元バックパッカーが海外の大学院で博士号を目指すブログ

大学院留学、海外旅行、英語学習について紹介します

【完全版】GRE英単語例文集④|GRE General Test攻略のための必須英単語2163

f:id:TraProak:20210208165603p:plain

【完全版】GRE英単語例文集④|301. caucus~400. contempt

 

本サイトはGRE General Test 攻略のための必須英単語 2163に掲載されている英単語の例文集④(301. caucus~400. contempt)です。

 

英単語を覚える際にご利用頂ければと思います。

また英単語の暗記を助ける音声教材をYouTubeで提供しております。

 

よろしければご利用ください。

 

youtu.be

 

GRE General Test攻略のための必須英単語2163|301. caucus~400. contempt

 

301. caucus [noun]

派閥、党員総会

a small group of people in a political party or organization who have a lot of influence, or who have similar interests:

When the legislative caucus meets, they will discuss a new proposal on gun control.

 

302. causal [adjective]

原因の、因果の

a relationship, link, etc. between two things in which one causes the other:

Is there a causal relationship between violence on television and violent behavior?

 

303. causality [noun]

因果関係

the principle that there is a cause for everything that happens:

When the mayor noticed the spike in crime in his city, research showed the causality was due to his lenient prison sentences and large gang population.

 

304. caustic [adjective]

浸食性の、痛烈な

hurtful, critical, or intentionally unkind:

The comic’s caustic jokes offended quite a few people.

 

305. cauterize [verb]

焼灼する、麻痺させる

to burn an injury to stop bleeding and prevent infection:

A laser was used to cauterize the patient’s artery.

 

306. cavalier [adjective]

尊大な、横柄な

not serious or caring enough about matters that other people are serious about:

Bryan will regret his cavalier attitude about studying when he fails to graduate on time.

 

307. cede [verb]

譲渡する、割譲する

to give control or possession of something, especially land to someone else, often unwillingly or because forced to do so:

Because Ann believed her new job kept her away from home too much, she decided to cede the position to her assistant.

 

308. celerity [noun]

敏捷、早さ

speed:

People choose to travel by air because of the celerity of airplanes.

 

309. celestial [adjective]

天の、神聖な

of or from the sky or outside this world:

Since I am an atheist, I do not believe in a celestial afterlife.

 

310. censorship [noun]

検閲、検閲権

the act of censoring books, films, etc.:

Censorship has allowed the government to prevent the media from airing criticisms of its leadership.

 

英語のアウトプットを学ぶならここ:

オンライン英会話とは違う英語学習サービス HiNative Trek

 

311. censure [verb]

非難する、酷評する

to express strong criticism or disapproval:

If Bart receives another censure from his boss, he will more than likely lose his job.

 

312. census [noun]

人口調査、国勢調査

a count for official purposes, especially one to count the number of people living in a country and to collect information about them:

According to last year’s census, over five hundred thousand people live in our city.

 

313. centrifugal [adjective]

遠心性の、遠心力の

moving away from the point around which it is turning:

The juice is extracted by centrifugal force.

 

314. centripetal [adjective]

求心性の、求心力の

moving towards the point around which it is turning:

The centripetal star is slowly accelerating towards the middle of its solar system.

 

315. cerebral [adjective]

脳の、知的な

relating to the brain or the cerebrum:

She makes cerebral films that deal with important social issues.

 

316. chagrin [noun]

無念、くやしさ

disappointment or anger, especially when caused by a failure or mistake:

After finishing third in the race, I swallowed my chagrin and congratulated the winner.

 

317. champion [noun]

擁護する、支持する

to support, defend, or fight for a person, belief, right, or principle enthusiastically:

He championed the struggle for the liberation and human rights.

 

318. chary [adjective]

用心深い、慎重な

uncertain and frightened to take risks, or unwilling to take action:

While Tim has plans to leave college, he is chary about telling his parents of his decision.

 

319. chasten [verb]

懲らしめる、反省させる

to make someone aware of failure or of having done something wrong:

As a parent, I don’t feel spanking is a good way to chasten your kids.

 

320. chauvinist [noun]

狂信的愛国主義者

someone who has an unreasonable belief that their own country or race is the best or most important:

Some people consider my sister to be a chauvinist when it comes to feminism, as she gets both angry and irritated when someone opposes her point of view.

 

オンライン英会話でTOEFL対策をするならここ:

圧倒的な低価格と世界117ヵ国以上の講師からなるDMM英会話

 

 

321. chicanery [noun]

ごまかし、詭弁

clever, dishonest talk or behavior that is used to deceive people:

The investigation revealed political chicanery and corruption.

 

322. chide [verb]

非難する、叱る

to speak to someone severely because they have behaved badly:

I don’t want the boss to chide me for being late again, so I’m setting the alarm for a half hour earlier.

