [verb]

当惑させる、混乱させる

According to the book reviewer, the author’s puzzling writing style will perplex many readers.

 

1472. perseverance [noun]

忍耐、根気強さ

Although it took effort and perseverance, the student was able to make it through medical school for six years.

 

1473. personable [adjective]

人柄のよい、感じのよい

The personable flight attendant went out of her way to make me feel at ease on my first flight.

 

1474. personage [noun]

著名人、重要人物

Forms of address and titles for important personages can be found in reference books.

 

1475. perspicacious [adjective]

洞察力のある、眼識のある

Even though the judge was normally a perspicacious woman, she found it hard to not be affected by the guilty man’s plea.

 

1476. pertinent [adjective]

適切な、妥当な

To ensure a prompt reply, please include all pertinent details in your email.

 

1477. perturb [verb]

動揺させる、かき乱す

The troublesome lad does everything he can to perturb the girl sitting in front of him.

Loud music tends to perturb my elderly grandparents.

 

1478. peruse [verb]

熟読する、精読する

Peruse the manual to set up your television.

He opened a newspaper and began to peruse the personal ads.

 

1479. pervade [verb]

普及する、浸透する

The awful smell from the sewage plant seemed to pervade throughout our house.

 

1480. petty [adjective]

取るに足らない、狭量な

The officer did not arrest the teen for the petty crime.

 

1481. petulant [adjective]

怒りっぽい

He was a petulant child who was aggravated by the smallest things.

 

1482. phalanx [noun]

方陣、集結

Bodyguards formed a solid phalanx around the singer so that photographers couldn't get close.

 

1483. philistine [noun]

教養のない人、凡俗な人

He is a philistine who unknowingly sold a vase valued at over a hundred thousand dollars for twenty bucks.

 

1484. phlegmatic [adjective]

冷静な、無気力な

The minister of my church is a phlegmatic man who never seems to get upset about anything.

 

1485. physiognomy [noun]

人相、顔つき

Looking at Jake’s physiognomy, it was impossible to ignore the stress lines that told the story of his hard life.

The skeptical scientist did not believe the art of physiognomy was an accurate way to judge a person’s character.

 

1486. piecemeal [adjective]

少ずつ、ばらばらの

Building the pyramids took years because of the extensive efforts and piecemeal progress.

 

1487. piety [noun]

敬虔、信心

The millionaire’s act of piety was a huge donation that allowed the church to build homes for five needy families.

 

1488. pillory [noun]

嘲笑、さらし台

During the middle ages, thieves were often locked in a pillory in the town square where they would suffer public humiliation.

 

1489. pine [verb]

切望する、やつれる

Although he could not say anything, he ws actually worrying and pining in his heart.

 

1490. pious [adjective]

敬虔な、宗教的な

In his biography, the actor claimed to be a pious man who lived his life according to his religious beliefs.

 

1491. piquant [adjective]

痛快な、刺激性のある

It was a superb script and a piquant production.

 

1492. pique [verb]

立腹させる、好奇心をそそる

The mysterious stain on the church wall is sure to pique the curiosity of a number of religious fanatics.

 

1493. pirate [verb]

違法に複製する、無断で使用する

Many people pirate games and music from the internet by downloading them illegally and free of charge.

 

1494. pith [noun]

要点、核心

That was the pith of his argument.

 

1495. pithy [adjective]

簡潔な、的を得た

The title of your book should be pithy and unforgettable.

 

1496. pity [noun]

同情、哀れみ

The judge showed no pity to the teenagers who had repeatedly vandalized the school.

 

1497. pivotal [adjective]

中枢の、重要な

She played a pivotal role in the civil rights movement.

 

1498. placate [verb]

なだめる、慰める

I tried to placate the sad little boy by giving him a cookie.

 

1499. placid [adjective]

穏やかな、落ち着いた

Even when the emergency room was packed with patients, the staff remained placid and calmly did their duties.

 

1500. plaintive [adjective]

悲しげな、哀れな

The plaintive hymn in church brought tears to my eyes.

 

本サイト以外にも例文を検索したい方は、以下の2つのサイトが便利です。いずれも複数の例文が掲載されているため、自分が単語の意味をイメージしやすい例文を見つけることができます。

 

1501. plasticity [noun]

可塑性、柔軟性

The neurosurgeon explained that blain plasticity refers to the brain's ability to change and grow over time.

 

1502. platitude [noun]

決まり文句、平凡

The politician ended his speech with a platitude about every man’s right to vote.

 

1503. plaudit [noun]

喝采、賞賛

The quality of his photography earned him plaudits from the experts.

 

1504. plausible [adjective]

もっともらしい、妥当な

When Jason forgot to do his homework, he tried to come up with a plausible excuse his teacher would believe.

 

1505. plea [noun]

嘆願、答弁

He made a plea for help.

 

1506. plebeian [noun]

平民、大衆

The millionaire called the hotel a plebeian accommodation because it did not offer room service.

 

1507. plethora [noun]

過多、過剰

The plethora of regulations is both contradictory and confusing.

 

1508. pliant [adjective]

柔軟な、変形しやすい

These toys are made of pliant rubber, so they won't break.

 

1509. plod [verb]

とぼとぼ歩く、こつこつ働く

We plodded through the mud.

 

1510. plucky [adjective]

勇気のある、元気のいい

The plucky preschooler stood up to the bully who was taking his friend’s lunch.

 

1511. plumb [verb]

深さを測る、測量する

Researchers plumb oceans for biological insights.

 

1512. plummet [verb]

垂直に落ちる、急落する

When the housing bubble burst, many people saw their property values plummet.

 

1513. plunder [verb]

略奪する、盗む

During the protest riots, angry citizens began to plunder goods from closed stores.

 

1514. plutocracy [noun]

金権政治、富豪階級

Ancient Greece was once a plutocracy, but its wealthiest residents no longer regulate the country.

 

1515. poignant [adjective]

痛切な、感動的な

Because the poignant movie reminded me of my painful childhood, it made me cry.

 

1516. polarity [noun]

対立、正反対

The film is based on the polarity of the two main characters.

 

1517. polemic [noun]

議論、論争

The political candidate posted a polemic on his blog that mocked his rival’s lack of community service.

 

1518. politic [adjective]

賢い、抜け目のない

When the fight began, he thought it politic to leave.

 

1519. polyglot [noun]

多言語の、数か国語からなる

Because my sister is a polyglot, she was hired as a language translator for the United Nations.

 

1520. populace [noun]

大衆、民衆

The populace became angry when the government failed to lower taxes.

 

1521. populism [noun]

人民主義、民衆主義

The basis of populism is the belief that giving power to the people will protect individuals from exploitation.

 

1522. porous [adjective]

多孔性の、浸透性の

Porous polymer membranes have a thin layer of semi-permeable material that is used for solute separation as transmembrane pressure is applied across the membrane.

 

1523. poseur [noun]

気取りや、なりすまし屋

Security was shocked that a poseur was able to sneak into the VIP room.

 

1524. posit [verb]

仮定する、提案する

Since no other venue is available, I will posit my condominium as a place for the company holiday party.

 

1525. posthumous [adjective]

死後の

He received a posthumous award for bravery.

 

1526. postulate [verb]

仮定する、前提とする

It was the Greek astronomer who postulated that the earth was at the center of the universe.

 

1527. pounce [verb]

急に飛びかかる、すばやく非難する

The cat sat in the tree ready to pounce on the ducks below.

 

1528. practitioner [noun]

従業者、開業者

She was a medical practitioner before she entered politics.

 

1529. pragmatic [adjective]

実用的な、プラグマティズムの

The scientist had a pragmatic approach to dealing with the water crisis.

 

1530. prate [verb]

しゃべる、むだ話をする

Even when the intoxicated woman was placed in the police car, she continued to prate until one of the officers yelled for her to be silent.

 

1531. prattle [verb]

おしゃべりをする、無駄話をする

At every party, there is always one lady who has to prattle on about her cute kids.

 

1532. preamble [noun]

前置き、序文

At the start, the article’s preamble informs readers about the topics the author will discuss during his interview.

 

1533. precarious [adjective]

不安定な、危険な

Many borrowers now find themselves caught in a precarious financial position.

 

1534. precept [noun]

教訓、規範

Lawyers are supposed to follow a strict precept of ethics.

 

1535. precipitate [verb]

促進する、早める

Fear of losing her job precipitated her into action.

 

1536. precis [noun]

大意、要約

The newspaper printed a subjective precis of the damning report.

 

1537. precocious [adjective]

早熟の、ませた

I was a precocious child who at the age of four was already discussing the daily news with my parents.

 

1538. precursor [noun]

先駆者、前兆

My itching is the precursor of the severe allergic reaction I will soon experience.

Biological research has often been a precursor to medical breakthroughs.

 

1539. predicament [noun]

苦境、窮地

Because I do not want to end up in a financial predicament, I pay my bills regularly.

 

1540. predilection [noun]

ひいき、偏好

Although she loves all types of music, she has a predilection for country tunes.

 

1541. predisposition [noun]

傾向、性質

She has an annoying predisposition to find fault.

 

1542. preferential [adjective]

優先の、選択的な

Bank employees usually get preferential rates of interest.

 

1543. prehensile [adjective]

理解力のある、物をつかめる

A large opossum used its prehensile tail to gather and carry nesting materials.

 

1544. premeditate [verb]

前もって計画する、予謀する

The assault was premeditated and particularly brutal.

 

1545. premonition [noun]

予感、前兆

Before the accident, he had a premonition something bad was going to happen.

 

1546. preordain [verb]

予定する、運命を定める

Some people believe that fate has been preordained whether they will be happy or not.

 

1547. preposterous [adjective]

途方もない、非常識な

The new laws are preposterous and will not solve the real crime issue.

 

1548. presage [verb]

予言する、予知する

Higher fuel prices will presage an increase in airfares.

 

1549. prescience [noun]

予知、洞察

Because Janet was amazed by the psychic’s prescience, she visited him on a regular basis.

 

1550. prescient [adjective]

予知する、先見の明のある

The psychic's predictions were uncannily prescient and ended up proving true a few weeks later.

 

1551. presumptuous [adjective]

生意気な、厚かましい

It would be presumptuous of me to comment on the matter.

 

1552. pretension [noun]

要求、主張

The Chronicle has pretensions to being a serious newspaper.

 

1553. pretentious [adjective]

うぬぼれた、もったいぶった

Even though Jake was a millionaire, he avoided hanging out with pretentious people who liked to flaunt their wealth.

 

1554. preternatural [adjective]

異常な、超自然的な

Anger gave me preternatural strength, and I managed to force the door open.

 

1555. prevalence [noun]

流行、普及

The prevalence of diabetes and obesity in adults continues to rise as junk food portion sizes get bigger and bigger.

