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【完全版】GRE英単語例文集⑥|GRE General Test攻略のための必須英単語2163

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【完全版】GRE英単語例文集⑥|501. demarcate~600. diverge

 

本サイトはGRE General Test 攻略のための必須英単語 2163に掲載されている英単語の例文集⑥(501. demarcate~600. diverge)です。

 

英単語を覚える際にご利用頂ければと思います。

また英単語の暗記を助ける音声教材をYouTubeで提供しております。

 

よろしければご利用ください。

 

youtu.be

 

GRE General Test攻略のための必須英単語2163|501. demarcate~600. diverge

 

501. demarcate [verb]

境界線を引く、区分する

to show the limits of something:

The fence was put in place to demarcate one piece of property from the next.

 

502. demeaning [adjective]

身分を落とす、品位を下げる

causing someone to become or feel less respected:

The manager dismissed Brenda’s ideas in a demeaning tone that made her feel like the stupidest person in the room.

 

503. demeanor [noun]

態度、振る舞い

a way of looking and behaving:

Jack’s disruptive demeanor got him kicked out of school for a week.

 

504. dementia [noun]

精神異常、痴呆

a medical condition that affects especially old people, causing the memory and other mental abilities to gradually become worse, and leading to confused behavior:

She is suffering from senile dementia.

 

505. demise [noun]

終焉、譲位

the end of the operation or existence of something:

The demise of the company was sudden and unexpected.

 

506. demographics [noun]

人口統計

the statistical characteristics of human populations such as age or income used especially to identify markets:

The demographics of the country have changed dramatically in recent years.

 

507. demonize [verb]

悪霊にする、悪者扱いする

to try to make someone or a group of people seem completely evil:

In divorce court, the bitter wife tried to demonize her ex and pain him in a bad light to the judge.

 

508. demotic [adjective]

民衆の、通俗の

used by ordinary people:

Demotic scripts were different from traditional Egyptian communication in that they were scribed with business and not traditional wording.

 

509. demur [verb]

異議を唱える、反対する

to express disagreement or refuse to do something:

He raised his hand to demur but wasn’t allowed to protest.

 

510. denigrate [verb]

中傷する、侮辱する

to say that someone or something is not good or important:

On the talk show, the mean host usually tries to denigrate her guests by reminding them of their misdeeds.

 

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511. denizen [noun]

居住者、常連

an animal, plant, or person that lives in or is often in a particular place:

My husband is a denizen of the sand who practically lives at the beach.

 

512. denouement [noun]

大詰め、終局

the final part of a work of literature, after the climax:

The film ended with a denouement that left the audience speechless.

 

513. denounce [verb]

非難する、告発する

to criticize something or someone strongly and publicly:

We must denounce injustice and oppression.

 

514. deplete [verb]

消耗させる、枯渇させる

to reduce something in size or amount, especially supplies of energy, money, etc.:

When we continually cut down forests, we are choosing to deplete one of our greatest resources.

 

515. deplorable [adjective]

嘆かわしい、みじめな

very bad:

Many of the refugees are forced to live under deplorable conditions.

 

516. deportation [noun]

国外追放、強制移送

the action of forcing someone to leave a country, especially someone who has no legal right to be there or who has broken the law:

Due to the father’s criminal behavior, his whole family faced deportation to their country.

 

517. depose [verb]

(高位から)退位させる、退ける

to remove someone important from a powerful position:

A coalition of countries is trying to depose the island dictator.

 

518. deposition [noun]

証言、供述書

a formal written statement made or used in a law court:

After the deposition of the president, the vice-president was asked to lead the country.

 

519. deprecate [verb]

非難する、けなす

to say that you think something is of little value or importance:

He is a good coach because he does not deprecate the players even when they make mistakes.

 

520. depreciate [verb]

価値を下げる、軽視する

to cause something to lose value, especially over time:

The new car starts to depreciate in value as soon as it is driven off the lot.

 

オンライン英会話でTOEFL対策をするならここ:

圧倒的な低価格と世界117ヵ国以上の講師からなるDMM英会話

 

 

521. deride [verb]

あざける、ばかにする

to laugh at someone or something in a way that shows you think they are stupid or of no value:

If the police do not intervene, the fans of the winning team will deride those of the losing team as they leave the arena.

 

522. derivative [adjective]

派生的な、模倣した

having parts that originate from another source:

His painting is very derivative.

 

523. descent [noun]

降下、下落

a way down, such as a path, or an act of coming down:

The plane began its final descent into the airport.

