【完全版】GRE英単語例文集⑥|GRE General Test攻略のための必須英単語2163


【完全版】GRE英単語例文集⑥|501. demarcate~600. diverge


本サイトはGRE General Test 攻略のための必須英単語 2163に掲載されている英単語の例文集⑥(501. demarcate~600. diverge)です。







GRE General Test攻略のための必須英単語2163|501. demarcate~600. diverge


501. demarcate [verb]


to show the limits of something:

The fence was put in place to demarcate one piece of property from the next.


502. demeaning [adjective]


causing someone to become or feel less respected:

The manager dismissed Brenda’s ideas in a demeaning tone that made her feel like the stupidest person in the room.


503. demeanor [noun]


a way of looking and behaving:

Jack’s disruptive demeanor got him kicked out of school for a week.


504. dementia [noun]


a medical condition that affects especially old people, causing the memory and other mental abilities to gradually become worse, and leading to confused behavior:

She is suffering from senile dementia.


505. demise [noun]


the end of the operation or existence of something:

The demise of the company was sudden and unexpected.


506. demographics [noun]


the statistical characteristics of human populations such as age or income used especially to identify markets:

The demographics of the country have changed dramatically in recent years.


507. demonize [verb]


to try to make someone or a group of people seem completely evil:

In divorce court, the bitter wife tried to demonize her ex and pain him in a bad light to the judge.


508. demotic [adjective]


used by ordinary people:

Demotic scripts were different from traditional Egyptian communication in that they were scribed with business and not traditional wording.


509. demur [verb]


to express disagreement or refuse to do something:

He raised his hand to demur but wasn’t allowed to protest.


510. denigrate [verb]


to say that someone or something is not good or important:

On the talk show, the mean host usually tries to denigrate her guests by reminding them of their misdeeds.



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511. denizen [noun]


an animal, plant, or person that lives in or is often in a particular place:

My husband is a denizen of the sand who practically lives at the beach.


512. denouement [noun]


the final part of a work of literature, after the climax:

The film ended with a denouement that left the audience speechless.


513. denounce [verb]


to criticize something or someone strongly and publicly:

We must denounce injustice and oppression.


514. deplete [verb]


to reduce something in size or amount, especially supplies of energy, money, etc.:

When we continually cut down forests, we are choosing to deplete one of our greatest resources.


515. deplorable [adjective]


very bad:

Many of the refugees are forced to live under deplorable conditions.


516. deportation [noun]


the action of forcing someone to leave a country, especially someone who has no legal right to be there or who has broken the law:

Due to the father’s criminal behavior, his whole family faced deportation to their country.


517. depose [verb]


to remove someone important from a powerful position:

A coalition of countries is trying to depose the island dictator.


518. deposition [noun]


a formal written statement made or used in a law court:

After the deposition of the president, the vice-president was asked to lead the country.


519. deprecate [verb]


to say that you think something is of little value or importance:

He is a good coach because he does not deprecate the players even when they make mistakes.


520. depreciate [verb]


to cause something to lose value, especially over time:

The new car starts to depreciate in value as soon as it is driven off the lot.






521. deride [verb]


to laugh at someone or something in a way that shows you think they are stupid or of no value:

If the police do not intervene, the fans of the winning team will deride those of the losing team as they leave the arena.


522. derivative [adjective]


having parts that originate from another source:

His painting is very derivative.


523. descent [noun]


a way down, such as a path, or an act of coming down:

The plane began its final descent into the airport.


524. descry [verb]


to see or notice something or someone:

After conducting experiments for several years, the scientist was able to descry the cause of the disease.


525. desecrate [verb]


to damage or show no respect towards something holy or very much respected:

Do not desecrate the temple by speaking loudly during your visit.


526. desiccate [verb]


to remove the moisture from something so it becomes completely dry; to lose all moisture and become completely dry:

The bricks were totally desiccated by the sun.


527. desolate [adjective]


having no living things:

Since the anchor stores closed, the shopping center has become a desolate wasteland.


528. desuetude [noun]


the principle that laws can stop having any legal force when they have not been used for a long time:

The dusty typewriter has been in desuetude for over four decades.


529. desultory [adjective]


without a clear plan or purpose and showing little effort or interest:

Because he was not happy with his pay increase, James made only a desultory effort to complete his duties at work.


530. deterrent [noun]


something that deters people from doing something:

When I saw the security guard in the store, I knew he was there as a theft deterrent.






531. detest [verb]


to hate someone or something very much:

The animal activists detest people who purchase fur coats.


532. detract [verb]


to make something seem less valuable or less deserving of admiration:

The publicity could detract from our election campaign.


533. detraction [noun]


a lessening of reputation or esteem especially by envious, malicious, or petty criticism:

Weak men are crushed by detraction, but the brave hold on and succeed.