 

1556. prevaricate [verb]

ごまかす

Even after she had been sworn in for her testimony, the witness continued to prevaricate about her relationship with the defendant.

 

1557. priggish [adjective]

堅苦しい、気難しい

After working for a priggish boss who was never satisfied with my work, I decided to quit the job and work somewhere else.

 

1558. prim [adjective]

几帳面な、堅苦しい

The prudish princess has a reputation for being overly prim and proper.

 

1559. primacy [noun]

第一、最優先

The primacy of our mealtimes is that everyone eats together as a family.

 

1560. primal [adjective]

主要な、初期の

The dog’s primal instincts allow it to hunt out prey easily.

 

1561. primordial [adjective]

原始の、根本的な

The planet Jupiter contains large amounts of the primordial gas and dust out of which the solar system was formed.

 

1562. pristine [adjective]

初期の、汚されていない

Because there were few tourists on the island, the beaches were still pristine and beautiful.

 

1563. probation [noun]

試験期間、保護観察

The prisoner was put on probation.

 

1564. probity [noun]

誠実、潔白

Banks only hire people with reputations of probity.

 

1565. proclivity [noun]

傾向、性質

It is the proclivity of the gas companies to raise prices when demand is high.

 

1566. procure [verb]

獲得する、調達する

It remained very difficult to procure food, fuel and other daily necessities.

 

1567. prodigal [adjective]

金遣いの荒い、浪費癖のある

If you want to save money for college, you should stop your prodigal spending sprees.

The prodigal landlord spends the money as fast as he receives it.

 

1568. prodigious [adjective]

巨大な、莫大な

She wrote a truly prodigious number of novels.

 

1569. prodigy [noun]

天才、驚異

The high school boy was considered a prodigy when he won the national chess championship.

 

1570. profligate [adjective]

浪費する、金遣いが荒い

She is well-known for her profligate spending habits.

 

1571. profound [adjective]

深みのある、深甚な

The speaker’s profound words made me think about my future.

 

1572. profundity [noun]

深み、奥深さ

He lacked profundity and analytical precision.

 

1573. profuse [adjective]

豊富な、おびただしい

Last year, my garden was so profuse with vegetation that I had to give away food.

 

1574. progeny [noun]

子孫、後継者

His numerous progeny are scattered all over the country.

 

1575. prognostic [adjective]

前兆となる

The arterial-alveolar oxygen tension ratio is a useful prognostic indicator.

 

1576. prohibitive [adjective]

(税や価格が)極端に高い、禁制の

The college was prohibitive of alcohol on the campus.

Hotel prices in the major cities are high but not prohibitive.

 

1577. proliferate [verb]

急増する、繁殖する

As cell phones become more and more multi-functional, their use continues to proliferate and you see them and hear them just about everywhere you go.

 

1578. prolific [adjective]

多産の、豊かな

Because the huge storm is expected to produce a prolific amount of snow, government offices and schools are being closed.

 

1579. prolix [adjective]

冗長な、くどい

The prolix professor had a habit of using complex words that most people could not comprehend.

 

1580. prominent [adjective]

顕著な、卓越した

If you are a prominent member of society, you will surely get an invitation to the mayor’s fundraising gala.

 

1581. prompt [verb]

刺激する、誘発する

Recent worries over the president's health have prompted speculation over his political future.

 

1582. promulgate [verb]

公布する、普及させる

The purpose of the documentary is to promulgate the importance of raising funds for additional cancer research.

The new law was finally promulgated in the autumn of last year.

 

1583. propagate [verb]

増殖する、普及する

The political candidate hopes to propagate his vision to potential voters.

Most house plants can be propagated from stem cuttings.

 

1584. propensity [noun]

傾向、性質

My mother has a propensity to drink when she gets anxious.

 

1585. prophecy [noun]

予言、神のお告げ

The minister suggested that the dire prophecies of certain leading environmentalists were somewhat exaggerated.

 

1586. propitiate [verb]

なだめる、和解させる

In those days people might sacrifice a goat or sheep to propitiate an angry god.

 

1587. propitious [adjective]

幸運な、幸先の良い

When the butterfly landed on her shoulder, Alicia took it as a propitious sign she would have a fantastic day.

 

1588. proponent [noun]

支持者、提案者

Because Monica loves animals, she is a fierce proponent of the animal rights movement.

 

1589. propriety [noun]

礼儀正しさ、妥当

She was always careful to behave with propriety.

 

1590. prosaic [adjective]

単調な、面白みのない

Even though the film director described the movie as exciting, the film was actually prosaic and put most of the audience to sleep.

 

1591. proscribe [verb]

法律で禁止する、追放する

In our country, there are laws which proscribe discrimination based on race and gender.

 

1592. protean [adjective]

変幻自在な、多様性のある

George is a protean actor who is capable of playing numerous characters.

 

1593. protract [verb]

長引かせる、引き延ばす

They tried to protract the discussion.

 

1594. provident [adjective]

先見の明のある、用心深い

My financier told me that I needed to be more provident when it came to my spending.

The provident couple attended a seminar on how to budget their income.

 

1595. providential [adjective]

幸運な、摂理の

Winning the lottery was a providential step towards paying off my mounting debt.

 

1596. provincial [adjective]

地方の、州の

The majority of young professionals in the capital have moved there from provincial towns.

 

1597. provocative [adjective]

刺激する、怒らせる

The minister's provocative remarks were widely reported in the press.

 

1598. prowess [noun]

優れた能力、勇敢

Christina used her hunting prowess to survive in the woods for a week.

 

1599. proxy [noun]

代理人、代用品

When my husband and I are out of the country, my sister is the proxy who signs legal documents for our children.

 

1600. prudent [adjective]

分別のある、用心深い

It is not prudent to go swimming during a hurricane.

 

1601. prudish [adjective]

上品ぶる、気取る

My grandmother’s narrowminded and prudish viewpoints do not line up with today’s world views.

 

1602. prurient [adjective]

好色な、わいせつな

The prurient teenager would not stop looking at the adult magazines in the store.

He denied that the article had been in any way prurient.

 

1603. puckish [adjective]

いたずら好きな、気まぐれな

He has a puckish sense of humor.

 

1604. puerile [adjective]

小児の、子供っぽい

Since my son is thirty-three years of age, I do not find his puerile behavior amusing.

 

1605. pugilism [noun]

ボクシング、けんか

The inexperienced boxer had a lot to learn about the sport of pugilism.

 

1606. pugnacious [adjective]

けんか好きな、けんかっ早い

The pugnacious little boy constantly talks back to his mother.

 

1607. puissance [noun]

権力、勢力

His harsh puissance over the country led to his dictatorial leadership and strict control of its citizens.

 

1608. pulchritude [noun]

美しさ、容姿端麗

Because we all know that beauty is only skin deep, you should always look beneath the pulchritude on the outside to see what’s going on in a person’s heart and soul.

 

1609. punctilious [adjective]

厳格な、几帳面な

Because my aunt is quite punctilious when it comes to table settings, every utensil must be turned properly.

 

1610. pundit [noun]

専門家、評論家

During the trial, the prosecutor will call on a pundit of forensics to link the evidence to the suspect.

 

1611. pungent [adjective]

痛烈な、鋭い

When the pungent smell of rotten eggs filled the house, I held my nose.

 

1612. puny [adjective]

弱々しい、取るに足りない

My car only has a puny little engine.

 

1613. purblind [adjective]

半盲の、鈍感な

Although the other experts agreed, the purblind critic refused to acknowledge that the painting was a fake.

 

1614. puritanical [adjective]

清教徒的な、厳格な

His coach believes in rules and regulations and has puritanical standards for behavior.

 

1615. purport [verb]

称する、意味する

The man used a fake badge to purport he was a law enforcement officer.

 

1616. pusillanimous [adjective]

臆病な、小心者の

He's too pusillanimous to stand up to his opponents.

 

1617. putative [adjective]

うわさの、一般に思われている

Even though there has not been a DNA test, everyone accepts him as the girl’s putative father.

 

1618. quagmire [noun]

苦境、泥沼

Many young people do not realize the quagmire to which occasional drug use can lead.

 

1619. quail [verb]

衰える、気落ちする

She quailed at his heartless words.

 

1620. quaint [adjective]

面白い、趣のある

In Spain, we visited a cobblestone plaza with quaint little cafés around its perimeter.

 

1621. qualm [noun]

めまい、不安

She had no qualms about lying to the police.

 

1622. quandary [noun]

困惑、当惑

Because you are in a quandary and doubting your ability to make a decision, I suggest you talk to one of your friends about your problem.

 

1623. quantum [noun]

量子、量

Quantum mechanics was used to explain properties of several energy forms.

 

1624. quasar [noun]

準星

When the astronomer looked through his telescope, he was able to see a brightly lit object known as a quasar.

 

1625. quash [verb]

鎮圧する、抑える

The revolt was swiftly quashed by government troops.

 

1626. querulous [adjective]

不満の多い、文句ばかり言う

He became increasingly dissatisfied and querulous in his old age.

 

1627. query [noun]

質問、疑問

The substitute teacher couldn’t respond to the student’s query because she was unfamiliar with the subject material.

 

1628. quibble [verb]

言い逃れをする、屁理屈を言う

He's always quibbling, so it is difficult to get a straight answer out of him.

 

1629. quiescent [adjective]

休止した、静かな

The political situation was now relatively quiescent.

 

1630. quintessential [adjective]

典型的な、真髄の

Before the arrival of modern means of communication, carrier pigeons were the quintessential means of message delivery.

 

1631. quip [noun]

警句、名言

The president responded to the journalist’s question with a clever quip.

 

1632. quixotic [adjective]

空想的な、非現実的な

This is a vast, exciting and some say quixotic project.

 

1633. quorum [noun]

定足数

The quorum for meetings of the committee is two.

 

1634. quotidian [adjective]

日々の、平凡な

Television has become part of our quotidian existence.

 

1635. racket [noun]

騒ぎ、喧噪

They were making such a racket outside that I couldn't get to sleep.

 

1636. raconteur [noun]

話し上手

A screenwriter is a raconteur who simply puts his stories on paper.

 

1637. radical [adjective]

根本的な、急進的な

The conservative church leaders were not interested in hearing any radical religious ideas.

We need to make some radical changes to our operating procedures.

 

1638. raffish [adjective]

けばけばしい、安っぽい

While many people found the singer’s raffish behavior interesting, others viewed it as completely unacceptable.

 

1639. rail [verb]

ののしる、毒づく

He railed at the injustices of the system.

 

1640. raiment [noun]

衣服、衣装

The hurricane shelter provides housing, food, and raiment for people in need.