 

524. descry [verb]

見つける、見いだす

to see or notice something or someone:

After conducting experiments for several years, the scientist was able to descry the cause of the disease.

 

525. desecrate [verb]

神聖を汚す、冒涜する

to damage or show no respect towards something holy or very much respected:

Do not desecrate the temple by speaking loudly during your visit.

 

526. desiccate [verb]

乾燥させる、干からびる

to remove the moisture from something so it becomes completely dry; to lose all moisture and become completely dry:

The bricks were totally desiccated by the sun.

 

527. desolate [adjective]

荒れ果てた、みじめな

having no living things:

Since the anchor stores closed, the shopping center has become a desolate wasteland.

 

528. desuetude [noun]

廃止、不使用

the principle that laws can stop having any legal force when they have not been used for a long time:

The dusty typewriter has been in desuetude for over four decades.

 

529. desultory [adjective]

一定性を欠く、とりとめのない

without a clear plan or purpose and showing little effort or interest:

Because he was not happy with his pay increase, James made only a desultory effort to complete his duties at work.

 

530. deterrent [noun]

抑止、妨害物

something that deters people from doing something:

When I saw the security guard in the store, I knew he was there as a theft deterrent.

 

英会話力と英文ライティング力をつけるeラーニングならここ:

カナンアカデミー英語eラーニング講座

 

 

531. detest [verb]

ひどく嫌う、憎む

to hate someone or something very much:

The animal activists detest people who purchase fur coats.

 

532. detract [verb]

注意をそらす、価値などを損なう

to make something seem less valuable or less deserving of admiration:

The publicity could detract from our election campaign.

 

533. detraction [noun]

誹謗、中傷

a lessening of reputation or esteem especially by envious, malicious, or petty criticism:

Weak men are crushed by detraction, but the brave hold on and succeed.

 

534. detrimental [adjective]

有害な、不利益な

causing harm or damage:

My grandmother still does not own a microwave because she believes the radiation could be detrimental to her health.

 

535. devalue [verb]

価値を減じる、切り下げる

to cause someone or something to be considered less valuable or important:

Last year, Mexico was forced to devalue the peso.

 

536. devoid [adjective]

欠けている、~がない

to lack or be without something that is necessary or usual:

We need rainfall or the lake will be devoid of water.

 

537. devolve [verb]

譲り渡す、委譲する

to give power or a responsibility to a person or group that is at a lower level or has less authority:

A law was passed to devolve some powers of the central government to regional councils.

 

538. dialectical [adjective]

弁証法的な、論証の

discovering what is true by considering opposite theories:

Hegel detected this dialectical progression in the progress of human consciousness and intellectual-emotional growth.

 

539. diaphanous [adjective]

透けて見える、半透明な

characterized by such fineness of texture as to permit seeing through:

Mary found it quite easy to see through the diaphanous drapes.

 

540. diatribe [noun]

非難、酷評

an angry speech or piece of writing that severely criticizes something or someone:

Because Sheila was unhappy with the administration, she launched a lengthy diatribe against the board during lunch.

 

予約不要で自由に英会話レッスンを受けるならここ:

思い立った瞬間に英会話レッスンが可能【ネイティブキャンプ】

 

 

541. dichotomy [noun]

二分法、分裂

the division of two things that are completely different:

His dichotomy of heaven and hell became an excellent essay on the contrast between paradise and eternal suffering.

 

542. dictum [noun]

公式声明、公式見解

a short statement, especially one expressing advice or a general truth:

Because Jason didn't follow the safety dictum, he was suspended from the football team.

 

543. didactic [adjective]

説教的な、教訓的な

intended to teach, or to improve morals by teaching:

While the professor’s lectures were designed to be didactic, they only served to confuse the students.

 

544. differentiate [verb]

区別する、見分ける

to show or find the difference between things that are compared:

The cashier told me a sticker would differentiate the regular cheeseburger from the cheeseburger without pickles.

 

545. diffident [adjective]

内気な、自信がない

shy and not confident of your abilities:

Because she felt unattractive, Mary was diffident and kept to herself at parties.

 

546. diffuse [verb]

拡散させる、広める

to cause something to spread in many directions:

They used the essential oils to diffuse fragrance throughout the entire room.

 

547. digression [noun]

余談、脱線

the action of moving away from the main subject you are writing or talking about and writing or talking about something else:

The elderly professor would sometimes make a digression and talk about his lake house instead of physics.

 

548. dilate [verb]

広げる、膨張させる

to cause a part of the body to become wider or further open:

The doctor will repair the narrowed blood vessels by inserting a tube to dilate them.