534. detrimental [adjective]


causing harm or damage:

My grandmother still does not own a microwave because she believes the radiation could be detrimental to her health.


535. devalue [verb]


to cause someone or something to be considered less valuable or important:

Last year, Mexico was forced to devalue the peso.


536. devoid [adjective]


to lack or be without something that is necessary or usual:

We need rainfall or the lake will be devoid of water.


537. devolve [verb]


to give power or a responsibility to a person or group that is at a lower level or has less authority:

A law was passed to devolve some powers of the central government to regional councils.


538. dialectical [adjective]


discovering what is true by considering opposite theories:

Hegel detected this dialectical progression in the progress of human consciousness and intellectual-emotional growth.


539. diaphanous [adjective]


characterized by such fineness of texture as to permit seeing through:

Mary found it quite easy to see through the diaphanous drapes.


540. diatribe [noun]


an angry speech or piece of writing that severely criticizes something or someone:

Because Sheila was unhappy with the administration, she launched a lengthy diatribe against the board during lunch.






541. dichotomy [noun]


the division of two things that are completely different:

His dichotomy of heaven and hell became an excellent essay on the contrast between paradise and eternal suffering.


542. dictum [noun]


a short statement, especially one expressing advice or a general truth:

Because Jason didn't follow the safety dictum, he was suspended from the football team.


543. didactic [adjective]


intended to teach, or to improve morals by teaching:

While the professor’s lectures were designed to be didactic, they only served to confuse the students.


544. differentiate [verb]


to show or find the difference between things that are compared:

The cashier told me a sticker would differentiate the regular cheeseburger from the cheeseburger without pickles.


545. diffident [adjective]


shy and not confident of your abilities:

Because she felt unattractive, Mary was diffident and kept to herself at parties.


546. diffuse [verb]


to cause something to spread in many directions:

They used the essential oils to diffuse fragrance throughout the entire room.


547. digression [noun]


the action of moving away from the main subject you are writing or talking about and writing or talking about something else:

The elderly professor would sometimes make a digression and talk about his lake house instead of physics.


548. dilate [verb]


to cause a part of the body to become wider or further open:

The doctor will repair the narrowed blood vessels by inserting a tube to dilate them.


549. dilatory [adjective]


slow and likely to cause delay:

The government has been dilatory in dealing with the problem of unemployment.


550. dilettante [noun]


a person who is or seems to be interested in a subject, but whose understanding of it is not very deep or serious:

When it comes to learning how to play the guitar, my daughter is a dilettante who will practice one day but not the next day.



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551. din [noun]


a loud, unpleasant confused noise that lasts for a long time:

The din from my neighbor’s party will probably keep me up all night.


552. diplomat [noun]


an official whose job is to represent one country in another, and who usually works in an embassy:

He's a U.S. diplomat assigned to the embassy in London.


553. dire [adjective]


very serious or extreme:

Despite dire threats of violence from extremist groups, the protest passed off peacefully.


554. dirge [noun]


a slow sad song or piece of music, sometimes played because someone has died:

My teenage daughter was bored by the music at the opera and referred to it as one long funeral dirge.


555. disabuse [verb]


to cause someone no longer to have a wrong idea:

Because my cousin is an environmental activist, she tries to disabuse people of the idea that wasting water does not matter.


556. disaffection [noun]


the quality of no longer supporting or being satisfied with a system, organization, or idea:

There are signs of growing disaffection among voters.


557. discerning [adjective]


able to make or usually making careful judgments about the quality of similar things:

The discerning customer will recognize this as a high-quality product.


558. disciplinary [adjective]


connected with the punishment of people who break the rules:

Disciplinary action was taken by the principal after the student refused to listen to the teacher.


559. discomfit [verb]


to make someone feel uncomfortable, especially mentally:

The news about the prison escape will discomfit many people who were planning on attending the parade.


560. discordant [adjective]


used to describe something that is not in agreement with something else:

The two experiments gave us discordant results.







561. discredit [noun]


loss of respect for or belief in someone or something:

The way Leonard responded to the customer was a discredit to the company’s service policy.


562. discreet [adjective]


careful not to cause embarrassment or attract a lot of attention:

He is very discreet in giving his opinions at meetings.


563. discrepancy [noun]


a difference between two things that should be the same:

The police were confused by the discrepancy between the testimonies of the two witnesses who saw the same event.


564. discrete [adjective]


clearly separate or different in shape or form:

Though they are both citrus, lemons and limes are two discrete fruits.


565. discretion [noun]


the ability to behave without causing embarrassment or attracting too much attention, especially by keeping information secret:

Parents should have the discretion to determine which television programs their children may watch.