 

323. chimera [noun]

妄想、怪物

a hope or dream that is very unlikely ever to come true:

When my son woke up screaming, it took him a while to realize the chimera chasing him was not real.

 

324. chivalric [adjective]

騎士道の、騎士的な

relating to chivalry:

The chivalric code guiding the conduct of knights was embodied in a wide range of literary sources.

 

325. churlish [adjective]

無作法な、がさつな

rude, unfriendly, and unpleasant:

Although Lucy is a beautiful and talented actress, she has a reputation for being churlish and difficult to get along with.

 

326. circuitous [adjective]

回り道の、遠回しの

not straight or direct:

They took a circuitous route to avoid reporters.

 

327. circumscribe [verb]

制限する、取り囲む

to limit something:

A tall electric fence was constructed outside the prison to circumscribe prison escapes.

 

328. circumspect [adjective]

用心深い、慎重な

careful not to take risks:

In this day and age, you need to be circumspect about giving out too much personal information on the internet.

 

329. clairvoyant [adjective]

千里眼の、洞察力の

claiming to have powers to see the future or see things that other people cannot see, or relating to these powers:

The psychic’s clairvoyant abilities allowed her to see into the future.

 

330. clamber [verb]

よじ登る、這い上がる

to climb up, across, or into somewhere with difficulty, using the hands and the feet:

Fortunately, the baby fell back onto the soft carpet after trying to clamber up the steps.

 

英会話力と英文ライティング力をつけるeラーニングならここ:

カナンアカデミー英語eラーニング講座

 

 

331. clamor [noun]

騒ぎ、叫び声

to make a loud complaint or demand:

There was a clamor of voices outside the office.

 

332. clangorous [adjective]

鳴り響く、騒々しい

related to the continuous loud noise of something, especially something made of metal, being hit or rung:

The song is full of clangorous percussion.

 

333. clearheaded [adjective]

頭のさえた、頭脳明晰な

able to think clearly:

He says that his work keeps him alert and clearheaded.

 

334. cleave [verb]

執着する、付着する

to continue to believe firmly in something:

That stubborn man always cleave to his idea.

 

335. clique [noun]

派閥、党派

a small group of people who spend their time together and do not welcome other people into that group:

The cool kids’ clique always sits in the last row of the auditorium.

 

336. cloister [verb]

閉じ込める、引きこもらせる

to seclude from the world in or as if in a cloister:

Even though the young prince was supposed to cloister himself in the castle during the war, he escaped his guards and joined the battle.

 

337. cloying [adjective]

甘ったるい、うんざりする

too sweet and therefore unpleasant:

Jill is no longer impressed by cloying lines of devotion after having her heart broken countless times.

 

338. clutter [noun]

散乱したもの

a condition of disorder, or a lot of objects that are in a state of disorder:

Clutter filled the elderly couple’s home as they refused to get rid of anything they had every bought.

 

339. coagulate [verb]

凝固する、固まる

to change from liquid to a more solid state, or to cause something to do this:

The blood coagulates to stop wounds bleeding.

 

340. coalesce [verb]

合体する、癒着する

to combine into a single group or thing:

The view of party leader coalesce to form a coherent policy.

 

予約不要で自由に英会話レッスンを受けるならここ:

思い立った瞬間に英会話レッスンが可能【ネイティブキャンプ】

 

 

341. coda [noun]

結尾、締めくくり

a piece of music at the end of a longer piece of music, usually separate from the basic structure:

The final section of the song was sealed with a coda that sounded like an entirely different melody.

 

342. codify [verb]

成文化する、体系化する

to arrange something, such as laws or rules, into a system:

The latest draft of the agreement codifies the panel's decision.

 

343. coerce [verb]

強制する、威圧する

to persuade someone forcefully to do something that they are unwilling to do:

As the students argued, the teacher tried to coerce them into silence with the threat of a detention.

 

344. coffer [noun]

貴重品箱、金庫

a large, strong box in which money or valuable objects are kept:

After placing all his loot into the coffer, the pirate locked the chest.

 

345. cogent [adjective]

説得力のある、適切な

persuasive and well expressed:

Because the child was so young, I worked hard to give her cogent answers to her questions.

 

346. cognizant [adjective]

認識している、知っている

understanding or realizing something:

Because I have been on a tight budget for two years, I am very cognizant of the importance of using coupons to get the best deals.

 

347. cohesive [adjective]

結合力のある、粘着性の

united and working together effectively:

After six weeks of training together, our group bonded and became quite cohesive.

 

348. cohort [noun]

一団、仲間、同僚

a group of people who share a characteristic, usually age:

The Millennial generation is the largest cohort in US history.

 

349. collude [verb]

共謀する、結託する

to act together secretly or illegally in order to deceive or cheat someone:

Insurance companies should not be allowed to collude to raise rates on customers.

