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【完全版】GRE英単語例文集⑤|GRE General Test攻略のための必須英単語2163

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【完全版】GRE英単語例文集⑤|401. contend~500. demagogic

 

本サイトはGRE General Test 攻略のための必須英単語 2163に掲載されている英単語の例文集⑤(401. contend~500. demagogic)です。

 

英単語を覚える際にご利用頂ければと思います。

 

 

英単語の暗記を助ける音声教材をYouTubeで提供しております。

 

よろしければご利用ください。

 

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GRE General Test攻略のための必須英単語2163|401. contend~500. demagogic

 

401. contend [verb]

争う、論争する

to compete in order to win something or to achieve a position of leadership:

During the trial, the defense attorney will contend his client is innocent because he was out of state when the murder was committed.

 

402. contiguous [adjective]

接触している、隣接している

next to or touching another, usually similar, thing:

Although many individuals own several pieces of property in our town, few of them own contiguous lots that are located right next to each other.

 

403. continence [noun]

節制、禁欲

self-restraint or abstinence, especially in regard to sexual activity:

My continence gave me the strength to avoid the dessert table.

 

404. contraband [noun]

密輸、密売

goods that are brought into or taken out of the country secretly and illegally:

At the airport, carryon bags are inspected to ensure passengers are not attempting to transport contraband.

 

405. contravene [verb]

法律に違反する、~に反する

to do something that a law or rule does not allow, or to break a law or rule:

Because your actions contravene school policy, you're being suspended for ten days.

 

406. contrite [adjective]

後悔した、悔いている

feeling very sorry and guilty for something bad that you have done:

The local news was noticeably contrite and apologized to viewers for the countless on-air technical difficulties.

 

407. contrive [verb]

企てる、考案する

to arrange a situation or event, or arrange for something to happen, using clever planning:

I've decided to contrive a meeting between the two of them.

 

408. contumacious [adjective]

反抗的な、言うことを聞かない

refusing to obey or respect the law in a way that shows contempt:

Because the contumacious student refused to obey the principal’s instructions, he was suspended from school.

 

409. conundrum [noun]

なぞ、難問

a problem that is difficult to deal with:

Trying to solve this conundrum is really making my head hurt.

 

410. convene [verb]

招集する、召喚する

to bring together a group of people for a meeting, or to meet for a meeting:

As soon as the last closing argument is made, the jury will convene to ponder the verdict.

 

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411. convention [noun]

しきたり、慣例

a usual or accepted way of behaving, especially in social situations, often following an old way of thinking or a custom in one particular society:

They believe that it is essential to defy convention.

 

412. converge [verb]

収束する、集まる

to move toward the same point and come closer together or meet:

With the location and time of the would-be protest shared with everyone beforehand, the many protesters involved will converge on the town hall at exactly eight AM.

 

413. conversant [adjective]

精通している、親交がある

familiar with, having experience of, or knowing:

The man is conversant in several different languages including French and English.

 

414. convex [adjective]

凸状の、出っ張った

curved or swelling out:

The convex curve of the scythe allows for the tool to wrap around the wheat like a closed hand.

 

415. convince [verb]

確信させる、納得させる

to persuade someone or make someone certain:

Protesters tried to convince the congressman to vote against the bill through loud protests and moving letters.

 

416. convivial [adjective]

宴会の、陽気な

pleasant and friendly in manner or attitude:

If you cannot be convivial, then you should not invite people over for dinner.

 

417. convoke [verb]

招集する、呼び集める

to arrange or call people to attend a large formal meeting:

The chairman decided to convoke a meeting to discuss the company’s budget issue.

 

418. convolute [adjective]

入り組んだ、複雑な

having a complicated structure and therefore difficult to understand:

My head began to hurt as I listened to the professor’s convoluted speech.

 

419. convulse [verb]

振動する、けいれんする

to shake violently, or to cause someone to shake without control:

During the seizure, the man’s muscles tightened, and his body began to convulse back and forth.

 

420. copious [adjective]

豊富な、多量の

in large amounts, or more than enough:

To avoid having a hangover, do not drink a copious amount of alcohol.

 

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421. coquette [noun]

男たらし

a woman who likes to attract attention by behaving as if she is sexually interested in people, in a pleasant but not serious way:

When the young man saw the coquette playfully teasing other men at the party, he was heartbroken.

 

422. cornerstone [noun]

基礎、土台

something of great importance that everything else depends on:

The cornerstone of the company’s marketing strategy is the dessert’s image as a healthy treat.

