【完全版】GRE英単語例文集⑱｜1701. reproach～1800. sentient
本サイトはGRE General Test 攻略のための必須英単語 2163に掲載されている英単語の例文集⑱（1701. reproach～1800. sentient）です。
GRE General Test攻略のための必須英単語2163｜1701. reproach～1800. sentient
1701. reproach [verb]
to criticize someone, especially for not being successful or not doing what is expected:
His mother reproached him for not eating all his dinner.
1702. reprobate [verb]
to condemn strongly as unworthy, unacceptable, or evil:
The movie was reprobated for glorifying violence.
1703. repudiate [verb]
to refuse to accept or obey something or someone:
Because I wanted to avoid the conflict between my two sisters, I repudiated their argument.
1704. repulse [verb]
to push someone or something back or away, especially to successfully stop an attack:
The enemy attack was quickly repulsed.
1705. requite [verb]
to give or do something in return for something given to you or done for you:
He chose to requite his wife for the lovely dinner by presenting her with a bouquet of flowers.
1706. rescind [verb]
to make a law, order, or decision no longer have any legal effect:
Because of illegal alcohol sales, the government had to rescind the prohibition act.
1707. reside [verb]
to live, have your home, or stay in a place:
The homeless man will reside in a local shelter until he can afford his own apartment.
1708. resign [verb]
to give up a job or position:
Because she was sick and could no longer work full-time, she resigned the directorship.
1709. resilient [adjective]
able to quickly return to its usual shape after being bent, stretched, or pressed:
This rubber ball is very resilient and immediately springs back into shape.
1710. resolute [adjective]
determined in character, action, or ideas:
After such a heart-breaking loss, every member of the team was more resolute than ever to win the next game against their arch-rivals.
1711. resonant [adjective]
clear and loud, or causing sounds to be clear and loud:
The resonant sound travels to every seat in the amphitheater.
1712. resounding [adjective]
A resounding cheer could be heard all the way across the stadium.
1713. respiration [noun]
During respiration, humans inhale oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide.
1714. restitution [noun]
the return of objects that were stolen or lost:
They are demanding the restitution of ancient treasures that were removed from the country in the 16th century.
1715. restraint [noun]
something that limits the freedom of someone or something, or that prevents something from growing or increasing:
Even though she was upset, the irritated mother showed emotional restraint and refused to yell at her children.
1716. resurgent [adjective]
increasing again, or becoming popular again:
The publisher believed that vampire novels would be a resurgent trend this year.
1717. retch [verb]
to react in a way as if you are vomiting:
The pregnant woman was struck by a bout of morning sickness and began to retch.
1718. reticent [adjective]
unwilling to speak about your thoughts or feelings:
I am much more reticent while Barbara likes to discuss her personal life with our co-workers.
1719. retort [verb]
to answer someone quickly in an angry or funny way:
Even if someone insults you, don't retort as it only makes the situation worse.
1720. retrospective [adjective]
relating to or thinking about the past:
After the last football game, each player was asked to write a retrospective essay about his performance throughout the season.
1721. revamp [verb]
to change or arrange something again, in order to improve it:
The walled garden was completely revamped last year.
1722. reverberate [verb]
to echo repeatedly:
The loud music reverberated off the walls.
1723. revere [verb]
to greatly respect and admire someone or something:
Many people from India do not eat beef because they revere the cow as a sacred object.
1724. reverent [adjective]
showing great respect and admiration:
A reverent silence fell over the crowd.
1725. revert [verb]
to come or go back as to a former condition, period, or subject:
The state court refused to revert the local court’s decision.
1726. revivify [verb]
to give new energy and strength to an event or activity:
The interior decorator came up with some modern ideas to revivify the drab walls in her home.
1727. rhapsody [noun]
a piece of music that has no formal structure and expresses powerful feelings:
Because the singer was so passionate about his music, he sung the rhapsody with unrestrained enthusiasm.
1728. rhetoric [noun]
speech or writing intended to be effective and influence people:
Rhetoric is the study of the ways of using language effectively.
1729. ribald [adjective]
marked by coarseness or lewdness:
He entertained us with ribald stories.
1730. ridden [adjective]
full of something unpleasant or bad:
She was guilt-ridden when she discovered that the business had failed because of her.
1731. rife [adjective]
very common or frequent:
Graft and corruption were rife in city government.
1732. rift [noun]
a large crack in the ground or in rock:
A difference in perspectives caused a rift that forced the two friends to end their business partnership.
1733. right triangle
a triangle that has one angle of 90 degrees:
The hypotenuse is the longest side of a right triangle.
1734. rigor [noun]
the fact that people are made to follow rules in a very severe way:
The stern professor does not accept excuses and is known for exhibiting rigor in his classroom.