566. discretionary [adjective]


available to someone by choice, without having to get permission or authority:

The company used to give discretionary bonus payments.


567. discrimination [noun]


the practice of treating particular people, companies, or products differently from others, especially in an unfair way:

Carol is an attorney who works to help fight gender discrimination in the workplace.


568. discursive [adjective]


talking about or dealing with subjects that are only slightly connected with the main subject for longer than necessary:

When the writer was drunk, he often talked for hours in a discursive manner.


569. disdain [verb]


to look on with scorn:

The older musicians disdain the new, rock-influenced music.


570. disinclination [noun]


a feeling of not wanting to do something:

He felt a disinclination to take music lessons.





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571. disingenuous [adjective]


slightly dishonest, or not speaking the complete truth:

Although the politician promised to be open and honest during the election, he later became disingenuous and hid important facts from the voters.


572. disinterested [adjective]


having no personal involvement or receiving no personal advantage, and therefore free to act fairly:

A lawyer should provide disinterested advice.


573. disjointed [adjective]


not well connected or well ordered:

The script was disjointed and hard to follow.


574. dismay [noun]


a feeling of unhappiness and disappointment:

To the children’s dismay, there was not enough snow in the yard to build a snowman.


575. dismiss [verb]


to formally ask or order someone to leave:

Because of a decline in sales, the company owner has no choice but to dismiss a few workers.


576. disparage [verb]


to criticize someone or something in a way that shows a lack of respect:

I cannot believe that you belittle and disparage people who have little in common with you.


577. disparate [adjective]


different in every way:

Scientists are trying to pull together disparate ideas in astronomy.


578. disparity [noun]


a lack of equality or similarity, especially in a way that is not fair:

There is great disparity between the amount of work that I do and what I get paid for it.


579. disperse [verb]


to spread across or move away over a large area, or to make something do this:

As soon as the last bell rings, students disperse out of the building and head to their buses.


580. dispose [verb]


to make someone feel a particular, and often bad, way toward someone else, or to influence someone in a particular way:

His criminal record does not dispose me to trust him.




581. dispossess [verb]


to take property, especially buildings or land, away from someone or a group of people:

Once the real estate investor neglected to pay his property taxes, the government took action to dispossess his land.


582. disquiet [verb]


to take away the peace or tranquility of:

The novel is a tense thriller that will disquiet the reader.


583. dissemble [verb]


to hide your real intentions and feelings or the facts:

While it may be easier to dissemble your true feelings from others, it is always best to be honest with those you love.


584. disseminate [verb]


to spread or give out news, information, ideas, etc. to many people:

After the presidential election, it would not take long for the media to disseminate the results to living rooms across the United States.


585. dissent [verb]


to disagree with other people about something:

The farmers are sure to dissent on the proposed land tax increase.


586. disservice [noun]


an action that harms something or someone:

She has done a great disservice to her cause by suggesting that violence is justifiable.


587. dissident [adjective]


publicly disagreeing with and criticizing your government or political party:

He was a dissident candidate of the Liberal Party.


588. dissipate [verb]


to gradually disappear or waste:

According to meteorologists, the storm will dissipate after a few hours and make way for the sunshine.


589. dissolute [adjective]


showing a lack of good character and morals:

When I was young, I was rather dissolute and only hung out with people who got into troubles for behaving improperly.


590. dissolution [noun]


the act or process of ending an official organization or legal agreement:

The president announced the dissolution of the National Assembly.






591. dissonance [noun]


a combination of sounds or musical notes that are not pleasant when heard together:

If Congress can explain the dissonance between their promises and their actual results, the public would be happy to hear the explanation.


592. dissuade [verb]


to persuade someone not to do something:

Jealous people will always try to dissuade you from trying to be successful.


593. distaff [adjective]



He is my uncle on the distaff side.


594. distaste [noun]


a dislike of something that you find unpleasant or unacceptable:

I have a mild distaste for anything bitter, but I would certainly eat those foods if I were hungry enough.


595. distend [verb]


to swell and become large, especially because of pressure from inside:

The balloon was distended because of filling of hydrogen.


596. distill [verb]


to make a liquid stronger or purer by heating it until it changes to a gas and then cooling it so that it changes back into a liquid:

The writers were asked to distill the most important points of their articles and put them into one sentence.


597. distrait [adjective]


apprehensively divided or withdrawn in attention:

When she goes to work tired, Hannah is both distrait and easily distracted.


598. dither [verb]


to be unable to make a decision about doing something:

The politician began to dither and stutter when asked his stance on the issue.


599. diurnal [adjective]


being active or happening during the day rather than at night:

In the desert, there are few diurnal animals because of the high daytime temperatures.


600. diverge [verb]


to go in different directions from the same point, or to become different:

The interstate began to diverge into two exit ramps.