 

549. dilatory [adjective]

鈍い、遅らようとする

slow and likely to cause delay:

The government has been dilatory in dealing with the problem of unemployment.

 

550. dilettante [noun]

芸術愛好家、しろうと

a person who is or seems to be interested in a subject, but whose understanding of it is not very deep or serious:

When it comes to learning how to play the guitar, my daughter is a dilettante who will practice one day but not the next day.

 

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551. din [noun]

騒音、やかましい音

a loud, unpleasant confused noise that lasts for a long time:

The din from my neighbor’s party will probably keep me up all night.

 

552. diplomat [noun]

外交官、外交家

an official whose job is to represent one country in another, and who usually works in an embassy:

He's a U.S. diplomat assigned to the embassy in London.

 

553. dire [adjective]

恐ろしい、不吉な

very serious or extreme:

Despite dire threats of violence from extremist groups, the protest passed off peacefully.

 

554. dirge [noun]

哀歌、悲歌

a slow sad song or piece of music, sometimes played because someone has died:

My teenage daughter was bored by the music at the opera and referred to it as one long funeral dirge.

 

555. disabuse [verb]

迷いを解く、誤解を正す

to cause someone no longer to have a wrong idea:

Because my cousin is an environmental activist, she tries to disabuse people of the idea that wasting water does not matter.

 

556. disaffection [noun]

不平、不満

the quality of no longer supporting or being satisfied with a system, organization, or idea:

There are signs of growing disaffection among voters.

 

557. discerning [adjective]

眼識のある、洞察力のある

able to make or usually making careful judgments about the quality of similar things:

The discerning customer will recognize this as a high quality product.

 

558. disciplinary [adjective]

訓練上の、規律上の

connected with the punishment of people who break the rules:

Disciplinary action was taken by the principal after the student refused to listen to the teacher.

 

559. discomfit [verb]

困惑させる、計画をくじく

to make someone feel uncomfortable, especially mentally:

The news about the prison escape will discomfit many people who were planning on attending the parade.

 

560. discordant [adjective]

調和しない、不和な

used to describe something that is not in agreement with something else:

The two experiments gave us discordant results.

 

毎日英語を話す練習をするならここ:

毎日話せる「レアジョブ英会話」

 

オンライン英会話「レアジョブ」

 

561. discredit [noun]

不信用、疑惑

loss of respect for or belief in someone or something:

The way Leonard responded to the customer was a discredit to the company’s service policy.

 

562. discreet [adjective]

分別のある、慎重な

careful not to cause embarrassment or attract a lot of attention:

He is very discreet in giving his opinions at meetings.

 

563. discrepancy [noun]

不一致、矛盾

a difference between two things that should be the same:

The police were confused by the discrepancy between the testimonies of the two witnesses who saw the same event.

 

564. discrete [adjective]

分離した、別々の

clearly separate or different in shape or form:

Though they are both citrus, lemons and limes are two discrete fruits.

 

565. discretion [noun]

分別、慎重さ

the ability to behave without causing embarrassment or attracting too much attention, especially by keeping information secret:

Parents should have the discretion to determine which television programs their children may watch.

 

566. discretionary [adjective]

任意の、自由裁量の

available to someone by choice, without having to get permission or authority:

The company used to give discretionary bonus payments.

 

567. discrimination [noun]

区別、差別

the practice of treating particular people, companies, or products differently from others, especially in an unfair way:

Carol is an attorney who works to help fight gender discrimination in the workplace.

 

568. discursive [adjective]

散漫な、とりとめのない

talking about or dealing with subjects that are only slightly connected with the main subject for longer than necessary:

When the writer was drunk, he often talked for hours in a discursive manner.

 

569. disdain [verb]

軽蔑する、見下す

to look on with scorn:

The older musicians disdain the new, rock-influenced music.

 

570. disinclination [noun]

嫌気、気が進まないこと

a feeling of not wanting to do something:

He felt a disinclination to take music lessons.

 

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571. disingenuous [adjective]

不誠実な、腹黒い

slightly dishonest, or not speaking the complete truth:

Although the politician promised to be open and honest during the election, he later became disingenuous and hid important facts from the voters.

 

572. disinterested [adjective]

偏見のない、公平無私な

having no personal involvement or receiving no personal advantage, and therefore free to act fairly:

A lawyer should provide disinterested advice.

 

573. disjointed [adjective]

支離滅裂な、ばらばらな

not well connected or well ordered:

The script was disjointed and hard to follow.