1735. riot [noun]
a noisy and violent public gathering:
Police used tear gas to put the riot down.
1736. riposte [verb]
to reply in a quick and clever way:
She simply riposted that she did not create the book for the scientific community.
1737. risible [adjective]
so lacking in quality or usefulness that it deserves to be laughed at:
If you stick with the most risible elements of your speech, your audience will be so relaxed from laughing that you’re bound to win their support.
1738. risqué [adjective]
verging on impropriety or indecency:
His risqué jokes were indecent and considered out of place at the wedding.
1739. rococo [adjective]
relating to the very decorated and detailed style in buildings, art, and furniture that was popular in Europe in the 18th century:
The entrance rooms of the French castle were decorated in fancy rococo style.
1740. roundly [adverb]
The home team were roundly defeated.
1741. rout [verb]
to defeat an opponent completely:
The Russian chess team routed all the rest.
1742. rubric [noun]
a set of instructions, especially on an exam paper, usually printed in a different style or color:
The rubric for the history project required the students to include a visual aid in their presentation.
1743. rue [verb]
to feel sorry about an event and wish it had not happened:
I rue the day I agreed to this stupid plan.
1744. ruminate [verb]
to think carefully and for a long period about something:
On New Year’s Eve, many people choose to ruminate about their lives.
1745. rupture [verb]
to cause something to explode, break, or tear:
The missile launch is sure to rupture the relationship between the two countries.
1746. ruse [noun]
a trick intended to deceive someone:
The security guard knew the girls were going to try and use a distractive ruse in order to shoplift.
1747. rustic [adjective]
typical of the country, especially because of being attractively simple:
The restaurant has a rustic charm that reminds me of my grandmother’s kitchen.
1748. ruthless [adjective]
cruel, or determined to succeed without caring about others:
Some people believe that you have to be ruthless to succeed in this world.
1749. sabotage [verb]
to intentionally damage or destroy property:
Though he had no intention to sabotage the event, his unexpected arrival made things fall apart.
1750. saccharine [adjective]
too sweet or too polite:
We used saccharine tablets in lieu of sugar to make the cakes.
1751. sacrosanct [adjective]
so important that there cannot be any change or question:
The minister of our church is a sacrosanct individual who should never be criticized.
1752. sagacious [adjective]
having or showing understanding and the ability to make good judgments:
Many agree that replacing typewriters with computers is a sagacious idea because computers make typing, editing, and proofreading much easier.
1753. sage [adjective]
wise, especially as a result of great experience:
I think you made a sage decision.
1754. salacious [adjective]
causing or showing a strong interest in sexual matters:
The salacious content of some popular novels has led parents to demand that they be removed from school libraries.
1755. salient [adjective]
most noticeable or important:
She began to summarize the salient features of the proposal.
1756. salubrious [adjective]
pleasant, clean, and healthy to live in:
Vegetables are salubrious foods which provide essential nutrients.
1757. salutary [adjective]
causing improvement of behavior or character:
In addition to effectively teaching the curriculum, our professor often educates us with salutary lessons that personally enrich our lives.
1758. sanction [noun]
approval or permission, especially formal or legal:
They tried to get official sanction for the scheme.
1759. sanctity [noun]
the condition of being holy or of deserving great respect:
Although I place great value on my job, I put nothing above the sanctity of my family.
1760. sangfroid [noun]
the ability to stay calm in a difficult or dangerous situation:
Even as the building fell around him, the fireman maintained his sangfroid and rescued the little girl.
1761. sanguine [adjective]
positive and hoping for good things:
Some people expect the economy to continue to improve, but others are less sanguine.
1762. sardonic [adjective]
showing an amused attitude toward someone or something that suggests a criticism but does not express it:
After Rick was fired from the restaurant, he wrote a sardonic review of the eatery.
1763. sartorial [adjective]
relating to the making of clothes, usually men's clothes, or to a way of dressing:
He was raised by a tailor, which gave him a sartorial sense for clothing.
1764. satiate [verb]
to completely satisfy yourself or a need, especially with food or pleasure, so that you could not have any more:
He drank greedily until his thirst was satiated.
1765. satiric [adjective]
criticizing people or ideas in a humorous way, especially in order to make a political point:
His cartoon has a satiric humor.
1766. saturnine [adjective]
serious and unfriendly:
The dog’s eyes became saturnine whenever he was left at home alone.
1767. savant [noun]
a person with a high level of knowledge or skill, especially someone who is less able in other ways:
Since my aunt speaks over twenty languages, she is considered a verbal savant.