 

1641. rally [verb]

呼び集める、盛り返す

Supporters of the candidate began to rally around her at the latest election event.

 

1642. ramification [noun]

結果、分岐

The trade embargo will be a damaging ramification to the financially distressed nation.

 

1643. rampage [verb]

暴れ回る、怒り狂う

The demonstrators rampaged through the town, smashing windows and setting fire to cars.

 

1644. rampant [adjective]

激しい、はびこる

Diseases associated with contaminated water are rampant in the country.

 

1645. rancorous [adjective]

憎悪に満ちた、恨みのある

Mr. Heckles is a rancorous old man who is always unhappy and seemingly angry at everyone.

 

1646. rankle [verb]

怒らせる、いらだたせる

The fact the train is leaving two hours late is certainly going to rankle the passengers.

 

1647. rant [verb]

わめく、怒鳴る

He's always ranting about the government.

 

1648. rapt [adjective]

心を奪われる、夢中になる

Whenever my favorite actor comes onscreen, I am rapt by his performance.

 

1649. rarefy [verb]

希薄にする、薄める

The humidifier will rarefy the room by putting moisture in the air.

 

1650. rash [adjective]

向こう見ずな、軽率な

He made a rash decision and purchased a used vehicle without having it inspected.

 

1651. rationale [noun]

根本的な理由、論理的な根拠

During the debate, the politician must explain his rationale for his position on the argument.

 

1652. raucous [adjective]

耳障りな、騒々しい

Raucous laughter came from the next room.

 

1653. reactant [noun]

反応物、反応体

Hydrogen is a reactant which when combined with oxygen can make water.

 

1654. reactionary [adjective]

反動的な、保守的な

The new president believes some of the government’s reactionary policies should be changed.

 

1655. rebut [verb]

論駁する、反論する

The defense attorney tried hard to rebut the prosecutor’s accusation about the defendant.

 

1656. recalcitrant [adjective]

反抗的な、手に負えない

The recalcitrant teenager gets into trouble every day.

 

1657. recant [verb]

取り消す、撤回する

The judge ordered the magazine to recant the false statements about the actress.

 

1658. recapitulate [verb]

要約する、要点を繰り返す

At the start of each class, the professor will recapitulate yesterday’s lecture.

 

1659. reciprocal [adjective]

相互の、互恵的な

We have agreed to exchange information about our two companies, but strictly on a reciprocal basis.

 

1660. recluse [adjective]

人目を避けた、隠遁した

He was a recluse and quite child.

 

1661. recoil [verb]

後ずさりする、はね返る

I recoiled from the smell and the filth.

 

1662. recondite [adjective]

難解な、知られていない

Because genetic engineering is so complicated, few people choose to work in this recondite area of research.

 

1663. recriminate [verb]

非難し返す、反訴する

When he was called into civil court by his landlord, the defendant decided to recriminate him a counter-claim for the return of his deposit.

 

1664. recrudesce [verb]

再発する、ぶり返す

The epidemic recrudesced after a period of quiescence.

 

1665. redact [verb]

編集する、作成する

The editor had to redact what was private in the court documents before releasing it to the media.

 

1666. redemption [noun]

買い戻し、償却

For redemptions of $50,000 or more, you must include a signature guarantee for each owner.

 

1667. redolent [adjective]

暗示する、匂いのする

The mountain air was redolent with the scent of pine needles.

 

1668. redouble [verb]

強める、増す

The president called on nations to redouble their efforts to negotiate an international trade agreement.

We must redouble our efforts to provide help quickly.

 

1669. redoubtable [adjective]

恐るべき、尊敬すべき

He is going to face the most redoubtable opponent of his boxing career tonight.

 

1670. redound [verb]

帰する、もたらす

A good relationship with one's colleagues redounds to everyone's benefit.

 

1671. redress [verb]

正す、是正する

The association had called for a substantial rise to redress a 30% decline in salaries.

 

1672. reflex [noun]

反射作用、反射

The doctor tapped the patient’s knee with a hammer to see if he could get trigger a reflex.

 

1673. refractory [adjective]

手に負えない、処理しにくい

Because the prisoner acts in a refractory manner, he is accompanied by four guards whenever he leaves his cell.

 

1674. refulgent [adjective]

光輝く

The sunlight appeared refulgent on the church’s window.

 

1675. refute [verb]

反論する、否定する

The evidence provided by the prosecutor will refute the defendant’s claim of innocence.

 

1676. regale [verb]

楽しませる、もてなす

The chef hoped his meal would regale the guests.

 

1677. regress [verb]

後退する、後戻りする

When he stopped playing sports, he regressed to old habits and became more distant.

 

1678. reign [verb]

統治する、支配する

Queen Victoria reigned over Britain from 1837 to 1901.

 

1679. rejoinder [noun]

返答、応答

The boy was chastised when he responded to the teacher with a sarcastic rejoinder.

 

1680. rejuvenate [verb]

若返らせる、活気づける

He has decided to rejuvenate the team by bringing in a lot of new, young players.

 

1681. relegate [verb]

追いやる、左遷する

After the lead actors had been repeatedly late for rehearsal, the director decided to relegate them to the chorus and replace them with their understudies.

 

1682. relentless [adjective]

容赦のない、厳しい

The relentless marshal pursued the escaped prisoner for ten years.

 

1683. relish [verb]

~を好む、~を味わう

I enjoyed our vacation, but didn’t relish the twenty-hour trip back home.

 

1684. remedial [adjective]

治療のための、補習の

To improve his literacy skills, the college student is taking a remedial reading class.

According to the doctor, a remedial surgery on my knee will improve my mobility.

 

1685. reminisce [verb]

追憶する、物思いにふける

When I eat sugar cookies, I reminisce about the childhood hours I spent making the treats with my grandmother.

 

1686. remiss [adjective]

怠慢な、不注意な

If I let you go without food, I would be remiss in my responsibilities as a parent.

 

1687. remnant [noun]

残り、名残り

The abandoned plant was a remnant of the town’s once thriving economy.

 

1688. remonstrate [verb]

抗議する、異議を唱える

I went to the boss to remonstrate against the new rules.

 

1689. remorse [noun]

後悔、自責の念

The psychopath appeared content and showed no remorse during the murder trial.

 

1690. rend [verb]

引き裂く、もぎ取る

They rent the cloth to shreds.

 

1691. renege [verb]

(約束を)破る、取り消す

Although my father made a promise to extend my curfew, he later decided to renege upon his word and ordered me home by eleven.

 

1692. reparation [noun]

修正、補償

The company had to make reparation to the zoo animals who suffered ill health as a result of chemical pollution.

 

1693. repartee [noun]

巧妙な応答、即妙な会話

The repartee between the two actors made the movie really funny.

 

1694. repast [noun]

食事

Hoping to enjoy a romantic repast with her husband, she prepared his favorite dishes and lit candles.

 

1695. repel [verb]

追い払う、拒絶する

Because the dinner is being served outside, we’ll use special candles to repel insects from the table.

 

1696. repentant [adjective]

後悔している、懺悔する

The little boy was quite repentant for hitting his sister and apologized many times.

 

1697. repine [verb]

不平を言う、嘆く

While in prison the man did nothing but repine for his freedom.

 

1698. repose [noun]

静けさ、休養

When you begin to meditate, you need to sit in repose and try to empty your mind of all thoughts.

 

1699. reprehensible [adjective]

非難すべき、咎められる

Although it was not a crime, his conduct was thoroughly reprehensible.

 

1700. reprise [noun]

反復、繰り返し

The actor is planning a reprise of his role in the play.

 

1701. reproach [verb]

責める、非難する

His mother reproached him for not eating all his dinner.

 

1702. reprobate [verb]

非難する、拒否する

The movie was reprobated for glorifying violence.

 

1703. repudiate [verb]

拒否する、拒む

Because I wanted to avoid the conflict between my two sisters, I repudiated their argument.

 

1704. repulse [verb]

撃退する、拒絶する

Because of his rude behavior that would repulse many people, he was without close friends.

The enemy attack was quickly repulsed.

 

1705. requite [verb]

報いる、復讐する

He chose to requite his wife for the lovely dinner by presenting her with a bouquet of flowers.

 

1706. rescind [verb]

廃止する、無効にする

Because of illegal alcohol sales, the government had to rescind the prohibition act.

 

1707. reside [verb]

~に存在する、~に帰する

The homeless man will reside in a local shelter until he can afford his own apartment.

 

1708. resign [verb]

放棄する、あきらめる

Because she was sick and could no longer work full-time, she resigned the directorship.

 

1709. resilient [adjective]

弾力性のある、快活な

The community was highly spirited and resilient despite a hurricane disaster.

This rubber ball is very resilient and immediately springs back into shape.

 

1710. resolute [adjective]

決意した、断固とした

After such a heart-breaking loss, every member of the team was more resolute than ever to win the next game against their arch-rivals.

 

1711. resonant [adjective]

反響する、鳴り響く

The resonant sound travels to every seat in the amphitheater.

 

1712. resounding [adjective]

反響する、完全な

A resounding cheer could be heard all the way across the stadium.

 

1713. respiration [noun]

呼吸、一息

During respiration, humans inhale oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide.

 

1714. restitution [noun]

返還、復位

They are demanding the restitution of ancient treasures that were removed from the country in the 16th century.

 

1715. restraint [noun]

抑制、拘束

Even though she was upset, the irritated mother showed emotional restraint and refused to yell at her children.

 

1716. resurgent [adjective]

生き返る、復活する

The publisher believed that vampire novels would be a resurgent trend this year.

 

1717. retch [verb]

吐き気を催す、むかつく

The pregnant woman was struck by a bout of morning sickness and began to retch.

 

1718. reticent [adjective]

無口な、寡黙な

I am much more reticent while Barbara likes to discuss her personal life with our co-workers.

 

1719. retort [verb]

報復する、仕返しする

Even if someone insults you, don't retort as it only makes the situation worse.

 

1720. retrospective [adjective]

回顧的な、遡及的な

After the last football game, each player was asked to write a retrospective essay about his performance throughout the season.

 

1721. revamp [verb]

改良する、改修する

The walled garden was completely revamped last year.

 

1722. reverberate [verb]

反響する、鳴り響く

The loud music reverberated off the walls.

 

1723. revere [verb]

崇拝する、あがめる

Many people from India do not eat beef because they revere the cow as a sacred object.

 

1724. reverent [adjective]

敬意を表す

A reverent silence fell over the crowd.

 

1725. revert [verb]

戻る、立ち返る

The state court refused to revert the local court’s decision.

 

1726. revivify [verb]

生き返らせる、復活させる

The interior decorator came up with some modern ideas to revivify the drab walls in her home.