 

574. dismay [noun]

狼狽、失望、落胆

a feeling of unhappiness and disappointment:

To the children’s dismay, there was not enough snow in the yard to build a snowman.

 

575. dismiss [verb]

解雇する、退ける

to formally ask or order someone to leave:

Because of a decline in sales, the company owner has no choice but to dismiss a few workers.

 

576. disparage [verb]

軽蔑する、見くびる

to criticize someone or something in a way that shows a lack of respect:

I cannot believe that you belittle and disparage people who have little in common with you.

 

577. disparate [adjective]

全く異なる、共通点のない

different in every way:

Scientists are trying to pull together disparate ideas in astronomy.

 

578. disparity [noun]

格差、不均衡

a lack of equality or similarity, especially in a way that is not fair:

There is great disparity between the amount of work that I do and what I get paid for it.

 

579. disperse [verb]

分散する、散布する

to spread across or move away over a large area, or to make something do this:

As soon as the last bell rings, students disperse out of the building and head to their buses.

 

580. dispose [verb]

配置する、~する気にさせる

to make someone feel a particular, and often bad, way toward someone else, or to influence someone in a particular way:

His criminal record does not dispose me to trust him.

 

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581. dispossess [verb]

取り上げる、奪う

to take property, especially buildings or land, away from someone or a group of people:

Once the real estate investor neglected to pay his property taxes, the government took action to dispossess his land.

 

582. disquiet [verb]

平静を乱す、不安にさせる

to take away the peace or tranquility of:

The novel is a tense thriller that will disquiet the reader.

 

583. dissemble [verb]

偽る、隠す

to hide your real intentions and feelings or the facts:

While it may be easier to dissemble your true feelings from others, it is always best to be honest with those you love.

 

584. disseminate [verb]

普及させる、散布する

to spread or give out news, information, ideas, etc. to many people:

After the presidential election, it would not take long for the media to disseminate the results to living rooms across the United States.

 

585. dissent [verb]

反対する、意見が異なる

to disagree with other people about something:

The farmers are sure to dissent on the proposed land tax increase.

 

586. disservice [noun]

害、仕打ち

an action that harms something or someone:

She has done a great disservice to her cause by suggesting that violence is justifiable.

 

587. dissident [adjective]

意見を異にする、反体制の

publicly disagreeing with and criticizing your government or political party:

He was a dissident candidate of the Liberal Party.

 

588. dissipate [verb]

散らす、浪費する

to gradually disappear or waste:

According to meteorologists, the storm will dissipate after a few hours and make way for the sunshine.

 

589. dissolute [adjective]

堕落した、すぼらな

showing a lack of good character and morals:

When I was young, I was rather dissolute and only hung out with people who got into troubles for behaving improperly.

 

590. dissolution [noun]

解散、分解、溶解

the act or process of ending an official organization or legal agreement:

The president announced the dissolution of the National Assembly.

 

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591. dissonance [noun]

不調和、不一致

a combination of sounds or musical notes that are not pleasant when heard together:

If Congress can explain the dissonance between their promises and their actual results, the public would be happy to hear the explanation.

 

592. dissuade [verb]

忠告する、思いとどまらせる

to persuade someone not to do something:

Jealous people will always try to dissuade you from trying to be successful.

 

593. distaff [adjective]

女性の、母方の

female:

He is my uncle on the distaff side.

 

594. distaste [noun]

嫌悪、嫌気

a dislike of something that you find unpleasant or unacceptable:

I have a mild distaste for anything bitter, but I would certainly eat those foods if I were hungry enough.

 

595. distend [verb]

膨張させる、拡大する

to swell and become large, especially because of pressure from inside:

The balloon was distended because of filling of hydrogen.

 

596. distill [verb]

蒸留する、抽出する

to make a liquid stronger or purer by heating it until it changes to a gas and then cooling it so that it changes back into a liquid:

The writers were asked to distill the most important points of their articles and put them into one sentence.

 

597. distrait [adjective]

ぼんやりした、放心の

apprehensively divided or withdrawn in attention:

When she goes to work tired, Hannah is both distrait and easily distracted.

 

598. dither [verb]

決めかねる、身震いする

to be unable to make a decision about doing something:

The politician began to dither and stutter when asked his stance on the issue.

 

599. diurnal [adjective]

日中の、毎日起こる

being active or happening during the day rather than at night:

In the desert, there are few diurnal animals because of the high daytime temperatures.

 

600. diverge [verb]

分岐する、離れる

to go in different directions from the same point, or to become different:

The interstate began to diverge into two exit ramps.