 

423. cornucopia [noun]

豊富、豊作

a large amount or supply of something:

According to the cruise director, passengers can choose from a cornucopia of activities during the voyage.

 

424. corollary [adjective]

推論の、当然起こる

existing or appearing as a consequence:

Although psychology recognizes the corollary uncertainties in computer-dependent methods, it tends to underestimate them.

 

425. corrigible [adjective]

矯正できる、従順な

possible to improve or correct:

The judge believed that there was hope for the corrigible criminal.

 

426. corroborate [verb]

確証する、確認する

to add proof to an account, statement, idea, etc. with new information:

We now have new evidence to corroborate the defendant's story.

 

427. cosmology [noun]

宇宙論

the study of the nature and origin of the universe:

Modern cosmology believes the Universe to have come into existence about fifteen billion years ago.

 

428. cosset [verb]

甘やかす、かわいがる

to give a lot of attention to making someone comfortable and to protecting them from anything unpleasant:

She had been cosseted by her parents all during her childhood.

 

429. coterie [noun]

仲間、グループ

a small group of people with shared interests, often one that does not want other people to join them:

Our coterie of girls always sits at the best table in the school cafeteria.

 

430. countenance [verb]

賛成する、黙認する

to approve of or give support to something:

The school will not countenance bad behavior.

 

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431. counterpoint [verb]

強調する、対照させる

to set off or emphasize by juxtaposition:

If you counterpoint some of her early writing with her later work, you can see just how much she improved.

 

432. counterproductive [adjective]

逆効果の、意に反する

having an effect that is opposite to the one intended or wanted:

The measures are counterproductive and have only increased crime in our community.

 

433. coup [noun]

大当たり、大成功

an unexpectedly successful achievement:

Their story about the princess was a real coup.

 

434. covert [adjective]

ひそかな、内密な

hidden or secret:

The spy went to great lengths to make sure his enemies would not discover his covert plans.

 

435. covetous [adjective]

強欲な、貪欲な

wanting to have something too much, especially something that belongs to someone else:

The covetous woman couldn’t stop staring at my designer handbag.

 

436. cow [verb]

脅す、脅迫する

to frighten someone into doing something, using threats or violence:

Politicians are too cowed by the media even to introduce the bill.

 

437. coward [noun]

臆病者、卑怯者

a person who is not brave and is too eager to avoid danger, difficulty, or pain:

Because Tim was a coward, he was afraid to ask Maggie on a date.

 

438. cower [verb]

ちぢこまる、しゃがむ

to lower your head or body in fear, often while moving backwards:

The mean girls at school thought they would make me cower in shame when they posted the altered pictures of me online.

 

439. cozen [verb]

欺く、ごまかす

to trick or deceive someone:

The smooth-talking salesman was able to cozen money out of the unsuspecting woman who agreed to buy the junk vehicle.

 

440. crafty [adjective]

悪賢い、ずるい

clever, especially in a dishonest or secret way:

I've had a crafty idea for getting round the regulations.

 

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441. crank [noun]

奇人、変人

a person who has strange or unusual ideas and beliefs:

He was originally dismissed as a crank, but his theories later became very influential.

 

442. craven [adjective]

臆病な、小心な

extremely cowardly:

My husband James proves he is not craven every time he runs into a burning building to save a stranger.

 

443. credence [noun]

信頼、信用

the belief that something is true:

Because the experiment had been performed over a hundred times, a great deal of credence was given to the results.

 

444. credo [noun]

信条、信経

a set of beliefs that influences the way you live:

The luxury hotel has earned its reputation by sticking to its credo of exceeding expectations.

 

445. credulous [adjective]

だまされやすい、信じやすい

too willing to believe what you are told and so easily deceived:

Mary is so credulous that she may readily accept any excuse you make.

 

446. crestfallen [adjective]

うなだれた、がっかりした

disappointed and sad because of having failed unexpectedly:

When my husband learned his rival had gotten the promotion he wanted, he was crestfallen.

 

447. cripple [verb]

手足を不自由にする、麻痺させる

to cause serious damage to someone or something, making him, her, or it weak and not effective:

Economic sanctions have crippled the country’s economy.

 

448. cruel [adjective]

残酷な、非情な

extremely unkind and unpleasant and causing pain to people or animals intentionally:

Cruel and punishing dictators governed the country for many years.