 

1727. rhapsody [noun]

狂詩曲、熱狂的な話

Because the singer was so passionate about his music, he sung the rhapsody with unrestrained enthusiasm.

 

1728. rhetoric [noun]

修辞学、話術

The protestors’ rhetoric is filled with anger towards the government.

Rhetoric is the study of the ways of using language effectively.

 

1729. ribald [adjective]

野卑な、下品な

He entertained us with ribald stories.

 

1730. ridden [adjective]

支配された、苦しめられた

She was guilt-ridden when she discovered that the business had failed because of her.

 

1731. rife [adjective]

蔓延して、流行して

Graft and corruption were rife in city government.

 

1732. rift [noun]

切れ目、裂け目

A difference in perspectives caused a rift that forced the two friends to end their business partnership.

 

1733. right triangle

直角三角形

The hypotenuse is the longest side of a right triangle.

 

1734. rigor [noun]

厳しさ、苦しさ

The stern professor does not accept excuses and is known for exhibiting rigor in his classroom.

 

1735. riot [noun]

暴動、混乱

Police used tear gas to put the riot down.

 

1736. riposte [verb]

突き返す、反撃する

She simply riposted that she did not create the book for the scientific community.

 

1737. risible [adjective]

よく笑う、笑いの

If you stick with the most risible elements of your speech, your audience will be so relaxed from laughing that you’re bound to win their support.

 

1738. risqué [adjective]

きわどい、すれすれの

His risqué jokes were indecent and considered out of place at the wedding.

 

1739. rococo [adjective]

装飾の多い、ロココ様式の

The entrance rooms of the French castle were decorated in fancy rococo style.

 

1740. roundly [adverb]

完全に、率直に

The home team were roundly defeated.

 

1741. rout [verb]

圧勝する、駆逐する

The Russian chess team routed all the rest.

 

1742. rubric [noun]

題目、見出し

The rubric for the history project required the students to include a visual aid in their presentation.

 

1743. rue [verb]

後悔する、残念に思う

I rue the day I agreed to this stupid plan.

 

1744. ruminate [verb]

思い巡らす、反芻する

On New Year’s Eve, many people choose to ruminate about their lives.

 

1745. rupture [verb]

破裂させる、裂く

The missile launch is sure to rupture the relationship between the two countries.

 

1746. ruse [noun]

策略、たくらみ

The security guard knew the girls were going to try and use a distractive ruse in order to shoplift.

 

1747. rustic [adjective]

田舎の、素朴な

The restaurant has a rustic charm that reminds me of my grandmother’s kitchen.

 

1748. ruthless [adjective]

無慈悲な、冷酷な

Some people believe that you have to be ruthless to succeed in this world.

 

1749. sabotage [verb]

故意に破壊する、妨害する

Though he had no intention to sabotage the event, his unexpected arrival made things fall apart.

 

1750. saccharine [adjective]

糖分過多の、甘ったるい

We used saccharine tablets in lieu of sugar to make the cakes.

 

1751. sacrosanct [adjective]

不可侵の、神聖な

The minister of our church is a sacrosanct individual who should never be criticized.

 

1752. sagacious [adjective]

賢明な、鋭い

Many agree that replacing typewriters with computers is a sagacious idea because computers make typing, editing, and proofreading much easier.

 

1753. sage [adjective]

賢い、経験に富んだ

I think you made a sage decision.

 

1754. salacious [adjective]

好色な、みだらな

The salacious content of some popular novels has led parents to demand that they be removed from school libraries.

 

1755. salient [adjective]

目立った、突出した

She began to summarize the salient features of the proposal.

 

1756. salubrious [adjective]

健康的な、健全な

Vegetables are salubrious foods which provide essential nutrients.

 

1757. salutary [adjective]

有益な、健康に良い

In addition to effectively teaching the curriculum, our professor often educates us with salutary lessons that personally enrich our lives.

 

1758. sanction [noun]

許可、承認

They tried to get official sanction for the scheme.

 

1759. sanctity [noun]

高潔、神聖

Although I place great value on my job, I put nothing above the sanctity of my family.

 

1760. sangfroid [noun]

冷静、沈着

Even as the building fell around him, the fireman maintained his sangfroid and rescued the little girl.

 

1761. sanguine [adjective]

快活な、自信のある

Some people expect the economy to continue to improve, but others are less sanguine.

 

1762. sardonic [adjective]

冷笑的な、皮肉な

After Rick was fired from the restaurant, he wrote a sardonic review of the eatery.

 

1763. sartorial [adjective]

洋服の、仕立ての

He was raised by a tailor, which gave him a sartorial sense for clothing.

 

1764. satiate [verb]

満足させる、飽きさせる

He drank greedily until his thirst was satiated.

 

1765. satiric [adjective]

風刺の、皮肉な

His cartoon has a satiric humor.

 

1766. saturnine [adjective]

むっつりした、陰気な

The dog’s eyes became saturnine whenever he was left at home alone.

 

1767. savant [noun]

学者、学識豊かな人

Since my aunt speaks over twenty languages, she is considered a verbal savant.

 

1768. savor [verb]

楽しむ、風味を付ける

Since it’s my last cookie, I will eat it slowly and savor the taste.

 

1769. scam [noun]

詐欺、うわさ

After asking for a large sum of money, I knew the job was a scam because the people did not represent the company.

 

1770. scanty [adjective]

乏しい、不十分な

Since the airline lost my checked-in luggage, I have scanty clothing for my vacation.

 

1771. scathing [adjective]

痛烈な、冷酷な

When the food critic found a hair in his meal, he wrote a scathing review of the restaurant.

 

1772. schematic [adjective]

概要の、略図の

While producing the schematic drawing of the Graystone Building, the architect began to assign tasks to start the project.

 

1773. schism [noun]

分離、分裂

The schism between my two best friends put me in the awkward position of having to choose one over the other.

 

1774. scintilla [noun]

微量、少量

I wanted to make coffee, but there was only a scintilla of coffee beans left.

 

1775. scintillate [verb]

火花を発する、ひらめく

Downed power lines scintillated fires in several parts of town.

 

1776. scintillating [adjective]

才知あふれる、面白い

During the interview, the clever comedian came up with one scintillating response after another.

 

1777. scorn [verb]

軽蔑する、拒絶する

He was scorned by his classmates for his bad behavior.

 

1778. scriptural [adjective]

聖書の、書き物の

One may assume that the early church kept Sunday, but this hypothesis must be discarded after studying scriptural evidence.

 

1779. scrutinize [verb]

細かく調べる、吟味する

After receiving over two hundred resumes, the human resources department must now scrutinize all of the potential candidates to find the ideal person for the position.

 

1780. scrutiny [noun]

精査、吟味

The government's record will be subjected to scrutiny in the weeks before the election.

 

1781. scuffle [verb]

取っ組み合う、あわてる

The youths scuffled with the policeman, then escaped down the alley.

 

1782. scurvy [adjective]

卑劣な、意地悪な

After winning the lottery, she was beset by a swarm of scurvy con artists.

 

1783. secrete [verb]

分泌する

An octopus can secrete ink to ward off prey.

 

1784. sedition [noun]

扇動的な発言 / 文書

The rebels were arrested for sedition when they protested outside of the dictator’s palace.

 

1785. seduction [noun]

誘惑、魅力

The seductions of life in a warm climate have led many veterans to live in Florida.

 

1786. sedulous [adjective]

勤勉な、入念な

He is a sedulous worker who is always on the lookout for new prospects.

 

1787. seethe [verb]

沸騰する、煮えくりかえる

My father will seethe if someone drives behind him too closely.

 

1788. seismic [adjective]

地震の、振動の

Seismic tests were conducted to determine the force of the earthquake.

 

1789. self-abasement [noun]

謙遜、卑下

After tough training, I got rid of my self-abasement and became confident.

 

1790. self-evident [adjective]

自明の、わかりきった

The teacher’s instructions were self-evident, so no students asked any questions about the assignment.

 

1791. selfless [adjective]

無欲の、利己心のない

A selfless individual often donates a fair sum of their money to charity even though they could use that money for themselves.

 

1792. semantic [adjective]

意味上の、語義の

Words are semantic units that convey meaning.

 

1793. semblance [noun]

外観、見せかけ

The city has now returned to some semblance of normality after last night's celebrations.

 

1794. semiotic [adjective]

記号の、記号論の

They deconstruct text and images on the basis of their semiotic meaning beyond the surface text.

 

1795. senescence [noun]

老化、老朽

Because of his senescence, my grandfather was unable to travel long distances.

 

1796. sensational [adjective]

扇情的な、感覚の

She looks sensational in her new dress.

 

1797. sensual [adjective]

肉体の、肉感的な

The small changes to my environment helps add to the relaxation and sensual experience of enjoying my food on a daily basis.

 

1798. sensuous [adjective]

感覚的な、敏感な

The hypnotist’s sensuous voice was very relaxing.

 

1799. sentence [verb]

追いやる、刑に処する

He was sentenced to three years in jail and fined $40,000.

 

1800. sentient [adjective]

知覚力の、敏感な

Many people believe plants to be sentient and responsive to things such as music and the human voice.

 

1801. sentry [noun]

衛兵、見張り番

The squad were on sentry duty last night.

 

1802. seraphic [adjective]

天使のような、清らかな

When the children put on their angel costumes, they looked seraphic.

 

1803. serendipity [noun]

偶然発見する才能、掘り出し上手

There is a real element of serendipity in archaeology.

 

1804. serenity [noun]

平静、落ち着き

Many individuals find that yoga is a great way to experience serenity.

 

1805. servile [adjective]

従順な、奴隷的な

Some individuals are so servile that other people take advantage of their submissiveness.

 

1806. shady [adjective]

日陰の、疑わしい

We sat on the shady grass for our picnic.

He was involved in shady deals in the past.

 

1807. shard [noun]

破片、かけら

Shards of glass have been cemented into the top of the wall to stop people climbing over.

 

1808. sheath [noun]

外装、覆い

A thin sheath covered the scalpel and other sharp instruments while not in use.

 

1809. shirk [verb]

回避する、逃れる

A lazy manager often attempts to shirk his responsibilities by passing his tasks on to his workers.

 

1810. shore [verb]

支える、強化する

He called for action to shore up the ailing university.

 

1811. shrewd [adjective]

賢い、鋭い

He is a very shrewd businessman.

 

1812. sidereal [adjective]

星の、星座の

The scientist’s calculations were based on sidereal time, which was related to the earth’s rotation around fixed planets.

 

1813. sidestep [verb]

回避する、避ける

The speaker sidestepped the question by saying that it would take him too long to answer it.

 

1814. simian [adjective]

サルの、類人猿の

The actor mimicked simian movements for his role in Planet of the Apes.