 

350. coltish [adjective]

未熟な、ふざける

young and energetic but awkward:

He was a tall, coltish, bespectacled young man, curiously lovable.

 

TOEFLの4技能を伸ばすならここ:

無料体験レッスン実施中! 目標のTOEFLスコアを取得

 

 

351. comestible [adjective]

食べられる、食用の

edible:

Unfortunately some poisonous mushrooms look like comestible mushrooms.

 

352. commensurate [adjective]

比例した、同等の

suitable in amount or quality compared to something else; matching in degree:

You will get a salary increase commensurate with your additional responsibilities and work.

 

353. commiserate [verb]

同情する、哀れむ

to express sympathy to someone about some bad luck:

I commiserate with my friend after he got fired due to his frequent slips in the business.

 

354. communism [noun]

共産主義、左翼

a political theory that believes that the state should control the methods of production, there should be no separate social classes and everyone should be treated equally:

One of the benefits of communism is free healthcare for everyone.

 

355. compatriot [noun]

同胞、同僚

a person who comes from the same country, or a friend or someone you work with:

One of the most beautiful things about the Olympics was carrying the flag with her fellow compatriot during the opening ceremony.

 

356. compendium [noun]

概要、一覧

a short but complete account of a particular subject, especially in the form of a book:

The book is nothing more than a compendium of the author’s rants against the government.

 

357. complacent [adjective]

自己満足の、ひとりよがりの

feeling so satisfied with your own abilities or situation that you feel you do not need to try any harder:

I am rightfully not complacent with low quality service.

 

358. complaisant [adjective]

丁寧な、親切な

willing to satisfy others by being polite and fitting in with their plans:

During the flight, I was lucky enough to have an attendant who was friendly and complaisant and made sure all my needs were met.

 

359. complement [noun]

補足、補完物

a number of people or things that makes something complete:

The painting is the complement that will bring everything together in my redesigned living room.

 

360. compliant [adjective]

従順な、素直な

willing to do what other people want you to do:

The teacher was shocked when her normally rebellious class became compliant.

 

毎日英語を話す練習をするならここ:

毎日話せる「レアジョブ英会話」

 

オンライン英会話「レアジョブ」

 

361. complicit [adjective]

共謀して、共犯の

involved in or knowing about a crime or some activity that is wrong:

Several officers were complicit in the cover-up.

 

362. comprehension [noun]

理解力、知識

the ability to understand completely and be familiar with a situation, facts, etc.:

His behavior was completely beyond comprehension.

 

363. compromise [verb]

(名声を)傷つける、秘密を漏洩する

to lower or weaken standards:

His political career ended when he compromised himself by accepting bribes.

 

364. compunction [noun]

ためらい、後悔

a slight guilty feeling about something you have done or might do:

She kept us waiting without the slightest compunction.

 

365. con artist [noun]

詐欺師、ペテン師

a person who deceives other people by making them believe something false or making them give money away:

The con artist bamboozled her out of $600.

 

366. concave [adjective]

凹状の、くぼんだ

curved inward:

While a convex lens turns outward, a concave lens bends inwardly.

 

367. concede [verb]

容認する、許す

to admit, often unwillingly, that something is true:

The firm should concede a significant salary increase to its employees.

 

368. conceit [noun]

うねぼれ、思いつき

the state of being too proud of yourself and your actions:

Someone that is full of conceit tends to look down on others and think of themselves as superior to everyone.

 

369. conceive [verb]

思いつく、~だと考える

to bring a thought or idea into being:

Our team leader is counting on us to conceive a fix for the server error before our client deadline.

 

370. concert [verb]

協調する、話し合いで解決する

to settle or adjust by conferring and reaching an agreement:

Because of the concerted effort of the allied forces, the war quickly came to an end.

 

大手の英会話教室に通うならここ:

35年の実績、安心の月謝制。英会話スクール・教室なら、シェーン英会話。

 

シェーン英会話 無料体験レッスン申込み

 

371. concession [noun]

譲渡、利権

a special right to property or land:

Since the developer could not give the landowner his desired concession, he was not able to buy the land for the new subdivision.

 

372. conciliate [verb]

なだめる、調停する

to end a disagreement or someone's anger by acting in a friendly way or slightly changing your opinions, or to satisfy someone who disagrees with you by acting in this way:

Before mediating between the two parties, the judge attempted to conciliate the plaintiff to prevent unnecessary litigation.

 

373. concoct [verb]

仕組む、でっち上げる

to invent an excuse, explanation, or story in order to deceive someone:

The clever writer is able to concoct such entertaining stories.

 

374. concomitant [adjective]

付随する、相伴う

happening and connected with another thing:

Because the contractor and decorator agreed to concomitant work schedules in the final stages of construction, the house was ready to show well ahead of time.