 

449. crumble [verb]

砕く、ぼろぼるにする

to break, or cause something to break, into small pieces:

Ancient ruins that are exposed to weathering eventually erode and crumble.

 

450. culminate [verb]

最高点に達する、頂点に達する

to have as a result or be the final result of a process:

At the end of the night, the concert will culminate in a huge fireworks display.

 

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451. culpable [adjective]

過失のある、有罪の

deserving to be blamed or considered responsible for something bad:

The judge found the man culpable of the crime and sentenced him to life in prison.

 

452. culprit [noun]

犯罪者、罪人

someone who has committed a crime or done something wrong:

Police finally managed to catch the culprit.

 

453. cunning [adjective]

ずる賢い、狡猾な

skillful in planning and ready to deceive people in order to get what you want:

Despite the complex security systems in modern vehicles, cunning thieves still manage to get away with thousands of cars and trucks every year.

 

454. cupidity [noun]

欲望、強欲

a strong feeling of wanting to have something, especially money or possessions:

John’s cupidity led him to try and rob the bank.

 

455. cure-all [noun]

万能薬

something that people think will solve any problem or cure any illness:

Investment is not a cure-all for every economic problem.

 

456. curmudgeon [noun]

意地の悪い人、気難しい人

a crusty, ill-tempered, and usually old man:

My neighbor is a curmudgeon who keeps the soccer balls that accidentally come into his yard.

 

457. cursive [adjective]

筆記体の、書き続きの

written with rounded letters that are joined together:

Cursive writing is no longer taught in some school since the use of computer has replaced traditional writing.

 

458. cursory [adjective]

急ぎの、大雑把な

quick and probably not detailed:

Even a cursory glance at the figures will tell you that sales are down this year.

 

459. curt [adjective]

ぶっきらぼうな、そっけない

rude as a result of being very quick or brief:

The service agent was fired after he was overheard treating customers in a curt manner.

 

460. curtail [verb]

切り詰める、縮小する

to reduce or limit something, or to stop something before it is finished:

The checks and balances system of our government serves to curtail any of the three administrative branches from having too much power.

 

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461. cutback [verb]

~を短くする、~を削減する

to shorten by cutting:

Ways to cutback corporate waste in offices are being discussed by those that want to decrease spending.

 

462. cynicism [noun]

皮肉、冷笑

cynical attitude or quality:

He's often been accused of cynicism in his attitude towards politics.

 

463. cytoplasm [noun]

細胞質

the substance inside a cell that surrounds the cell's nucleus:

A cytoplasm is a thick solution inside a cell and is made up of water, salts, and proteins.

 

464. dairy [noun]

乳製品、酪農

foods that are made from milk, such as cream, butter, and cheese:

Some smoothies are dairy because they have cream in them, but some are made strictly with ice and not milk.

 

465. dally [verb]

ふざける、もてあそぶ

to waste time or do something slowly:

You won’t succeed if you dally away your time.

 

466. daunt [verb]

威圧する、おじけづかせる

to make someone feel slightly frightened or worried about their ability to achieve something:

The difficulty did not daunt him at all, while most of us hesitated to progress in these challenging times.

 

467. dearth [noun]

不足、欠乏

an amount or supply that is not large enough:

Because there was a dearth of evidence, the district attorney had to drop the charges.

 

468. debacle [noun]

大災害、大失敗

a complete failure, especially because of bad planning and organization:

When the movie was released, it was called a debacle by the critics.

 

469. debase [verb]

品質を低下させる、人格を落とす

to reduce the quality or value of something:

The politician tried to debase his rival’s good reputation by spreading false rumors about him.

 

470. debauchery [noun]

放蕩、道楽

bad sexual behavior, drinking too much alcohol, taking drugs, etc.:

Because he was looking forward to four years of debauchery, Jamie could not wait to go to college.

 

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471. debunk [verb]

暴く、暴露する

to show that something is not true:

The scientist hoped to debunk the genetic theory by completing his own research.

 

472. decadent [adjective]

退廃的な、堕落していく

marked by decay or decline:

Once the decadent politician was finally caught in the scandalous affair he was having, he was dismissed from office.

 

473. decamp [verb]

逃亡する、引き上げる

to leave suddenly and unexpectedly, usually without telling anyone:

She has decamped with all our money.

 

474. decipher [verb]

解読する、判読する

to discover the meaning of something written badly or in a difficult or hidden way:

Even the country’s top linguist found it difficult to decipher the ancient text.