 

1815. simile [noun]

直喩、明喩

The simile, tough as nails, best applies to a person who is not easily frightened and has a strong, determined mindset.

 

1816. simpatico [adjective]

気の合う、親しみが持てる

Finding a simpatico partner in life has become easier for many single people since there are so many dating sites to find people with similarities.

 

1817. simulacrum [noun]

面影、似姿

Crowds marched through the streets carrying burning simulacrums of the president.

 

1818. sincere [adjective]

誠実な、偽りのない

The judge agreed to lighten his sentence as he made a sincere effort to improve his behavior.

 

1819. sinecure [noun]

閑職、実務のない職

Even though we all thought of the job as a sinecure, Jane took her position very seriously and always worked late into the evening.

 

1820. singular [adjective]

珍しい、並外れた

Although it isn’t widely known, the book is regarded as a singular and powerful piece of 19th century writing.

 

1821. sinister [adjective]

不吉な、悪意の

She has dark, sinister eyes that make you nervous when she looks at you.

 

1822. sinuous [adjective]

曲がりくねった、遠回しの

According to the treasure map, the cave is located at the end of the sinuous path that winds up the mountain.

 

1823. skeletal [adjective]

骨格の、骸骨の

The newspaper report gave only a skeletal account of the debate.

 

1824. skeptic [noun]

懐疑論者、疑い深い人

The scientist was a religious skeptic and had trouble believing God exists.

 

1825. skittish [adjective]

内気な、気まぐれな

My horse is very skittish, so I have to keep him away from traffic.

 

1826. skulk [verb]

こそこそする、忍び歩く

When the criminal surveyed the jewelry store, he tried to skulk around the neighborhood without being noticed.

 

1827. slack [adjective]

ゆるい、元気のない

Discipline in Mr. Brown's class has become very slack recently.

 

1828. slake [verb]

満足させる、消す

This electrolyte water should help slake the runners’ thirst during the marathon.

 

1829. slanderous [adjective]

中傷的な、名誉を毀損する

He makes slanderous statement about the president on television.

 

1830. sloth [noun]

怠惰、無精

The report criticizes the government's sloth in tackling environmental problems.

 

1831. slouch [verb]

前かがみに立つ、うつむく

A couple of boys were slouched over the table reading magazines.

 

1832. smite [verb]

打ちのめす、(病気などに)圧倒される

He tried to smite his political rival by hitting her with negative ads and publicity.

 

1833. snub [verb]

鼻であしらう、無視する

They are likely to snub people who aren’t just like them.

 

1834. sober [adjective]

まじめな、節度のある

The woman’s expression was sober and sensible because she was generally a calm person.

 

1835. sobriety [noun]

禁酒、平静

Sobriety tests showed that the driver was inebriated and not able to operate a vehicle.

 

1836. sobriquet [noun]

ニックネーム、仮名

The boxer’s sobriquet was “The Greatest.”

 

1837. sodden [adjective]

びしょ濡れの、水に浸した

My shoes were sodden after I walked a mile in the rain.

 

1838. soggy [adjective]

水浸しの、ふやけた

The toddler spilled juice on her bread and refused to eat it because it was soggy.

 

1839. solace [noun]

慰め、安堵

Music was a great solace to me.

 

1840. solecism [noun]

文法違反、語法違反

She commits a lot of solecisms.

 

1841. solemnity [noun]

厳粛、儀式

The solemnity of the event dictates that guests wear formal clothing.

 

1842. solicitous [adjective]

心配する、気遣う

She becomes angry at her overly solicitous mother.

 

1843. solidarity [noun]

団結、結束

The situation raises important questions about solidarity among member states.

 

1844. soliloquy [noun]

独り言、独白

The actress’s soliloquy let the audience hear the character’s inner thoughts.

 

1845. solitary [adjective]

ひとりの、孤独な

He enjoys solitary walks in the wilderness.

 

1846. solvent [adjective]

支払い能力のある、溶かす

Because the restaurant is not solvent, it will be closing in two weeks.

 

1847. somatic [adjective]

身体の、肉体の

It is difficult to link generic somatic symptoms, like an irregular heartbeat, to specific illness.

 

1848. somber [adjective]

陰気な、薄暗い

Sometimes the news is so somber that I turn off the television.

 

1849. sophistry [noun]

こじつけ、へりくつ

Surprisingly, many debates are won by individuals who make use of sophistry to convince others they know something they do not.

 

1850. soporific [adjective]

催眠性の、眠い

The professor’s boring speech was soporific and had everyone in the audience yawning.

 

1851. sordid [adjective]

卑しい、みすぼらしい

If people learn of the politician’s sordid past, they will not vote for him.

 

1852. sovereign [noun]

主権者、君主

King George was the sovereign of England.

 

1853. sparse [adjective]

希薄な、薄い、点在した

The information available on the subject is sparse.

 

1854. spartan [adjective]

質素な、簡素な

The monks have chosen to live a spartan life devoid of all luxuries.

 

1855. specious [adjective]

見かけだけの、もっともらしい

His whole argument is specious.

 

1856. specter [noun]

恐ろしいもの、幽霊

The specter of inflation concerns many voters.

 

1857. spectroscope [noun]

分光器

The spectroscope was used to analyze the light of the planetary nebula.

 

1858. spectrum [noun]

範囲、領域

The survey provided the company with a wide spectrum of feedback on its products.

 

1859. speculative [adjective]

思索的な、投機的な

After conducting the experiment, the researcher realized his speculative assumption was indeed a fact.

 

1860. spendthrift [noun]

金遣いの荒い、浪費癖のある

Because the lottery winner was a spendthrift, he spent his winnings in less than a year.

 

1861. sphere [noun]

範囲、領域

Although she was not in his sphere of command, she still respected him as a leader.

 

1862. sporadic [adjective]

時々起こる、散在的な

After the tornado, there were sporadic power outages in our town.

 

1863. spur [verb]

鼓舞する、刺激する

The chance to win a scholarship should spur my daughter into studying hard for the college admissions test.

 

1864. spurious [adjective]

偽の、いいかげんな

After receiving a low appraisal on my diamond ring, I realized the suspicious-looking jeweler had sold me a spurious jewel.

 

1865. squalid [adjective]

むさくるしい、卑劣な

Many prisons are overcrowded and squalid places even today.

 

1866. squalor [noun]

不潔、下劣

These people are forced to live in squalor.

 

1867. squarely [adverb]

公平に、正直に

We have to face these issues squarely and honestly.

 

1868. squelch [verb]

押しつぶす、濡れた靴で音をたてながら歩く

The senator thoroughly squelched the journalist who tried to interrupt him during his speech.

 

1869. staccato [adjective]

断音的な、断続的な

The song needs to be played in a staccato manner and not as a continuous melody.

 

1870. stalemate [verb]

行き詰まらせる、手詰まりにさせる

Airport managers feared that a flood of private vehicles with few places to park could stalemate the loop road.

 

1871. stanch [verb]

止血する、ふさぐ

A tourniquet is designed to stanch bleeding from wounded limbs by cutting off the flow of blood from the heart to that limb.

 

1872. stanchion [noun]

柱、支柱

If this stanchion is removed, the stairs will collapse.

 

1873. staple [noun]

主要産物、必需品

Phosphate has been a staple of this area for many years.

 

1874. stark [adjective]

飾りのない、荒涼とした

The house’s living room was stark and held only one couch.

 

1875. stasis [noun]

均衡、静止

The settlement meeting reached a stasis when both sides stopped talking to each other.

 

1876. staunch [adjective]

忠実な、頑固な

He gained a reputation as being a staunch defender of civil rights.

 

1877. steadfast [adjective]

忠実な、不変の

The group remained steadfast in its support for the new system, even when it was criticized in the newspapers.

 

1878. stentorian [adjective]

大声の、非常に大きい

The stentorian music was so loud that it made my head hurt.

 

1879. stern [adjective]

厳格な、厳しい

Journalists received a stern warning not to go anywhere near the battleship.

 

1880. steward [noun]

執事、世話人

If you need help at any time during the conference, one of the stewards will be pleased to help you.

 

1881. stigmatize [verb]

非難する、汚名を着せる

People should not be stigmatized on the basis of race.

 

1882. stint [verb]

切り詰める、倹約する

She doesn’t stint when it comes to buying new clothes.

 

1883. stipulate [verb]

規定する、明記する

The software company’s policies stipulate employees must take two fifteen-minute breaks a day.

 

1884. stir [verb]

奮起させる、かき立てる

The speech stirred the crowd to take action.

 

1885. stolid [adjective]

鈍感な、無感動な

He was a stolid man who did not even show his emotions at the funeral.

 

1886. stopgap [noun]

穴埋め、一時しのぎ

Hostels are used as a stopgap until the families can find permanent accommodation.

 

1887. stout [adjective]

丈夫な、頑固な

I bought myself a pair of good stout hiking boots.

 

1888. stratagem [noun]

戦略、戦術

Her business stratagem allowed her to quickly rise to the top as a great success.

 

1889. stratification [noun]

層状化、階層化

Taking millions of years, the stratification of the rock was not an instant process.

The prime minister wants to reduce social stratification and make the country a classless society.

 

1890. stratum [noun]

層、地層

Earth Scientists study stratum comprised of different types of rock.

 

1891. striate [verb]

線をつける、筋をつける

The canyon walls were striated with various colors of stratums.

 

1892. stricture [noun]

制限、酷評

In college, the students must obey the stricture forbidding alcohol on campus.

 

1893. strident [adjective]

耳障りな、かん高い

He often hears the strident argument between his neighbors.

 

1894. stringent [adjective]

厳しい、厳格な

Stringent safety regulations were introduced after the accident.

 

1895. strong suit

強み、長所

I'm afraid patience isn't exactly my strong suit.

 

1896. strut [noun]

支柱、突っ張り

This strut braces the beam.

 

1897. studious [adjective]

学問に励む、勉強好きな

The studious girl dreams of being the valedictorian of her class.

 

1898. stultify [verb]

無効にする、無意味にする

The regulations stultify the freedom of workers.

 

1899. stumble [verb]

つまずく、まごつく

The runner started to stumble as he approached the finish line.

 

1900. stupefy [verb]

麻痺させる、無感覚にさせる

Casinos offer free alcoholic drinks to stupefy patrons to the point that they are unaware of time and money spent.

 

1901. stygian [adjective]

陰鬱な、地獄のような

The stygian cave led to an underground river which frightened the explorers.

 

1902. stymie [verb]

妨害する、邪魔する

In our search for evidence, we were stymied by the absence of any recent documents.

 

1903. sublime [adjective]

高尚な、崇高な

After the sublime meal, we asked to see the chef so that we could give him our compliments.