 

375. condescending [adjective]

腰の低い、謙遜した

showing that you consider yourself better or more intelligent:

Her tone of voice was always so condescending.

 

376. condone [verb]

大目に見る、容赦する

to ignore or accept behavior that some people consider wrong:

I cannot condone the use of violence under any circumstances.

 

377. confer [verb]

授与する、贈る

to give an official title, honor, or advantage to someone:

The US Constitution confers certain powers on the president.

 

378. confluence [noun]

合流、集まり

a situation in which two things join or come together:

The confluence of warm and cold temperatures is going to create a powerful storm.

 

379. conformist [noun]

遵法者、国教徒

someone who behaves or thinks like the other people in a group and doesn't do anything unusual:

As a religious conformist, Jason does whatever his minister tells him to do.

 

380. confound [verb]

困惑させる、混同させる

to confuse someone by being difficult to explain or deal with:

If the nurse does not read the labels, she will confound the medications and possibly harm patients.

 

GRE対策の参考書をお探しならここ:

www.usaryuugakuandtravel.com

 

381. congeal [verb]

凝固する、凍る

to change from a liquid or soft state to a thick or solid state:

She wanted to wash the frying pan before the bacon fat had a chance to congeal.

 

382. congenial [adjective]

適した、愛想の良い

pleasant and friendly; producing a feeling of comfort or satisfaction:

Mark is a congenial host who always makes everyone feel welcome.

 

383. conglomerate [adjective]

複合的な、密集した

made up of parts from various sources or of various kinds:

A newspaper controlled by a conglomerate multinational business is inhibited in discussing large areas of business.

 

384. congruent [adjective]

一致する、調和する

having the same size and shape, or matching in size and shape:

The suspect was released when the lab results proved his DNA sample was not congruent to the specimen found at the crime scene.

 

385. conjectural [adjective]

推測的な、憶測上の

based on how something seems and not on proof:

The prosecutor knew the jury would have doubts about his conjectural theory of the crime.

 

386. conjugal [adjective]

夫婦の、婚姻状の

connected with marriage or the relationship between two married people, especially their sexual relationship:

The conjugal retreat was focused on married couples who needed to refresh their relationships.

 

387. conjugate [verb]

共役させる、接合する

to join together:

In the English language, we conjugate many different words for convenience, such as "won’t" for "will not."

 

388. connoisseur [noun]

通、くろうと

a person who knows a lot about and enjoys one of the arts, or food, drink, etc. and can judge quality and skill in that subject:

Because the psychologist talks to many individuals, she considers herself to be a connoisseur of people and their relationships.

 

389. connote [verb]

言外に意味する、内包する

to convey in addition to exact explicit meaning:

At work, we connote the employee of the month award with being the best worker on the team.

 

390. consanguine [adjective]

血縁の

connected with the fact of people being blood relations:

Consanguine marriage is marriage between individuals who are closely related.

 

留学出願エッセイ・志望動機書の編集・添削・アドバイスサービスならここ:

エッセイ編集・添削・翻訳サービス【TopAdmit】

 

 

391. conscience [noun]

良心、分別

the feeling that you know and should do what is right and should avoid doing what is wrong, and that makes you feel guilty when you have done something you know is wrong:

Because I treat others as fairly as I can, I have a clear conscience about my business dealings.

 

392. conscious [adjective]

意識のある、自覚している

to notice that a particular thing or person exists or is present:

I became conscious of the crisis when the photographs of the terrorist attack were displayed on the news.

 

393. conscript [verb]

徴兵する、徴用する

to force someone to serve in an army or one of a country's armed forces:

They proposed to conscript both capital and labor.

 

394. consecrate [verb]

神聖にする、捧げる

to officially make something holy and able to be used for religious ceremonies:

This battlefield is consecrated to the memory of soldiers who died here.

 

395. consolidate [verb]

合併する、強化する

to combine several things, especially businesses, so that they become more effective, or to be combined in this way:

The two banks will consolidate in July next year.

 

396. conspicuous [adjective]

顕著な、人目を引く

very noticeable or attracting attention, often in a way that is not wanted:

The notice must be displayed in a conspicuous place.

 

397. conspire [verb]

共謀する、企てる

to plan secretly with other people to do something bad, illegal, or against someone's wishes:

The students have decided to conspire to steal the test answers.

 

398. constituency [noun]

有権者、選挙区

the people who live and can vote in a particular area:

Most of the constituency in California voted for the democratic candidate.

 

399. contemplate [verb]

黙想する、熟慮する

to spend time considering a possible future action, or to consider one particular thing for a long time in a serious and quiet way:

When the accountant was asked to contemplate the current budget, he discovered many ways the company could save money.

 

400. contempt [noun]

軽蔑、侮辱

a strong feeling of disliking and having no respect for someone or something:

Sarah is a wonderful person who has never shown contempt for anyone.