1768. savor [verb]
to enjoy food or an experience slowly, in order to enjoy it as much as possible:
Since it’s my last cookie, I will eat it slowly and savor the taste.
1769. scam [noun]
an illegal plan for making money, especially one that involves tricking people:
After asking for a large sum of money, I knew the job was a scam because the people did not represent the company.
1770. scanty [adjective]
smaller in size or amount than is considered necessary or is hoped for:
Since the airline lost my checked-in luggage, I have scanty clothing for my vacation.
1771. scathing [adjective]
criticizing someone or something in a severe and unkind way:
When the food critic found a hair in his meal, he wrote a scathing review of the restaurant.
1772. schematic [adjective]
showing the main form and features of something, usually in the form of a drawing, in a way that helps people to understand it:
While producing the schematic drawing of the Graystone Building, the architect began to assign tasks to start the project.
1773. schism [noun]
a division into two groups caused by a disagreement about ideas, especially in a religious organization:
The schism between my two best friends put me in the awkward position of having to choose one over the other.
1774. scintilla [noun]
a very small amount of something:
I wanted to make coffee, but there was only a scintilla of coffee beans left.
1775. scintillate [verb]
to emit quick flashes as if throwing off sparks:
Downed power lines scintillated fires in several parts of town.
1776. scintillating [adjective]
exciting and intelligent:
During the interview, the clever comedian came up with one scintillating response after another.
1777. scorn [verb]
to treat with a great lack of respect, or to refuse something because you think it is wrong or not acceptable:
He was scorned by his classmates for his bad behavior.
1778. scriptural [adjective]
from or relating to the holy writings of a religion:
One may assume that the early church kept Sunday, but this hypothesis must be discarded after studying scriptural evidence.
1779. scrutinize [verb]
to examine something very carefully in order to discover information:
After receiving over two hundred resumes, the human resources department must now scrutinize all of the potential candidates to find the ideal person for the position.
1780. scrutiny [noun]
the careful and detailed examination of something in order to get information about it:
The government's record will be subjected to scrutiny in the weeks before the election.
1781. scuffle [verb]
to have a sudden short fight:
The youths scuffled with the policeman, then escaped down the alley.
1782. scurvy [adjective]
arousing disgust or scorn:
After winning the lottery, she was beset by a swarm of scurvy con artists.
1783. secrete [verb]
to produce and release a liquid:
An octopus can secrete ink to ward off prey.
1784. sedition [noun]
扇動的な発言 / 文書
language or behavior that is intended to persuade other people to oppose their government:
The rebels were arrested for sedition when they protested outside of the dictator’s palace.
1785. seduction [noun]
the attractive quality of something:
The seductions of life in a warm climate have led many veterans to live in Florida.
1786. sedulous [adjective]
careful and using a lot of effort:
He is a sedulous worker who is always on the lookout for new prospects.
1787. seethe [verb]
to feel very angry:
My father will seethe if someone drives behind him too closely.
1788. seismic [adjective]
relating to or caused by an earthquake:
Seismic tests were conducted to determine the force of the earthquake.
1789. self-abasement [noun]
the act of behaving in a way that makes one seem lower or less deserving of respect:
After tough training, I got rid of my self-abasement and became confident.
1790. self-evident [adjective]
clear or obvious without needing any proof or explanation:
The teacher’s instructions were self-evident, so no students asked any questions about the assignment.
1791. selfless [adjective]
caring more for what other people need and want rather than for what you yourself need and want:
A selfless individual often donates a fair sum of their money to charity even though they could use that money for themselves.
1792. semantic [adjective]
connected with the meanings of words:
Words are semantic units that convey meaning.
1793. semblance [noun]
a situation or condition that is similar to what is wanted or expected, but is not exactly as hoped for:
The city has now returned to some semblance of normality after last night's celebrations.
1794. semiotic [adjective]
relating to the study of signs and symbols:
They deconstruct text and images on the basis of their semiotic meaning beyond the surface text.
1795. senescence [noun]
the fact of becoming older, and therefore being in less good condition and less able to function well:
Because of his senescence, my grandfather was unable to travel long distances.
1796. sensational [adjective]
very exciting, or extremely good:
She looks sensational in her new dress.
1797. sensual [adjective]
expressing or suggesting physical pleasure:
The small changes to my environment help add to the relaxation and sensual experience of enjoying my food on a daily basis.
1798. sensuous [adjective]
pleasing to the physical senses:
The hypnotist’s sensuous voice was very relaxing.
1799. sentence [verb]
to officially state the punishment given by a law court to a guilty person or organization:
He was sentenced to three years in jail and fined $40,000.
1800. sentient [adjective]
able to experience feelings:
Many people believe plants to be sentient and responsive to things such as music and the human voice.