 

1904. subliminal [adjective]

閾下の、潜在意識の

In the old days, commercials contained subliminal suggestions that encouraged consumers to purchase certain products.

 

1905. subpoena [noun]

呼び出し、召喚状

As soon as I received the subpoena, I knew I had to testify during the trial.

 

1906. subservient [adjective]

補助的な、追従的な

His other interests were subservient to his compelling passion for art.

 

1907. subside [verb]

静まる、陥没する

As the pain in my foot subsided, I was able to walk the short distance to the car.

 

1908. subsist [verb]

生存する、存続する

Since the roads were closed during the storm, my family had to subsist on biscuits and canned meats for three days.

 

1909. substantial [adjective]

かなりの、重要な

The findings show a substantial difference between the opinions of men and women.

 

1910. substantiate [verb]

実証する、具体化する

If you do not substantiate your scientific theories with facts, the members of the scientific community will disregard all your ideas.

 

1911. substantive [adjective]

実質的な、独立した

The documents are the first substantive information obtained by the investigators.

 

1912. subsume [verb]

組み込む、包含する

Many Native Americans were able to survive the takeover of the Europeans by being willing to subsume into white culture.

 

1913. subterfuge [noun]

口実、言い訳

Subterfuge led by the deceitful media caused everyday people to be confused.

 

1914. subtlety [noun]

微妙、巧妙

All the subtleties of the music are conveyed in this new recording.

 

1915. subversive [adjective]

くつがえす、打倒する

The group published a subversive magazine that contained nothing but negative articles about the current government.

 

1916. subvert [verb]

打倒する、破壊する

The rebel army is attempting to subvert the government.

 

1917. succinct [adjective]

簡潔な、簡明な

Everyone was happy when the politician made a succinct speech that did not take all evening

 

1918. succor [noun]

救助、支援

The Red Cross is dedicated to providing succor and support to families who have been displaced by natural disasters.

 

1919. suffrage [noun]

選挙権、投票権

By allowing employees to leave work early during the elections, the company president is encouraging each employee to use his right of suffrage.

 

1920. sullen [adjective]

むっつりした、不機嫌な

The sullen criminal refused to follow the police officer’s instructions.

 

1921. sully [verb]

汚す、傷つける

The accusation of child abuse is sure to sully the teacher’s reputation.

 

1922. sumptuous [adjective]

高価な、ぜいたくな

My eyes grew large when I saw the sumptuous wedding feast.

 

1923. sundry [adjective]

様々の、雑多な

The store at the summer camp facility will carry a number of sundry items just in case you forget something from home.

 

1924. supercilious [adjective]

横柄な、傲慢な

The supercilious man at the picnic refused to sit on the ground like everyone else.

 

1925. superfluous [adjective]

余分な、不必要な

Our new mayor plans to eliminate superfluous programs.

 

1926. supersede [verb]

取って代わる、地位を奪う

The features of the smartphone may supersede those of the personal computer in time.

 

1927. supine [adjective]

あおむけの、怠惰な

During back massages, most clients recline face down instead of supine.

 

1928. supplant [verb]

取って代わる、地位を奪う

Travel videos do not supplant guidebooks, but they can be useful when planning a trip.

 

1929. suppliant [adjective]

懇願する、嘆願する

Although her suppliant gaze at him was wordless, it was a clear communication that she expected him to defend her honor.

 

1930. supplicate [verb]

懇願する、すがる

In his closing argument, the attorney will supplicate for his client’s freedom.

 

1931. supposition [noun]

仮定、推測

The prosecutor knew it would take more than supposition to convince the jury of the defendant’s guilt.

 

1932. supreme [adjective]

最高の、至上の

The dictator wanted supreme control and power over his country and the entire world.

 

1933. surfeit [noun]

過剰、食べ過ぎ

When the store manager accidently ordered a surfeit of pencils and pens, he was unable to sell the extra items and decided to donate them to a local school.

 

1934. surly [adjective]

不機嫌な、不愛想な

The surly man was yelling at the waitress because he didn’t get the right order from the restaurant.

 

1935. surmise [verb]

推測する、推量する

The police surmise that the robbers have fled the country.

 

1936. surreptitious [adjective]

内密の、こそこそした

The team began a surreptitious search for the suspect.

 

1937. surrogate [noun]

代理人、代用品

Both candidates in the election have turned to celebrity surrogates to excite the crowds.

 

1938. susceptible [adjective]

影響を受けやすい、感じやすい

These plants are particularly susceptible to frost.

 

1939. sweep [verb]

掃く、一掃する

I have to sweep the front porch because it is so dusty.

 

1940. sybarite [noun]

遊蕩者、快楽者

Because she loved luxurious items, my grandma called herself a sybarite.

 

1941. sycophant [noun]

おべっか使い、ごますり

She appears to be a crawly sycophant or a shameless self-promoter.

 

1942. syllogism [noun]

演繹法、三段論法

One example of incorrect syllogism is the notion that all animals have four legs because dogs are animals and all dogs have four legs.

 

1943. sylvan [adjective]

森の、樹木の

We enjoy visiting the park because it is filled with trees and is the most sylvan area in our crowded city.

 

1944. symbiosis [noun]

共生、共存

The trade that peacefully occurs between the two warring tribes is viewed as an example of symbiosis.

 

1945. symptomatic [adjective]

兆候的な、前兆となる

Jealousy within a relationship is usually symptomatic of low self-esteem in one of the partners.

 

1946. synergetic [adjective]

共に働く、共同する

There is a synergetic effect when agencies work together.

 

1947. synoptic [adjective]

概要の、大意の

The treatises gives a synoptic view of Aristotelian doctrine.

 

1948. syntax [noun]

構文、文法

The examples should always illustrate correct syntax.

 

1949. synthesize [verb]

統合する、合成する

The spider can synthesize several different silk proteins.

 

1950. tacit [adjective]

暗黙の、無口の

Although no words were spoken, our nods represented our tacit agreement to a cease fire.

 

1951. taciturn [adjective]

静かな、無口な

My shy brother is taciturn and rarely speaks in public.

 

1952. tacky [adjective]

品のない、みすぼらしい

The shop sells tacky souvenirs and ornaments.

 

1953. tactic [noun]

戦術、順序

In order to achieve the win, the coach showed his team the best tactic to perform.

 

1954. talisman [noun]

お守り、魔除け

Throughout my grandmother’s ninety-five years of life, she rarely went a day without her favorite talisman around her neck.

 

1955. tangential [adjective]

脱線した、無関係の

I hardly ever learn anything in my history class because my teacher always rambles off on a tangential topic that has nothing to do with history.

 

1956. tangle [verb]

もつれる、巻き込む

No matter how much I tried to keep the cords neat behind the television set, they would always tangle with each other.

 

1957. tantamount [adjective]

同等の、等しい

Her refusal to answer was tantamount to an admission of guilt.

 

1958. tardy [adjective]

のろい、遅れた

Students who do not arrive to class on time are tardy, and they often receive some sort of penalty for it.

 

1959. tarry [verb]

遅れる、とどまる

If you tarry while doing your work, it will simply take even longer.

 

1960. tautology [noun]

重複語、同語反復

The politician’s advertisement was simply tautology he restated several times within a thirty second period.

 

1961. tawdry [adjective]

安っぽい、けばけばしい

She found dressing-gowns and slippers so tawdry.

 

1962. taxonomy [noun]

分類学、分類

In biology, the term taxonomy refers to the classification of organisms into groups based on their attributes.

 

1963. teeming [adjective]

豊富な、多産の

They enjoy going fishing at Crystal Lake because the water is always teeming with catfish.

 

1964. temper [verb]

和らげる、調節する

The heat is tempered by sea breezes on the coast.

 

1965. temperate [adjective]

節度のある、温暖な

The climate here is pretty temperate.

 

1966. tenacious [adjective]

粘り強い、固執する

Even though Negan was smaller than his other teammates, his tenacious attitude allowed him to accomplish as much as they did.

 

1967. tendentious [adjective]

偏向的な、偏った

The president was tendentious on his plan for the company and would not listen to other options.

 

1968. tenet [noun]

主義、教義

Many people believe the tenet that parents should be responsible for the behaviors of their children.

 

1969. tenuous [adjective]

希薄な、薄っぺらい

The police have only found a tenuous connection between the two robberies.

 

1970. tenure [noun]

保有、在職期間

Everyone was shocked when he became school principal after serving only a short tenure as vice-principal.

 

1971. tepid [adjective]

なまぬるい、熱意のない

There is only tepid support in Congress for the proposal.

 

1972. terrestrial [adjective]

地球上の、陸上の

Earth’s terrestrial biomes include areas such as deserts, taigas, and tropical rainforests.

 

1973. terse [adjective]

簡潔な、無駄のない

When Jessie is upset, she only gives terse responses.

 

1974. tether [verb]

つなぎとめる、束縛する

Before the cowboy settles down for the evening, he will tether the horses around a tree.

 

1975. theocracy [noun]

神権政治、神政国家

In theocracy, the rulers of a country make laws based on religious ideas.

 

1976. thespian [noun]

俳優、役者

It is a Saturday-morning acting group for budding thespians.

 

1977. thereof [adverb]

それについて、そういう理由で

Money, or a lack thereof, can influence people to do some really bad things.

 

1978. thwart [verb]

反対する、妨げる

The city council thwarted his reform efforts.

 

1979. timbre [noun]

音質、音色

When the music executive heard the timbre of the young singer’s voice, he knew the boy was a future star.

 

1980. timorous [adjective]

おどおどした、臆病な

The timorous witness refuses to testify in court.

 

1981. tirade [noun]

激しい非難、長い熱弁

Because Emily is normally a laid-back person, she shocked everyone with her tirade.

 

1982. tit-for-tat [noun]

仕返し、報復

The diplomatic row culminated last month in the tit-for-tat expulsion of four diplomats.

 

1983. titillate [verb]

快く刺激する、くすぐる

In order to titillate consumer interest, the company is offering free shipping on all purchases.

 

1984. toady [noun]

ごますり、太鼓持ち

Amy has been acting like the manager’s toady by agreeing with everything he says to get a promotion.

 

1985. token [noun]

しるし、コイン

At a casino, the coins you win in slot machines serve as a token that you can exchange for prizes or money.

 

1986. tome [noun]

分厚い本、学術書

She has written several weighty tomes on the subject.

 

1987. tony [adjective]

上流階級の、高級な

He lives in a tony neighborhood of Los Angeles.

 

1988. topple [verb]

倒れる、前に傾く

The statue of the dictator was toppled over by the crowds.

 

1989. torment [verb]

苦しめる、悩ます

Every day when he got on the bus, the bully began to torment the quiet child.