 

475. declaim [verb]

熱弁する、演説する

to express something with strong feeling, especially in a loud voice or with forceful language:

She declaimed against the evils of capitalism.

 

476. declivity [noun]

下り坂、下り傾斜

downward inclination, or a descending slope:

She has a hard time walking from her house to the lake due to her street’s slight declivity.

 

477. décor [noun]

装飾、飾り付け

the colour, style, and arrangement of the objects in a room:

The quiet decor of her home made her feel comfortable and at ease.

 

478. decorous [adjective]

上品な、礼儀正しい

behaving politely and in a controlled way:

The director of the finishing school is a decorous woman known for her perfect social skills.

 

479. decry [verb]

激しく非難する、価値を低下させる

to publicly criticize something as being undesirable or harmful:

The liberal news media is constantly trying to decry the efforts of the country’s conservative president.

 

480. deduce [verb]

推理する、演繹する

to reach an answer by thinking about a general truth and its relationship to a specific situation:

We can deduce a conclusion from the premise.

 

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481. deem [verb]

~だと考える、~だと思う

to consider or judge something in a particular way:

The principal will probably deem the boy’s behavior as upsetting and worthy of a suspension.

 

482. defame [verb]

中傷する、名誉を傷つける

to damage someone’s or something’s reputation by saying or writing bad things that are not true:

The newspaper denies any intention to defame the senator's reputation.

 

483. default [noun]

不履行、怠慢

a failure to do something, such as pay a debt, that you legally have to do:

The bank will repossess your car if you default on your loan payments.

 

484. defeasible [adjective]

無効にできる、破棄できる

capable of being annulled or made void:

The contract was rendered defeasible by this careless wording.

 

485. defendant [noun]

被告人

a person in a law case who is accused of having done something illegal:

The plaintiff sued the defendant for damages.

 

486. defer [verb]

延期する、先送りする

to delay something until a later time:

Customers often defer payment for as long as possible.

 

487. deferential [adjective]

敬意を表す、恭しい

polite and showing respect:

People were always deferential to the military veteran and showed him respect every time he was in uniform.

 

488. defile [verb]

汚す、冒涜する

to spoil something or someone so that that thing or person is less beautiful or pure:

Although recent history has shown some improvement, humans continue to defile the planet with their extravagance and waste of natural resources.

 

489. deft [adjective]

手際の良い、器用な

skilful, clever, or quick:

The deft musician was able to play the harmonica and the piano at the same time.

 

490. defunct [adjective]

消滅した、廃れた

no longer existing, living, or working correctly:

The long-playing record was made defunct by the arrival of the CD.

 

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491. degrade [verb]

地位を下げる、質を低下させる

to spoil or destroy the beauty or quality of something:

During the presidential debate, the candidates degrade each other with insults and name-calling.

 

492. deify [verb]

神格化する、崇拝する

to consider someone or something to be so important that they are almost like a god:

The people seemed to deify their leader, worshiping him as if he was the Earth’s creator.

 

493. deject [verb]

落胆させる、元気をくじく

to make gloomy:

The players were dejected after losing the big game.

 

494. deleterious [adjective]

有害な、有毒の

harmful:

Because I believe alcohol is deleterious, I rarely drink more than one glass of wine.

 

495. delimit [verb]

範囲を定める、境界を設定する

to mark or describe the limits of something:

After the conflict broke out in Yugoslavia, world leaders came together to delimit boundaries and break the region into individual countries.

 

496. delineate [verb]

線引きする、描写する

to mark the border of something:

Before I began to plant my seeds, I will delineate the rows of my garden to make sure every vegetable grows in a precise line.

 

497. delinquent [adjective]

非行の、滞納の

late in paying money owed:

With so many bills delinquent, Kevin had to look for a second job to help him earn enough to catch up.

 

498. delusion [noun]

錯覚、欺くこと

belief in something that is not true:

Though she is popular, my classmate is under the delusion that everyone likes her.

 

499. delve [verb]

徹底的に調べる、捜す

to search, especially as if by digging, in order to find a thing or information:

Because she was planning a trip, the woman began to delve into a search for plane tickets.

 

500. demagogic [adjective]

扇動的な、デマの

trying to win support by exciting the emotions of ordinary people rather than by having good or morally right ideas:

Demagogic governments sometimes paint foreigners as scapegoats, leading to nationalization or laws restricting foreign investment.