 

1990. torpid [adjective]

動かない、無気力な

His torpid brother rests on the couch all day.

 

1991. torpor [noun]

無気力、休眠状態

Many voters are in political torpor and rarely go to the polls.

 

1992. torso [noun]

胴、胴体だけの彫像

The airbag will protect your head and torso.

 

1993. tortuous [adjective]

曲がりくねった、ねじれた

When the tortuous snake moved across the Sahara Desert, his body made an S-shape in the sand.

 

1994. torturous [adjective]

拷問の、苦しい

The past few months have been torturous for the farming due to a severe drought.

 

1995. touchstone [noun]

標準、基準

An understanding of grammar is often considered a touchstone by which all language skills are compared to.

 

1996. tout [verb]

勧誘する、褒める

Several insurance companies tout their services on local radio.

 

1997. tract [noun]

土地、地域

Each tract of land is being sold at the price of 1,000 dollars per acre.

 

1998. tractable [adjective]

扱いやすい、細工しやすい

The problem turned out to be less tractable than I had expected.

 

1999. tranquil [adjective]

静かな、穏やかな

Since we were the only ones on the beach, we enjoyed a tranquil day.

 

2000. transcendent [adjective]

並外れた、超越した

Experts are looking into the sequence of genetic alterations that allowed the transcendent mutation scientists recently discovered.

 

2001. transgress [verb]

罪を犯す、限界を超える

If all children were taught not to transgress the rules of common decency and good manners, the world would probably be a much better place for everyone.

 

2002. transient [adjective]

束の間の、一時的な

The snow is transient and will melt as soon as the sun appears.

 

2003. transitory [adjective]

一時的な、束の間の

When the doctor prescribed the medication for me, he told me to be prepared for transitory side effects that would disappear after a few days.

 

2004. translucent [adjective]

半透明の、明快な

The vase was made from translucent, milky glass.

 

2005. transmute [verb]

変質させる、変性する

After years of therapy, the woman was able to transmute her negative thoughts into positive ones.

 

2006. travail [verb]

苦労する、苦しむ

He made the decision to travail during training to join the elite unit of soldiers.

 

2007. travesty [noun]

模倣、劇作

Everybody thought that was a complete and utter travesty.

 

2008. treacherous [adjective]

裏切りの、あてにならない

He plays the part of a treacherous aristocrat who betrays his king and country.

 

2009. treatise [noun]

学術論文、専門書

I read her treatise on the Civil War and found it to be very informative.

 

2010. tremulous [adjective]

震える、おびえる

Although her voice was weak and tremulous, the audience clapped politely when she finished the aria.

 

2011. trenchant [adjective]

痛烈な、厳しい

I enjoy reading his trenchant comments on the relationship between sports and society.

 

2012. trepidation [noun]

恐怖、不安

We view future developments with some trepidation.

 

2013. triage [verb]

優先順位を付ける、選別する

The purpose of the automated phone system is to triage calls, so they can be routed to the proper customer service agent.

 

2014. trifling [adjective]

つまらない、取るに足らない

Because of her busy schedule, she does not have time to engage in trifling activities that do not support her daily goals.

 

2015. trite [adjective]

ありふれた、使い古された

I did not finish the novel because the story’s plot was trite and uninspiring.

 

2016. truculent [adjective]

残酷な、好戦的な

He was truculent and difficult to deal with.

 

2017. truism [noun]

自明の理、わかりきったこと

As far as health is concerned, it's a truism that prevention is better than cure.

 

2018. trumpet [verb]

吹聴する、(大声で)知らせる

The press trumpeted another defeat for the government.

 

2019. truncate [verb]

先端を切る、短くする

Although the director loved all of his film footage, he had to truncate the movie so its runtime would be less than forty-five minutes.

 

2020. tryst [noun]

約束、会合

Everyone knows my boss and his secretary usually have an intimate tryst during lunch.

 

2021. tuck [verb]

押し込む、包み込む

The teacher asked the student to tuck his shirt into his shorts before entering the classroom.

 

2022. tumid [adjective]

ふくれた、はれあがった

My eyelid has been tumid since yesterday.

 

2023. tumultuous [adjective]

騒がしい、混乱した

Security found it difficult to control the tumultuous mob during the parade.

 

2024. turbid [adjective]

濁った、不透明な

During the lab experiment, we made a turbid solution that contained suspended particles.

 

2025. turgid [adjective]

ふくれた、大げさな

Even though the scientist tried to make his report simple, it was still too turgid for the average person to comprehend.

 

2026. turpitude [noun]

卑劣、邪悪

The criminal was sentenced to life in prison for the acts of turpitude he committed.

 

2027. tutelary [adjective]

守護の、保護の

The tutelary saint committed her existence to the protection of those who could not safeguard themselves.

 

2028. tycoon [noun]

大物、有力者

The tycoon prayed that he wouldn’t lose his fortune while investing in new technology.

 

2029. typify [verb]

典型となる、象徴する

This trial typifies the problems juries face all the time.

 

2030. tyro [noun]

初心者、初級者

With over 30 years experience in law enforcement, I am no tyro in the field.

 

2031. ubiquitous [adjective]

偏在する、至るところにある

The police presence was ubiquitous at the night parade.

 

2032. umbrage [noun]

不快感、立腹

Will she take umbrage if she isn't invited to the wedding?

 

2033. unabashed [adjective]

恥じない、平然とした

Taking the stage, the unabashed comedian was bold and shameless with his forward jokes.

 

2034. unassuming [adjective]

でしゃばらない、気取らない

He was shy and unassuming and not at all how you expect an actor to be.

 

2035. unbeknownst [adjective]

知られていない、未知の

Monica's gambling addiction was unbeknownst to her husband.

 

2036. unbridle [verb]

束縛を解く、解放する

The stallion was unbridled and allowed to gallop wherever he pleased.

 

2037. uncanny [adjective]

神秘的な、奇怪な

He has an uncanny ability to pick a winner.

 

2038. unconscionable [adjective]

非良心的な、不当な

After waiting for an unconscionable amount of time, we were told to come back later.

 

2039. uncouth [adjective]

粗野な、ぎこちない

While George comes from a very wealthy family, he often behaves in an uncouth manner and acts as though he has no social skills at all.

 

2040. underappreciated [adjective]

正しく評価されない、低い評価の

Her work is underappreciated by the critics.

 

2041. undergird [verb]

強化する、下部を締める

These are the four major theories that undergird criminal law.

 

2042. undermine [verb]

徐々に衰えさせる、傷つける

When engineers came to examine the cracks in the structure of the building, they discovered that years of flooding had worked to undermine the foundation.

 

2043. underpinning [noun]

補強、支持

The construction team added underpinning at the bottom of the trailer to shelter the mobile home’s pipes from cold weather.

 

2044. underscore [verb]

下線を引く、強調する

Since we are studying prepositions, students should use a highlighter to underscore all the prepositions in the passage.

 

2045. undo [verb]

ほどく、開く、元に戻す

If the curtains are too short you could undo the hem to make them a bit longer.

 

2046. undue [adjective]

過度の、不適当な

Because of undue stress, the doctor decided to take a break from working at the hospital.

 

2047. undulate [verb]

波打つ、うねる

The dancers’ movements were arranged so that they seemed to undulate like dolphins with the music.

 

2048. unfathomable [adjective]

理解できない、底知れない

After five hours, we still could not figure out the unfathomable riddle.

 

2049. unfeigned [adjective]

偽らない、本物の

Most reality shows are scripted and are not unfeigned.

 

2050. unfettered [adjective]

自由な、足かせがない

Once the bird was unfettered and out of the cage, it flew up into the sky.

 

2051. unflappable [adjective]

冷静な、動揺しない

When a deadly tornado raced across town, many residents panicked but Miles remained unflappable and calmly led his neighbors to shelter.

 

2052. unilateral [adjective]

一方だけの、単独の

Opponents of the government have criticized the president's unilateral approach and believe that broader international alliances are required.

 

2053. unintelligible [adjective]

理解できない、難解な

He muttered something unintelligible.

 

2054. unitary [adjective]

単一の、中央集権の

The unitary state is ruled by a single government that has the power to make all decisions.

 

2055. unjust [adjective]

不公平な、不正な

They should repeal this unjust law.

 

2056. unkempt [adjective]

粗野な、だらしない

Since Jack has not had a hair cut in six months, he looks somewhat unkempt.

 

2057. unleash [verb]

解放する、束縛を解く

I went to unleash the dog who had been chained to his cage for years.

 

2058. unobtrusive [adjective]

控えめな、慎み深い

A good waiter is efficient and unobtrusive.

 

2059. unprecedented [adjective]

前例のない、新奇な

Before the hurricane, there was an unprecedented demand for food supplies that left many stores empty.

 

2060. unpretentious [adjective]

地味な、控えめな

The girl portrayed herself in an unpretentious way in the art class.

 

2061. unprincipled [adjective]

不道徳な、無節操な

The unprincipled banker failed to handle the transactions.

 

2062. unscrupulous [adjective]

悪徳な、不道徳な

The unscrupulous teacher offered to raise her student’s grade if he gave her one hundred dollars.

 

2063. unseemly [adjective]

見苦しい、不適切な

William acted in an unseemly manner when he wore his casual clothing to the formal party.

 

2064. unsound [adjective]

不健全な、信用できない

He was involved in unsound banking practices.

 

2065. unsparing [adjective]

手厳しい、容赦しない

The entrepreneur was unsparing in his demands for perfection.

 

2066. untapped [adjective]

利用されていない、未開拓の

The country’s forests are largely untapped resources.

 

2067. untenable [adjective]

擁護できない、住めない

The losing debate team had an untenable argument.

 

2068. untoward [adjective]

不利な、手に負えない

Unless anything untoward happens, we should arrive just before midday.

 

2069. untrammeled [adjective]

自由な、束縛されていない

The Internet allows us untrammeled access to so much information.

 

2070. unverifiable [adjective]

立証できない、証明できない

Much of the research cited in the program remains unpublished and hence unverifiable.

 

2071. unwieldy [adjective]

扱いにくい、手に負えない

A piano is a very unwieldy item to get down a flight of stairs.

 

2072. unwind [verb]

解き放つ、ほぐす

My doctor insisted that my anxiety would go away if I would find relaxing activities to help me unwind.

 

2073. upbraid [verb]

非難する、叱責する

The police officer did not hesitate to upbraid the man for driving without insurance.

 

2074. upbringing [noun]

教育、しつけ

Studies suggest that your upbringing is one of the key ingredients for success as an adult.

 

2075. upend [verb]

~を立てる、ひっくり返す

The gardener upended each seed packet to deposit all the contents into the dirt.

 

2076. upfront [adjective]

率直な、目立つ

She’s very upfront about her feelings.

 

2077. uptick [noun]

上昇、上向き

Because it costs a few cents more to grow the fruit than it did before, you may see an uptick in price at the grocery store.

 

2078. urbane [adjective]

洗練された、上品な

The magazine’s target audience is the urbane woman who is highly cultured and stylish.

 

2079. urbanity [noun]

洗練、上品

The book is a pleasure to read, reminding us of its author's characteristic wit and urbanity.

 

2080. usurp [verb]

奪う、強奪する

Local control is being usurped by central government.

 

2081. usury [noun]

高利貸し、不法金利

The dishonest lender's usury caused hundreds of people to lose their homes when they failed to meet the high interest payments.

 

2082. vacillate [verb]

ゆらぐ、気迷う

The president continues to vacillate over foreign policy.

 

2083. vacuous [adjective]

空の、うつろな

Since the election is over, let us hope for a break from all the vacuous speeches.

 

2084. vagary [noun]

とっぴな行為、奇行

It was a vagary of the weather since the temperature dropped to freezing conditions on a summer day.

 

2085. vainglorious [adjective]

うぬぼれた、虚栄心の強い

The vainglorious trainer spent most of his time flexing his own muscles.

 

2086. valedictory [adjective]

告別の、別れの

Before the president leaves the White House forever, he gives a valedictory speech that is broadcasted on all major television networks.

 

2087. valiant [adjective]

勇敢な、勇ましい

The team made a valiant effort to take the lead in the third quarter, but they were too far behind.

 

2088. vanguard [noun]

指導者、前衛

He is in the vanguard of economic reform.

 

2089. vantage [noun]

有利、優勢

History is often viewed from the vantage point of the winner.

 

2090. vapid [adjective]

味のない、退屈な

The vapid entertainment did not hold the children’s attention.

 

2091. variegated [adjective]

多彩な、多様な

Some horses have variegated coats that feature spots of brown, white, or black all over their body.

 

2092. vaunt [verb]

自慢する、誇る

The actor likes to vaunt his good looks when he goes out on a date.

 

2093. venal [adjective]

金銭目当ての、買収できる

The local customs officers are accused of being involved in venal practices.

 

2094. vendetta [noun]

復讐、報復

He saw himself as the victim of a personal vendetta being waged by his political enemies.

 

2095. venerable [adjective]

尊敬に値する、神聖な

The Pope is a venerable leader who is recognized for his commitment to helping others.

 

2096. venerate [verb]

敬う、敬意を払う

The Bible says we should venerate our parents and our elders.

 

2097. veracious [adjective]

正直な、真実の

She is a veracious and trustworthy historian.

 

2098. veracity [noun]

誠実、真実

Since the witness is a known enemy of the defendant, his testimony certainly needs to be evaluated for its veracity.

 

2099. verbose [adjective]

くどい、冗長な

The verbose man took thirty minutes to give me a simple answer.

 

2100. verdant [adjective]

新緑の、未熟な

Some of the region's verdant countryside has been destroyed in the hurricane.

 

2101. verdict [noun]

判断、評決

She was adamant that the verdict of the jury was overly harsh.

 

2102. verge [verb]

傾く、変わっていく

His accusations were verging on slander.

 

2103. verisimilitude [noun]

本当らしさ、迫真性

She has included photographs in the book to lend verisimilitude to the story.

 

2104. vernal [adjective]

春のような、若々しい

Although he was 50 years old, he appeared much more vernal than he actually was.

 

2105. versatile [adjective]

融通の利く、多才な

The SUV is a versatile vehicle that blends in easily on the city streets and can also handle the wilderness of the mountain trails.

 

2106. vertigo [noun]

めまい、眩暈

Because she suffers from vertigo, it is difficult for her to walk in a straight line.

 

2107. vestige [noun]

痕跡、名残り

These old buildings are the last vestiges of a colonial past.

 

2108. vex [verb]

いらだたせる、悩ます

I was vexed when the doctor arrived for my appointment over an hour late.

 

2109. viable [adjective]

実行できる、発展できる

If the project is not viable, there is no reason for us to consider it.

 

2110. vicissitude [noun]

移り変わり、栄枯盛衰

Though he had many vicissitudes in life, nothing would stop him from becoming an entrepreneur.

 

2111. vigilant [adjective]

用心深い、油断のない

Although this highway is a beautiful drive, you have to stay vigilant for deer and other animals in the road.

 

2112. vim [noun]

活力、気力

Las Vegas is a fast-paced environment filled with spirited vim.

 

2113. vindicate [verb]

擁護する、正当化する

The investigation vindicated her complaint about the newspaper.

 

2114. vindictive [adjective]

恨む、報復的な

In the movie, a lawyer's family is threatened by a vindictive former prisoner.

 

2115. virtuoso [noun]

名人、巨匠

He is a musical virtuoso who runs his own school of music.

 

2116. virulent [adjective]

猛毒な、敵意に満ちた

A particularly virulent strain of flu has recently claimed a number of lives in the region.

She is a virulent critic of US energy policy.

 

2117. visage [noun]

顔つき、様相

When Roddy became angry, his visage completely changed from a charming smile to an irritated frown.

 

2118. viscid [adjective]

粘着性の、ねばねばする

The baby wiped her thick and viscid snot with my brand-new dress.

 

2119. viscous [adjective]

粘性のある、粘着性のある

The freshly poured tar is so viscous that warning signs have been placed around the neighborhood.

 

2120. visionary [adjective]

先見の明のある、非現実的な

He was a visionary leader who had the foresight to lead our company in a profitable direction for many years.

 

2121. vitiate [verb]

価値を低下させる、損なう

Because of the obnoxious behavior of the defendant, the judge instructed the jury not to allow their personal feelings vitiate their objectivity in the case.

 

2122. vitreous [adjective]

ガラスの、ガラス状の

Vitreous enamel, also called porcelain enamel, is a material made by fusing powdered glass to a substrate by firing.

 

2123. vitriol [noun]

(辛辣な)批判、皮肉

The employee was asked to refrain from posting vitriol or critical talk about his workplace on social media.

 

2124. vituperate [verb]

ののしる、罵倒する

Because the coach continued to vituperate his team with abusive talk, he was given a warning by the college dean.

 

2125. vivacious [adjective]

快活な、陽気な

Judy Garland was bright and vivacious, with a vibrant singing voice.

 

2126. vivisection [noun]

生体解剖、生体実験

When the photos of the vivisection were posted online, many people were upset at the brutal nature of killing the animals until they found it was done for scientific reasons.

 

2127. vociferous [adjective]

大声で叫ぶ、騒々しい

The protestors were vociferous as they screamed outside of the government building.

 

2128. vogue [noun]

流行、はやり

In the 1920s, short hair for women became the vogue.

 

2129. volatile [adjective]

揮発性の、移り気な

Because Mary and Frank have a volatile relationship, they often argue.

The substance is highly volatile.

 

2130. voluble [adjective]

口が達者な、多弁な

After my grandfather drinks a few beers, he becomes voluble and will not stop talking.

 

2131. voracious [adjective]

大食いの、貪欲な

Since I am a voracious reader, I often read two or three books a day.

The football player was a voracious eater who easily consumed two chickens during one meal.

 

2132. vulgar [adjective]

低俗な、下品な

His manners were coarse and vulgar.

 

2133. waft [verb]

漂う、浮動する

My children hurried to the kitchen when the scent of freshly baked cookies started to waft.

 

2134. wallop [verb]

強打する、大勝する

Boxers wallop each other with jabs and punches.

 

2135. wallow [verb]

転げ回る、(快楽に)溺れる

The pig wallowed in the mud.

 

2136. wan [adjective]

青ざめた、力のない

She gave me a wan smile.

 

2137. wane [verb]

衰える、弱くなる

By the late 70s, the band's popularity was beginning to wane.

 

2138. wanton [adjective]

理不尽な、みだらな

He displayed a wanton disregard for the facts.

 

2139. ward [verb]

かわす、避ける

He used his umbrella to ward off the fierce sun.

 

2140. warring [adjective]

交戦中の、対立する

The two countries have been warring constantly for many years.

 

2141. wary [adjective]

用心深い、細心の

I'm a little wary about giving people my address when I don't know them very well.

 

2142. waver [verb]

揺れる、迷う

He has never wavered in his support for the leader.

 

2143. wax [verb]

増大する、強くなる

When the population began to wax, there were fewer jobs and much more pollution in the city.

 

2144. wedge [verb]

くさびで留める、押し込む

He wedged the window open with a screwdriver.

 

2145. weed [verb]

取り除く、排除する

We must weed out the yellow flowers among the onions as soon as possible.

 

2146. welter [verb]

混乱する、転がる

She was weltering around on the ground.

 

2147. wend [verb]

行く、進む

I need to wend my way back to the cabin before night falls.

 

2148. whet [verb]

刺激する、研ぐ

The president gave the journalists just enough information to whet their curiosities.

 

2149. whimsical [adjective]

気まぐれな、風変わりな

Unfortunately, his decisions are often whimsical.

 

2150. whitewash [verb]

ごまかす、とりつくろう

The department is trying to whitewash their incompetence.

 

2151. wield [verb]

振るう、使いこなす

The lumberjack could wield his axe with great skill.

 

2152. winnow [verb]

分析する、選び出す

You should winnow out the inaccuracies of this paper this afternoon.

 

2153. winsome [adjective]

愛嬌のある、快活な

She opened her eyes and gave her mother a winsome smile.

 

2154. wistful [adjective]

悲しげな、思い焦がれた

She cast a wistful glance at the bridal gowns in the window.

 

2155. witticism [noun]

警句、名言

The comedian was beloved for his witticism.

 

2156. witty [adjective]

機知に富んだ、気の利いた

He was witty and very charming.

 

2157. wizened [adjective]

しなびた、しおれた

While the flowers arrived looking fresh and beautiful, they have grown wizened over the past few days.

 

2158. woo [verb]

せがむ、説得する

A candidate must woo voters by making them feel important.

 

2159. wreak [verb]

敵を討つ、損害を加える

The recent storms have wreaked havoc on crops.

 

2160. wry [adjective]

皮肉な、ゆがんだ

The girl’s wry sense of humor causes her to laugh in some inappropriate situations.

 

2161. xenophobia [noun]

外国人嫌い、外国のものを嫌う

As a foreign aid volunteer, you should not have a case of xenophobia that hinders you from socializing with people.

 

2162. yoke [verb]

結合させる、働かせる

All these different political elements have somehow been yoked together to form a new alliance.

 

2163. zealous [adjective]

熱中した、熱心な

Because my husband is a zealous supporter of the high school football team, he donates money to their organization every year.

関連情報

 

引用: